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1797 ( MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1797th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 797th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1797, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
January 3 – The Treaty of Tripoli, a peace treaty between the United States and Ottoman Tripolitania, is signed at Algiers ( see also 1796).
January 7 – The parliament of the Cisalpine Republic adopts the Italian green-white-red tricolour as the official flag (this is considered the birth of the flag of Italy).
January 13 – Action of 13 January 1797, part of the War of the First Coalition: Two British Royal Navy frigates, HMS and Indefatigable HMS , drive the French Amazon 74-gun ship of the line aground on the coast of Droits de l'Homme Brittany, with over 900 deaths.
January 14 – Battle of Rivoli during the War of the First Coalition: French forces under General Napoleon Bonaparte defeat an Austrian army of 28,000 men, under Feldzeugmeister József Alvinczi, near Rivoli (modern-day Italy), ending Austria's fourth and final attempt to relieve the fortress city of Mantua.
January 26 – The Treaty of the Third Partition of Poland is signed in St. Petersburg by the Russian Empire, Austria and the Kingdom of Prussia.
February 2 – Siege of Mantua: Field marshal Dagobert von Wurmser surrenders the fortress city to the French; only 16,000 men of the garrison are capable of marching out as prisoners of war.
February 3 – Battle of Faenza: A French corps (9,000 men) under General Claude Victor-Perrin defeats the forces from the Papal States, at Castel Bolognese near Faenza, Italy.
February 4 – The Riobamba earthquake in Ecuador, estimated magnitude 8.3, causes up to 40,000 casualties.
February 12 – " Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" is first performed, with the music composed in January by Joseph Haydn, which also becomes the tune to the Deutschlandlied, the German national anthem ( Deutschland, Deutschland über alles, later Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit).
February 14 – French Revolutionary Wars – Battle of Cape St Vincent: The British Royal Navy under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats a larger Spanish fleet off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal.
February 18 – Invasion of Trinidad: Spanish Governor José María Chacón peacefully surrenders the colony of Trinidad to a British naval force, commanded by Sir Ralph Abercromby.
February 19 – Treaty of Tolentino: Pope Pius VI signs a peace treaty with Revolutionary France. He is forced to deliver works of art, treasures, territory, the Comtat Venaissin and 30 million francs.
February 22 – The last invasion of Britain begins: French forces, under the command of American Colonel William Tate, land near Fishguard, Wales.
February 25 – William Tate surrenders to the British at Fishguard.
February 26 – Bank Restriction Act removes the requirement for the Bank of England (the national bank of Great Britain) to convert banknotes into gold - Restriction period lasts until 1821. The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound notes (pound notes discontinued March 11, 1988).
March 4 – John Adams is sworn in as the second President of the United States, with an uneventful transition of power from the administration of George Washington. 
March 5 – Protestant missionaries from the London Missionary Society land in Tahiti, from the (celebrated as Duff Missionary Day in French Polynesia).
March 13 – , an opera by Médée Luigi Cherubini, is premiered in Paris.
March 16 – Battle of Valvasone: The Austrian army, led by Archduke Charles, fights a rearguard action at the crossing of the Tagliamento River, but is defeated by Napoleon Bonaparte at Valvasone. March 21 – Battle of Parramatta: Resistance leader Pemulwuy led a group of aboriginal warriors, estimated to be at least 100, in an attack on a government farm at Toongabbie in Sydney, Australia.    
April 16 – The Spithead and Nore mutinies break out in the British Royal Navy.
Battle of San Juan: Sir Ralph Abercromby unsuccessfully invades San Juan, Puerto Rico in what will be one of the largest British attacks on Spanish territories in the western hemisphere, and one of the worst defeats of the British Royal Navy for years to come. Veronese Easter: Citizens of Verona, Italy, began an unsuccessful eight-day rebellion against the French occupying forces.
April 18 – Armistice of Leoben: On behalf of the French Republic, a delegation under Napoleon Bonaparte signs a peace treaty with the Holy Roman Empire at Leoben. 
