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Che, or m, or Ce (?), is a letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet, used to represent , and which derives from m (?) by the addition of two dots. It is found with this value in other Arabic-derived scripts. It is used in Persian, Urdu, Pashto, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Ottoman Turkish, Malay (Jawi), and other Iranian languages.
|Position in word:||Isolated||Final||Medial||Initial|
The letter ? can be used to transcribe of Persian Gulf: Gulf Arabic and Iraqi Arabic, where they have that sound natively. In these countries and the rest of Arabic-speaking geographic regions, the combination of t-n () is more likely used to transliterate the sound which is often realized as two consonants (+) elsewhere; this letter combination is used for loanwords and foreign names, including those of Spanish origin in Moroccan Arabic. (In the case of Moroccan Arabic, the letter ? is used instead to transliterate the sound aside from ?; this letter derives from n (?) with an additional three dots below.)
In Israel, where official announcements are often trilingual, this letter is used as the letter g?m on roadsigns to represent , when transcribing Hebrew or foreign names of places, since Palestinian Arabic does not have a in its phonemic inventory.
|Unicode name||ARABIC LETTER TCHEH|
|UTF-8||218 134||DA 86|
|Numeric character reference||چ
|Unicode name||ARABIC LETTER SEEN WITH THREE DOTS BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE|
|UTF-8||218 156||DA 9C|
|Numeric character reference||ڜ