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1922 ( MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1922nd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 922nd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 22nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1922, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
March 4 - The movie is released in Germany. Nosferatu
March 10 - Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay for sedition.
March 13 - Edward, Prince of Wales, inaugurates the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College in Dehradun, India, marking a capitulation of the Governor General and Secretary of State for India to growing pressure for Indianization of the officer cadre of the Indian Army.
March 15 - With Egypt having gained self-government from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
March 16 - The Rand Rebellion, which began as a strike by white South African mine workers on 28 December 1921 and became open rebellion against the state, is suppressed.
March 18 - In British India, Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for sedition (he serves only two).
March 19 - Polish professional football club "KKS LECH Pozna?" is founded.
March 20 - The USS is commissioned as the first Langley United States Navy aircraft carrier.
March 22 - Radio station WLW in Cincinnati begins broadcasting. 
March 23 - Queensland, Australia abolishes the Legislative Council (Upper House).
March 26 - The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland. March 31 - The Hinterkaifeck Murders occur in Germany, on a late evening.
May 3 - Viktor Kingissepp, leader of the underground Estonian Communist Party, is executed in Estonia.
May 5 - In The Bronx, construction begins on Yankee Stadium.
May 8 - In Moscow, eight priests, two laymen and one woman are sentenced to death for opposition to the Soviet government's confiscation of church property.
May 11 - Radio station KGU begins broadcasting in Hawaii.
May 18 - Sergei Diaghilev, Igor Stravinsky, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Erik Satie and Clive Bell dine together in Paris, at the Majestic hotel, their only joint meeting. 
May 19 - The All-Russian Young Pioneer Organisation is established.
May 29 - British Liberal MP Horatio Bottomley is jailed for seven years for fraud. May 30 - In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
October 1 - G. I. Gurdjieff opens his Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man at Fontainebleau, France.
October 3 - Rebecca L. Felton becomes the first female U.S. senator, when Georgia's governor gives her a temporary appointment, pending an election to replace Senator Thomas Watson, who has died suddenly.
October 15 - T. S. Eliot establishes magazine, containing the first publication of his poem The Criterion . This first appears in the United States later this month in The Waste Land (dated November 1), and is first published complete with notes in book form, by Boni and Liveright in New York in The Dial December.
October 18 - The British Broadcasting Company is formed. 
October 25 - The Third Dáil enacts the Constitution of the Irish Free State.
October 26 - Hogarth Press publishes Virginia Woolf's novel . Jacob's Room
October 27 - Southern Rhodesians reject union with South Africa in a referendum.
October 31 - Benito Mussolini, 39, becomes the youngest ever Prime Minister of Italy. October
3,000 German marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar - triple the figure three months ago due to hyperinflation.
The Russian Civil War ends, with the colonies remaining part of Russia.
November 4 - In Egypt, English archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings. 
November 12 - Sigma Gamma Rho () Sorority, Incorporated is founded by seven educators in Indianapolis, Indiana. The group becomes an incorporated national collegiate sorority on December 30, 1929, when a charter is granted to the Alpha Chapter at Butler University in Indianapolis.
November 14 - The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins radio service in the United Kingdom, broadcasting from station 2LO in London.
November 19 - Abdülmecid II, Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire, is elected Caliph.
November 21 - Rebecca Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first woman United States Senator. November 24 - Popular author and anti-Treaty Republican Erskine Childers is executed by firing squad in Dublin, after conviction by an Irish Free State military court for the unlawful possession of a gun, a weapon presented to him by Michael Collins in 1920 as a gift. 
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is created. (
Coat of arms
December 5 - The British Parliament enacts the Irish Free State Constitution Act, by which it legally sanctions the new Constitution of the Irish Free State.
December 6 - The Irish Free State officially comes into existence.  George V becomes the Free State's monarch. Tim Healy is appointed first Governor-General of the Irish Free State, and W. T. Cosgrave becomes President of the Executive Council.
December 9 - Gabriel Narutowicz is elected the first president of Poland.
December 11 - The trial of Edith Thompson and Frederick Bywaters ends at the Old Bailey in London, for the murder of Thompson's husband; both are found guilty and sentenced to hang.
December 16 - Gabriel Narutowicz, sworn on December 11 as first president of the Second Polish Republic, is assassinated by a right-wing sympathizer in Warsaw.
