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1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.
- January - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia creates a military school at Holeta.
- January 1 - The Italian colonies of Tripoli and Cyrenaica are joined together as Libya.
- January 3 - The trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, accused of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., begins in Flemington, New Jersey.
- January 4 - Dry Tortugas National Park is established in the Florida Keys.
- January 7 - Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval conclude an agreement, in which each power agrees not to oppose the other's colonial claims.
- January 11 - Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
- January 13 - A plebiscite in the Territory of the Saar Basin shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Germany.
- January 16 - The FBI kills the Barker Gang, including Ma Barker, in a shootout.
- January 19 - Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs, as "jockeys", in Chicago.
- January 24 - The first canned beer is sold in Richmond, Virginia, United States, by Gottfried Krueger Brewing Company.
- January 28 - Iceland legalizes abortion on medical grounds.
- April 1 - The North American NA-16, prototype of the North American T-6 Texan or Harvard flying trainer, flies for the first time.
- April 14 - Dust Bowl: "Black Sunday", the great dust storm in the United States hits eastern New Mexico and Colorado, and western Oklahoma the hardest (it will be made famous by Woody Guthrie, in his "dust bowl ballads").
- April 15 - The Roerich Pact, a Pan-American treaty on the protection of cultural artefacts, is signed in Washington D.C.
- April 16 - Fibber McGee and Molly debuts on NBC Radio, in the United States.
- April 17 - Sun Myung Moon, a teenage Presbyterian convert in Korea under Japanese rule, claims to have a revelation from Jesus, telling him to complete his mission from almost 2,000 years ago.
- April 24 - William Christian Bullitt, Jr., the United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union, hosts the elaborately prepared Spring Ball of the Full Moon, which is said to have surpassed all other embassy parties in Moscow's history.
- April 27 - FA Cup (Association football): Sheffield Wednesday F.C. beat West Bromwich Albion 4-2 at Wembley Stadium in England.
- April 29 - The first edition of the Vuelta a España is raced, and goes on to become one of the 3 Grand Tours of road bicycle racing.
- May 6 - New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in the United States.
- May 14 - Northamptonshire County Cricket Club gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proves to be their last victory for 99 matches, easily a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win is not until May 29, 1939.
- May 15 - Joseph Stalin opens the Moscow Metro to the public.
- May 19 - T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") dies as the result of a motorcycle accident, in Dorset, England.
- May 21 - In Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler announces the reintroduction of conscription to the Wehrmacht, in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.
- May 24 - The first nighttime Major League Baseball game is played between the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies, at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, Ohio.
- May 27 - Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (the "Sick Chicken Case"): The Supreme Court of the United States declares that the National Industrial Recovery Act, a major component of the New Deal, is unconstitutional.
- May 29
- May 30 - Eventual Baseball Hall of Famer Babe Ruth appears in his last career game, playing for the Boston Braves in Philadelphia against the Phillies.
- May 31
- September 2 - 1935 Labor Day hurricane: The strongest hurricane ever to strike the United States landfalls in the Upper Florida Keys as a Category 5 storm with 185 mph winds, killing 423.
- September 3 - Sir Malcolm Campbell becomes the first person to drive an automobile at 300 miles per hour in Blue Bird, establishing a new absolute land speed record of 301.337 mph (484.955 km/h) on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah.
- September 8 - Carl Weiss kills Huey Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana, in the Louisiana Capitol Building in Baton Rouge.
- September 13 - Howard Hughes, flying the Hughes H-1 Racer, sets an airspeed record of 352 mph (566 km/h).
- September 15 - The Nuremberg Laws go into effect in Germany, removing citizenship from Jews.
- September 17 - Manuel L. Quezon is the 2nd President of the Philippines.
- September 24 - Earl W. Bascom and his brother Weldon produce the first night rodeo held outdoors under electric lights, at Columbia, Mississippi.
- September 29 - The London and North Eastern Railway's first A4 Class streamlined steam locomotive A4 2509 Silver Link makes her inaugural journey, from London King's Cross.
- September 30
- November 3 - A Greek monarchy referendum is held by self-proclaimed Regent Georgios Kondylis. Almost 98% of the votes favor restoration of the monarchy, although the referendum's integrity is dubious.
