All 10 New York seats to the United States House of Representatives
The 1794 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held on December 12, 1794, to elect ten U.S. Representatives to represent the State of New York in the United States House of Representatives of the 4th United States Congress.
Ten U.S. Representatives had been elected in January 1793 to a term in the 3rd United States Congress beginning on March 4, 1793. One representative, Silas Talbot (10th D.), had accepted in June 1794 an appointment to the United States Navy, and thus vacated his seat. No special election was called to fill the vacancy. The other nine representatives' term would end on March 3, 1795.
On January 27, 1789, the New York State Legislature had divided the State of New York into six congressional districts which were not numbered. On December 18, 1792, the Legislature divided the State into ten districts, which were still not numbered, taking into account the new counties created in 1791. The congressional districts remained at this election the same as at the previous election, only inside the Tenth District a new county, Onondaga, was created in 1794.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
6 Democratic-Republicans and 4 Federalists were elected. Thomas Tredwell, the incumbent from the 1st District, had moved to Plattsburgh and ran for re-election in the 7th District, but was defeated by the local incumbent John E. Van Alen. Of the other incumbents, Watts was defeated; Glen, Gilbert, Bailey and Van Cortlandt were re-elected; and Peter Van Gaasbeck and James Gordon did not run for re-election.
|1||Jonathan Nicoll Havens||815||Samuel Jones||494||Whitehead Cornwell||554||John Smith||251|
|2||Edward Livingston||1,843||John Watts||1,638|
|3||Philip Van Cortlandt||992||Richard Morris||972|
|4||John Hathorn||1,519||Conrad E. Elmendorf||583||Peter Gansevoort||2||William Thompson||41|
|5||Theodorus Bailey||1,449||David Brooks||1,090|
|6||John Bay||441||Ezekiel Gilbert||1,168||Mathew Adgate||419|
|7||Thomas Tredwell||298||John E. Van Alen||1,109|
|8||Abraham Yates||20||Henry Glen||677||John Tayler||19||James Fairlie||4|
|9||John Williams||1,297||Ebenezer Russell||1,079||Alexander Webster||305|
|10||John Winn||1,426||William Cooper||2,535||Jonathan Fitch||40||James Cochran||535|
Note: The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
The House of Representatives of the 4th United States Congress met for the first time at Congress Hall in Philadelphia on December 7, 1795, and nine of the ten representatives took their seats on this day. Only John Hathorn arrived late, and took his seat on December 17.