116th United States Congress
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116th United States Congress
116th United States Congress
U.S. Capitol Snow 2018 (32026277508).jpg
January 3, 2019 - January 3, 2021
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
Senate President pro temChuck Grassley (R)
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: January 3, 2019 - TBD
2nd: TBD - TBD
Opening Day ceremony for the 116th United States Congress on the House Floor
Opening day proceedings from the Senate

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2019, and will end on January 3, 2021, near the end of the fourth year of President Donald Trump's administration. Senators elected to regular terms in 2014 are finishing their terms in this Congress and House seats were apportioned based on the 2010 Census.

In the November 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won a new majority in the House, while the Republican Party increased its majority in the Senate. Consequently, this is the first split Congress since the 113th Congress of 2013-2015, and the first Republican Senate/Democratic House split since the 99th Congress of 1985-1987. This Congress is considered to be the most diverse ever elected, and the youngest incoming class in the past three cycles.[1]

Major events

Major legislation




(With official titles)

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.


Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47 2 50 99 1
Begin (January 3, 2019) 45 2 52 99 1
January 8, 2019[a] 53 100 0
Latest voting share 47.0% 53.0%

House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 196 0 236 432 3
Begin (January 3, 2019)[b] 235 0 199 434 1
January 23, 2019[c] 198 433 2
February 10, 2019[d] 197 432 3
May 21, 2019[c] 198 433 2
July 4, 2019[e] 1 197
September 10, 2019[b][d] 199 435 0
September 23, 2019[f] 198 434 1
October 1, 2019[g] 197 433 2
October 17, 2019[h] 234 432 3
November 3, 2019[i] 233 431 4
Latest voting share 54.1% 0.2% 45.7%  
Non-voting members 3 1 2 6 0



Senate President
President pro tempore

Majority (Republican) Leadership

Minority (Democratic) Leadership

House of Representatives

House Speaker

Majority (Democratic) Leadership

Minority (Republican) Leadership


Most members of this Congress are Christian (88.2%), with approximately half being Protestant and 30.5% being Catholic. Jewish membership is 6.4%. Other religions represented include Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism. One senator says that she is religiously unaffiliated, while the number of members refusing to specify their religious affiliation increased.[24][25][26]


The Senate includes 75 men and 25 women -- the most women to date. In 6 states, both senators are women; 13 states are represented by 1 man and 1 woman; and 31 states are represented by 2 men. There are 91 non-Hispanic white, 4 Hispanic, 3 Black, 3 Asian, and 1 multiracial senators. Additionally, 2 senators identify as LGBTQ+.[1][27]

House of Representatives

There are 102 women in the House, the largest number in history.[28] There are 313 non-Hispanic whites, 56 black, 44 Hispanic, 15 Asian, and 4 Native American. Eight identify as LGBTQ+.[29] Two Democrats -- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Donna Shalala -- are the youngest (29) and oldest (77) freshmen women in history.[30] Freshmen women Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) and Ilhan Omar (DFL-MN) are the first two Muslim women and freshmen Sharice Davids (D-KS) and Deb Haaland (D-NM) are the first two female Native American members.[31]



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[m]
Vacant Senator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of Florida.[32] Rick Scott
January 8, 2019
Johnny Isakson
Incumbent intends to resign December 31, 2019.[33]
A successor will be appointed to serve until the November 3, 2020, special election.[33]

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[m]
North Carolina 9 Vacant Vacant from the start of the term as allegations of fraud in the 2018 general election prevented the results from being certified.
A special election was held September 10, 2019.[41]
Dan Bishop
September 17, 2019[42]
Pennsylvania 12 Tom Marino
Resigned January 23, 2019, to take job in private sector.[38]
A special election was held May 21, 2019.[43]
Fred Keller
June 3, 2019
North Carolina 3 Walter B. Jones Jr.
Died February 10, 2019.
A special election was held September 10, 2019.[44]
Greg Murphy
September 17, 2019[45]
Michigan 3 Justin Amash
Changed party July 4, 2019.[46] Justin Amash (I) July 4, 2019
Wisconsin 7 Sean Duffy
Resigned September 23, 2019.
A special election is scheduled for May 12, 2020.[47]
New York 27 Chris Collins
Resigned October 1, 2019.
A special election will be held.[48]
Maryland 7 Elijah Cummings
Died October 17, 2019.
A special election is scheduled for April 28, 2020.[35][49]
California 25 Katie Hill
Resigned November 3, 2019 due to allegations of improper relationships with staffer.
A special election is scheduled for March 3, 2020, with a runoff on May 12, 2020 (if necessary).[50][51]


Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including chair and ranking member.


