All 27 New York seats to the United States House of Representatives
The 1812 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held from December 15 to 17, 1812, to elect 27 U.S. Representatives to represent the State of New York in the United States House of Representatives of the 13th United States Congress. At the same time, a vacancy was filled in the 12th United States Congress.
17 U.S. Representatives had been elected in April 1810 to a term in the 12th United States Congress beginning on March 4, 1811. The representatives' term would end on March 3, 1813. Although the U.S. Census of 1810 showed that New York would be entitled to more seats in the House, the New York State Legislature adjourned on March 27, 1812 without re-apportioning the congressional districts. Congressional elections were held, as usual, together with the State elections from April 28 to 30, 1812, but these were subsequently declared void.
|2||Gurdon S. Mumford||Peter A. Jay|
|Silvanus Miller||Peter Mesier|
|3||Jonathan Fisk||Richard Valentine Morris|
|5||Abraham J. Hasbrouck||William Fraser|
|7||William K. Fuller||John Lovett|
|8||Melancton Smith||Elisha I. Winter|
|10||Perley Keyes||Moss Kent|
|14||J. L. Richardson||Elijah Miller||Ebenezer Hewitt|
|15||Peter B. Porter||Myron Holley||Micah Brooks|
The State Legislature reconvened on May 21, 1812, and re-apportioned the congressional district by an Act passed on June 10, 1812. The number of seats was increased to 27, and the date of the elections was set for December 15 to 17. At the same time the vacancy in the former 6th District was to be filled.
Due to the increase in seats, the previously eliminated 16th and 17th D. were re-established, and four more districts were created. Six districts had two members, elected districtwide on a general ticket.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
19 Federalists and 8 Democratic-Republicans were elected to the 13th Congress, and one Federalist to fill the vacancy in the 12th Congress. The incumbents Sage and Avery were re-elected; the incumbent Van Cortlandt was defeated. Grosvenor was elected to fill the vacancy, and to succeed himself in the next Congress.
|1st||Peter A. Jay||3,446||John Lefferts||3,515|
|Benjamin B. Blydenburgh||3,437||Ebenezer Sage||3,508|
|2nd||Egbert Benson||3,938||John Ferguson||3,737|
|Jotham Post, Jr.||3,922||William Irving||3,732|
|3rd||Richard V. Morris||1,269||Peter Denoyelles||1,404||Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr.||569|
|4th||Thomas J. Oakley||1,995||Theodorus R. Van Wyck||1,489|
|5th||Thomas P. Grosvenor||1,856|
|6th||John Bradner||609||Jonathan Fisk||1,102||Anthony Davis||431|
|7th||Abraham T. E. De Witt||1,486||Abraham J. Hasbrouck||1,631|
|8th||Samuel Sherwood||2,303||John Ely||1,990|
|11th||Samuel Stewart||1,974||John W. Taylor||2,209|
|12th||Zebulon R. Shipherd||3,981||Melancton Smith||3,237||William Livingston||406|
|Elisha I. Winter||3,918||Roger Skinner||3,209|
|13th||Alexander Boyd||1,722||John Gebhard||1,434||Jesse Shephard||208|
|14th||Jacob Markell||2,490||James McIntyre||1,987|
|15th||Joel Thompson||4,479||Robert Roseboom||3,946|
|William Dowse||4,418||Amos Patterson||3,924|
|16th||Morris S. Miller||2,710||George Brayton||1,573|
|17th||William S. Smith||2,606||Hubbard Smith||1,971|
|18th||Moss Kent||2,194||Jacob Brown||1,389|
|19th||James Geddes||1,634||John Miller||1,297|
|20th||Elijah Miller||2,359||Oliver C. Comstock||4,357|
|Vincent Mathews||2,356||Daniel Avery||4,323|
|21st||Nathaniel W. Howell||4,428||Chauncey Loomis||3,618||Micah Brooks||74|
|Samuel M. Hopkins||4,426||Stephen Bates||3,511|
|Old 6th Special||Thomas P. Grosvenor|
Note: The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
William Dowse, elected in the 15th D., died on February 18, 1813, before the begin of the congressional term. A special election to fill the vacancy was held at the time of the annual State election from April 26 to 28, and John M. Bowers, of the same party, was declared elected.
|15th||John M. Bowers||4,287||Isaac Williams, Jr.||4,129||Isaac Williams||434|
Note: One vote was given for "John M. Bowey", and 17 votes were scattered among other people. At the time, in the State of New York ballots with the name written by hand, or printed and distributed by the party machine men, were put in a box marked with the office the vote was intended for, like "Congress" or "Governor".
The House of Representatives of the 13th United States Congress met for the first time at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., on May 24, 1813, and Avery, Benson, Comstock, Denoyelles, Fisk, Geddes, Grosvenor, Kent, Lefferts, Lovett, Markell, Miller, Moffitt, Oakley, Post, Sage, Sherwood, Shiphard, Taylor, Thompson and Winter took their seats on this day. Boyd and Smith took their seats on May 25; Howell on May 26; Hopkins on June 4; Bowers on June 21; and Hasbrouck sometime before July 1.
Two days after Bowers had taken his seat, on June 23, Jonathan Fisk presented a petition on behalf of Isaac Williams, Jr., contesting the election of John M. Bowers to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William Dowse. Williams, Jr., claimed that the votes returned for "Isaac Williams" were intended for him, since there were only two candidates - Bowers and Williams, Jr. - and although there were two other men named Isaac Williams living in this district, neither of them was running for Congress. On July 2, the United States House Committee on Elections reported that it seemed the claim was justified, considering that in some towns apparently all votes were given for "Williams" and none for "Williams, Jr." Nevertheless, the Committee were "of the opinion that further evidence was necessary, to form a correct decision" and postponed the matter "until the first Wednesday of the next session."
On July 7, 1813, a petition on behalf of Peter A. Jay and Benjamin B. Blydenburgh was presented to the House, contesting the election of Ebenezer Sage and John Lefferts in the 1st D. On July 13, the Committee on Elections postponed this case also to the next session, but no further action was taken.
Egbert Benson resigned his seat on August 2, 1813, at the end of the first session of the 13th Congress. A special election to fill the vacancy was held in the 2nd District from December 28 to 30, and was won by William Irving, of the opposing party. Irving took his seat on January 22, 1814.
|2nd||William Irving||3,895||Peter A. Jay||3,518|
The second session of the 13th Congress began on December 6, 1813, and on December 13, Fisk asked the Committee to submit its final report. On December 20, the Committee reported that in the towns of Exeter, Milford and Westford 322 votes were in fact given for "Isaac Williams, Jr.", but had been returned for "Isaac Williams" by the election inspectors "by mistake." The House declared unanimously Williams, Jr., entitled to the seat instead of Bowers. Williams, Jr., took his seat on January 24, 1814.