1922 Australian Federal Election
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1922 Australian Federal Election

1922 Australian federal election

← 1919 16 December 1922 (1922-12-16) 1925 →

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
19 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
  First party Second party Third party
  Hughes16-23.jpg Matthew Charlton 1925.jpg Earle Page 1920.jpg
Leader Billy Hughes Matthew Charlton Earle Page
Party Nationalist Labor Country
Leader since 14 November 1916 16 May 1922 5 April 1921
Leader's seat Bendigo (Vic)
won North Sydney (NSW)
Hunter (NSW) Cowper (NSW)
Last election 37 seats 26 seats 11 seats
Seats won 26 seats 29 seats 14 seats
Seat change Decrease11 Increase3 Increase3
Percentage 51.20% 48.80%
Swing Decrease2.90% Increase2.90%

Australia 1922 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

The 1922 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 16 December 1922. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party, led by Prime Minister Billy Hughes lost its majority. However, the opposition Labor Party led by Matthew Charlton did not take office as the Nationalists sought a coalition with the fledgling Country Party led by Earle Page. The Country Party made Hughes's resignation the price for joining, and Hughes was replaced as Nationalist leader by Stanley Bruce.

Future Prime Minister Frank Forde and future opposition leader John Latham both entered parliament at this election.

Results

House of Representatives

  Labor: 29 seats
  Nationalist: 26 seats
  Country: 14 seats
  Independent: 1 seat
  Liberal: 5 seats
House of Reps (IRV) -- 1922-25--Turnout 59.36% (Non-CV) -- Informal 4.51%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labor 665,145 42.30 −0.19 29 +3
  Nationalist 553,920 35.23 −9.85 26 −11
  Country 197,513 12.56 +3.30 14 +3
  Liberal Union 73,939 4.70 +4.70 5 +5
  Majority Labor 10,303 0.66 +0.66 0 0
  Industrial Labor 4,331 0.28 +0.09 0 0
  Protestant Labor 3,631 0.23 +0.23 0 0
  Independents 63,712 4.05 +1.07 1 0
  Total 1,572,514     75
Two-party-preferred (estimated)
  Nationalist WIN 51.20 -2.90 40 +3
  Labor 48.80 +2.90 29 0

Notes
  • Independents: William Watson (Fremantle, WA)
  • Four members were elected unopposed - one Labor, two Nationalist, one Country, and one Liberal.
Popular Vote
Labor
42.30%
Nationalist
35.23%
Country
12.56%
Liberal
4.70%
Independent/Others
5.22%
Two Party Preferred Vote
Coalition
51.20%
Labor
48.80%
Parliament Seats
Coalition
53.33%
Labor
38.67%
Liberal
6.67%
Independent
1.33%

Senate

Senate (P BV) -- 1922-1925--Turnout 57.99% (Non-CV) -- Informal 9.44%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Labor 715,219 45.70 +2.86 11 12 +11
  Nationalist 567,084 36.23 −10.16 8 24 −11
  Country 203,267 12.99 +4.20 0 0 0
  Liberal Union 43,706 2.79 +2.79 0 0 0
  Socialist Labor 8,551 0.55 +0.55 0 0 0
  Majority Labor 3,813 0.24 +0.24 0 0 0
  Independents 23,447 1.50 +0.08 0 0 0
  Total 1,565,087     19 36

Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1922 Swing Post-1922
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Adelaide, SA   Nationalist Reginald Blundell 0.8 8.0 3.6 George Edwin Yates Labor  
Balaclava, Vic   Nationalist William Watt N/A 100.0 100.0 William Watt Liberal  
Barker, SA   Nationalist John Livingston N/A N/A 2.3 Malcolm Cameron Liberal  
Barton, NSW   Nationalist notional - new seat N/A 13.8 7.6 Frederick McDonald Labor  
Boothby, SA   Nationalist William Story N/A N/A 4.7 Jack Duncan-Hughes Liberal  
Calare, NSW   Labor Thomas Lavelle 2.3 8.5 5.3 Neville Howse Nationalist  
Darwin, Tas   Nationalist George Bell 4.0 N/A 0.4 Joshua Whitsitt Country  
Denison, Tas   Nationalist William Laird Smith 3.9 4.3 0.4 David O'Keefe Labor  
Fremantle, WA   Nationalist Reginald Burchell N/A 56.9 6.9 William Watson Independent  
Gippsland, Vic   Nationalist George Wise 5.2 18.1 12.9 Thomas Paterson Country  
Grey, SA   Nationalist Alexander Poynton 1.8 5.5 3.7 Andrew Lacey Labor  
Henty, Vic   Independent Frederick Francis 2.9 8.7 5.8 Frederick Francis Nationalist  
Kalgoorlie, WA   Nationalist George Foley 1.4 7.1 7.4 Albert Green Labor  
Kooyong, Vic   Nationalist Robert Best 14.3 14.9 0.6 John Latham Liberal  
Macquarie, NSW   Labor Samuel Nicholls 3.2 0.6 0.2 Arthur Manning Nationalist  
New England, NSW   Nationalist Alexander Hay* 7.3 N/A 8.5 Victor Thompson Country  
Northern Territory, NT new division 0.4 H. G. Nelson Labor  
Richmond, NSW   Nationalist Walter Massy-Greene 22.5 24.0 3.3 Roland Green Country  
Riverina, NSW   Nationalist John Chanter N/A 54.3 4.3 William Killen Country  
Wakefield, SA   Nationalist Richard Foster N/A N/A 5.3 Richard Foster Liberal  
Wannon, Vic   Nationalist Arthur Rodgers 4.1 4.9 0.8 John McNeill Labor  
Wilmot, Tas   Nationalist Llewellyn Atkinson 10.2 N/A 11.2 Llewellyn Atkinson Country  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.
  • *Alexander Hay contested his seat as an independent

Post-election pendulum

See also

Notes

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

1922_Australian_federal_election
 



 



 
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