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1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1747th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 747th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1740s decade. As of the start of 1747, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- October 1 – On the 7th day of Shawwal, 1160 A.H., Pashtun chieftains in Kandahar, meeting in a special council (a loya jirga) vote to make Ahmad Shah Durrani their leader in Afghanistan and beginning the Durrani Empire.
- October 21 – King George II transfers Thomas Herring, Archbishop of York, to become the new Archbishop of Canterbury, three days after the death of John Potter
- October 24 – A Caribbean Sea hurricane sweeps across Saint Kitts, sinking 12 British freighters and one from France.
- October 25 – War of the Austrian Succession – Second battle of Cape Finisterre: The British Navy again defeats a French fleet.
- November 9 – Rioters in Amsterdam demand governmental reform.
- November 17-19 – The Knowles Riot breaks out in Boston, Massachusetts, protesting impressment into the British Royal Navy, .
- November 22 – Prince William IV of Orange becomes stadtholder of all the United Provinces.
- December 7 – Benjamin Franklin forms the Pennsylvania Associators, the first militia in the colony of Pennsylvania, which had no standing militia because of its foundation by pacifistic Quakers.
- December 13 – The ordeal of the Maryland freighter sloop Endeavour begins when the ship departs Annapolis for the West Indies and encounters a hurricane. With its masts and rigging torn away, the ship drifts for six months before finally ending up at the island of Tiree off the coast of Scotland 
- December 27 – The Parliament of Great Britain amends its Naturalisation Act of 1740 to extend recognition to all non-Anglican Protestant denominations in its colonies.
- January 10 – Abraham-Louis Breguet, Swiss horologist, inventor (d. 1823)
- January 15 – John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)
- January 19 – Johann Elert Bode, German astronomer (d. 1826)
- January 26 – Samuel Parr, English schoolmaster (d. 1825)
- February 19 – John "Walking" Stewart, English traveller, philosopher (d. 1822)
- February 21 – Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian scientist (d. 1795)
- February 28 – Justin Morgan, American horse breeder, composer (d. 1798)
- May 5 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1792)
- May 7 – Judith van Dorth, Dutch Orangist (d. 1799)
- June 23 – Michele Troja, Italian physician (d. 1827)
- July 2 – Rose Bertin, French fashion designer (d. 1813)
- July 6 – John Paul Jones, American naval captain (d. 1792)
- September 9 – Thomas Coke, first American Methodist Bishop (d. 1814)
- October 8 – Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (d. 1807)
- September 12 – Caleb Brewster, Patriot spy during the American Revolutionary War (d. 1827)
- December 12 – Anna Seward, English writer (d. 1809)
- December 31 – Gottfried August Bürger, German poet (d. 1794)
- date unknown
- January 2 – Lord George Graham, Royal Navy officer and MP (b. 1715)
- January 16 – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
- January 26 – Willem van Mieris, Dutch painter (b. 1662)
- March 2 – Margravine Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, German noble (b. 1713)
- March 14 – Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg, German aristocrat and general (b. 1661)
- March 16 – Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (b. 1690)
- March 23 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
- April 2 – Johann Jacob Dillenius, German botanist (b. 1684)
- April 3 – Francesco Solimena, Italian painter (b. 1657)
- April 7 – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1676)
- April 9 – Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat, Scottish clan chief (b. c. 1667)
- April 14 – Jean-Frédéric Osterwald, Swiss Protestant pastor (b. 1663)
- May 9 – John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and diplomat (b. 1673)
- May 28 – Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (b. 1715)
- May 31 – Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
- June 8 – Alan Brodrick, 2nd Viscount Midleton, English cricketer (b. 1702)
- June 17 – Avdotya Chernysheva, Russian noble, lady in waiting (b. 1693)
- ^ "The Baptism of Sultan Azim ud-Din of Sulu", by Ebrhard Crailsheim, in Image - Object - Performance: Mediality and Communication in Cultural Contact Zones of Colonial Latin America and the Philippines (Waxmann Verlag, 2013) p101
"Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat", by J.W. Allen, in Lives of Twelve Bad Men: Original Studies of Eminent Scoundrels by Various Hands (T. Fisher Unwin, 1894) p196
- ^ Henry L. Fulton, Dr. John Moore, 1729-1802: A Life in Medicine, Travel, and Revolution (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014) p76
- ^ Lloyd's List No. 1259, December 18, 1747
- ^ Van den Heuvel, Danielle (Spring 2012). "The Multiple Identities of Early Modern Dutch Fishwives". Signs. University of Chicago Press. 37 (3): 587-594. doi:10.1086/662705. JSTOR 10.1086/662705.
... in 1747 fishwives organized a large political demonstration in Amsterdam, and in 1748 the Amsterdam fish hawker Marretje Arents was one of the principal initiators of a tax riot in the city.
- ^ T"Associators", by Paul G. Pierpaoli, Jr., in American Revolution: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection (ABC-CLIO, 2018) p85
- ^ Rosemary F. Williams, Maritime Annapolis: A History of Watermen, Sails & Midshipmen (Arcadia Publishing, 2009)
- ^ George W. Forell, ed., Nine Public Lectures on Important Subjects in Religion by Nicholaus Ludwig Count von Zinzendorf (Wipf and Stock Publishers, 1998) p xxix