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1936 ( MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 936th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.
April 3 – Richard Hauptmann, convicted of the Lindbergh kidnapping and murder in 1932, is executed by electrocution in New Jersey State Prison.
April 5 – A tornado hits Tupelo, Mississippi, killing 216 and injuring over 700 (the 4th deadliest tornado in U.S. history).
April 6 – Two tornadoes strike Gainesville, Georgia. The smaller tornado hits north Gainesville, the stronger tornado the west side of town; 203 die and 1,600 are injured, in the 5th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
April 11 – Billy Butlin opens his first Butlins holiday camp, Butlins Skegness, in Skegness ( Ingoldmells), Lincolnshire, England. It is officially opened by  Amy Johnson of Hull (the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia). April 15 – The Tulkarm shooting begins the 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine against the British government, and opposition to Jewish immigration.
September 4- 5 – English-born aviator Beryl Markham becomes the first woman to make an east-to-west solo transatlantic flight, from Abingdon-on-Thames, England, to Baleine, Nova Scotia.
September 5 – Spanish Civil War: Robert Capa's photograph is taken. The Falling Soldier
September 7 – The last known thylacine ("Tasmanian tiger"), named Benjamin, dies in Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
September 10 – The first World Speedway Championship is held at Wembley Stadium in London, England. It is won by Australian Lionel Van Praag, with Englishman Eric Langton second and Australian Bluey Wilkinson third.
September 12 – The Walt Disney animated short is released. It is the only installment of the Donald and Pluto Mickey Mouse series where Mickey Mouse does not appear.
September 14 - Raoul Villain, assassin of French Socialist Jean Jaures, is himself killed by Spanish Republicans in Ibiza. September 28 – After the election to the Swedish Riksdag's second chamber, Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp and his "Holiday Cabinet" (" Semesterregeringen") resign (though he remains as Minister of Agriculture) and Per Albin Hansson returns as Prime Minister, staying in office until his death from a heart attack in 1946.
November 3 – U.S. presidential election, 1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to a second term, in a landslide victory over Kansas Governor Alf Landon; farmers support Roosevelt.
November 9 – American fashion designer Ruth Harkness encounters and captures a nine-week-old panda cub in Sichuan, China; it becomes the first live giant panda to enter the United States.
November 12 – In California, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
November 20 – A levee failure and continued massive rain at the Mitsubishi Osarizawa mine, Kazuno, northeastern Akita, Japan, results in at least 375 deaths.
November 23 – Cover date of the first issue of , a weekly news magazine launched in the United States under the management of Life Henry Luce.
November 25 – The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Germany and Japan. November 30 – A spectacular fire destroys The Crystal Palace in London, originally built for the 1851 Great Exhibition.
December 1 – Hitler mandates that all German boys aged 10 to 18 join the Hitler Youth paramilitary organization.
December 3 – Radio station WQXR is officially founded in New York City.
December 5 – The 1936 Soviet Constitution, promulgated by Stalin, is adopted in the Soviet Union. The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic is dissolved, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia become full Republics of the Soviet Union.
December 10 – Edward VIII abdication crisis: King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom signs an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere, Surrey in the presence of his three brothers, The Duke of York, The Duke of Gloucester and The Duke of Kent.
December 11 –
Edward VIII abdication crisis: The British Parliament passes His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 on behalf of the U.K., Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. The King performs his last act as sovereign by giving Royal Assent to the Act, and his brother Prince Albert, Duke of York, becomes King, reigning as King George VI. The abdicated King Edward VIII, now HRH Prince Edward, makes a broadcast to the nation explaining his decision to abdicate. He leaves the country for Austria.
Taking the opportunity to free itself further from ties to the United Kingdom, the Oireachtas of the Irish Free State passes the Constitution (Amendment No. 27) Act 1936, removing most powers from the office of Governor-General of the Irish Free State, and the Executive Authority (External Relations) Act 1936 (signed into law December 12), assenting to the abdication and restricting the power of the monarch in relation to Ireland to international affairs.
