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? ?

N with long right leg (majuscule: ?, minuscule: ?) is an obsolete letter of the Latin alphabet and the International Phonetic Alphabet. It is encoded in Unicode as Ƞ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH LONG RIGHT LEG and ƞ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LONG RIGHT LEG.

⟨?⟩ was used to represent the nasalization of vowels in the Lakota language[1] in that language's 1982 orthography.[2] Later Lakota orthography replaced the letter with ⟨?⟩,[3] a more common letter that represents a velar nasal sound in many languages.

In the IPA, the letter ⟨?⟩ was used from 1951 to 1976 to transcribe a moraic nasal homorganic with a following consonant, but was removed because it did not indicate a specific phonetic pronunciation and the IPA consists of only glyphs with defined phonetic values. The wildcard letter capital N is often used for something similar today.

⟨?⟩ is not to be confused with ⟨?⟩ or with ⟨?⟩, the latter used in the IPA for a retroflex nasal. The lowercase form is graphically similar to the lowercase Greek letter eta, ⟨?⟩.


  1. ^ Lakota Dictionary, Sage and Sweetgrass, 2008
  2. ^ Michael Everson, Proposal to add LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH LONG RIGHT LEG to the UCS, 29 November 2000
  3. ^ New Lakota Dictionary Online, Lakota Language Consortium, 2008-2013

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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