The 1866 Texas gubernatorial election was held on June 25, 1866 to elect the Governor of Texas. Incumbent Governor Andrew J. Hamilton, who had been appointed by President Andrew Johnson, did not run for a full term. The election was won by James W. Throckmorton, who received 80% of the vote.
|Democratic||James W. Throckmorton||48,631||80.1%|
|Republican||Elisha M. Pease||12,051||19.9%|