December 12 – Xi'an Incident: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China is kidnapped by Marshal Zhang Xueliang.
December 23 – Colombia signs the Buenos Aires Copyright Treaty.
December 24 – The first filmed Russian opera, , is released in Natalka Poltavka Ukraine.
December 26 – The Abraham Lincoln Brigade sails from New York City on its way to the Spanish Civil War. December 30 – The United Auto Workers begins the Flint Sit-Down Strike in Flint, Michigan.
February 3 - Bob Simpson, Australian cricketer
February 4 - David Brenner, American actor and comedian (d. 2014)
February 9 - Clive Swift, British actor (d. 2019)
February 11 - Burt Reynolds, American actor, director and producer (d. 2018)
February 14 - Anna German, Polish singer (d. 1982)
February 16 - Carl Icahn, American businessman, investor and philanthropist
February 17 Jim Brown, African-American football player and actor
February 21 - Barbara Jordan, African-American lawyer, educator, politician and civil rights activist (d. 1996)
February 26 - Adem Demaçi, Albanian politician, writer (d. 2018)
February 27 - Ron Barassi, Australian footballer February 29
April 1 – Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, 2-time President of Switzerland (d. 1998)
April 7 – Princess Elizabeth of Yugoslavia, Yugoslav princess, Serbian princess, Serbian presidential candidate
April 10 – John Madden, American football player, coach and sportscaster
April 12 – Charles Napier, American character actor (d. 2011)
April 13 – Choi In-hun, South Korean writer (d. 2018)
April 14 – Dilbagh Singh Kler, Malaysian Olympic athlete (d. 2012)
April 17 – Ji?í Grygar, Czech astronomer
April 20 – Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz (d. 1989)
April 22 – Glen Campbell, American singer and actor (d. 2017)
April 23 – Roy Orbison, American singer, songwriter ( ) (d. Pretty Woman 1988)
April 28 – Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician (d. 2015) April 29 – Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, British Baron
May 1 - Danièle Huillet, French filmmaker (d. 2006)
May 4 - El Cordobés, Spanish matador
May 5 - Tr?n c Lng, 5th President of Vietnam
May 7 - Jimmy Ruffin, African-American singer (d. 2014)
May 13 - Rafael Campos, Dominican actor (d. 1985)
May 14 - Bobby Darin, American singer (d. 1973)
May 17 - Dennis Hopper, American actor and director (d. 2010)
May 21 - Günter Blobel, Polish-American biologist, academic and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
May 23 - Charles Kimbrough, American actor
May 25 - Tom T. Hall, American country singer May 27 - Louis Gossett Jr., African-American actor
June 2 - Volodymyr Holubnychy, Soviet Olympic athlete
June 3 - Colin Meads, New Zealand rugby union player (d. 2017)
June 15 - William Levada, American cardinal (d. 2019)
June 17 - Ken Loach, British film director
June 19 - Takeshi Aono, Japanese actor (d. 2012)
June 23 - Costas Simitis, Greek politician, 78th Prime Minister of Greece
June 25 - B. J. Habibie, Indonesian politician, 3rd President of Indonesia (d. 2019)
June 28 - Leon O. Chua, American electrical engineer and computer scientist
June 30 - Assia Djebar, Algerian writer (d. 2015)
August 4 - Joaquim Roriz, Brazilian politician (d. 2018)
August 17 - Margaret Hamilton, American computer scientist, systems engineer, and business owner
August 23 - Rudy Lewis, American rhythm and blues singer (d. 1964)
August 25 - Giridharilal Kedia, Indian former Working President of KVK (d. 2009)
August 26 - Benedict Anderson, American academic (d. 2015)
August 27 - Lien Chan, Taiwanese politician
August 28 - Bert Schneider, Austrian road racer (d. 2009)
August 29 - John McCain, American politician, U.S. Senator ( R- Az.) (d. 2018) August 31 - Fabrizia Ramondino, Italian author (d. 2008)
September 1 – Valery Legasov, Soviet inorganic chemist (d. 1988)