May 10 – The first ship of the United States Navy, the frigate USS , is commissioned. United States
May 12 – War of the First Coalition: Napoleon Bonaparte conquers Venice, ending the city and Republic of Venice's 1,100 years of independence. The last doge of Venice, Ludovico Manin, steps down. The Venetian Ghetto is thrown open.
May 30 – English abolitionist William Wilberforce marries Barbara Ann Spooner about six weeks after their first meeting.
June 28 – French troops disembark in Corfu, beginning the First period of French rule in the Ionian Islands. June 29 – Napoleon Bonaparte decrees the birth of the Cisalpine Republic; he appoints ministers and establishes the first constitution.
July 9 – U.S. Senator William Blount becomes the first federal legislator to be expelled from office, as his fellow Senators vote 25 to 1 to block him from his seat during an investigation against him on charges of criminal conspiracy. 
July 24 – Horatio Nelson is wounded at the Battle of Santa Cruz, losing an arm.
August 29 – Massacre of Tranent: British troops attack protestors against enforced recruitment into the militia at Tranent, Scotland, killing 12.
September 4 – The Coup of 18 Fructidor is carried out in France as three of the five members of The Directory, France's executive council, arrested royalist members of the Council of Five Hundred, the national legislature, and discard the results of the spring elections. 
September 5 – France's new government decrees that citizens who left the country without authorization are subject to the death penalty if they return.  September 30 – Dominique-Vincent Ramel-Nogaret, French finance minister, repudiates two thirds of France's debt.
October 11 – Battle of Camperdown: the British Royal Navy defeats the fleet of the Batavian Republic off the coast of Holland. 
October 17 – The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the War of the First Coalition.
October 18 – The XYZ Affair inflames tensions between France and the United States when American negotiators Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, John Marshall, and Elbridge Gerry meet with French government representatives Jean-Conrad Hottinguer, Pierre Bellamy and Lucien Hauteval and are told that a treaty between France and the U.S. will require payment of a bribe to France's Foreign Minister Charles Talleyrand and a large loan of American cash to France. Pinckney tells people later that his response was "No, no, not a sixpence!"; Hottinguer, Bellamy and Hauteval are referred to, respectively, as "X", "Y" and "Z" in U.S. government reports on the failed negotiations. 
October 21 – In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS is launched to fight Constitution Barbary pirates off the coast of Tripoli; the ship will remain in commission in the 21st century.
October 22 – André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first parachute descent, at Parc Monceau, Paris; he uses a silk parachute to descend approximately 3,000 feet (910 m) from a hot air balloon.
November – The students at Rugby School rebel against the headmaster, Henry Ingles, after he decrees that the damage to a tradesman's windows should be paid for by the students.  November 16 – The Prussian heir apparent, Frederick William, becomes King of Prussia as Fredrick William III.
