February 15-- Troops of the Kingdom of Prussia, Saxony and France, under the command of Prince Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau, capture the Moravian town of Iglau (now Jihlava). At this point, the Saxons and French declare that their obligations to Prussia have ceased.
May – In Peru, Juan Santos takes the name Atahualpa II, and begins an ill-fated rebellion against Spanish rule. Father Domingo Garcia sends the first report of the rebellion to his superiors on June 2.
Accompanied by 10 French Army observers, Choctaw Indians from the French Louisiana territory cross the Tombigbee River and raid Chickasaw Indian towns in Georgia. Over three days, the attackers lose 50 men, the Chickasaw defenders about 25. For permitting the attack, the French Louisiana governor, the Sieur de Bienville, is summoned back to Paris.
Irish author and poet Dean Jonathan Swift is declared by a court to be "of unsound mind and memory" and confined to home treatment for the remaining three years of his life.
A British fleet led by Commodore William Martin enters the harbor of Naples with three warships, two frigates, and four bomb vessels, and sends a message giving the King Charles VII of Naples (the future King Charles III of Spain) 30 minutes to agree to withdraw Neapolitan troops from the Spanish Army. Don Carlos agrees and ends the threat of a Spanish foothold in Italy.
Voltaire's controversial play Fanatacism, or Mahomet the Prophet is first performed, in Paris, to a theatre audience filled with French nobility.
September 5 – The 46 survivors of Russia's Great Northern Expedition return to Petropavlovsk after having been shipwrecked on an island in the Bering Strait ten months earlier. They had completed the building of a new ship from the wreckage of the St Pyotr on August 21. 
Pennsylvania's Colonial Governor George Thomas bars citizens from settling in Lancaster County, or west of the Blue Mountains Lois Mulkearn, ed., George Mercer Papers: Relating to the Ohio Company of Virginia (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1954) p657
Charles Jervas's English translation of Don Quixote is published posthumously. Through a printer's error, the translator's name is printed as 'Charles Jarvis', leading the book to forever be known as the Jarvis translation. It is acclaimed as the most faithful English rendering of the novel made up to this time.
The Roman Catholic church decrees that Roman ceremonial practice in Latin (not in Chinese) is to be the law for Chinese missions.
^Thomas Carlyle, History of Friedrich II of Prussia, called Frederick the Great, Vol. 15 (1865, reprinted by Charles Scribner's Sons, 1903) p319
^"Appendix E: History of the Publication", by Paul A. Scanlon in Joseph Andrews, by Henry Fielding (Broadview Press, 2001) p504
^International Military Alliances, 1648-2008, ed. by Douglas M. Gibler (Congressional Quarterly Press, 2008) pp. 88, 105.
^Doane Robinson, History of South Dakota (B. F. Bowen & Company, 1904) p53
^"The Jewish living space in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: tendencies and ways of its formation", by Jurgita ?iau?i?nait?-Verbickien?, in Jewish Space in Central and Eastern Europe: Day-to-Day History (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009) p24
^Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, ed. by Kenneth Mills, et al. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2002) p302
^"Goldbach's Conjectures: A Historical Perspective", by Robert C. Vaughan, in Open Problems in Mathematics, ed. by John Forbes Nash, Jr. and Michael Th. Rassias. Springer, 2016) p479
^"Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p50
^Edward J. Cashin, Guardians of the Valley: Chickasaws in Colonial South Carolina and Georgia (University of South Carolina Press, 2009) p57
^"Swift, Jonathan", by Donald C. Mell, in Macmillan Dictionary of Irish Literature, ed. by Robert Hogan (Macmillan, 2016) p652
^I. S. Leadam, The Political History of England: The history of England from the accession of Anne to the death of George II, 1702-1760 (Longmans, Green and Co., 1909) p372
^S. G. Tallentyre, The Life of Voltaire, Volume 1 (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1910) p141.
^"Russo-Swedish War of 1741-43", in Dictionary of Wars, by George Childs Kohn (Routledge, 2013) p420
^"Anson, George", by Keith A. Parker, in Historical Dictionary of the British Empire, ed. by James S. Olson and Robert Shadle (Greenwood Publishing, 1996) p68
^Edward Heawood, "A History of Geographical Discovery in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries" (Cambridge University Press,
CUP Archive, 1912) p267
^An Account of the Foundling Hospital in London, for the Maintenance and Education of Exposed and Deserted Young Children (Foundling Hospital, 1826) p20
^Lorenzo Boturini Benaduci, Idea of a New General History of North America: An Account of Colonial Native Mexico (University of Oklahoma Press, 2015) p6