%C4%90%E1%BA%A1i Vi%E1%BB%87t
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%C4%90%E1%BA%A1i Vi%E1%BB%87t
i Vi?t Flag (Tây S?n dynasty)
Grand Prince Tr?n H?ng o, was an imperial prince, statesman and military commander of i Vi?t during the Tr?n dynasty.
Decisive defeat of the Kublei Khan's Mongol fleet and army in 1288 in the battle of B?ch ng River by the i Vi?t military.
Hoa L? - i C? Vi?t Imperial Capital
Mông ng is a class of near-shore warship and riverine boat that played a dominant role in pre-modern Vietnamese naval forces for over a thousand years.
History of Vietnam
Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the south (the Nam ti?n, 1069-1757).
2879–2524 BC Xích Qu?
2524–208 BC V?n Lang
207–179 BC Âu L?c
204–111 BC Nam Vi?t
111 BC - 40 AD Giao Ch?
40–43 L?nh Nam
43–299 Giao Ch?
299–544 Giao Châu
544–602 V?n Xuân
602–679 Giao Châu
679–757 An Nam
757–766 Tr?n Nam
766–866 An Nam
866–967 T?nh H?i quân
968–1054 i C? Vi?t
1054–1400 i Vi?t
1400–1407 i Ngu
1407–1427 Giao Ch?
1428–1804 i Vi?t
1804–1839 Vi?t Nam
1839–1945 i Nam
1887–1954 Indochina (Tonkin,
Annam, Cochinchina)
from 1945 Vi?t Nam
Main template
History of Vietnam

i Vi?t (, IPA: [?âj? vì?t], literally Great Viet) is the name of Vietnam for the periods from 1054 to 1400 and from 1428 to 1804. Beginning with the rule of Lý Thánh Tông (r. 1054-1072), the third emperor of the Lý Dynasty, until the rule of Gia Long (r. 1802-1820), the first emperor of the Nguy?n Dynasty, it was the second-longest used name for the country after "V?n Lang".[1]


Beginning with the rule of ?inh Tiên Hoàng (r. 968-979), the country had been referred to officially as i C? Vi?t (). The term "Vi?t" is the same as the Chinese word "Yue", a name in ancient times of various non-Chinese groups who lived in what is now northern/southern China and northern Vietnam. In 1010 Lý Thái T?, founder of the Lý Dynasty, issued the "Edict on the Transfer of the Capital" and moved the capital of i C? Vi?t to Th?ng Long (Hanoi) and built the Imperial Citadel of Th?ng Long where the Hanoi Citadel would later stand.

In 1054, Lý Thánh Tông - the third Lý emperor - renamed the country i Vi?t. In 1149 the Lý dynasty opened Vân n seaport in the modern north-eastern province of Qu?ng Ninh to foreign trade.[a]

Dai Viet is a strategic location. By invading Dai Viet, the Mongols would be able to bypass the Himalaya and drive deep into South East Asia. However, the Mongolians of the Yuan Dynasty invaded Dai Viet three times and were defeated. The last battle, the Battle of Bach Dang, was a decisive defeat for the Mongolians. Dai Viet's perseverance thwarted Mongolian attempts to conquer South East Asia and prevented the third Mongolian invasion of Japan, as the Mongol navy was completely destroyed during Bach Dang. This became one the greatest victories in Vietnamese military history.

In 1400, the founder of the H? dynasty, H? Quý Ly usurped the throne and changed the country's name to "i Ngu" (), but his dynasty was overthrown by the invading Ming Empire who annexed i Ngu in 1407 for 20 years until 1427. The Ming renamed the area "Giao Ch? (or Jiaozhi)". In 1428, Lê L?i, the founder of the Lê dynasty, liberated Giao Ch? and restored the kingdom of "i Vi?t".

The name "i Vi?t" came to end when the Nguy?n dynasty took power. The country's name was officially changed yet again, in 1804, this time to "Vi?t Nam" () by Gia Long.


The name i Vi?t was also taken by one of the nationalist factions in 1936.[b]

See also

  • Names of Vietnam
  • List of monarchs of Vietnam


  1. ^ An embryonic independent Vietnamese administration was established and progressively renewed which laid a solid foundation for the development of the Vietnamese Kingdom of i Vi?t (Great Vi?t) during the Lý (1010-1226), Tr?n (1226-1400), and the early stage of the Lê (1428-1788) Dynasties. In 1149, Javanese and Siamese merchants arrived eager to trade with i Vi?t. The Lý Dynasty opened Vân n seaport in the modern north-eastern province of Qu?ng Ninh for foreign trade.[2]
  2. ^ When Nguy?n H?i Th?n and his Vi?t Cách, the Vi?t Qu?c, the i Vi?t, and others arrived in Hà N?i with their small armed forces, the Vi?t Minh had already established their administrative system; it was not strong, but it had spread to most of the provinces.[3]


  1. ^ Dai Viet - Historical Kingdom, Vietnam.
  2. ^ Hoàng Anh Tu?n, pp. 16-17.
  3. ^ Nguyen Công Luan, p. 41.


Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. Trans: Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
"Dai Viet - Historical Kingdom, Vietnam". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2019.
Hoang Anh Tu?n (2007). Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese relations, 1637-1700. Brill. ISBN 978-9-04-742169-6.
Nguyen Công Luan (2012). Nationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-25-335687-1.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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