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1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- June 3 - The Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, led by Roald Amundsen on the steamer Fram, departs from Christiania (modern-day Oslo) without fanfare, and no announcement until later in the year of Amundsen's intention to reach the South Pole.
- June 5 - The Nanyang industrial exposition ("Nanking Exposition"), an official world's fair, opens in Qing dynasty China.
- June 6 - The Holland Dakota Landbouw Compagnie is established.
- June 15 - The British Antarctic Expedition, led by Robert Falcon Scott on the whaler Terra Nova, departs from Cardiff for the South Pole.
- June 22 - DELAG Zeppelin dirigible Deutschland makes the first commercial passenger flight, from Friedrichshafen to Düsseldorf in Germany; the flight takes 9 hours.
- June 25 - The ballet The Firebird (L'Oiseau de feu), the first major work by Russian composer Igor Stravinsky, commissioned by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, is premièred in Paris, bringing the composer international fame.
- November 7 - The first air flight for the purpose of delivering commercial freight takes place in the United States. The flight, made by Wright brothers pilot Philip Parmalee, is between Dayton and Columbus, Ohio.
- November 14 - In the first takeoff from a ship by a fixed-wing aircraft, Eugene Ely takes off from a temporary platform erected over the bow of the light cruiser USS Birmingham in Hampton Roads, Virginia.
- November 20 - The Mexican Revolution begins, when Francisco I. Madero proclaims the elections of 1910 null and void, and calls for an armed revolution at 6 p.m. against the illegitimate presidency/dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz.
- November 22 - Revolt of the Lash at Rio de Janeiro: Mutineers in the Brazilian Navy, led by João Cândido Felisberto, seize control of the new dreadnought battleship Minas Geraes, and other ships whose guns are aimed at the city, as the crews demand improvements in their conditions (which are conceded on November 26 by the Brazilian government).
- November 23 - Johan Alfred Ander becomes the last person to be executed in Sweden.
- December 3 - Modern neon lighting is first demonstrated by Georges Claude at the Paris Motor Show.
- January 1
- January 4
- January 5 - Jack Lovelock, New Zealand Olympic athlete (d. 1949)
- January 6
- January 8 - Galina Ulanova, Russian dancer (d. 1998)
- January 10
- January 11 - Trygve Bratteli, Norwegian politician, Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1984)
- January 12 - Luise Rainer, German-born actress (d. 2014)
- January 16 - Mario Tobino, Italian poet, writer and psychiatrist (d. 1991)
- January 21 - Károly Takács, Hungarian Olympic shooter (d. 1976)
- January 23 - Django Reinhardt, Belgian jazz musician (d. 1953)
- January 25 - Edgar V. Saks, Estonian statesman, historian (d. 1984)
- January 27 - Edvard Kardelj, Yugoslav political leader, partisan (d. 1979)
- January 28
- February 2 - David Sharpe, American actor, stunt performer (d. 1980)
- February 5 - Francisco Varallo, Argentine footballer (d. 2010)
- February 9 - Jacques Monod, French biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
- February 10
- February 13 - William Shockley, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
- February 15 - Irena Sendler, Polish humanitarian (d. 2008)
- February 17
- February 21 - Douglas Bader, British fighter pilot (d. 1982)
- February 22 - Vaughn Taylor, American actor (d. 1983)
- February 27
- March 1
- March 4 - Tancredo Neves, President of Brazil (d. 1985)
- March 5
- March 7 - Will Glickman, American playwright (d. 1983)
- March 8 - Claire Trevor, American actress (d. 2000)
- March 9 - Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
- March 11
- March 12 - Masayoshi ?hira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
- March 13 - Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
- March 16 - Aladár Gerevich, Hungarian fencer (d. 1991)
- March 23 - Akira Kurosawa, Japanese screenwriter, producer, and director (d. 1998)
- March 24
- March 25 - Magda Olivero, Italian soprano (d. 2014)
- March 27 - Hugh Nibley, American scholar and Latter-day Saint apologist (d. 2005)
- March 28 - Ingrid of Sweden, Queen consort of Denmark (d. 2000)
- March 31 - Edward Seago, British artist (d. 1974)
- April 1 - Harry Carney, American jazz musician (d. 1974)
- April 2 - Chico Xavier, Brazilian medium (d. 2002)
- April 4 - Barthélemy Boganda, Central African politician (d. 1959)
- April 6 - Barys Kit, Belarusian scientist (d. 2018)
- April 9 - Nouhak Phoumsavanh, 3rd President of Laos (d. 2008)
- April 10 - Paul Sweezy, American economist, editor (d. 2004)
- April 11 - António de Spínola, 14th President of Portugal (d. 1996)
- April 12
- April 14 - Stanis?aw Kowalski, Polish supercentenarian, athlete
- April 20 - Brigitte Mira, German actress (d. 2005)
- April 22 - Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 2001)