- November 8 - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with promoting the cause of industrial unionism in North America.
- November 14 - 1935 United Kingdom general election: Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin returns to office at the head of a National Government led by the Conservative Party, with a large but reduced majority.
- November 22 - The flying boat China Clipper takes off from Alameda, California, to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean; on November 29 the aircraft reaches its final destination, Manila, and delivers over 110,000 pieces of mail.
- November 23 - Jacques and Thérèse Tréfouël, Daniel Bovet and Federico Nitti, in the laboratory of Ernest Fourneau at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, discover that sulfanilamide is the active component of Prontosil.
- November 25 - After 11 years in exile, George II returns to Greek soil as King of the Hellenes at Corfu, from London.
- November 30 - The 1935 British-made film Scrooge, the first all-talking film version of the Charles Dickens classic A Christmas Carol, opens in the U.S. after its British release.
- January 4 - Floyd Patterson, African-American boxer (d. 2006)
- January 7 - Valeri Kubasov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2014)
- January 8 - Elvis Presley, American rock & roll singer, guitarist and film actor (d. 1977)
- January 9 - Manlio De Angelis, Italian actor and voice actor (d. 2017)
- January 10 - Sherrill Milnes, American baritone
- January 14 - Lucile Wheeler, Canadian skier
- January 15 - Luigi Radice, Italian football player and manager (d. 2018)
- January 16
- January 19 - Soumitra Chatterjee, Indian actor
- January 20 - Dorothy Provine, American actress, singer and dancer (d. 2010)
- January 22 - Seymour Cassel, American actor (d. 2019)
- January 25 - António Ramalho Eanes, 16th President of Portugal
- January 30
- January 31 - Kenzabur? ?e, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate
- February 1 - Vladimir Aksyonov, Soviet cosmonaut
- February 2 - Juliusz Paetz, Polish bishop (d. 2019)
- February 3 - Johnny "Guitar" Watson, African-American singer, songwriter and musician (d. 1996)
- February 4 - Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (d. 1989)
- February 7 - Herb Kohl, American businessman, philanthropist and politician
- February 11 - Gene Vincent, American guitarist, vocalist (d. 1971)
- February 15 - Roger B. Chaffee, American astronaut (d. 1967)
- February 16 - Sonny Bono, American singer, actor and politician (d. 1998)
- February 18 - Michel Aoun, Lebanese politician, 26th President of Lebanon
- February 26 - Artur Rasizade, Azerbaijani politician, 6th Prime Minister of Azerbaijan
- February 27 - Mirella Freni, Italian soprano
- March 1 - Robert Conrad, American actor (The Wild Wild West)
- March 3 - Zhelyu Zhelev, President of Bulgaria (d. 2015)
- March 4 - Bent Larsen, Danish chess player (d. 2010)
- March 15 - Judd Hirsch, American actor (Taxi)
- March 16 - Sergei Yursky, Russian actor (d. 2019)
- March 21 - Brian Clough, English footballer and manager (d. 2004)
- March 22 - M. Emmet Walsh, American actor
- March 24 - Peter Bichsel, Swiss writer
- March 27 - Julian Glover, English actor
- March 28 - Józef Szmidt, Polish athlete
- March 31
- April 6 - Fred Bongusto, Italian light music singer, songwriter and composer (d. 2019)
- April 10 - P. J. Patterson, Jamaican politician, 6th Prime Minister of Jamaica
- April 13 - Lyle Waggoner, American actor
- April 19 - Dudley Moore, English actor, comedian, pianist and composer (d. 2002)
- April 21 - Charles Grodin, American actor, journalist
- April 22
- April 25
- May 2 - Faisal II of Iraq, (d. 1958)
- May 8
- May 13 - Luciano Benetton, Italian entrepreneur, owner of Benetton Group
- May 14 - Ivan Dimitrov, Bulgarian footballer (d. 2019)
- May 16 - Milan Pan?evski, Macedonian politician (d. 2019)
- May 20 - José Mujica, 40th President of Uruguay
- May 27 - Lee Meriwether, American beauty queen, actress
- May 29 - André Brink, South African writer (d. 2015)
- May 31 - Jim Bolger, 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand
