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1727 ( MDCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1727th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 727th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1720s decade. As of the start of 1727, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
February 11 – Spain besieges Gibraltar, in order to recapture the territory. 
February 2 – Johann Sebastian Bach's solo cantata, , premieres in Ich habe genug, BWV 82 Leipzig.
February 20 – German composer George Frideric Handel becomes a British subject. 
April 11 – Johann Sebastian Bach's (BWV 244b) premieres at St Matthew Passion St. Thomas Church, Leipzig.
May 12 – History of the Moravian Church: The 18th century renewal: The Brotherly Agreement is adopted by the Moravian Church community at Herrnhut, under the influence of Count Nicolaus Zinzendorf, beginning the Church's renewal.
May 31 – The Royal Bank of Scotland is founded by Royal Charter in Edinburgh. 
June 11 – George, Prince of Wales, becomes King George II of Great Britain, on the death of his father.  June 27 – Uxbridge, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a town.
July – History of the Ursulines in New Orleans: Seventeen Ursuline Sisters from France land in New Orleans, Louisiana, where they found the orphanage which is the predecessor of Catholic Charities and the Ursuline Academy, making the latter the oldest continuously-operating school for girls, and the oldest Catholic school in the United States.
August 13 – History of the Moravian Church: The 18th century renewal: The Moravian Church community at Herrnhut undergoes a Pentecostalist experience.
August 30 – Anne, eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain, is given the title Princess Royal.
September 8 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell, Cambridgeshire, England, kills 78 people, many of them children. Another report says that all but six of the 160 persons assembled were killed in the accidental fire. 
October 11 – George II of Great Britain is crowned. Handel's are composed for the event, including Coronation Anthems , which has been played at every subsequent Zadok the Priest Coronation of the British monarch. 
November 18 – An earthquake in Tazriz, Persia kills 77,000.
November 21 – The Netherlands signs the Treaty of Seville. November 27 – The foundation stone of the Jerusalem's Church in Berlin is laid.
January 2 – James Wolfe, British general (d. 1759)
January 25 – Aron Gustaf Silfversparre, Swedish baron (d. 1818)
May 10 – Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (d. 1781)
May 14 – Thomas Gainsborough, English artist (d. 1788)
July 26 – Horatio Gates, retired British soldier who served as an American general during the American Revolutionary War (d. 1806)
August 22 – Johann Joseph Gassner, German priest (d. 1779)
October 23 – Empress Xiaoyichun of China (d. 1775)
November 26 – Artemas Ward, American major general (d. 1800)
December 6 – Johann Gottfried Zinn, German anatomist, botanist (d. 1757) December 27 – Arthur Murphy, Irish writer (d. 1805)
March 31 [ O.S. March 20] – Sir Isaac Newton, English scientist (b. 1643)
April 15 – George Compton, 4th Earl of Northampton (b. 1664)
May 17 – Empress Catherine I of Russia (b. 1684)
June 8 – August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)
July 9 – Veronica Giuliani, Italian nun, mystic (b. 1660)
July 23 – Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. c. 1660)
August 4 – Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (b. 1647)
August 14 – William Croft, English composer (b. 1678)
August 17 – Louis, Duke of Rohan, French noble (b. 1652)
August 27 – Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter (b. 1645)
September 6 – George Hooper, Bishop of St Asaph Bishop of Bath and Wells (b. 1640)
September 7 – Glückel of Hameln, German businesswoman and diarist (b. 1647)
September 8 – Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari, Italian painter (b. 1654)
October 2 – Johann Conrad Brunner, Swiss anatomist (b. 1653)
November 10 – Alphonse de Tonty, French explorer and American settler (b. 1659)
December 22 – Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain (b. 1643)
^ a b c
Williams, Hywel (2005). . London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. Cassell's Chronology of World History 301. ISBN . 0-304-35730-8
^ a b
Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1727". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
^ "Fires, Great", in
The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p49
"Dornoch in the 18th century". Historylinks Museum . Retrieved 2010.
K. M. Sheard (December 8, 2011). . Llewellyn Worldwide. pp. 304-. Llewellyn's Complete Book of Names: For Pagans, Wiccans, Druids, Heathens, Mages, Shamans & Independent Thinkers of All Sorts Who Are Curious about Na ISBN 978-0-7387-2368-6 . Retrieved 2012.
Neill, W. N. (1923). "the Last Execution for Witchcraft in Scotland, 1722". Scottish Historical Review. 20: 218-21. JSTOR 25519547.
Schiavone, Michael J. (2009). Dictionary of Maltese Biographies Vol. 1 A-F. Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza. p. 755. ISBN . 9789993291329
Schiavone, Michael J. (2009). Dictionary of Maltese Biographies Vol. 1 A-F. Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza. p. 756. ISBN . 9789993291329