- April 23 - Simone Simon, French actress (d. 2005)
- April 24 - Pupella Maggio, Italian actress (d. 1999)
- April 26 - Tomoyuki Tanaka, Japanese film producer (d. 1997)
- April 27
- April 30 - Levi Celerio, Filipino composer, lyricist (d. 2002)
- June 1 - Gyula Kállai, 48th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1996)
- June 2 - Annie Lee Cooper, American civil rights activist (d. 2010)
- June 4 - Christopher Cockerell, British engineer, inventor of the Hovercraft (d. 1999)
- June 8 - Lauro Ortega Martínez, governor of Morelos, Mexico 1982-1988 (d. 1999)
- June 9 - Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
- June 10
- June 11 - Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French naval officer, explorer (d. 1997)
- June 12 - Ahmadu Bello, Nigerian statesman (d. 1966)
- June 13 - Mary Wickes, American actress (d. 1995)
- June 14
- June 15 - Suleiman Frangieh, 10th President of Lebanon (d. 1992)
- Alf Pearson, British variety performer with his brother Bob as half of Bob and Alf Pearson (d. 2012)
- June 16 - Juan Velasco Alvarado, military President of Peru (d. 1977)
- June 17 - Red Foley, American country music singer, musician (d. 1968)
- June 19
- June 22
- June 23
- June 25 - Ian McTaggart-Cowan, Scottish-Canadian zoologist (d. 2010)
- June 26
- June 27 - Pierre Joubert, French illustrator (d. 2001)
- June 28 - Ingrid Luterkort, Swedish actress, stage director (d. 2011)
- July 2 - Louise Laroche, one of the last remaining survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912 (d. 1998)
- July 4 - Gloria Stuart, American actress (d. 2010)
- July 5 - S. Poniman, Indonesian singer, actor (d. 1978)
- July 6
- July 8 - Carlos Betances Ramírez, first Puerto Rican to command a battalion in the Korean War (d. 2001)
- July 9 - Govan Mbeki, South African anti-apartheid activist, politician (d. 2001)
- July 10
- July 11
- July 12
- July 14 - William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
- July 15
- July 17 - James Coyne, 2nd Governor of the Bank of Canada (1955-1961) (d. 2012)
- July 18 - Mamadou Dia, 1st Prime Minister of Senegal (d. 2009)
- July 20 - Muriel Evans, American actress (d. 2000)
- July 21 - Pietro Pasinati, Italian football player (d. 2000)
- July 22
- July 27
- August 4
- August 6 - Adoniran Barbosa, Brazilian musician, singer, composer, humorist and actor (d. 1982)
- August 7 - Lucien Hervé, Hungarian-born French photographer (d. 2007)
- August 10 - Aldo Buzzi, Italian architect, director and screenwriter (d. 2009)
- August 12
- August 14
- August 15 - Josef Klaus, 16th Chancellor of Austria (d. 2001)
- August 19 - Saint Alphonsa, Indian saint (d. 1946)
- August 22 - Lucille Ricksen, American silent film actress (d. 1925)
- August 25
- August 26
- August 28 - Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
- August 29 - Georges Loinger, French resistance fighter (d. 2018)
- September 1 - Edda Mussolini, eldest child of Benito Mussolini (d. 1995)
- September 3 - Maurice Papon, French civil servant and collaborator (d. 2007)
- September 5 - Ralph Berkowitz, American composer, classical musician, and painter (d. 2011)
- September 10 - Charles August Nichols, American animator, film director (d. 1992)
- September 11 - Gerhard Schröder, German politician (d. 1989)
- September 14 - Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973)
- September 15 - Robert Carter, British Royal Air Force officer (d. 2012)
- September 16
- September 19 - Margaret Lindsay, American film actress (d. 1981)
- September 21 - Zhang Tianfu, Chinese agronomist, tea expert (d. 2017)
- September 22
- September 24 - Ignatius J. "Pete" Galantin, United States Navy admiral (d. 2004)
- September 28
- September 29 - Virginia Bruce, American actress, singer (d. 1982)
- September 30 - Jussi Kekkonen, Finnish major (d. 1962)
- November 4 - Agda Rössel, UN Ambassador (d. 2001)
- November 6 - Erik Ode, German television actor (d. 1983)
- November 10 - Tomás Blanco, Spanish film actor (d. 1990)
- November 14 - Errie Ball, Welsh-born American golfer (d. 2014)
- November 20 - Pauli Murray, African-American civil rights activist, lawyer, author and Episcopal priest (d. 1985)
- November 21 - Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia (d. 1999)
- November 26 - Cyril Cusack, South African-born actor (d. 1993)
- November 30 - Harry Bauler, American politician (d. 1962)
- December 1
- December 2 - Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer and author (d. 1991)
- December 3 - Hakk? Yeten, Turkish footballer, manager and president (d. 1989)
- December 4 - R. Venkataraman, 8th President of India (d. 2009)
- December 7
- December 8 - Mario Amendola, Italian screenwriter, film director and dramatist (d. 1993)
- December 10
- December 11 - Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (d. 1937)
- December 15 - John Hammond, American record producer (d. 1987)
- December 18 - Eric Tindill, New Zealand cricketer, rugby union player (d. 2010)
- December 19 - Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
