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1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.
February 1 - Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.
February 2 - A second international conference on disarmament ends without results. It tries to limit the army sizes of the major powers, while Germany is entitled to 200,000; Germany leaves the conference, because a plan postpones the limitations for 4 years.
February 3 - Adolf Hitler gives a secret speech to his military leaders, outlining his plans to rearm Germany in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, and to adopt a policy of in eastern Europe. Lebensraum 
February 5 - A mutiny starts on the Royal Netherlands Navy coastal defence ship in the De Zeven Provinciën Dutch East Indies. After 6 days, it is bombed by a Dutch aircraft, killing 23 men, and the remaining mutineers surrender.
February 6 - The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution goes into effect.
February 6- 7 - Officers on the USS record a 34-meter high sea-wave in the Pacific Ocean. Ramapo
February 9 - The King and Country debate: The Oxford Union student debating society in England passes a resolution stating, "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and country." 
February 10 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
February 15 - In Miami, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead fatally wounds the Mayor of Chicago, Anton Cermak.
February 27 - Reichstag fire: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag building, is set on fire under controversial circumstances. February 28
March 2 - The original film version of , starring King Kong Fay Wray, premieres at Radio City Music Hall and the RKO Roxy Theatre in New York City.
March 6 - Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago dies of the wound he received on February 15.
March 7 - The real-estate trading board game is invented in the United States. Monopoly
March 9 - Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.
March 10 - The 6.4 M w Long Beach earthquake shakes Southern California with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII ( Severe), killing 115 people.
March 12 - Great Depression: Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States, in the first of his " Fireside chats".
March 22 - President Franklin Roosevelt signs an amendment to the Volstead Act known as the Cullen-Harrison Act, allowing the manufacture and sale of "3.2 beer" (3.2% alcohol by weight, approximately 4% alcohol by volume) and light wines. 
March 23 - The passes the Reichstag Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
March 24 - Jewish protesters in New York City call for a boycott of German goods, in response to the persecution of German Jews by the Nazis.
March 27 - Japan announces it will leave the League of Nations (due to a cancellation period of exactly two years, the egression becomes effective March 27, 1935) 
March 29 - Welsh journalist Gareth Jones makes the first report in the West of the Holodomor famine-genocide in Ukraine. March 31 - The Civilian Conservation Corps is established, with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.
June June - The
Holodomor famine-genocide in Ukraine reaches its peak, with 30,000 deaths from man-made starvation each day. The average life expectancy for a Ukrainian male born this year is 7.3 years.  
June 5 - The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard, by enacting a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold. 
June 6 - The first drive-in movie theater opens in Pennsauken Township, near Camden, New Jersey.
June 12 - The London Economic Conference is held.
June 17 - Union Station massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, Pretty Boy Floyd kills an FBI agent, 3 local police, and the person they intended to rescue, captured bank robber Frank Nash.
June 21 - All non- Nazi parties are forbidden in Germany.
June 25 - Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegates convene in Berlin to protest against the persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany. June 26 - The American Totalisator Company unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine, at the Arlington Park race track near Chicago.
August 1 - The Blue Eagle emblem of the National Recovery Administration in the United States is displayed publicly for the first time.
August 2 - The Stalin White Sea-Baltic Canal, a 227 km ship canal constructed using forced labour in the Soviet Union, opens, connecting the White Sea with Lake Onega and the Baltic.
August 7 - Simele massacre: More than 3,000 Assyrian Iraqis are killed by Iraq government troops.
August 12 - Winston Churchill makes his first speech publicly warning of the dangers of German rearmament. 
August 14 - Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km 2).
August 25 - The Diexi earthquake shakes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people. August 30 - German-Jewish philosopher Theodor Lessing is shot in Marienbad ( Mariánské Lázn?), Czechoslovakia, dying the following day.
October 1 - A failed assassination attempt against Engelbert Dollfuss, leader of the Fatherland's Front in Austria, seriously injures him.