September 2 – Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American businessman, engineer and author (d. 2016)
September 3 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 2nd President of Tunisia (d. 2019)
September 14 – Walter Koenig, American actor ( ) Star Trek: The Original Series
September 15 – Ashley Cooper, Australian tennis player (d. 2020)
September 19 – Al Oerter, American Olympic athlete (d. 2007)
September 21 – Yury Luzhkov, mayor of Moscow (d. 2019)
September 23 – Valentín Paniagua, President of Perú (d. 2006)
September 24 – Jim Henson, American puppeteer, filmmaker, and television producer ( ) (d. The Muppets 1990)
September 26 – Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 2018)
September 29 – Silvio Berlusconi, 50th Prime Minister of Italy, media entrepreneur
October 1 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
October 3 – Steve Reich, American composer
October 5 – Václav Havel, Czech playwright, writer and politician, 10th President of Czechoslovakia and 1st President of the Czech Republic (d. 2011)
October 6 – Lin Yu-lin, Taiwanese billionaire real estate developer (d. 2018)
October 7 – Fereydoun Farrokhzad, Iranian entertainer (d. 1992)
October 8 – Rogelio Guerra, Mexican actor (d. 2018)
October 9 – Brian Blessed, English actor
October 10 – Gerhard Ertl, German physicist, Nobel laureate
October 13 – Christine Nöstlinger, Austrian writer
October 17 – Bert Nievera, Filipino-American singer (d. 2018)
October 18 – Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal (d. 2019)
October 22 - Bobby Seale, American political activist
October 24 – Bill Wyman, British musician ( The Rolling Stones)
October 25 – Masako Nozawa, Japanese actress and voice actress
October 28 - Charlie Daniels, American country singer, and songwriter (d. 2020)
October 30 – Polina Astakhova, Soviet artistic gymnast (d. 2005) October 31 – Michael Landon, American actor, director, producer and writer (d. 1991)
November 2 – Rose Bird, American judge (d. 1999)
November 3 – Roy Emerson, Australian tennis player
November 4 – Didier Ratsiraka, former President of Madagascar
November 8 – Virna Lisi, Italian actress (d. 2014)
November 11 – Susan Kohner, American actress
November 15 – Wolf Biermann, German singer, songwriter and former East German dissident
November 18 - Don Cherry, African-American jazz trumpeter (d. 1995)
November 19 – Dick Cavett, American talk show host, television personality
November 20 – Don DeLillo, American author
November 22 – John Bird, British satirist, actor and comedian
November 24 – Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, 1st Prime Minister of Bahrain
November 26 - Evans Evans, American actress
November 29 - Bill Jenkins, American politician November 30 - Abbie Hoffman, American political and social activist (d. 1989)
December 4 - Freddy Cannon, American singer
December 5 - James Lee Burke, American author
December 7 - Martha Layne Collins, American businesswoman and politician 
December 8 - David Carradine, American actor, director and martial artist (d. 2009)
December 9 - A. B. Yehoshua, Israeli writer
December 11 - Hans van den Broek, Dutch politician and diplomat
December 14 - Robert A. Parker, American physicist, astronomer, and astronaut
December 20 - Niki Bettendorf, Luxembourgian politician (d. 2018)
December 21 - Barbara Roberts, American politician
December 22 - Héctor Elizondo, American actor
December 23 - Frederic Forrest, American actor
December 27 - Alex Miller, Australian novelist
December 31 – Siw Malmkvist, Swedish singer 
January 1 – Harry B. Smith, American composer (b. 1860)
January 5 – Ramón del Valle-Inclán, Spanish writer (b. 1866)
January 6 – Louise Bryant, American journalist (b. 1885)
January 9 – John Gilbert, American actor (b. 1897)
January 16 – Albert Fish, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1870)