December 20 - by Antigone Jean Cocteau appears on stage in Paris, with settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel. 
December 27 - Japanese aircraft carrier becomes the first purpose-designed H?sh? aircraft carrier to be commissioned.
December 30 - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Transcaucasian Republic ( Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, dissolved in 1991. December - The year ends with hyperinflation showing no sign of slowing down in Germany, with 7,000 marks now needed to buy a single American dollar. 
Wracked by rapid inflation and political assassinations, and motivated by hostility and arrogance as well, the
Weimar Republic announces its inability to pay more, and proposes a moratorium on reparations for 3 years.
Kurd Istigdul Djemijetin, the Kurdish Independence Committee, is founded. The
Inter-Parliamentary Union is established.
Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
is invented by Australian entrepreneur Vegemite Fred Walker. The
Molly Pitcher Club is formed to promote the repeal of Prohibition in the United States. Thompson Webb founds the
Webb School of California for boys in Claremont. The
Barbary lion becomes extinct in the wild, with the last killed in Morocco, in the area of the Zelan and Beni Mguild Forests.  The
Amur tiger becomes extinct in South Korea.  Bronis?aw Malinowski's influential ethnological text, , is published. Argonauts of the Western Pacific
January 2 - Blaga Dimitrova, Bulgarian poet and politician (d. 2003)
January 3 - John R. Schmidhauser, American politician (d. 2018)
January 5 - Helen Smith, American female baseball player (d. 2019)
January 6 - Hugo Broch, German lieutenant and pilot
January 8 - Jan Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (d. 1986)
January 10 - Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist, translator (d. 1991)
January 12 - Tadeusz ?ychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (d. 1994)
January 14 - Guy Stern, German literary scholar
January 16 - Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)
January 24 - Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
January 28 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1993)
January 29 - Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
January 31 - Joanne Dru, American actress (d. 1996)
February 1 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
February 10 - Árpád Göncz, President of Hungary (d. 2015)
February 12 - Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
February 16 - Frédéric Rossif, French film, television director (d. 1991)
February 19 - Margherita Marchione, American Roman Catholic sister, writer, teacher and apologist
February 23 – James L. Holloway III, American naval officer (d. 2019)
February 25 – Molly Reilly, Canadian aviator (d. 1980) February 26
March 3 - Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
March 5 - Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (d. 1975)
March 6 - Wanda Klaff, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
March 7 - Andy Phillip, American basketball player and coach (d. 2001)
March 11 - Abdul Razak Hussein, second Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1976)
March 13 - Jim Wiggins, English actor (d. 1999)
March 15 - Karl-Otto Apel, German philosopher (d. 2017)
March 16 - Harding Lemay, American television scriptwriter, playwright (d. 2018)
March 17 - Patrick Suppes, American philosopher (d. 2014)
March 19 - Hiroo Onoda, Japanese officer, WWII holdout (d. 2014)
Arnold Burgen, English physicist, pharmacologist, academic and administrator Carl Reiner, American film director, producer, actor, and comedian (d. 2020)
March 21 - Russ Meyer, American film director, producer (d. 2004)
March 26 - William Milliken, American politician (d. 2019)
April 6 - Nancy Mackay, Canadian athlete (d. 2016)
April 8 - Carmen McRae, American jazz singer (d. 1994)
April 9 - Johnny Thomson, American racecar driver (d. 1960)
April 13 - Julius Nyerere, 1st President of Tanzania (d. 1999)
April 14 - Ali Akbar Khan, Indian musician (d. 2009)
April 15 - Michael Ansara, Syrian-born American actor (d. 2013)
April 22 - Charles Mingus, African-American musician (d. 1979)
April 23 - Marjorie Cameron, American writer, painter, actress and occultist (d. 1995)
April 29 - Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz musician (d. 2016)
May 2 - Roscoe Lee Browne, African-American actor (d. 2007)
May 4 - Eugenie Clark, American marine biologist (d. 2015)
May 8 - Yusof Rawa, Malaysian politician (d. 2000)
May 10 - Nancy Walker, American actress, singer and director (d. 1992)