January 2 – Eliakim Littell, American editor (d. 1870)
January 3 – Frederick William Hope, English entomologist at the University of Oxford (d. 1862)
January 7 – Henry Piddington, English merchant captain sailing in East India and China and later settling in Bengal (d. 1858)
January 8 – David Barker Jr., American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1834)
January 9 – Edmund Murray Dodd, Canadian lawyer (d. 1876)
January 14 – George Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover, British peer and man of letters (d. 1833)
January 15 – Vincenz Kollar, Austrian entomologist specializing in Diptera (d. 1860)
January 16 – Richard Barnes Mason, career officer in the United States Army, governor of California (d. 1850)
January 17 – Joseph Barclay Pentland, Irish geographer (d. 1873)
January 20 – Jonathan Leavitt, American bookbinder, co-founder of the New York City publishing firm of Leavitt & Trow (d. 1852)
January 21 – Joseph Méry, French writer (d. 1866)
Leo Dupont, Martinique-born Venerated French Catholic, who helped spread various Catholic devotions (d. 1876) John Shaw-Lefevre, British barrister, Whig politician and civil servant (d. 1879)
January 26 – Therese Albertine Luise Robinson, German-American author (d. 1870)
January 31 – Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist, composer (d. 1828)
February 1 – Frederick Sullivan, English first-class cricketer associated with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) (d. 1873)
February 7 – François Chouteau, American pioneer fur trader (d. 1838)
February 10 – George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall, British landowner, courtier and politician (d. 1883)
February 12 – John Timon, first Roman Catholic Bishop of Buffalo (d. 1867)
February 13 – Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar, Scottish art collector (d. 1864)
February 17 – Charles Alexandre, French Hellenist (d. 1870)
February 21 – João Mouzinho de Albuquerque, Portuguese writer, administrator (d. 1881)
February 23 – Heinrich Halfeld, German engineer (d. 1873)
February 24 – Samuel Lover, Irish songwriter (d. 1868)
February 25 – Maria Abdy, English poet (d. 1867)
March 6 – Gerrit Smith, American social reformer (d. 1874)
March 7 – Édouard Thibaudeau, Lower Canadian lawyer, political figure (d. 1836)
March 12 – Benjamin Caesar, English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket (1824-1830) (d. 1867)
March 15 – Benjamin Guérard, French librarian, historian (d. 1854)
Michel Goudchaux, French banker, politician who was twice Minister of Finance during the French Second Republic (d. 1862) James Wilson II, United States Representative from New Hampshire (d. 1881)
John Braithwaite, English engineer, inventor of the first steam fire engine (d. 1870) Addison Gardiner, American lawyer and politician, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals (1854-1855) (d. 1883)
March 20 – John Roberton, Scottish physician, social reformer (d. 1876)
March 23 – Ernest Edgcumbe, 3rd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, English politician (d. 1861)
March 28 – George O. Belden, American politician, Representative from New York (d. 1833)
March 29 – Charles I. du Pont, American manufacturer, politician (d. 1869) March 31
Samuel Bogart, itinerant Methodist minister, militia captain from Ray County, Missouri (d. 1861)
Joseph-François Deblois, Lower Canadian lawyer (d. 1860)
John Peter Gassiot, English businessman, amateur scientist (d. 1877)
Dunning R. McNair, Sergeant at Arms of the United States Senate (1853-1861) (d. 1875)
David Robertson, 1st Baron Marjoribanks, Scottish stockbroker, politician (d. 1873) Franz Graf von Wimpffen, Austrian general, admiral (d. 1870)
April 8 – Jehiel Brooks, American soldier, territorial governor, and plantation owner (d. 1886)
April 13 – Stanislas Julien, French sinologist, Chair of Chinese at the Collège de France for over 40 years (d. 1873)
April 21 – George Stephen Benjamin Jarvis, Upper Canadian judge, political figure (d. 1878)
Henry Bliss, author, lawyer and provincial agent for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (d. 1873) Peter I. Borst, American politician, United States Representative from New York (d. 1848)
April 26 – Albert Seerig, German surgeon, anatomist (d. 1862)