October 7 - Air France is formed by the merger of five French airline companies, beginning operations with 250 planes.
October 10 - 1933 United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion: A bomb destroys a United Airlines Boeing 247 on a transcontinental flight in mid-air near Chesterton, Indiana, killing all 7 on board, in the first proven case of sabotage in civil aviation, although no suspect is ever identified.
October 12 - The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz is acquired by the United States Department of Justice, which plans to incorporate the island into its Federal Bureau of Prisons as a penitentiary.
October 13 - The British Interplanetary Society is founded.
October 14 - Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations and the World Disarmament Conference, after the U.S., the U.K. and France deny its request to increase its defense armaments under the Versailles Treaty.
October 14- 16 - The new constitution of Estonia is approved only on the third consecutive referendum.
October 16 - Parricides committed in the United States by Victor Licata lead to calls for the legal prohibition of cannabis. October 17 - Scientist Albert Einstein arrives in the United States, where he settles permanently as a refugee from Nazi Germany, and takes up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey.
January 1 - Joe Orton, British playwright (k. 1967)
January 2 - On Kawara, Japanese conceptual artist (d. 2014)
January 6 - Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2003)
January 7 - Diane Leather, English athlete (d. 2018)
January 8 - Supriya Devi, Indian Bengali actress (d. 2018)
January 12 - Liliana Cavani, Italian film director and screenwriter
January 13 - Tom Gola, American basketball player (d. 2014)
January 14 - Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
January 15 - Ernest J. Gaines, American author (d. 2019)
January 16 - Susan Sontag, American author (d. 2004)
January 21 - Habib Thiam, Senegal politician (d. 2017)
January 25 - Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines (d. 2009)
February 2 - Tony Jay, English-American actor and voice artist (d. 2006)
February 5 - Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann, Nicaraguan diplomat, politician and priest (d. 2017)
February 12 - Costa-Gavras, Greek-born director, writer
February 14 - Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969)
February 21 - Nina Simone, African-American singer (d. 2003)
February 22 - Katharine, Duchess of Kent, British royal, musician and patron of the arts
February 23 - Lee Calhoun, American athlete (d. 1989)
February 28 - Charles Vinci, American weightlifter (d. 2018)
March 1 - Eduard Frolov, Russian historian (d. 2018)
March 5 - Evgeni Vasiukov, Russian chess grandmaster (d. 2018)
March 6 - Augusto Odone, Italian creator of (d. Lorenzo's Oil 2013)
March 7 - Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998)
March 10 - Elizabeth Azcona Cranwell, Argentine poet, translator (d. 2004)
March 15 - Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
March 18 - Unita Blackwell, African-American civil rights activist (d. 2019)
March 22 - Abolhassan Banisadr, 1st President of Iran
March 23 - Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, professor emeritus at Stanford University March 27 - Lê V?n H?ng, South Vietnam army general (d. 1975)
April 4 - Frits Bolkestein, Dutch politician
April 5 - Frank Gorshin, American actor ( ) (d. Batman 2005)
April 6 - Henryk Nied?wiedzki, Polish boxer (d. 2018)
April 7 - Wayne Rogers, American actor ( ) (d. M*A*S*H 2015)
April 14 - Yuri Oganessian, Russian nuclear physicist, namesake of Oganesson
April 19 - Jayne Mansfield, American actress (d. 1967)
April 23 - Frederic Pryor, American economist (d. 2019)
April 25 - Jerry Leiber, American composer (d. 2011)
Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium
Rod McKuen, American singer, songwriter and poet (d. 2015) Willie Nelson, American singer, songwriter, musician, actor, producer, author, poet and activist April 30 - Vittorio Merloni, Italian entrepreneur (d. 2016)
May 5 – Ratnasiri Wickremanayake, 2-time Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (d. 2016)
May 10 - Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
