All 17 New York seats to the United States House of Representatives
The 1802 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held from April 27 to 29, 1802, to elect 17 U.S. Representatives to represent the State of New York in the United States House of Representatives of the 8th United States Congress.
Ten U.S. Representatives had been elected in April 1800 to a term in the 7th United States Congress beginning on March 4, 1801. Thomas Tillotson and John Bird had resigned their seats, and Theodorus Bailey and John P. Van Ness were elected to fill the vacancies. Van Ness's seat was declared vacant on January 17, 1803. The other nine representatives' term would end on March 3, 1803. The congressional elections were held together with the State elections in late April 1802, about ten months before the term would start on March 4, 1803, and about a year and three months before Congress actually met on October 17, 1803.
Until the previous elections, there had been ten congressional districts. After the U.S. census of 1800, Congress re-apportioned the seats, and New York's representation was increased to 17. On March 30, 1802, the New York State Legislature re-apportioned the congressional districts.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
12 Democratic-Republicans and 5 Federalists were elected. The incumbents Smith, Mitchill, Van Cortlandt, Thomas and Van Rensselaer were re-elected; the incumbent Van Ness was defeated.
|2||John Broome||1,212||Joshua Sands||1,275|
|3||Samuel L. Mitchill||719||Joshua Sands||26|
|4||Philip Van Cortlandt||1,295||Peter Taulman (D-R)||256|
|5||Andrew McCord||1,256||John Hathorn||233|
|6||Isaac Bloom||1,565||Samuel Mott||1,259|
|7||John Cantine||Conrad E. Elmendorf|
|8||John P. Van Ness||1,525||Henry W. Livingston||1,622|
|9||Abraham G. Lansing||791||Killian K. Van Rensselaer||1,310|
|10||Josiah Masters||1,244||George Tibbits||1,305|
|11||Beriah Palmer||1,945||Guert Van Schoonhoven||675|
|12||David Thomas||2,218||John Williams||1,243|
|13||Thomas Sammons||2,560||Robert McFarlan||1,188|
|14||Erastus Root||1,779||Benjamin Gilbert||1,320|
|15||Francis A. Bloodgood||1,754||Gaylord Griswold||2,022|
|16||John Paterson||1,940||Comfort Tyler||1,561|
|17||Oliver Phelps||1,552||Nathaniel W. Howell||1,390||William Stuart (D-R)||802|
Note: The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
John Cantine, elected in the 7th D., resigned his seat before the congressional term began. A special election to fill the vacancy was held at the time of the annual State election in April 1803, and was won by Josiah Hasbrouck, of the same party.
|7||Josiah Hasbrouck||1,810||Conrad E. Elmendorf||1,589|
Isaac Bloom, elected in the 6th D., died on April 26, 1803, before Congress met. A special election to fill the vacancy was held in September 1803, and was won by Daniel C. Verplanck, of the same party.
|6||Daniel C. Verplanck||809||Benjamin Akin||601|
The House of Representatives of the 8th United States Congress met for the first time at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., on October 17, 1803, and Griswold, Hasbrouck, Livingston, McCord, Mitchill, Palmer, Sammons, Sands, Thomas, Van Cortlandt and Verplanck took their seats on this day. Smith took his seat on October 20; Patterson and Root on October 21; Van Rensselaer on October 29; Phelps on November 7; and Tibbits on November 15.
John Smith, from the 1st D., resigned his seat effective February 22, 1804, after his election to the U.S. Senate. A special election to fill the vacancy was held at the time of the annual State election in April 1804, and was won by Samuel Riker, of the same party. Riker took his seat on November 5, 1804.
|1||Eliphalet Wickes||1,052||Samuel Riker||1,044||Joshua Smith||801|
(Note: The vacancy in the 8th Congress and the next term in the 9th Congress were filled at the same election. The candidate with the higher number of votes won the full term, the next best was elected to fill the vacancy. Thus Wickes succeeded Riker on March 4, 1805.)
Samuel L. Mitchill, who had been re-elected in the 3rd D. in April 1804 to a third term, beginning on March 4, 1805, resigned his seat on November 22, 1804, after his election to the U.S. Senate. A special election to fill both vacancies (the remainder of his term in the 8th Congress and his seat in the 9th Congress) was held, and were won by George Clinton, Jr., of the same party. Clinton took his seat in the 8th Congress on February 14, 1805, and remained in office after March 4.