- December 21 - Rosa Bouglione, French circus performer (d. 2018)
- December 22
- December 23
- December 25
- Sandy McLaren, Scottish association football goalkeeper (St Johnstone FC) (d.5 February 1960)
- December 29
- December 30
- December 31
- January 1 - Harriet Powers, American folk artist (b. 1837)
- January 4 - Léon Delagrange, French pioneer aviator (b. 1873)
- January 5 - Léon Walras, French economist (b. 1834)
- January 12 - Bass Reeves, one of the first African-American Deputy U.S. Marshals west of the Mississippi River (b. 1838)
- January 13 - Andrew Jackson Davis, American spiritualist (b. 1826)
- January 25 - W. G. Read Mullan, American Jesuit, academic (b. 1860)
- January 27 - Thomas Crapper, British plumber (b. 1836)
- January 29 - Sir Charles Todd, Australian telegraph pioneer (b. 1826)
- January 30 - Granville Woods, African-American inventor (b. 1856)
- March 1 - José Domingo de Obaldía, 2nd President of Panama (b. 1845)
- March 4 - Knut Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1857)
- March 9 - Fredrik von Otter, 8th Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1833)
- March 10 - Karl Lueger, Austrian mayor (b. 1844)
- March 18 - Julio Herrera y Reissig, Uruguayan poet, writer (b. 1875)
- March 20 - Nadar, French photographer (b. 1820)
- March 26 - An Jung-geun, Korean assassin (b. 1879)
- March 27 - Alexander Agassiz, American scientist (b. 1835)
- March 28 - David Josiah Brewer, American Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (b. 1837)
- March 29 - H. Maria George Colby, American fashion editor (b. 1844)
- March 30 - Jean Moréas, Greek poet, essayist and art critic (b. 1856)
- May 1 - Pierre Nord Alexis, President of Haiti (b. 1820)
- May 3 - Howard Taylor Ricketts, American pathologist (b. 1871)
- May 6 - King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (b. 1841)
- May 10 - Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (b. 1826)
- May 12 - Sir William Huggins, British astronomer (b. 1824)
- May 18 - Pauline Viardot, French mezzo-soprano, composer (b. 1821)
- May 22 - Jules Renard, French writer (b. 1864)
- May 27 - Robert Koch, German physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
- May 28 - Kálmán Mikszáth, Hungarian novelist (b. 1847)
- May 29 - Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (b. 1837)
- May 31 - Elizabeth Blackwell, British-born American physician (b. 1821)
- August 6 - Klemens Bachleda, Polish Tatra guide and mountain rescuer (b. 1851)
- August 10 - S. Isadore Miner, American journalist (b. 1863)
- August 13 - Florence Nightingale, British nurse (b. 1820)
- August 14 - Frank Podmore, British psychical researcher (b. 1856)
- August 15 - Constantin Fahlberg, Russian chemist (b. 1850)
- August 16 - Pedro Montt, 15th President of Chile (b. 1849)
- August 26 - William James, American psychologist, philosopher (b. 1842)
- August 28 - Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist, physiologist, anthropologist, and fiction author (b. 1831)
- ^ Lebow, Eileen F. (2002). Before Amelia: Women Pilots in the Early Days of Aviation. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, Inc. p. 14. ISBN 1-57488-482-4.
- ^ "Expansión ferroviaria en Chile". Colecciones digitales (in Spanish). Archivo Nacional de Chile. Retrieved 2021.
- ^ Paul Simpson-Housley, Antarctica: Exploration, Perception, and Metaphor (Routledge, 1992), p26
- ^ HK.huaxia.com. "HK.huaxia.com Archived September 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." :. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- ^ Big5.xinhuanet.com. "Xinhuanet.com Archived June 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." --?. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- ^  6 June 1910, page 7, Middelburgsche Courant, Krantenbank, Zeeland.
- ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (1997). The Lives of the Great Composers. Norton. p. 479. ISBN 9780393038576.
- ^ "Recalling the 1910 Harbin Plague". Sina.com (in Chinese).
- ^ Gamsa, Mark (February 2006). "The Epidemic of Pneumonic Plague in Manchuria 1910-1911". Past & Present. 190 (1): 147-183. doi:10.1093/pastj/gtj001.
- ^ Goh, L. G.; Ho, T. M.; Phua, K. H. (January 1987). "Wisdom and Western Science: The Work of Dr Wu Lien-Teh". Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. Historical Milestones. 1 (1): 99-109. doi:10.1177/101053958700100123. PMID 3330665. S2CID 33328996.
- ^ http://www.mhsd.org/historian11-11.pdf
- ^ "Magda Olivero obituary". The Guardian. September 14, 2014. Retrieved 2021.
- ^ "Mark Twain | Biography & Facts". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2020.
- ^ British Medical Journal. British Medical Association. 1910. p. 917. Retrieved 2021.
- ^ The Daring Mr. Moisant
Primary sources and year books
- New International Year Book 1910 970pp of detailed global coverage.
- Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume 1 1900-1933 (1997); global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfare; pp 206-24.