1917 Australian Federal Election
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1917 Australian Federal Election

1917 Australian federal election

← 1914 5 May 1917 (1917-05-05) 1919 →

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
  First party Second party
  Billy Hughes 1916.jpg Franktudor.jpg
Leader Billy Hughes Frank Tudor
Party Nationalist Labor
Leader since 17 February 1917 14 November 1916
Leader's seat West Sydney (NSW)
won Bendigo (Vic.)
Yarra (Vic.)
Last election N/A 42 seats
Seats won 53 seats 22 seats
Seat change Increase21 Decrease20
Popular vote 1,021,138 827,541
Percentage 54.22% 43.94%
Swing N/A Decrease6.96%

Australia 1917 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Billy Hughes
Nationalist

Subsequent Prime Minister

Billy Hughes
Nationalist

The 1917 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 5 May 1917. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party, led by Prime Minister Billy Hughes, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Frank Tudor in a landslide.

Hughes, at the time a member of the ALP, had become prime minister when Andrew Fisher retired in 1915. The Australian Labor Party split of 1916 over the conscription issue had led Hughes and 24 other pro-conscription Labor MPs to split off as the National Labor Party, which was able to form a minority government supported by the Commonwealth Liberal Party under Joseph Cook. Later that year, National Labor and the Liberals merged to form the Nationalist Party, with Hughes as leader and Cook as deputy leader. The election was fought in the aftermath of the 1916 plebiscite on conscription, which had been narrowly defeated. The Nationalists won a decisive victory, securing the largest majority government since Federation. The ALP suffered a large electoral swing against it, losing almost seven percent of its vote from 1914. The swing was magnified by the large number of former Labor MPs who followed Hughes out of the party.

Results

House of Representatives

House of Reps 1917-1919 (FPTP) - Turnout 78.30% (Non-CV) - Informal 2.64%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Nationalist 1,021,138 54.22 +7.01 53 +21
  Labor 827,541 43.94 -6.96 22 -20
  Independents 34,755 1.85 −0.05 0 -1
  Total  1,883,434     75
  Nationalist WIN 53 +21
  Labor 22 −20
Notes
  • Ten members were elected unopposed - seven Nationalist and three Labor.
  • The changes recorded for the Nationalist Party are with regard to the Commonwealth Liberal Party's performance in 1914.
Popular Vote
Nationalist
54.22%
Labor
43.94%
Independent
1.85%
Parliament Seats
Nationalist
70.67%
Labor
29.33%

Senate

Senate 1917-1919 (FPTP BV) - Turnout 77.69% (Non-CV) - Informal N/A
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Nationalist 3,516,354 55.37 +7.60 18 24 +18
  Labor 2,776,648 43.72 −8.42 0 12 −18
  Socialist Labor 32,692 0.51 +0.51 0 0 0
  Independents 24,676 0.39 +0.39 0 0 0
  Total  6,350,370     18 36

Notes

Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1917 Swing Post-1917
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Bass, Tas   Labor Jens Jensen 6.0 15.9 9.9 Jens Jensen Nationalist  
Bendigo, Vic   Labor Alfred Hampson 0.9 12.5 7.4 Billy Hughes Nationalist  
Boothby, SA   Labor George Dankel 5.3 19.8 14.5 William Story Nationalist  
Corio, Vic   Labor Alfred Ozanne 1.2 8.5 7.3 John Lister Nationalist  
Darwin, Tas   Labor King O'Malley 6.1 14.9 8.8 Charles Howroyd Nationalist  
Denison, Tas   Labor William Laird Smith 5.9 12.2 6.3 William Laird Smith Nationalist  
Fawkner, Vic   Labor Joseph Hannan 9.3 10.7 N/A George Maxwell Nationalist  
Fremantle, WA   Labor Reginald Burchell 6.3 25.2 18.9 Reginald Burchell Nationalist  
Gippsland, Vic   Independent George Wise 1.0 24.7 22.7 George Wise Nationalist  
Grey, SA   Labor Alexander Poynton 4.0 11.7 7.7 Alexander Poynton Nationalist  
Gwydir, NSW   Labor William Webster 3.8 10.3 6.5 William Webster Nationalist  
Herbert, Qld   Labor Fred Bamford 14.4 15.7 1.3 Fred Bamford Nationalist  
Hindmarsh, SA   Labor William Archibald 24.4 30.2 5.8 William Archibald Nationalist  
Illawarra, NSW   Labor George Burns 4.2 8.5 4.3 Hector Lamond Nationalist  
Indi, Vic   Labor Parker Moloney 1.0 7.2 6.2 John Leckie Nationalist  
Kalgoorlie, WA   Labor Hugh Mahon 100.0 51.3 1.3 Edward Heitmann Nationalist  
Oxley, Qld   Labor James Sharpe 6.8 9.6 2.3 James Bayley Nationalist  
Werriwa, NSW   Labor John Lynch 0.0 2.8 2.8 John Lynch Nationalist  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

Post-election pendulum

See also

Notes

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

1917_Australian_federal_election
 



 



 
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