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1951 ( MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 951st year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.
January 1 - Patti Page's hit song " Tennessee Waltz" enjoys its first week as the No. 1 single, on and Billboard Cashbox charts, in the United States.
January 4 - Korean War: Third Battle of Seoul: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul for the second time (they had lost Seoul in the Second Battle of Seoul in September 1950).
January 9 - The Government of the United Kingdom announces abandonment of the Tanganyika groundnut scheme for the cultivation of peanuts in the Tanganyika Territory, with the writing off of £36.5M debt. 
January 15 - In a court in West Germany, Ilse Koch, The "Witch of Buchenwald", wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment.
January 20 - Winter of Terror: Avalanches in the Alps kill 240 and bury 45,000 for a time, in Switzerland, Austria and Italy.
January 25 - Dutch author Anne de Vries releases the first volume of her novel ( Journey Through the Night Reis door de nacht), set during World War II.
January 27 - Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins, with a 1- kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat, northwest of Las Vegas. January 31 - The United States' last narrow gauge passenger train (the " San Juan Express") ends service.
July 5 - William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, of Bell Labs, announce the invention of the grown-junction transistor. Same year, General Electric and RCA develop alloy-junction transistor.
July 14 - In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument to honor an African American.
July 16 - King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son Baudouin, who on July 17 takes the oath as king of Belgium.
July 20 - King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem. He is succeeded by his son, King Talal.
July 26 - Walt Disney's 13th animated film, , premieres in London, United Kingdom. Alice in Wonderland
July 28 - Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, a multilateral treaty of the United Nations, is signed at a special conference in Geneva, defining the status of refugees and setting out the basis for granting right of asylum, coming into force on 22 April 1954. July 30 - David Lean's film of is finally shown in the United States, after 10 minutes of supposedly Oliver Twist anti-Semitic references and closeups of Alec Guinness as Fagin are cut. It will not be shown uncut in the U.S. until 1970.
October 3 - " Shot Heard 'Round the World (baseball)": One of the greatest moments in Major League Baseball history occurs when the New York Giants' Bobby Thomson hits a game-winning home run in the bottom of the 9th inning off of Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca, to win the National League pennant after being down 14 games.
October 3- 8 - Korean War - First Battle of Maryang-san: United Nations (primarily Australian) forces drive back the Chinese.
October 6 - Malayan Emergency: Communist insurgents kill British commander Sir Henry Gurney.
October 14 - The Organization of Central American States ( Organización de Estados Centroamericanos, ODECA) is formed.
October 17 - CBS's Eye logo premieres on American television.
October 19 - The state of war between the United States and Germany is officially ended.
October 20 - The Johnny Bright incident occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
October 21 - A storm in southern Italy kills over 100.
October 24 - U.S. President Harry Truman declares an official end to war with Germany.
October 26 - Winston Churchill is re-elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (a month before his 77th birthday) in a general election which sees the defeat of Clement Attlee's Labour government, after 6 years in power. 
October 27 - Farouk of Egypt declares himself king of Sudan, with no support.
October 29 - The town of Carnation, Washington, USA changes its name back to Carnation, after being named Tolt since May 1928. October 31 - The film , starring Scrooge Alastair Sim, opens in England.
November 1 - Desert Rock exercises, the first military exercises for nuclear war, with infantry troops included, are held in the Nevada desert.
November 2 - 6,000 British troops flown into Egypt to quell unrest in the Suez Canal zone. 
November 10 - Direct dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
November 12 - The National Ballet of Canada performs for the first time in Eaton Auditorium, Toronto.
November 20 - The Po River floods in northern Italy.
November 22 - Paramount Pictures releases the George Pal science fiction film in the United States. When Worlds Collide
November 24 - The Broadway play opens, starring Gigi Audrey Hepburn as the lead character.
November 28 - The U.K. film , starring Scrooge Alastair Sim, premieres in the United States under the title of Charles Dickens's original novel, . A Christmas Carol November 29 - LEO runs the world's first commercial computer program, Bakery Valuations, for J. Lyons and Co.'s tea shops in the U.K.
December c. December - The
Institute of War and Peace Studies is established by Dwight D. Eisenhower at Columbia University in New York (of which he is President) with William T. R. Fox as first director. 
December 3 - Lebanese University is founded in Lebanon.
December 5 - The Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe is formed.
December 6 - A state of emergency is declared in Egypt, due to increasing riots.
December 13 - A water storage tank collapses in Tucumcari, New Mexico, resulting in 4 deaths and 200 buildings destroyed.
December 16 - The Salar Jung Museum is opened to the public, by Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
December 17 - , a petition describing We Charge Genocide genocide against African Americans, is delivered to the United Nations.
December 22 - The Selangor Labour Party is founded in Selangor, Malaya.
December 23 - John Huston's drama film , starring The African Queen Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn, premieres in Hollywood.
December 31 - The Marshall Plan expires, after distributing more than $13.3 billion US in foreign aid to rebuild Europe. 
Unknown dates A fourth and final
forest fire starts in the Tillamook Burn, Oregon; but unlike earlier fires this one burns only 32,700 acres (132 km 2), and within an area already affected by the earlier fires. A
research team publishes the Interlingua-English Dictionary.
