March 21 – The Molasses Act is passed by British House of Commons, which reinforces the negative opinions of the British by American colonists. The Act then goes to the House of Lords, which consents to it on May 4 and it receives royal assent on May 17.
After British Prime Minister Robert Walpole's proposed excise tax bill results in rioting over the imposition of additional taxes and the use of government agents to collect them, Walpole informs the House of Commons that he will withdraw the legislation.
June 12 – In Berlin, Prince Frederick of Prussia, the 21-year-old heir to the throne reluctantly marries Duchess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern in order to avoid prosecution for desertion from the Prussian Army and to be guaranteed the throne. Despite the unhappy marriage Frederick and Elisabeth later reign as King and Queen Consort of Prussia.
September 12 – Stanislas Leszczynski, who had been King of Poland from 1704 to 1709 until being driven from the throne by King Augustus II, is returned to office by the vote of the Sejm. Russia and Austria protest the election, since King Stanislaus is backed by France and Sweden.
December 19 – Unsuccessful in capturing Baghdad from the Ottoman Empire, Persia's ruler Nader Shah signs the Treaty of Baghdad with the Ottoman Governor, Ahmad Khan Pasha, with the Turks and the Iranians agreeing to restore the boundary between the two empires to the lines before the 1732 Ottoman invasion of Iran.
^"The imperial heritage of Peter the Great in the foreign policy of his early successors", by E. V. Anisimov, in Imperial Russian Foreign Policy, ed. by Hugh Ragsdale (Cambridge University Press, 1993) p30
^Thomas Carlyle, History of Friedrich the Second, Called Frederick the Great (Harper & Brothers, 1858) p372
^Douglas M. Gibler, International Military Alliances, 1648-2008, (SAGE Publications, 2008) p.85
^Kaveh Farrokh, Iran at War, 1500-1988 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2011) pp110-113