- June 1 - Norman Foster, English architect
- June 2
- June 13
- June 17 - Peggy Seeger, American folk singer
- June 19 - Rodrigo Borja Cevallos, President of Ecuador
- June 21 - John Abbey, American actor
- June 22 - Floyd Norman, American animator, writer, and comic book artist
- June 23 - Günter Lörke, German cyclist
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27 - Larry Krutko, American football player
- June 28 - Nicola Tempesta, Italian judoka
- June 29 - Jill Briscoe, British American author, editor, and speaker
- June 30 - Valentino Gasparella, Italian track cyclist
- July 1
- July 3
- July 5 - Shevah Weiss, Israeli political scientist, politician
- July 6 - Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize and spiritual leader of Tibet
- July 8
- July 9
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 - Ei-ichi Negishi, Japanese chemist and Nobel laureate
- July 15 - Ken Kercheval, American actor (d. 2019)
- July 16 - Nicolae Rotaru, Romanian sport shooter
- July 17
- July 21 - Jeanne Arth, American Wimbledon and US Championships doubles tennis title holder
- July 25
- July 26 - Les Campbell, English footballer (d. 2019)
- July 30 - Prince Moulay Abdallah of Morocco, Moroccan prince (d. 1983)
- August 1 - Mohinder Pratap Chand, Urdu poet, language advocate
- August 3
- August 10 - Giya Kancheli, Georgian composer (d. 2019)
- August 12
- August 17 - Oleg Tabakov, Russian actor (d. 2018)
- August 18 - Rafer Johnson, African-American athlete
- August 20 - Ron Paul, American author, physician, and politician
- August 21
- August 22 - E. Annie Proulx, American novelist
- August 24 - Tsutomu Hata, 51st Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2017)
- August 26 - Geraldine Ferraro, U.S. Congresswoman, Vice Presidential candidate (d. 2011)
- August 29 - William Friedkin, American film director
- August 30
- August 31 - Eldridge Cleaver, African-American political activist and writer (d. 1998)
- September 1
- September 7 - Abdou Diouf, 2nd President of Senegal
- September 8 - William Vance, Belgian comics artist (d. 2018)
- September 9 - Chaim Topol, Israeli actor and singer (Fiddler on the Roof)
- September 10 - Mary Oliver, American poet, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry winner (d. 2019)
- September 11
- September 14
- September 15 - Dinkha, Iraqi patriarch (d. 2015)
- September 16 - Carl Andre, American artist
- September 17 - Ken Kesey, American author (d. 2001)
- September 20 - László Aradszky, Hungarian singer (d. 2017)
- September 21
- September 22 - Virgilijus Noreika, Lithuanian tenor (d. 2018)
- September 29 - Jerry Lee Lewis, American rock & roll musician
- September 30 - Johnny Mathis, African-American singer
- October 1
- October 3
- October 4 - Law Hieng Ding, Malaysian politician (d. 2018)
- October 5 - Khayyam Mirzazade, Azerbaijani composer, professor (d. 2018)
- October 6
- October 12 - Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (d. 2007)
- October 14
- October 15
- October 17 - Michael Eavis, English dairy farmer, founder of the Glastonbury Festival
- October 18 - Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
- October 20 - Jerry Orbach, American actor (Law & Order) (d. 2004)
- October 21 - Derek Bell, Irish musician (d. 2002)
- October 22 - Carl Muller, Sri Lankan writer, poet and journalist (d. 2019)
- October 24 - Rosamaria Murtinho, Brazilian actress
- October 25 - Rusty Schweickart, American astronaut
- October 27
- October 29 - Isao Takahata, Japanese animated film director (d. 2018)
- October 30
- October 31 - Ronald Graham, American mathematician
- November 1
- November 3 - Abune Paulos, Ethiopian patriarch (d. 2012)
- November 4
- November 6 - Archduchess Maria of Austria, German-Austrian royal (d. 2018)
- November 8
- November 9 - Jerry Hopkins, American journalist, author (d. 2018)
- November 11 - Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress (d. 2019)
- November 13 - P. Susheela, Indian musician
- November 14 - King Hussein of Jordan (d. 1999)
- November 15
- November 16 - France-Albert René, Seychellois politician (d. 2019)
- November 17 - Toni Sailer, Austrian skier (d. 2009)
