%C3%89tienne Heudelet De Bierre
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%C3%89tienne Heudelet De Bierre
Étienne Heudelet de Bierre
Étienne Heudelet de Bierre.jpg
General of Division Étienne Heudelet de Bierre
Born12 November 1770 (1770-11-12)
Died20 April 1857 (1857-04-21) (aged 86)
AllegianceFrance France
Service/branchStaff, Infantry
RankGeneral of Division
Battles/warsSiege of Kehl (1796)
First Battle of Zurich (1799)
Second Battle of Zurich (1799)
Battle of Hohenlinden (1800)
Battle of Mariazell (1805)
Battle of Austerlitz (1805)
Battle of Jena (1806)
Battle of Ko?oz?b (1806)
Battle of Golymin (1806)
Battle of Eylau (1807)
First Battle of Porto (1809)
Battle of Bussaco (1810)
Siege of Danzig (1813)
AwardsLégion d'Honneur, CC 1804
Légion d'Honneur, GC 1836
Other workCount of the Empire, 1808

Étienne Heudelet de Bierre (12 November 1770 – 20 April 1857) joined the French army as a volunteer lieutenant in 1792. A year later he became a staff officer for a number of generals before becoming Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr's chief of staff in 1795. He fought under Jean Victor Marie Moreau in the 1796 campaign and fought at Kehl. He became a general officer in 1799, leading his troops at the First and Second Battles of Zurich. In April 1800 he was a brigade commander in Jean Victor Tharreau's division in Moreau's army. In December of that year he fought at Hohenlinden under Michel Ney.

In the 1805 campaign, Heudelet distinguished himself at Mariazell and Austerlitz while leading a III Corps brigade. Appointed general of division in December 1805, he was put in command of a VII Corps division in May 1806. In the War of the Fourth Coalition led his division at Jena, Ko?oz?b, Golymin, and Eylau. October 1808 found him in command of a VIII Corps division in Spain. His unit was soon transferred to the II Corps and fought in Nicolas Soult's invasion of Portugal at Oporto in 1809. Heudelet briefly led II Corps in January 1810 before returning to the command of his division. He participated in André Masséna's invasion of Portugal, fighting at Bussaco in 1810. His division was not engaged at Fuentes de Onoro and he was sent home soon afterward. In the 1812 campaign he commanded a reserve division in the X Corps. At the end of the lengthy Siege of Danzig he became an Allied prisoner in November 1813.

After first submitting to King Louis XVIII of France, Heudelet rejoined Napoleon during the Hundred Days and led a division on the Rhine front. After Waterloo he was placed on the inactive list and retired from the army in 1819. Restored to favor after the July Revolution of 1830, he became an inspector general of infantry until 1835 when he again went on the inactive list. He died in 1857. HEUDELET is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, on Column 17.

References

  • Broughton, Tony (2006). "Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815". The Napoleon Series. Retrieved 2012.
  • Chandler, David G. (1979). Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars. New York, NY: Macmillan. ISBN 0-02-523670-9.
  • Chandler, David G. (2005). Jena 1806: Napoleon Destroys Prussia. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-98612-8.
  • Chandler, David G. (1966). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York, NY: Macmillan.
  • Gates, David (2002). The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-9730-6.
  • Glover, Michael (2001). The Peninsular War 1807-1814. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-141-39041-7.
  • Horward, Donald D. (ed.) (1973). The French Campaign in Portugal 1810-1811: An Account by Jean Jacques Pelet. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-0658-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Mullié, Charles (1852). Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 a 1850 (in French). Paris.
  • Oman, Charles (2010) [1902]. A History of the Peninsular War Volume I. La Vergne, Tenn.: Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1432636820.
  • Oman, Charles (1996). A History of the Peninsular War Volume III. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole. ISBN 1-85367-223-8.
  • Oman, Charles (1996). A History of the Peninsular War Volume IV. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole. ISBN 1-85367-224-6.
  • Petre, F. Loraine (1993). Napoleon's Conquest of Prussia 1806. London: Lionel Leventhal Ltd. ISBN 1-85367-145-2.
  • Petre, F. Loraine (1976). Napoleon's Campaign in Poland 1806-1807. London: Lionel Leventhal Ltd.
  • Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.

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