1910 Australian Federal Election
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1910 Australian Federal Election
1910 Australian federal election

← 1906 13 April 1910 (1910-04-13) 1913 →

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
  First party Second party
  Andrew Fisher 1908.jpg Alfred Deakin 1910 (crop).tif
Leader Andrew Fisher Alfred Deakin
Party Labour Commonwealth Liberal
Leader since 30 October 1907 26 May 1909
Leader's seat Wide Bay (Qld.) Ballaarat (Vic.)
Last election 26 seats 47 seats (before merger)
Seats won 42 seats 31 seats
Seat change Increase16 Decrease16 (From combined number of seats)
Popular vote 660,864 596,350
Percentage 49.97% 45.09%
Swing Increase13.33% N/A

Australia 1910 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Alfred Deakin
Commonwealth Liberal

Subsequent Prime Minister

Andrew Fisher

The 1910 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 13 April 1910. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party (the result of a merger between the Protectionist Party and the Anti-Socialist Party) led by Prime Minister Alfred Deakin was defeated by the opposition Labour Party, led by Andrew Fisher.

The election represented a number of landmarks: it was Australia's first elected federal majority government; Australia's first elected Senate majority; the world's first Labour party majority government at a national level; after the 1904 Chris Watson minority government the world's second Labour party government at a national level; the first time it controlled both houses of a bicameral legislature and the first time that a prime minister, in this case Deakin, got voted out in an election. It also remains the only election in Australia's federal history to have occurred following expiration of a full three-year parliamentary term by the 'effluxion of time'.[1]

Two referendums to approve proposed amendments to the Constitution were held on the same day. The State Debts referendum was carried, but the Surplus Revenue referendum was not carried.

Future Prime Minister James Scullin and future opposition leader Matthew Charlton both entered parliament at this election. Scullin lost his seat at the subsequent 1913 election and did not re-enter parliament until 1922.


House of Representatives

  Labour: 42 seats
   Liberal: 31 seats
  Independent: 2 seats

House of Reps 1910-13 (FPTP) -- Turnout 62.80% (Non-CV) -- Informal 2.00%

Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labour 660,864 49.97 +13.33 42 +16
  Liberal 596,350 45.09 N/A 31 N/A
  Independents 65,368 4.94 +3.36 2 +1
  Total 1,322,582     75
  Labour WIN 42 +1
  Liberal 31 +4

Popular Vote
Parliament Seats


Senate 1910-13 (FPTP BV) -- Turnout 62.16% (Non-CV) -- Informal N/A

Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Labour 2,021,090 50.30 +11.57 18 22 +7
  Liberal 1,830,353 45.55 N/A 0 14 -6
  Independents 134,976 3.36 +2.46 0 0 −1
  Other 31,700 0.79 0 0 0
  Total 4,018,119     18 36

Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1910 Swing Post-1910
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Bass, Tas   Liberal David Storrer 12.3 56.8 6.8 Jens Jensen Labour  
Batman, Vic   Liberal Jabez Coon 1.3 15.3 13.6 Henry Beard Labour  
Bendigo, Vic   Independent John Quick 1.7 0.4 1.3 John Quick Liberal  
Bourke, Vic   Liberal James Hume Cook 2.2 15.3 8.6 Frank Anstey Labour  
Brisbane, Qld   Liberal Justin Foxton 11.3 12.5 1.2 William Finlayson Labour  
Capricornia, Qld   Liberal Edward Archer 5.6 12.4 6.8 William Higgs Labour  
Corangamite, Vic   Liberal Gratton Wilson 24.7 29.4 4.7 James Scullin Labour  
Corio, Vic   Liberal Richard Crouch 100.0 54.4 4.4 Alfred Ozanne Labour  
Dalley, NSW   Liberal William Wilks 2.7 9.3 6.6 Robert Howe Labour  
Denison, Tas   Liberal Philip Fysh 6.5 18.6 8.1 William Laird Smith Labour  
East Sydney, NSW   Liberal George Reid 4.9 12.0 7.1 John West Labour  
Gippsland, Vic   Liberal George Wise 100.0 62.1 12.1 George Wise Independent  
Hume, NSW   Liberal William Lyne 100.0 66.4 16.4 William Lyne Independent  
Hunter, NSW   Liberal Frank Liddell 0.8 11.7 0.9 Matthew Charlton Labour  
Indi, Vic   Liberal Joseph Brown 11.0 14.1 3.1 Parker Moloney Labour  
Maribyrnong, Vic   Liberal Samuel Mauger 6.9 17.7 10.8 James Fenton Labour  
Nepean, NSW   Liberal Eric Bowden 10.6 14.8 1.5 George Cann Labour  
Perth, WA   Labour James Fowler 2.7 13.4 10.7 James Fowler Liberal  
Riverina, NSW   Liberal John Chanter 100.0 57.0 7.0 John Chanter Labour  
Robertson, NSW   Liberal Henry Willis 7.0 7.9 0.9 William Johnson Labour  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

Post-election pendulum

See also



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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