1857 Chicago Mayoral Election
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1857 Chicago Mayoral Election
Chicago mayoral election, 1857
← 1856 March 3, 1857 1858 →
  Long John Wentworth picture.jpg 3x4.svg
Candidate John Wentworth Benjamin F. Carver
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 5,933 4,842
Percentage 55.06% 44.94%

Mayor before election

Thomas Dyer
Democratic

Elected Mayor

John Wentworth
Republican

In the 1857 Chicago mayoral election Republican John Wentworth defeated Democrat Benjamin F. Carver by a ten-point margin.

The election was held on March 3.[1]

Background

The Democratic Party were coming off of the success of their presidential ticket in November 1856 (both nationally, as well as in Illinois). At a celebratory bonfire held across from the Tremont House, Stephen A. Douglas delivered a speech predicting a Democratic victory in the coming municipal elections, declaring "Chicago will yet redeem herself, she will do so at the next election, and after that she will be right at every election."[1]

Election

Both the Republican Party and Democratic Party held nominating conventions on February 28.[1] Republicans nominated congressman John Wentworth for mayor (who had previously served several terms as a Democratic congressman).[1] Former congressman (and future president) Abraham Lincoln delivered an impassioned speech at the Republican convention on behalf of its ticket.[1] Democrats nominated Benjamin F. Carver, cashier of the Marine Bank and the Chicago Marine and Fire Insurance Company and a relative unknown when compared to political the heavyweight Wentworth.[1][2][3] The results of the Democratic convention were not made public until March 2, one day before the election.[1]

Wentworth's platform aroused some anti-Irish and anti-Catholic sentiments.[2] Wentworth had well-established support for abolitionist policies.[4]

Election day was chaotic, with many instances of violence arising across the city.[1] Wentworth ultimately won by a wide margin and demonstrated a possible coattail effect, with his Republican ticket sweeping the city's other municipal elections as well.[1]

Results

1886 Chicago mayoral election[1][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Wentworth 5,933 55.06
Democratic Benjamin F. Carver 4,842 44.94
Turnout 10,775

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j A History of Chicago, Volume II: From Town to City 1848-1871 by Bessie Louise Pierce
  2. ^ a b http://www.ipsn.org/chiviol.html
  3. ^ History of Chicago Ending with the year 1857 by Alfred Theodore Andreas (pg 550)
  4. ^ History of Chicago. From the earliest period to the present time
  5. ^ "RaceID=486036". Our Campaigns. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Goodspeed, Weston A. (Feb 6, 2017). The History of Cook County, Illinois. Jazzybee Verlag.

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