April 28 – John Richardson, Australian convict, accompanies several exploring expeditions as botanical collector (d. 1882)
April 29 – Gideon Hard, American lawyer, politician (d. 1885)
May 6 – Joseph Brackett, American religious leader, composer (d. 1882)
Walter Colton, Chaplain for the United States Navy (d. 1851)
Charles Frederick, Royal Navy officer, Third Naval Lord (d. 1875)
Elizabeth Grant, British diarist (d. 1885) José Antonio Saco, Cuban statesman, deputy to the Spanish Cortes, writer, social critic, publicist, essayist, anthropologist, historian (d. 1879)
May 9 – Lansdown Guilding, St. Vincent-born English theologian, early naturalist (d. 1831)
May 10 – Daniel Lynn Carroll, sixth President of Hampden-Sydney College (1835-1838) (d. 1851)
May 12 – Johann Hermann Kufferath, German composer (d. 1864)
May 14 – Carl Georg Christian Schumacher, German painter (d. 1869)
May 20 – Alexis-François Rio, French writer on art (d. 1874)
May 26 – Ralph Randolph Gurley, American clergyman (d. 1872)
May 27 – Sir Thomas Bazley, 1st Baronet of England (d. 1883)
Edwin Croswell, American journalist, politician (d. 1871) Nicolas Roret, French editor, publisher known for an important series of manuals ( Manuels) and encyclopedias (d. 1860)
June 1 – Abby Hadassah Smith, early American suffragist, campaigner for property and voting rights from Glastonbury (d. 1879)
June 2 – Joseph Blake, 3rd Baron Wallscourt, Irish nobleman and pioneering socialist (d. 1849)
June 6 – Rehuel Lobatto, Dutch mathematician (d. 1866)
June 8 – Henry William-Powlett, 3rd Baron Bayning, English peer and clergyman (d. 1866)
June 12 – Thomas Ainslie Young, official and political figure in Lower Canada (d. 1860)
June 13 – Richard Ely Selden, American politician and author (d. 1868)
June 17 – Alexandre Vinet, Swiss critic and theologian (d. 1847)
June 19 – Hamilton Hume, early explorer of the present-day Australian states of New South Wales and Victoria (d. 1873)
June 20 – Karolina Gerhardinger, German Roman Catholic professed religious, established the School Sisters of Notre Dame (d. 1879)
June 23 – Théophile Bra, French Romantic sculptor and exact contemporary of Eugène Delacroix (d. 1863)
June 26 – Imam Shamil, Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus (d. 1871)
June 29 – Frederic Baraga, Slovenian Catholic missionary to the United States, grammarian of Native American languages (d. 1868)
July 6 – Henry Paget, 2nd Marquess of Anglesey, England (d. 1869)
July 7 – George Meads, English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket (1825-1836) (d. 1881)
July 11 – Francis Close, Anglican rector of Cheltenham (1826-1856) and Dean of Carlisle (1856-1881) (d. 1882)
July 14 – James Scott Bowerbank, British naturalist, palaeontologist (d. 1877)
July 16 – Daniel D. Barnard, American politician, Representative from New York (d. 1861)
July 18 – Robert Christison, Scottish toxicologist, physician (d. 1882)
July 21 – John M. Read, American lawyer (d. 1874)
July 24 – Maria Foote, English actress, peeress (d. 1867)
July 30 – Harriet Windsor-Clive, 13th Baroness Windsor of England (d. 1869)
July 31 – Alonzo C. Paige, American lawyer, politician from New York (d. 1868)
August 6 – August Wilhelm Stiehler, German government official, paleobotanist (d. 1878)
James K?nehoa, member of the court of King Kamehameha II and Kamehameha III during the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1851) Justin von Linde, German jurist, statesman from the Grand Duchy of Hesse (d. 1870)
August 11 – George Shillibeer, English coachbuilder (d. 1866)
August 12 – Manuel Aguilar Chacón, Costa Rican head of state (d. 1846)
August 13 – Horatio Chriesman, American surveyor, politician in Mexican Texas and participant in the Texas Revolution (d. 1878)
August 14 – Robert Radcliffe, English first-class cricketer associated with Cambridge University (d. 1832)
August 15 – James Black, Scottish-born Canadian clergyman (d. 1886)
August 17 – Peter Broun, first Colonial Secretary of Western Australia (d. 1846)
August 18 – Antoine Claudet, French photographer, artist who produced daguerreotypes (d. 1867)
August 23 – Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant, French mechanic, mathematician (d. 1886)
August 30 – Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English novelist, dramatist, essayist, biographer and travel writer (d. 1851)