House of Representatives


Committee Chair Vice Chair Ranking Member Vice Ranking Member
Economic Mike Lee (R-UT) Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) David Schweikert (R-AZ) Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Library Roy Blunt (R-MO) Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Printing Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Taxation[n] Richard Neal (D-MA) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR) Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Employees and legislative agency directors

Also called "elected" or "appointed" officials, there are many employees of the House and Senate whose leaders are included here.[54]


House of Representatives

Legislative branch agency directors

See also


  1. ^ Rick Scott (R-Florida) assumed office on January 8, 2019, after his term as Governor of Florida expired.
  2. ^ a b c In North Carolina's 9th district: the November 2018 election results were not certified due to a dispute over voting irregularities. Dan Bishop (R) was elected in a September 10, 2019 special election.
  3. ^ a b In Pennsylvania's 12th district: Tom Marino (R) resigned January 23, 2019, and Fred Keller (R) was elected May 21, 2019.
  4. ^ a b In North Carolina's 3rd district: Walter Jones (R) died February 10, 2019, and Greg Murphy (R) was elected September 10, 2019.
  5. ^ In Michigan's 3rd district: Justin Amash changed parties July 4, 2019, from Republican to Independent.
  6. ^ In Wisconsin's 7th district: Sean Duffy (R) resigned September 23, 2019.
  7. ^ In New York's 27th district: Chris Collins (R) resigned October 1, 2019.
  8. ^ In Maryland's 7th district: Elijah Cummings (D) died October 17, 2019.
  9. ^ In California's 25th district: Katie Hill (D) resigned November 3, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
  11. ^ Although Sanders is running for President in the Democratic primary and will claim to be a "bona fide Democrat" in accordance to DNC rules, he is currently and officially an Independent senator.[34]
  12. ^ In Michigan's 3rd district: Justin Amash changed from Republican to Independent July 4, 2019.[36]
  13. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.
  14. ^ The Joint Taxation Committee leadership rotate the chair and vice chair and the ranking members between the House and Senate at the start of each session (calendar year) in the middle of the congressional term. The first session leadership is shown here.


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  4. ^ "Michael D. Cohen's Congressional Testimony". The New York Times. February 27, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ U.S. House Approves Resolution Opposing U.S. Troop Withdrawal From Syria, 354-60. C-Span. Retrieved 2019.
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  10. ^ a b "Senator Lankford to Serve on Deputy Whip Team for 116th Congress - U.S. Senator James Lankford of Oklahoma". www.lankford.senate.gov.
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  12. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (November 15, 2018). "Catherine Cortez Masto Becomes First Latina to Lead DSCC". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
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  15. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "James Clyburn Elected Majority Whip". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Rep. Ben Ray Luján Elected Assistant Democratic Leader". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Hakeem Jeffries Wins Democratic Caucus Chair Race Against Barbara Lee". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Katherine Clark Elected House Democratic Caucus Vice Chair". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ Pathé, Simone (November 29, 2018). "Cheri Bustos Elected DCCC Chair". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
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  25. ^ Women Elected at Historic Levels, But No Surprise Here: White Men Dominate 116th Congress Archived November 21, 2018, at the Wayback Machine November 7, 2018
  26. ^ "As Christians split over Trump, minority faiths make their mark". November 7, 2018. Archived from the original on January 2, 2019. Retrieved 2019. November 7, 2018
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  28. ^ "A record number of women will be serving in the new Congress". Pew Research. December 18, 2018. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ Panetta, Grace; Lee, Samantha (December 16, 2018). "This one graphic shows how much more diverse the House of Representatives will become in January". Business Insider. Archived from the original on December 23, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ Grow, Jason (January 18, 2019). "'We Call Ourselves the Badasses': Meet the New Women of Congress". POLITICO. Retrieved 2019.
  31. ^ "First Native American congresswomen hug after swearing-in". CNN. January 3, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ a b Sonmez, Felicia (January 8, 2019). "Rick Scott sworn in as Florida's newest senator". South Florida SunSentinel. Retrieved 2019.
  33. ^ a b c Mattingly, Phil (August 28, 2019). "Georgia Republican Sen. Johnny Isakson to resign at end of year". CNN. Retrieved 2019.
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  41. ^ Caldwell, Leigh Ann. "New election ordered in North Carolina House district after possible illegal activities". NBC News. Retrieved 2019.
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  51. ^ "Special California election to replace Katie Hill set for March 3". Roll Call. November 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
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External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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