|Slovene: ?i?arija, Italian: Cicceria, German: Tschitschen Boden|
?i?arija seen from Gra?ie
|Elevation||1,272 m (4,173 ft)|
|Location||Croatia-Slovenia border in Istria|
?i?arija (Slovene: ?i?arija, Italian: Cicceria, Monti della Vena, German: Tschitschen Boden), is a mountainous plateau in the northern and northeastern part of the Istria peninsula, 45 kilometers (28 mi) long and 10-15 kilometers (6.2-9.3 mi) wide. It mostly lies in Croatia, while its northern part lies in southwestern Slovenia (the traditional region of Inner Carniola). The highest peak is Veliki Planik at 1,272 meters (4,173 ft).
At 7 inhabitants per square kilometer (18/sq mi) (2001), ?i?arija is sparsely populated, due to its karst landscape, poor economic development and rough climate.
The name ?i?arija is derived from the South Slavic term ?i?, which refers to Istrians living north of the U?ka Mountains, originally referring to the Vlachs and Istro-Romanians of the area. The ethnonym is believed to derive from the Istro-Romanian word ce 'what', which is a semantic basis for other regional ethnonyms (cf. Kajkavian, Chakavian, etc.).