May 14 - Franjo Tu?man, first President of Croatia (d. 1999)
May 21 - James Lopez Watson, American judge (d. 2001)
May 22 - Quinn Martin, American television producer (d. 1987)
May 30 - Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003) May 31 - Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
June 2 - Charlie Sifford, American golfer (d. 2015)
June 3 - Alain Resnais, French film director (d. 2014)
June 4 - Joe Vancisin, American basketball coach and executive (d. 2021)
June 5 - Sheila Sim, English actress (d. 2016)
June 9 - George Axelrod, American scriptwriter (d. 2003)
June 11 - Tibor Baranski, Hungarian-American educator (d. 2019)
June 12 - Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist (d. 2013)
June 13 - Edward Shames, American army officer
June 14 - Kevin Roche, Irish-American architect (d. 2019)
June 16 - Wayne Mixson, American politician (d. 2020)
June 21 - Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkinabé historian, politician and writer (d. 2006)
June 23 - Wu Yingyin, Chinese singer (d. 2009)
June 25 - Sita bint Fahd Al Damir, Saudi princess (d. 2012)
June 27 - George Walker, African-American composer (d. 2018)
June 29 - Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (d. 1991)
August 1 - Paul Fitzgerald, Australian painter (d. 2017)
August 6 - James Wong, Malaysian politician (d. 2011)
August 9 - Philip Larkin, English poet (d. 1985)
August 11 - Sara Luzita, Spanish actress and dancer
August 14 - Leslie Marr, English racing driver (d. 2021)
August 15 - Lukas Foss, German-born composer (d. 2009)
August 21 - Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter, founder of the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum (d. 1998)
August 22 - Micheline Presle, French actress
August 25 - Ivry Gitlis, Israeli violinist (d. 2020)
August 27 - S?suke Uno, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1998)
August 29 - Arthur Anderson, American actor of radio, film, television, and stage (d. 2016) August 31 - André Baudry, French magazine editor (d. 2018)
September 2 - Arthur Ashkin, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
September 8 – Sid Caesar, American actor, comedian (d. 2014)
September 10 - Edward B. Jelks, American archaeologist
September 11 - Charles Evers, American politician and civil rights activist (d. 2020)
September 12 - Jackson Mac Low, American poet (d. 2004)
September 13 - Tony Sumpter, American football player (d. 2017)
September 18 - John S. Foster Jr., American physicist
September 21 - Lee Hee-ho, First Lady of South Korea (d. 2019)
September 22 - Rosa Nell Speer, American southern gospel singer (d. 2017)
September 23 - Louise Latham, American actress (d. 2018)
September 26 - Harold Zvi Schiffrin, American professor
September 28 - Jules Sedney, Prime Minister of Suriname (d. 2020) September 29
October 3 - Raffaele La Capria, Italian novelist and screenwriter
October 4 - Gianna Beretta Molla, Italian Roman Catholic pediatrician, saint (d. 1962)
October 5 - José Froilán González, Argentine race car driver (d. 2013)
October 6 - George R. Price, American population geneticist (d. 1975)
October 7 - Martha Stewart, American actress (d. 2021)
October 9 - Fyvush Finkel, American comedian (d. 2016)
October 10 - Edna Child, English diver
October 11 - Wolfgang Zuckermann, German-American harpsichord maker and sustainability activist (d. 2018)
October 13 - Nathaniel Clifton, American basketball and baseball player (d. 1990)
October 14 - Yumeji Tsukioka, Japanese actress (d. 2017)
October 15 - Luigi Giussani, Italian Catholic priest (d. 2005)
October 17 - Angel Wagenstein, Bulgarian film director and author
October 20 - John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
October 21 - Liliane Bettencourt, French businesswoman, philanthropist (d. 2017)
October 22 - John Chafee, American politician (d. 1999)
Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor, singer (d. 1998)
Ruby Dee, American actress, poet, activist, journalist and second wife of Ossie Davis (d. 2014)
Carlos Andrés Pérez, 55th President of Venezuela (d. 2010)
Michel Galabru, French actor (d. 2016)
Ralph Kiner, American Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 2014) Del Rice, American professional baseball player, coach and manager (d. 1983)
October 30 - Iancu ?uc?rman, Romanian Holocaust survivor (d. 2021)   October 31
November 1 - Ezio Barbieri, Italian criminal (d. 2018)
November 2 - Stan Perron, Australian businessman (d. 2018)
November 3 - Townsend Cromwell, American oceanographer (d. 1958)
November 4 - Eddie Basinski, American baseball player