May 11 - Louis Farrakhan, African-American Muslim leader
May 14 - Siân Phillips, Welsh actress
May 18 - H. D. Deve Gowda, Indian politician, 11th Prime Minister of India
May 21 - Maurice André, French trumpeter (d. 2012)
May 22 - Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (d. 1996)
May 23 - Joan Collins, English actress ( ) Dynasty May 29 - Helmuth Rilling, German conductor
June 3 - Celso Torrelio, 69th President of Bolivia (d. 1999)
June 4 - Godfried Danneels, Belgian cardinal (d. 2019)
June 6 - Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
June 7 - Beverly Wills, American actress (d. 1963)
June 8 - Joan Rivers, American actress, comedian, television host (d. 2014)
June 10 - F. Lee Bailey, American lawyer
June 11 - Gene Wilder, American actor (d. 2016)
June 13 - Sven-Olov Sjödelius, Swedish sprint canoeist (d. 2018)
June 15 - Mohammad-Ali Rajai, 2nd President of Iran, 47th Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1981)
June 17 - Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (d. 1970)
June 19 - Viktor Patsayev, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1971)
June 20 - Danny Aiello, American actor
June 21 - Bernie Kopell, American actor and comedian
June 22 - Dianne Feinstein, American politician, Senator, and former mayor of San Francisco
June 23 - Abel Alier, South Sudanese politician, judge
Hong Sook-ja, South Korean politician, feminist
James Meredith, African-American civil rights activist, writer, political adviser and Air Force veteran Álvaro Siza, Portuguese architect
June 26 - Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (d. 2014) 
June 28 - V. Sasisekharan, Indian molecular biologist
June 29 - Hayes Alan Jenkins, American figure skater June 30 - Lea Massari, Italian actress
July 4 - La Prieta Linda, Mexican singer, actress
July 9 - Oliver Sacks, English-born neurologist (d. 2015)
July 11 - György Czakó, Hungarian figure skater
July 17 - Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici, 9th Prime Minister of Malta
July 19 – Michel Lévêque, French diplomat, politician
July 20 - Cormac McCarthy, Pulitzer Prize-winning author
July 21 - Herman Timme, Dutch decathlete
July 22 - Bertice Reading, American actress, singer (d. 1991)
July 24 - John Aniston, American actor
July 25 - Jukka Virtanen, Finnish entertainer and author (d. 2019)
July 26 - Kathryn Hays, American television, soap opera actress July 29 - Lou Albano, Italian-American professional wrestler, manager and actor (d. 2009)
August 1 - Dom DeLuise, American actor, comedian (d. 2009)
August 2 - Tom Bell, English actor (d. 2006)
August 4 - Anthony Anenih, Nigerian politician (d. 2018)
August 6 - Suchinda Kraprayoon, 19th Prime Minister of Thailand
August 9 - Tetsuko Kuroyanagi, Japanese actress, Goodwill Ambassdor for UNICEF
August 11 - Jerry Falwell, American evangelist, conservative political activist (d. 2007)
August 17 - Gene Kranz, American NASA Flight Director
August 20 - George J. Mitchell, American lawyer, businessman, author, and politician
August 21 - Dame Janet Baker, English mezzo-soprano
August 23 - Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
August 26 - Robert Chartoff, American film producer (d. 2015)
August 27 - Kerstin Ekman, Swedish novelist
August 28 - Jean Weaver, American female professional baseball player (d. 2008) August 29
September 3 - Tompall Glaser, American singer (d. 2013)
September 8 - Asha Bhosle, Indian musician
September 9 - Michael Novak, American philosopher, author (d. 2017)
September 11 - William Luther Pierce, American author, activist (d. 2002)
September 14 - Hillevi Rombin, Swedish athlete, model and Miss Universe 1955 (d. 1996)
September 19 - David McCallum, Scottish actor
September 24 - Raffaele Farina, Italian cardinal, archivist of the Holy Roman Church
September 25 - Hubie Brown, American basketball coach, broadcaster
September 29 - Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (d. 1986) September 30
November 1 - Samir Roychoudhury, Indian Bengali poet, philosopher of the Hungry generation (d. 2016)
John Barry, British film score composer (d. 2011)
Ken Berry, American actor, dancer and singer (d. 2018)
Jeremy Brett, British actor (d. 1995)
Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995)
Michael Dukakis, American politician, 1988 Democratic Presidential candidate