September 1 – William FitzGerald-de Ros, 23rd Baron de Ros of England (d. 1874)
September 2 – William Stephenson, English Geordie printer, publisher, auctioneer, poet and songwriter (d. 1838)
September 3 – Benjamin Nottingham Webster, English actor-manager and dramatist (d. 1882)
September 11 – George Strange Boulton, Upper Canada lawyer, political figure (d. 1869)
September 13 – Joseph Stannard, English marine and landscape painter (d. 1830)
September 14 – Joseph-Désiré Court, French painter of historical subjects and portraits (d. 1865)
September 15 – Andrew Trumbo, United States Representative from Kentucky (d. 1871)
September 18 – Camille-Melchior Gibert, French dermatologist (d. 1866)
September 19 – January Suchodolski, Polish painter, Army officer (d. 1875)
September 24 – Carl Peter Wilhelm Gramberg, German theologian, biblical scholar (d. 1830)
September 25 – John J. Allen, Virginia lawyer (d. 1871)
September 26 – Olry Terquem, French pharmacist, paleontologist (d. 1887)
October 1 – Lewis Ruffner, salt manufacturer from Malden, West Virginia (d. 1883)
October 2 – Jonathan Pitney, American physician, promoter of Absecon Island as healing seashore resort (d. 1889)
October 5 – John Gardner Wilkinson, English traveller, writer and pioneer Egyptologist (d. 1875)
October 12 – Gaspard Thémistocle Lestiboudois, French naturalist (d. 1876)
October 16 – James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan (d. 1868)
October 19 – Littleton Kirkpatrick, American Whig Party politician (d. 1859)
October 20 – José Bernardo Escobar, interim President of Guatemala (d. 1849)
October 24 – ?tefan Moyses, Slovak bishop, teacher, patriot, co-founder and first chairman of Matica slovenská (d. 1869)
October 27 – Andrew Combe, Scottish physician, phrenologist (d. 1847)
October 28 – James C. Curtis, American lawyer, politician (d. 1881)
November 2 – Baltazar Mathias Keilhau, Norwegian geologist, mountain pioneer (d. 1858)
November 3 – Thomas Icely, early colonial New South Wales landholder, stockbreeder (d. 1874)
November 4 – Carlo Blasis, Italian dancer (d. 1878)
November 5 – Elisha H. Groves, mid-level American LDS Church leader (d. 1867)
November 6 – Gabriel Andral, French pathologist, professor at the University of Paris (d. 1876)
November 18 – Carl Reinhold Roth, Swedish businessman, ironmaster (d. 1858)
November 21 – Anders Josef Europaeus, Finnish priest, vicar (d. 1870)
November 22 – David Salomons, leading figure in the struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom (d. 1873)
November 27 – José Xavier de Cerveira e Sousa, Portuguese prelate (d. 1862)
December 2 – Benjamin F. Hallett, Massachusetts lawyer, Democratic Party activist (d. 1862)
December 7 – Charles J. McCurdy, American lawyer (d. 1891)
December 8 – Martin Martens, Belgian botanist, chemist (d. 1863)
December 10 – Raffaele Fidanza, Italian painter (d. 1846)
December 13 – Heinrich Heine, German poet (d. 1856)
December 19 – Antoine Louis Dugès, French obstetrician, naturalist (d. 1838)
December 23 – Adrien-Henri de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1853)
December 29 – François Leuret, French anatomist, psychiatrist (d. 1851)
December 31 – North Ludlow Beamish, Irish military writer, antiquary (d. 1872) approximate date – Sojourner Truth, African-American abolitionist, women's rights activist (d. 1883)
January 11 – Francis Lightfoot Lee, member of the House of Burgesses in the Colony of Virginia (b. 1734)
January 13 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, queen consort of Prussia (b. 1715)
January 19 – David Graeme, British Army general (b. 1716)
January 26 – Antão de Almada, 12th Count of Avranches (b. 1718)
January 30 – John Glover, American military general, fisherman and merchant (b. 1732)
February 1 – James Duane, American lawyer (b. 1733)
February 8 – Princess Joséphine of Lorraine (b. 1753)
February 11 – Antoine Dauvergne, French composer (b. 1713)
February 13 – Sir Robert Burdett, 4th Baronet, British politician and member of the English gentry (b. 1716)
February 17 – Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, daughter of King Augustus III of Poland (b. 1728)
February 21 – John Parkhurst, English academic (b. 1728)
February 22 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