- November 18 - Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, Indian nobleman, politician (d. 2018)
- November 20 - Leo Falcam, Micronesian politician (d. 2018)
- November 23 - Vladislav Volkov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1971)
- November 24 - Salim Khan, Indian Bollywood screenwriter
- November 28 - Masahito, Prince Hitachi
- November 29 - Diane Ladd, American actress
- November 30
- December 1 - Woody Allen, American actor and film director
- December 5 - Basabi Nandi, Indian actress (d. 2018)
- December 8 - Dharmendra, Indian film actor, producer and politician
- December 10 - Jaromil Jire?, Czechoslovak filmmaker (d. 2001)
- December 11
- December 14
- December 15 - Adnan Badran, Prime Minister of Jordan
- December 19 - Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (d. 1974)
- December 25 - Sadiq al-Mahdi, Prime Minister of Sudan (1966-67, 1986-89)
- December 26 - Gnassingbé Eyadéma, President of Togo (d. 2005)
- December 30
- December 31 - King Salman of Saudi Arabia
- May 1 - Antero Rubín, Spanish general, politician (b. 1851)
- May 4 - Junior Durkin, American actor (b. 1915)
- May 12 - Józef Pi?sudski, Polish politician, 2-time Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1867)
- May 13 - Clarence Geldart, Canadian-American actor (b. 1867)
- May 14 - Magnus Hirschfeld, German sex researcher, gay rights advocate (b. 1868)
- May 15 - Kazimir Malevich, Polish-Russian painter, art theoretician (b. 1879)
- May 17
- May 19
- May 21
- May 29 - Josef Suk, Czech composer, violinist (b. 1874)
- August 5 - David Townsend, American art director (b. 1891)
- August 12 - Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (b. 1851)
- August 14 - Léonce Perret, French film actor (b. 1880)
- August 15
- August 20 - Edith Roberts, American actress (b. 1899)
- August 21 - John Hartley, English tennis player, double winner of Wimbledon (b. 1849)
- August 22
- August 25 - Mack Swain, American actor (b. 1876)
- August 27 - Childe Hassam, American painter (b. 1859)
- August 29 - Queen Astrid of Belgium (b. 1905)
- August 30 - Henri Barbusse, French novelist, journalist (b. 1873)
- December 2
- December 3 - Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, daughter of King Edward VII and younger sister of King George V (b. 1868)
- December 4
- December 10 - Sir John Carden, 6th Baronet, English tank, vehicle designer (b. 1892)
- December 13 - Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
- December 14 - Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (b. 1902)
- December 16 - Thelma Todd, American actress (b. 1906)
- December 17 - Juan Vicente Gómez, Venezuelan military dictator, 3-time President of Venezuela (b. 1857)
- December 20 - Martin O'Meara, Australian soldier (b. 1882)
- December 21 - Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist, satirist (b. 1890)
- December 24 - Alban Berg, Austrian composer (b. 1885)
- December 26 - Photios II, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1874)
- December 30 - Hunter Liggett, American general (b. 1857)
- December 31 - Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish novelist, philosopher (b. 1864)
- ^ Ethiopia Military Tradition in National Life. Library of Congress.
- ^ "www.Keglined.com - The Beer Can's First Days: 1909 through 1935". keglined.pssht.com.
- ^ Planes, Alex (February 6, 2013). "The One Monopoly America Will Never Break Up". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2015.
- ^ Hagedorn 1997, p. 15.
- ^ "U.S. Senate: June 12-13, 1935 - Huey Long Filibusters". June 22, 2015.
- ^ Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
- ^ "Chronology 1935". League of Nations Photo Archive. 2002. Retrieved 2015.
- ^ J. et T. Tréfouël, F. Nitti et D. Bovet, "Activité du p-aminophénylsulfamide sur l'infection streptococcique expérimentale de la souris et du lapin", C. R. Soc. Biol., 120, November 23, 1935, p. 756.
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- ^ Holley, Joe (May 12, 2006). "Floyd Patterson; Heavyweight Champion Rose from Poverty". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019.
- ^ "Trainerlegende Udo Lattek ist tot" (in German). Die Welt. February 4, 2015. Retrieved 2015.