C. K. Jaffer Sharief, Indian politician (d. 2018) Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
November 4 - Charles K. Kao, Chinese electrical engineer, physicist and Nobel laureate (d. 2018)
November 9 - Lucian Pintilie, Romanian film director, screenwriter (d. 2018)
November 11 - Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda, Japanese artistic gymnast
November 14 - Fred Haise, American astronaut who flew in Apollo 13
November 19 - Larry King, American talk show host
November 21 - T. Rasalingam, Sri Lankan Tamil politician
November 23 - Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
November 25 - Kathryn Grant, American actress
November 26 - Robert Goulet, American entertainer (d. 2007)
November 28 - Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003) November 29
December 2 - Mike Larrabee, American Olympic athlete (d. 2003)
December 3 - Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
December 6 - Henryk Górecki, Polish composer (d. 2010)
December 8 - Johnny Green, American basketball player
December 10 - Mako, Japanese-born actor (d. 2006)
December 11 - Aquilino Pimentel Jr., Filipino politician (d. 2019)
December 13 - Lou Adler, American film and record producer
December 15 - Tim Conway, American actor and comedian (d. 2019)
December 17 - Shirley Abrahamson, American jurist, Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court
December 18 - Lonnie Brooks, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 2017)
December 20 - Jean Carnahan, American politician
December 22 - Abel Pacheco, 44th President of Costa Rica
December 23 - Akihito, 125th Emperor of Japan
December 25 - Phan V?n Kh?i, 5th Prime Minister of Vietnam (d. 2018)
December 30 - Andy Stewart, Scottish singer, entertainer (d. 1993)
March 1 - U?adzimir ?y?ka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
March 10 - Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi, Chief of the Senussi order in Libya (b. 1873)
March 15 - Gustavo Jiménez, Interim President of Peru (b. 1886)
March 18 - Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian mountaineer, explorer, and admiral (b. 1873)
March 20 - Giuseppe Zangara, American attempted assassin of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1900)
March 26 - Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)
March 30 - Dan O'Connor, Canadian prospector (b. 1864) March 31 - Baltasar Brum, 23rd President of Uruguay (b. 1883)
April 1 - Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, British politician and colonial governor, Viceroy of India (b. 1868)
April 2 - Ranjitsinhji, Indian cricketer and ruler of Nawanagar. (b. 1872)
April 4 - William A. Moffett, U.S. admiral (crash of airship USS ) (b. Akron 1869)
April 7 - Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria (d. 1860)
April 17 - Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876)
April 20 - William Courtenay, Canadian actor, director (b. 1875)
April 23 - Tim Keefe, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1857) April 30 - Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro, 77th Prime Minister of Peru, 48th President of Peru (b. 1889)
May 2 - Leonard Huxley, British writer (b. 1860)
May 3 - Frederick Kerr, English actor (b. 1858)
May 6 - Li Ching-Yuen, Chinese herbalist, martial artist, and tactical advisor
May 13 - Ernest Torrence, British actor (b. 1878)
May 16 - John Henry Mackay, German writer (b. 1864)
May 19 - Thomas J. O'Brien, American politician, diplomat (b. 1842)
May 26 - Jimmie Rodgers, American country singer (b. 1897)
November 3 - Émile Roux, French physician (b. 1853)
November 5 - Texas Guinan, American actress, producer and entrepreneur (b. 1884)
November 6 – Andrey Lyapchev, 22nd Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1866)
November 16 - Kyrillos III of Cyprus, archbishop of the Cypriot Orthodox Church (b. 1859)
November 18 - Francisco Javier Gaxiola, Mexican diplomat, lawyer and politician (b. 1870)
November 21 - Inez Clough, American actress (b. 1873)
November 23 - François Albert, French journalist (b. 1874) November 30 - Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)
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^ coming into force January 1934.
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