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Érd
Érd Megyei Jogú Város
Ottoman minaret in Érd
Flag of Érd
Flag
Coat of arms of Érd
Coat of arms
Érd is located in Hungary
Érd
Érd
Location of Érd
Érd is located in Europe
Érd
Érd
Érd (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°22?42?N 18°55?19?E / 47.37837°N 18.92200°E / 47.37837; 18.92200Coordinates: 47°22?42?N 18°55?19?E / 47.37837°N 18.92200°E / 47.37837; 18.92200
Country Hungary
CountyPest
DistrictÉrd
Government
 o MayorLászló Cs?zik - Hungarian Socialist Party
Area
 o Total60.54 km2 (23.37 sq mi)
Population
(2020)
 o Total69,431[1]Increase
 o Rank15th in Hungary
 o Density1,041.9/km2 (2,699/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2030
Area code(+36) 23
MotorwaysM6, M7
Distance from Budapest20.4 km (12.7 mi) Northeast
Websitewww.erd.hu

Érd (Hungarian: [e:rd]; German: Hanselbeck; Croatian: Andzabeg) is a town in Pest County, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary.

History

The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Archaeological findings indicate that prehistoric men lived here 50,000 years ago.

Érd itself was first mentioned in documents in 1243. The name comes either from the word erd? ("forest") or from ér ("stream").

During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, Érd was captured by the Turks in 1543, after the castle of Székesfehérvár fell. The Turks built a motte castle and a mosque here. In these times, the place was called Hamzsabég (Hamzabey). In 1684, the army led by Charles V, Duke of Lorraine defeated the Turks near Érd.

In 1776, Érd became an oppidum (town). It is possible that it already had been oppidum before the Ottoman occupation. In the early 20th century, Érd became the property of the Károlyi family. The town grew, but remained mainly an agricultural town until 1972, when several new facilities were built and the touristic value of Érd grew.

Érd was the fastest-growing locality in Hungary between the 1991 and 2001 censuses (up 30.6%). On November 7, 2005, the Parliament decided that Érd would be granted the rank of city with county rights from the date of the next council election in autumn 2006.

Transport

The mass transit are operated by Volánbusz, with five bus lines. A lot of buses depart to nearby cities, such as Sóskút, Pusztazámor, Százhalombatta, and Budapest.

In the city, there are five railway stations (Érd, Érd alsó, Érd fels?, Tétényliget, and Érdliget). Passengers can travel to Budapest, Pécs, Nagykanizsa, etc.

Tourist sights

Demographics

Population by nationalities:

Population by denominations:

Politics

The current mayor of Érd is László Cs?zik (Independent).

The local Municipal Assembly, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 18 members (1 Mayor, 12 Individual constituencies MEPs and 5 Compensation List MEPs) divided into this political parties and alliances:[2]

Party Seats Current Municipal Assembly
  Opposition coalition[a] 11 M                    
  Fidesz-KDNP-Unity 6                      
  V.É.D. 1                      

List of mayors

List of City Mayors from 1990:[3]

Member Party Term of office
Béla Harmat MDF-KDNP 1990-2002
Independent
Béla Döcsakovszky MSZP-SZDSZ 2002-2006
András T. Mészáros Fidesz-KDNP 2006-2019
László Cs?zik MSZP[a] 2019-

List of notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

Érd is twinned with:[4]

References

  1. ^ Érd, KSH
  2. ^ "Városi közgy?lés tagjai 2019-2024 - Érd (Pest megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Érd Város Önkormányzati Képvisel?-testületei a rendszerváltozás óta". sulinet.hu. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Testvérvárosaink". erd.hu (in Hungarian). Érd. Retrieved .
Notes

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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