November 8 - Chris Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon, heart transplant pioneer (d. 2001)
November 10 - Harry Dornbrand, American aerospace engineer
November 13 - Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (d. 1984)
November 15 - David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist (d. 2019)
November 17 - Stanley Cohen, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2020)
November 18 - Luis Somoza Debayle, 26th President of Nicaragua (d. 1967)
November 19 - Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist, epigrapher (d. 1999)
November 22 - Francesco Rosi, Italian film director (d. 2015)
November 25 - Shelagh Fraser, British actress (d. 2000)
November 26 - Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
November 29 - Michael Howard, English historian, author and academic (d. 2019)
December 6 - Benjamin A. Gilman, American politician (d. 2016)
December 9 - Redd Foxx, African-American comedian, actor (d. 1991)
December 10 - Lucía Hiriart, former First Lady of Chile
December 16 - B. G. Hendrix, American politician (d. 2020)
December 17 - Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (d. 2005)
December 19 - Niels Holst-Sørensen, Danish athlete and Air force officer
December 22 - Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg, Princess of Luxembourg (d. 2011)
December 23 - Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician (d. 2001)
December 29 - William Gaddis, American writer (d. 1998) December 30
March 1 - Pichichi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)
March 4 - Bert Williams, American entertainer (b. 1874)
March 10 - Harry Kellar, American magician (b. 1849)
March 19 - Max von Hausen, German general (b. 1846)
March 21 - C. V. Raman Pillai, Indian novelist and playwright (b. 1858)
March 24 - Walter Parr, British preacher (b. 1871) March 31 Andreas gruber (b. 1859), Cäzila gruber (b. 1850), Viktoria gabriel (b. 1887), Cäzila gabriel (b. 1915), Josef gruber (b. 1920 and Maria Baumgartner (b. 1878. The Hinterkaifeck murders
May 3 - Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Communist politician (b. 1888)
May 7 - Max Wagenknecht, German composer (b. 1857)
May 12 - John Martin Poyer, United States Navy Commander, 12th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1861)
May 15 - Leslie Ward, English portrait artist, caricaturist (b. 1851)
May 16 - Rudolf Montecuccoli, Austro-Hungarian admiral (b. 1843)
May 18 - Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
May 19 - Son Byong-hi, Korean activist (b. 1861)
May 21 - Michael Mayr, Austrian politician, 2nd Chancellor of Austria (b. 1864) May 26 - Ernest Solvay, Belgian chemist, philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1838)
June 4 - W. H. R. Rivers, English doctor (b. 1864)
June 20 - Vittorio Monti, Italian composer (b. 1868)
June 21 - Take Ionescu, 29th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1858)
June 22 - Sir Henry Wilson, 1st Baronet, British field marshal and politician (b. 1864)
June 23 - Wu Tingfang, Chinese Premier of the Republic of China (b. 1842)
June 24 - Walter Rathenau, German statesman, Weimar Republic foreign minister (assassinated) (b. 1867)
June 26 - Prince Albert I of Monaco (b. 1848)
June 27 - Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito of Japan (b. 1867) June 28 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet, playwright (b. 1885)
August 3 - Ture Malmgren, Swedish journalist, politician (b. 1851)
August 5 - Tommy McCarthy, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1863)
August 12 - Arthur Griffith, Irish republican, President of Dáil Éireann (b. 1872)
August 13 - Saint Benjamin of Petrograd (b. 1873)
August 19 - Felip Pedrell, Spanish composer (b. 1841)
August 23 - Gheorghe Bengescu, Romanian diplomat and man of letters (b. 1844)
August 25 - Ioannis Svoronos, Greek numismatist (b. 1863) August 29 - Georges Sorel, French philosopher, theorist of revolutionary syndicalism (b. 1847)
November 1 - Lima Barreto, Brazilian writer (b. 1881)
November 7 - Sam Thompson, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1860)
November 14 - Godfrey Chevalier, American naval aviation pioneer (b. 1889)
November 15 - Dimitrios Gounaris, 94th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1867)
November 18 - Marcel Proust, French author (b. 1871)
November 23 - Eduard Seler, Prussian scholar, Mesoamericanist (b. 1849)
November 27 - Demetrio Castillo Duany, Cuban revolutionary, soldier, and politician (b. 1856) November 30 - René Cresté, French actor, director (b. 1881)
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