1878 German Federal Election
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1878 German Federal Election

1878 German federal election

← 1877 30 July 1878 (1878-07-30) 1881 →

All 397 seats in the Reichstag
199 seats needed for a majority
Registered9,128,305 Increase 2.07%
Turnout5,780,996 (63.33%) Increase 2.69pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Die Gartenlaube (1874) b 093 (cropped).jpg Ludwig Windthorst 1872 JS (cropped).jpg Otto von Helldorff.jpg
Leader Ludwig Windthorst Otto von Helldorff
Party NLP Centre DKP
Leader since 1867 26 May 1874 7 June 1876
Last election 26.67%, 127 seats 24.83%, 93 seats 9.59%, 40 seats
Seats won 97 94 59
Seat change Decrease 30 Increase 1 Increase 19
Popular vote 1,291,161 1,315,720 736,826
Percentage 22.41% 22.84% 12.79%
Swing Decrease 4.26pp Decrease 1.99pp Increase 3.20pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Party DRP DFP Polish Party
Last election 7.85%, 38 seats 7.64%, 34 seats 4.00%, 14 seats
Seats won 57 26 14
Seat change Increase 19 Decrease 8 Steady 0
Popular vote 785,631 395,065 216,148
Percentage 13.64% 6.86% 3.75%
Swing Increase 5.79pp Decrease 0.78pp Decrease 0.25pp

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1878.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Reichstag before election

Max von Forckenbeck

President of the Reichstag after election

Max von Forckenbeck

Federal elections were held in Germany on 30 July 1878.[1] The National Liberal Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag, with 97 of the 397 seats.[2] Voter turnout was 63.4%.[3]


1878 German Parlament.png
Centre Party1,315,72022.84-1.9994+1
National Liberal Party1,291,16122.41-4.2697-30
German Reich Party785,63113.64+5.7957+19
German Conservative Party736,82612.79+3.2059+19
Socialist Workers' Party437,1587.59-1.559-4
German Progress Party395,0656.86-0.7826-8
Polish Party216,1483.75-0.25140
Alsace-Lorraine parties178,8833.11-0.59150
German-Hanoverian Party106,5551.85+0.2710+6
Independent liberals99,5111.73+0.527+2
Löwe-Berger Group78,1521.36-0.375-4
German People's Party68,8511.20+0.373-1
Danish Party16,1450.28-0.0410
Independent conservatives9,9360.17-0.2600
Old Liberals8,4960.15+0.0200
Christian Social Party3,2290.06New0New
Schleswig-Holstein Particularist Liberals2,2580.04-0.0600
Valid votes5,760,94799.65
Invalid/blank votes20,0490.35
Total votes5,780,996100.00
Registered voters/turnout9,128,30563.33
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland


German Reich Party24,43711.96+11.7500
German Conservative Party3430.17+0.1400
Socialist Workers' Party1410.07New0New
Valid votes204,28298.91
Invalid/blank votes2,2471.09
Total votes206,529100.00
Registered voters/turnout322,31064.08
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p788
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p773

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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