January 18 – Rudyard Kipling, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
January 20 – King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
January 23 – John Mills, Jr., "Mills Brothers" basso, guitarist (b. 1911)
January 28 – Richard Loeb, American murderer (b. 1905)
March 11 – David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, British admiral (b. 1871)
March 12 – Sir David Campbell, British army general and Governor of Malta (b. 1869)
March 13 – Sir Francis Bell, 20th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1851)
March 18 – Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek Statesman, several times Prime Minister (b. 1864)
March 21 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer, conductor (b. 1865)
March 23 – Oscar Asche, Australian actor (b. 1871) March 28 – Archibald Garrod, English physician (b. 1857)
April 2 – Alberico Albricci, Italian general (b. 1864)
April 3 – Bruno Richard Hauptmann, German killer of Charles Lindbergh, Jr. (executed) (b. 1899)
April 6 – Edmund Breese, American actor (b. 1871)
April 7 – Marilyn Miller, American actress (b. 1898)
April 8 – Róbert Bárány, Austrian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1876)
April 9 – Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist, economist and philosopher (b. 1855)
April 18 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer, musicologist, and conductor (b. 1879)
April 23 – Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (b. 1889)
April 26 – Tammany Young, American actor (b. 1886)
April 28 – King Fuad I of Egypt (b. 1868) April 30 – Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
May 2 – Ivan Alexandrov, Russian engineer (b. 1875)
May 4 – Ludwig von Falkenhausen, German general (b. 1844)
May 5 – Marianne Hainisch, Austrian women's rights activist (b. 1839)
May 8 – Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (b. 1880)
May 12 - Hu Hanmin, Chinese politician (b. 1879)
May 14 – Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, British soldier, administrator (b. 1861)
May 16 – Leonidas Paraskevopoulos, Greek general, senator (b. 1860)
May 17 – Panagis Tsaldaris, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1868)
May 20 – Elmer Fowler Stone, American aviator, first United States Coast Guard aviator (b. 1887)
May 24 – Khaz'al Khan Ibn Haji Jabir Khan, Iranian emir (b. 1863) May 29 – Norman Chaney, American actor (b. 1914)
June 3 – Walther Wever, German general, Luftwaffe commander (b. 1887)
June 11 – Robert E. Howard, American author (suicide) (b. 1906)
June 12 – Karl Krays, Austrian writer, journalist (b. 1874)
June 14 – G. K. Chesterton, English author (b. 1874)
June 17 – Henry B. Walthall, American actor (b. 1878)
June 18 – Maxim Gorky, Russian writer (b. 1868)
June 19 – Sir William Hall-Jones, English-New Zealand politician, 16th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1851)
June 28 – Alexander Berkman, Russian anarchist (b. 1870) June 29 – János Szlepecz, Slovene priest, writer (b. 1872)
September 6 – Víctor Pradera Larumbe, Spanish political theorist (executed) (b. 1872)
September 7 – Kenneth Robert Balfour, British Conservative Party politician (b. 1863)
September 14 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899)
September 16 – Karl Buresch, 9th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1878)
September 17 – Henri Louis Le Chatelier, French chemist (Le Chatelier's principle) (b. 1850)
September 19 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
September 24 – József Klekl, Slovene writer, journalist (b. 1879)
September 25 – William Sims, American admiral (b. 1858) September 30 – Friedrich Sixt von Armin, German general (b. 1851)
October 2 – Juho Sunila, 2-time Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1875)
October 3 – John Heisman, American football coach (b. 1869)