March 2 – Horace Walpole, English politician and writer (b. 1717)
March 5 – Empress Xiaoshurui, first Empress Consort of the Jiaqing Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (b. 1760)
March 16 – Cristina Roccati, Italian scholar in physics (b. 1732)
March 17 – Daniel Dulany the Younger, Maryland Loyalist politician (b. 1722)
March 26 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (b. 1726)
March 30 – Pierre Jean Van Stabel, French rear-admiral (b. 1744) March 31
April 4 – Pierre-François Berruer, French sculptor (b. 1733)
April 17 – Susanna Boylston, prominent early-American socialite (b. 1708)
April 27 – Henry Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken, titular prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken (b. 1768)
April 29 – Elizabeth Ryves, Irish writer, translator (b. 1750)
May 7 – Jedediah Strutt, English hosier and cotton spinner from Belper (b. 1726)
May 14 – Giovanni Fagnano, Italian churchman and mathematician (b. 1715)
May 17 – Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (b. 1719)
June 15 – Christen Friis Rottbøll, Danish physician, botanist and pupil of Carolus Linnaeus (b. 1727)
June 21 – Andreas Peter Bernstorff, Danish statesman, politician (b. 1735)
June 24 – Bahadur Shah of Nepal, younger son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723-1775) of modern Nepal (b. 1757) June 30
July 9 – Edmund Burke, Irish philosopher (b. 1723)
July 11 – Ien?chi V?c?rescu, Wallachian writer (b. 1740)
July 12 – Peter Bonnevaux, fourth Military Governor of British Ceylon, third General Officer Commanding (b. 1752)
July 14 – Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, member of the wealthy and influential Rohan family of France (b. 1725)
Richard Bowen, officer of the Royal Navy during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars (b. 1761) George Thorp, officer of the British Royal Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars (b. 1777)
July 29 – John Weatherhead, officer of the British Royal Navy (b. 1775)
August 6 – James Pettit Andrews, English historian, antiquary (b. 1737)
August 10 – Alexei Senyavin, Russian admiral (b. 1716)
August 22 – Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Alsatian-born Austrian general (b. 1724)
August 25 – Thomas Chittenden, first governor of the state of Vermont (b. 1730)
August 29 – Joseph Wright of Derby, English landscape and portrait painter (b. 1734)
September 4 – Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet, Church of England clergyman, baronet (b. 1710)
September 10 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English feminist author (b. 1759) 
September 12 – David Forman, brigadier general of New Jersey militia (b. 1745)
September 25 – John Baughan, English carpenter, thief and transportee to Australia (b. 1754) September 30 – Gunning Bedford Sr., American lawyer and politician from New Castle (b. 1742)
October 9 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1720)
Agui, Manchu noble general for the Qing dynasty (b. 1717) Carter Braxton, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, merchant, planter, Virginia politician (b. 1736)
October 14 – William Orr, member of the United Irishmen (executed) (b. 1766)
October 17 – Jean-François Hubert, bishop of Quebec (b. 1739)
October 20 – William Cooke, English cleric, academic (b. 1711)
November 14 – Ivan Shuvalov, founder of Moscow University (b. 1727)
November 16 – King Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744)
November 18 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder, merchant (b. 1719)
November 26 – Andrew Adams, American lawyer (b. 1736)
November 27 – Johann Baptist Wendling, Alsatian-born flute player, composer of the Mannheim School (b. 1723)
November 29 – Samuel Langdon, American Congregational clergyman, President of Harvard University (b. 1723)
December 1 – Oliver Wolcott, American politician (b. 1726)
December 11 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
December 13 – Louis Legendre, French politician of the Revolution period (b. 1752)
December 26 – John Wilkes, English radical (b. 1725)
December 30 – David Martin, British painter, engraver (b. 1737) date unknown – Wang Zhenyi, Chinese astronomer
^ a b
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