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Writing systemArabic script
Language of originArabic language
Phonetic usageð
Alphabetical position9
  • ?
The main pronunciations of written ⟨?⟩ in Arabic dialects.

l (?, also be transcribed as dh?l) is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , , d, , ?ayn). In Modern Standard Arabic it represents . In name and shape, it is a variant of d?l (?). Its numerical value is 700 (see abjad numerals). The Arabic letter ? is named l. It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
? ?

The South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for ?, Himjar dhal.PNG.

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ‎.

This sound is found in English, as in the words "those" or "then". In English the sound is normally rendered "dh" when transliterated from foreign languages, but when it occurs in English words it is one of the pronunciations occurring for the letters "th".


Between and within contemporary varieties of Arabic, pronunciation of the letter l differs:

Regardless of these regional differences, the pattern of the speaker's variety of Arabic frequently intrudes into otherwise Modern Standard speech; this is widely accepted, and is the norm when speaking the mesolect known alternately as lugha wus ("middling/compromise language") or ?Ammiyyat/D?rijat al-Mu?aqqaf?n ("Educated/Cultured Colloquial") used in the informal speech of educated Arabs of different countries. (cf. Arabic dialect#Formal vs. vernacular speech)

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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