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1649 in Literature
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source
. (June 2018)
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1649.
- January 1 - Local authorities raid the four remaining London theatres - the Salisbury Court, the Red Bull, the Cockpit and the Fortune - to suppress clandestine play-acting. The actors found are arrested - except for the members of the Red Bull company, who manage to escape.
- February 9 - Eikon Basilike: the Pourtrature of His Sacred Majestie in His Solitudes and Sufferings, purporting to be the spiritual autobiography of King Charles I of England, is published ten days after his execution and becomes a popular success. John Gauden later claims to have written it.
- March 24 - The authorities damage the Cockpit Theatre to inhibit continued attempts to use it for plays. (The building is not destroyed, however, and in 1660 it is fixed and used again, when drama resumes after the Restoration.)
- April 23 - William Everard a Digger issues "The Declaration and Standard of the Levellers of England."
- October - John Milton's Eikonoklastes: in Answer to a Book Intitl'd Eikon Basilike, a defence of the execution of Charles I, is published.
- With the London theatres closed since 1642, the trend toward closet drama (often highly politicized) continues - and is accentuated by the January 30 execution of Charles I. In the play Newmarket Fair, Oliver Cromwell and other Parliamentary leaders commit suicide when they learn of the accession of Charles II, an event that actually still lies eleven years in the future.
- Antoine Girard's poem Rome Ridicule starts a fashion for burlesque poetry.
- Sir William Davenant is appointed treasurer of the colony of Virginia.
- A Bartholomew Fairing
- The Disease of the House, or the State Mountebank Administering Physic to a Sick Parliament
- The Famous Tragedy of Charles II, Basely Butchered
- Newmarket Fair, or A Parliament Outcry
- Anonymous ("T. B.") - The Rebellion of Naples, or the Tragedy of Massenello
- William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle
- Sir William Davenant - Love and Honour
- Francis Quarles - The Virgin Widow
- William Peaps - Love in Its Ecstasy, or the Large Prerogative
- Christopher Wase - The Electra of Sophocles