|Name||1910 Nanyang industrial exposition|
|Venue||Near Sanpailao Railway Station|
|Opening||June 5, 1910|
|Closure||November 29. 1910|
The reason the Chinese name of the fair does not refer to Nanking directly, despite the event being held in Nanking, was because of the concept of Viceroy of Liangjiang. At the time the Qing dynasty official Duan Fang () had the title of Nanyang chancellor (?) as well as governing the areas including Jiangsu, Jiangxi and Anhui. Nanking belongs to Jiangsu geographically, but the fair was a "Nanyang region exposition" hence the name. The Nanking area where the event was held was Jiangning District.
On December 15, 1908, Governor-General Tuan Fang of the Liang-Jiang Province and Governor Chen Qitai of Jiangsu Province submitted a petition to the Qing Court proposing that China host an international exposition. It was an official fair backed by the Qing government.
A site of about 41 acres near San Pai Lou was established for the exhibition. Along an main axis road were several exhibit buildings including the Administration Building, Fine Arts Building, Agriculture Building, Transportation Building, Foreign Exhibits Buildings, and then several buildings for the Chinese Provinces. Exhibits came from all over China as well as Japan, Java, the United States, France, Great Britain, and Germany.