Gaf, or g?f, can be the name of different Perso-Arabic letters, all representing . They are all forms of the letter k?f, with additional diacritics, such as dots and lines. There are four forms, each used in different places:
Note that the standard practice in Egyptian Arabic is to use ? m for , and in Arabic dialects like Hejazi Arabic and Najdi Arabic the ? and ? q?f are used instead to represent e.g. ? ? (Hong Kong) and ? (Gandalf), so the name g?f (Hejazi: [?ä:f], Najdi: [:f]) can be used for the letter when trying to explain a pronunciation or a spelling of a word, whether the word is foreign or dialectal.
? is based on k?f with an additional line. It is rarely used in Arabic itself, but may be used to represent the sound when writing other languages. It is frequently used in Persian, Pashto, Uyghur, Urdu and Kurdish and is one of four Perso-Arabic letters not found in Arabic.
? can also be used to represent in Morocco.
? is derived from a variant form (?) of k?f with the addition of a dot. It is not used in the Arabic language itself, but is used in the Jawi script of Malay to represent a voiced velar stop . Unicode includes two forms on this letter: one based on the standard Arabic k?f, ?, and one based on the variant form ?. The latter is the preferred form.
|?||U+06AC||ARABIC LETTER KAF WITH DOT ABOVE|
|?||U+0762||ARABIC LETTER KEHEH WITH DOT ABOVE|
? is derived from a variant form (?) of k?f with the addition of a dot below. It is not used in the Arabic language itself, but is used in the Pegon script of Indonesian languages to represent a voiced velar stop . This is also used in Arwi alphabet.
|?||U+08B4||ARABIC LETTER KAF WITH DOT BELOW|
? or ? is based on a variant form (?) of k?f with the addition of three dots. It is used in Berber and Moroccan Arabic to represent . Examples of its use include city names (such as Agadir , also written: ) and family names (such as El Guerrouj , also written: ). The preferred form is ?.
In Chechen on the Arabic character ? is used to write a (Kh).
|Unicode name||ARABIC LETTER GAF||ARABIC LETTER GUEH||ARABIC LETTER KEHEH
WITH DOT ABOVE
|ARABIC LETTER KAF
WITH DOT BELOW
|ARABIC LETTER KEHEH WITH THREE DOTS ABOVE||ARABIC LETTER GAF
|ARABIC LETTER GAF|
WITH INVERTED STROKE
|UTF-8||218 175||DA AF||218 179||DA B3||221 162||DD A2||224 162 180||E0 A2 B4||221 163||DD A3||218 176||DA B0||224 162 176||E0 A2 B0|
|Numeric character reference||گ