October 6 – Gyula Gömbös, 30th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1886)
October 12 – Shuja ul-Mulk, Indian ruler (b. 1881)
October 13 *ndash; John H. Hill, African-American attorney, military officer and school administrator, President of West Virginia State University (b. 1852)
October 16 – Effie Adelaide Rowlands, British writer (b. 1859)
October 19 – Lu Xun, leading figure of modern Chinese literature (b. 1881)
October 20 – Anne Sullivan, American teacher of Helen Keller (b. 1866)
October 26 – Rodney Heath, Australian tennis player (b. 1884) October 29 – Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (b. 1875)
December 7 – Jean Mermoz, French aviator (b. 1901)
December 11 – Myron Grimshaw, American baseball player (b. 1875)
December 18 – Leonardo Torres y Quevedo, Spanish engineer, mathematician (b. 1852)
December 23 – William Henry Harrison, English cricketer (b. 1866)
December 24 – Irene Fenwick, American actress (b. 1887)
December 25 – Carl Stumpf, German philosopher, psychologist (b. 1848)
December 26 – Percival G. Baldwin, American politician and businessman (b. 1880)
December 27 – Hans von Seeckt, German general (b. 1866)
December 29 – Lucy, Lady Houston, British philanthropist (b. 1857) December 31 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer (b. 1864)
1936 in Popular Culture
1936 serves as the end and start date for the
grand strategy video games Victoria II and Hearts of Iron IV by Paradox Development Studio, respectively.
^ The result scoreboard at that time had place only for three numbers, as organizing committee wasn't really prepared for one hundred metres barrier to be broken. Newspapers Jutro and Slovenec published 101 metres on the next day and news spread fast around the world. Many decades took to publish real measured 101.5 metres distance, engraved in his original trophy from Planica (Salzburger Landesskimuseum).
Davies, R. W. (2014). . Palgrave Macmillan. p. 275. The Industrialisation of Soviet Russia, Volume 6: The Years of Progress: The Soviet Economy, 1934-1936 ISBN . 9781137362575
Taylor, A. J. P. (2001). . Oxford University Press. p. 386. English History 1914-1945 ISBN . 9780192801401
Shirer, William L.; Rosenbaum, Ron (1960). . Simon & Schuster. p. 293. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany ISBN . 9781451651683
"Planica -- 101 m! (actually 101.5 metres, no space for 4th number), p.1" (in Slovenian). Jutro (Monday edition). March 16, 1936.
"Smu?ke tekme na Planici brez Norve?anov" (in Slovenian). Ponedeljski Slovenec. March 16, 1936.
"Josef Bradl 101.5 m Planica 1936 (Norwegian Commentary)". YouTube. March 15, 1936.
"Skegness". Butlins Memories. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010 . Retrieved 2010.
Selye, Hans (1936). "A Syndrome Produced by Diverse Nocuous Agents". . Nature 138 (3479): 32. Bibcode: 1936Natur.138...32S. doi: 10.1038/138032a0. S2CID 4014154. Archived from the original on January 7, 2008 . Retrieved 2020.
Szabo, S.; Yoshida, M.; Filakovszky, J.; Juhasz, G. (2017). " "Stress" is 80 Years Old: From Hans Selye Original Paper in 1936 to Recent Advances in GI Ulceration" (PDF). Current Pharmaceutical Design. 23 (27): 4029-4041. doi: 10.2174/1381612823666170622110046. PMID 28641541.
"Portuguese Mutiny: Why it Failed". The Sydney Morning Herald. October 2, 1936. p. 17.
Irving Wallace (April 1982). . Bantam Books. p. 97. Book of Lists People Almanac ISBN . 978-0-553-14642-4
Judith A. Leavitt (1985). . Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 48. American Women Managers and Administrators ISBN . 978-0-313-23748-5
Mario I. Aguilar (May 29, 2014). . The Lutterworth Press. p. 9. Pope Francis: His Life and Thought ISBN . 978-0-7188-9342-2
Joseph Murrells (1978). . Barrie and Jenkins. p. The Book of Golden Discs 177. ISBN . 978-0-214-20480-7