Oakland 16th Street Station, main entrance, December 2007
|Location||1601 Wood Street|
|Closed||August 5, 1994|
|Services at time of closing|
16th Street station (Oakland Central) is an abandoned Southern Pacific Railroad station in Oakland, California, United States. The Beaux-Arts building was designed by architect Jarvis Hunt, a preeminent train station architect, and opened in 1912. The station has not been served by trains since 1994.
The original 16th Street depot was a smaller wood structure, built when the tracks were on the shoreline of San Francisco Bay. Later the shoreline was filled and now lies nearly a mile west. It was replaced in 1912 by a Beaux-Arts building designed by architect Jarvis Hunt.
For decades the 16th Street station was the main Oakland station for Southern Pacific (SP) through trains. It was a companion (or "city station") for Oakland Pier, two miles away, where passengers could board ferries to San Francisco. (After 1958, the ferries were replaced by buses from 16th Street station to the SP's Third and Townsend Depot). The elevated platforms were used for the SP-owned East Bay Electric Lines commuter service (renamed IER in 1938). Many IER trains were expressed past 16th Street when the Bay Bridge opened in 1941. When the IER folded in 1941, some lines were sold to the competing Key System; however, the Key System only served the station with a surface line on 16th Street, and did not use the elevated platforms.
Amtrak took over intercity passenger rail services in 1971, and decided to consolidate most Bay Area service in Oakland rather than operate out of both San Francisco's Third and Townsend Depot and 16th Street Station.
The station was severely damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, but continued serving trains at an adjacent building. In the 1990s, the adjacent railroad tracks were moved west during the construction of Interstate 880 (to replace the earthquake-destroyed Cypress Street Viaduct), which isolated the station from the tracks. Amtrak service to 16th Street station ended on August 5, 1994; Oakland passengers used a bus connection from the 1993-opened Emeryville station until Oakland's new main station, Oakland-Jack London Square, opened in 1995.
The station buildings are largely intact, including the interlocking tower and ironwork elevated platforms. The station was purchased in 2005 by BUILD, an affiliate of BRIDGE Housing, and is being restored as part of a local redevelopment project. In 2015, the station was used to stage a local opera company's production of Lulu. As of 2019, the station is being used as a rented space for private events.
The station was used in films including Funny Lady (as Cleveland station),RENT, and Hemingway & Gellhorn (as a stand-in for the Hotel Florida).Mumford & Sons filmed their music video for "Babel" in the station.
The station also appeared in the video game Watch Dogs 2.