1904 United States Presidential Election in New Jersey
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1904 United States Presidential Election in New Jersey
1904 United States presidential election in New Jersey

← 1900 November 8, 1904 1908 →
  President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.tif AltonBParker.png
Nominee Theodore Roosevelt Alton B. Parker
Party Republican Democratic
Home state New York New York
Running mate Charles W. Fairbanks Henry G. Davis
Electoral vote 12 0
Popular vote 245,164 164,566
Percentage 56.68% 38.05%

New Jersey Presidential Election Results 1904.svg
County Results

President before election

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

Elected President

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

The 1904 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place on November 8, 1904. All contemporary 45 states were part of the 1904 United States presidential election. New Jersey voters chose 12 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New Jersey was won by the Republican nominees, incumbent President Theodore Roosevelt of New York and his running mate incumbent Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks of Indiana. Roosevelt and Fairbanks defeated the Democratic nominees, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals Alton B. Parker of New York and his running mate Senator Henry G. Davis of West Virginia Also in the running was the Socialist Party candidate, Eugene V. Debs, who ran with Ben Hanford.

Roosevelt carried New Jersey with 56.68% of the vote to Parker's 38.05%, a victory margin of 18.63%.[1]

Eugene Debs came in a distant third, with 2.22%.

Like much of the Northeast, New Jersey in the early decades of the 20th century was a staunchly Republican state, having not given a majority of the vote to a Democratic presidential candidate since 1892. While winning a landslide victory nationwide, Roosevelt easily held New Jersey in the Republican column in 1904.

On the county level map, Roosevelt carried 17 of the state's 21 counties, breaking 60% of the vote in 7 counties. Parker's most significant win was urban Hudson County, which he won along with the 3 rural counties in western North Jersey, Warren, Sussex, and Hunterdon, which had long been non-Yankee Democratic enclaves in the otherwise Republican Northeast.[2]

Amidst Roosevelt's nationwide landslide, New Jersey's election result in 1904 made the state less than 1% more Democratic than the national average. Roosevelt's victory in New Jersey was underwhelming in part because of Alton Parker's popularity in the New York City area, his victory in New York City spilling over to allow him to win heavily populated urban Hudson County, New Jersey just across the Hudson River, which is part of the New York City metro area.

Results

1904 United States presidential election in New Jersey
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Theodore Roosevelt 245,164 56.68% 12
Democratic Alton B. Parker 164,566 38.05% 0
Socialist Eugene V. Debs 9,587 2.22% 0
Prohibition Silas C. Swallow 6,845 1.58% 0
People's Thomas E. Watson 3,705 0.86% 0
Socialist Labor Charles H. Corregan 2,680 0.62% 0
Totals 432,547 100.0% 12

Results by county

County Theodore Roosevelt[3]
Republican
Alton B. Parker[3]
Democratic
Eugene V. Debs[4]
Socialist
Silas C. Swallow[3]
Prohibition
Thomas E. Watson[4]
Populist
Charles Corregan[4]
Socialist Labor
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # % # %
Atlantic 7,933 70.53% 3,064 27.24% 37 0.33% 183 1.63% 30 0.27% 18 0.16% 4,869 43.29% 11,247
Bergen 9,957 55.00% 7,301 40.33% 461 2.55% 194 1.07% 190 1.05% 115 0.64% 2,656 14.67% 18,103
Burlington 8,655 60.05% 4,962 34.43% 128 0.89% 538 3.73% 129 0.90% 35 0.24% 3,693 25.62% 14,412
Camden 18,225 63.47% 9,423 32.82% 384 1.34% 569 1.98% 114 0.40% 45 0.16% 8,802 30.65% 28,715
Cape May 2,832 66.60% 1,238 29.12% 49 1.15% 122 2.87% 11 0.26% 3 0.07% 1,594 37.49% 4,252
Cumberland 7,402 64.45% 3,317 28.88% 162 1.41% 548 4.77% 56 0.49% 30 0.26% 4,085 35.57% 11,485
Essex 50,508 63.24% 25,452 31.87% 2,479 3.10% 582 0.73% 842 1.05% 647 0.81% 25,056 31.37% 79,863
Gloucester 4,829 59.24% 2,818 34.57% 48 0.59% 399 4.89% 58 0.71% 13 0.16% 2,011 24.67% 8,152
Hudson 36,683 46.66% 38,021 48.36% 2,860 3.64% 372 0.47% 677 0.86% 396 0.50% -1,338 -1.70% 78,613
Hunterdon 3,856 44.60% 4,361 50.44% 22 0.25% 291 3.37% 116 1.34% 10 0.12% -505 -5.84% 8,646
Mercer 14,900 60.90% 8,527 34.85% 586 2.40% 335 1.37% 119 0.49% 118 0.48% 6,373 26.05% 24,467
Middlesex 10,117 57.44% 6,996 39.72% 113 0.64% 214 1.22% 173 0.98% 69 0.39% 3,121 17.72% 17,613
Monmouth 10,885 53.01% 9,032 43.99% 93 0.45% 415 2.02% 109 0.53% 45 0.22% 1,853 9.02% 20,534
Morris 8,201 58.15% 4,768 33.81% 373 2.65% 514 3.64% 246 1.74% 104 0.74% 3,433 24.34% 14,102
Ocean 3,666 66.02% 1,709 30.78% 23 0.41% 140 2.52% 15 0.27% 7 0.13% 1,957 35.24% 5,553
Passaic 17,705 57.21% 11,532 37.26% 1,017 3.29% 261 0.84% 433 1.40% 439 1.42% 6,173 19.95% 30,948
Salem 3,694 54.73% 2,775 41.11% 18 0.27% 228 3.38% 35 0.52% 5 0.07% 919 13.61% 6,750
Somerset 4,633 57.70% 3,195 39.79% 21 0.26% 136 1.69% 44 0.55% 18 0.22% 1,438 17.91% 8,029
Sussex 2,642 43.61% 3,133 51.72% 56 0.92% 141 2.33% 86 1.42% 8 0.13% -491 -8.10% 6,058
Union 13,906 59.44% 8,574 36.65% 535 2.29% 261 1.12% 120 0.51% 204 0.87% 5,332 22.79% 23,396
Warren 3,935 44.07% 4,368 48.92% 122 1.37% 402 4.50% 102 1.14% 51 0.57% -433 -4.85% 8,929
Totals 245,164 56.72% 164,566 38.07% 9,587 2.22% 6,845 1.58% 3,705 0.86% 2,380 0.55% 80,598 18.65% 432,247

See also

References

  1. ^ "1904 Presidential General Election Results - New Jersey". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 121-134 ISBN 978-0-691-16324-6
  3. ^ a b c Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1904 (.xlsx file for EUR15)
  4. ^ a b c Géoelections; Popular Vote for Eugene V. Debs at the Presidential Election for 1904[permanent dead link] (.xlsx file for EUR15)

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