IBM (United Kingdom) is formed. In
Munich, Germany, a collection of mementos and personal papers belonging to Adolf Hitler are turned over to Bayerische Landesbank, for authentication and eventual sale. Among the documents are his appointment as Chancellor signed by President Paul von Hindenburg, his Austrian , as well as an assortment of passport swastika insignia pins and medals. An initial offer of $200,000.00 is made for the collection.  An 18-year-old sailor is fined for kissing in public in
Stockholm, Sweden. The law court calls his actions "obnoxious behavior repulsive to the public morals".  The United States becomes malaria-free (excluding territories and possessions)  
January 5 - Steve Arnold, English footballer
January 6 - Kim Wilson, American singer, harmonica player
January 9 - Andy Qunta, English singer-songwriter, composer and musician
January 15 - Biff Byford, English rock singer ( ) Saxon
January 18 - Elijah Cummings, African-American politician (d. 2019)
January 20 - Ian Hill, English rock bassist ( ) Judas Priest
January 21 - Eric Holder, African-American politician, 82nd United States Attorney General
January 23 - Chesley Sullenberger, American airline captain
January 25 - Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975)
February 1 - Albert Salvadó, Andorran writer
February 7 - Kim Milford, American actor and singer (d. 1988)
February 9 - Jay Inslee, American politician
February 10 - Bob Iger, American CEO of The Walt Disney Company
February 12 - Cory Lerios, American pianist and vocalist
February 13 - David Naughton, American actor ( ) Makin' It
February 14 - Kevin Keegan, English footballer and manager
February 19 - Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistani Islamic Sufi scholar, leader
February 22 - Ellen Greene, American actress
February 23 - Patricia Richardson, American actress
February 24 - Debra Jo Rupp, American actress ( ) That 70's Show
February 25 - Don Quarrie, Jamaican sprinter February 27
March 3 - Heiz? Takenaka, Japanese economist
March 6 - Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (d. 2004)
March 9 - Zakir Hussian, Indian tabla virtuoso, composer, percussionist, music producer and actor
March 12 - Susan Musgrave, Canadian poet, children's writer
March 13 - Charo, Spanish-American singer, entertainer
March 14 - Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of ice cream Ben & Jerry's
March 17 - Kurt Russell, American actor ( ) The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes
March 19 - Fred Berry, American actor (d. 2003)
March 24 - Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer
March 30 - Wolfgang Niedecken, German singer
April 1 - Tim Bassett, American basketball player (d. 2018)
April 7 - Janis Ian, American singer, songwriter ( ) Society's Child
April 10 - David Helvarg, American journalist, activist
April 12 - Tom Noonan, American actor
April 15 - Trixi Schuba, Austrian figure skater
April 19 - Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
April 22 - Paul Carrack, English singer
April 23 - Allison Krause, American Kent State University shooting victim (d. 1970)
April 24 - Enda Kenny 13th Taoiseach of Ireland
June 3 - Jill Biden, Second Lady of the United States
June 5 - Suze Orman, American financial advisor, writer and television personality
June 8 - Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer
June 9 - James Newton Howard, American musician, composer
June 14 - Paul Boateng, British politician
June 23 - Michèle Mouton, French rally driver
June 25 - Elvy Sukaesih, Indonesian dangdut singer
June 30 - Stanley Clarke, American bassist
August 2 - Andrew Gold, American singer-songwriter and musician ( 10cc, Wax) (d. 2011)
August 10 - Juan Manuel Santos, President of Colombia and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
August 11 - Katsumi Ch?, Japanese voice actor
August 12 - Willie Horton, American criminal
August 13 - Dan Fogelberg, American singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (d. 2007)
August 14 - Carl Lumbly, American actor
August 15 - Jim Allen, West Indian cricketer
August 16 - Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, 13th President of Nigeria (d. 2010)
August 17 - Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
August 19 - John Deacon, English rock bassist
August 22 - Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician
August 24 - Orson Scott Card, American writer
August 25 - Rob Halford, English rock singer
August 26 - Edward Witten, American mathematician, Fields medalist
August 27 - Mack Brown, American college football coach
August 31 - Peter Withe, English footballer
September 1 - David Bairstow, English cricketer (d. 1998)
September 4 - Judith Ivey, American actress
September 5 - Michael Keaton, American actor and film director
September 6 - ?aban ?auli?, Serbian musician (d. 2019)
September 9 - Alexander Downer, Australian politician, diplomat
September 11 - Mr. Butch, American homeless person and Boston icon (d. 2007)
September 17 - Cassandra Peterson, American actress, known for her role in Elvira, Mistress of the Dark
September 20 - Guy Lafleur, Canadian hockey player
September 21 - Aslan Maskhadov, President of Chechnya (d. 2005)
September 24 - Alfonso Portillo, President of Guatemala
September 26 - Stuart Tosh, Scottish musician
September 27 - Paul Craig, English professor of law
September 28 - Jim Diamond, Scottish singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
September 30 - Barry Marshall, Australian physician and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
October 2 - Sting, British singer, rock musician, philanthropist
October 4 - Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet
October 5 -
October 6 - Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (d. 1985)
October 10 - Epeli Ganilau, Fijian soldier and statesman
October 17 - Prabowo Subianto, Indonesian businessman, politician and Lieutenant General of the Indonesian National Armed Forces
October 19 - Annie Golden, Americana actress
October 20 - Claudio Ranieri, Italian football manager and player
October 22 - William David Sanders, American victim of the Columbine High School massacre (d. 1999)
October 23 - Charly García, Argentine musician and songwriter
October 25 - Richard Lloyd, American rock guitarist
October 27 - Éric Morena, French singer (d. 2019)
October 29 - Kelly Sutherland (chuckwagon), Canadian Pro Chuckwagon racer October 30 - Harry Hamlin, American actor
November 2 - Thomas Mallon, American author and critic
November 3 - Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist ( New York Daily News)
November 4 - Traian B?sescu, President of Romania
November 6 - Nigel Havers, English actor
November 7 - Dennis Allen (d. 1987), Australian criminal and drug dealer, eldest son of Kath Pettingill
November 8 - Alfredo Astiz, Argentine commander
November 10 - Danilo Medina, Dominican politician 53rd President of the Dominican Republic
November 11 - Marc Summers, American television host
November 12 - Marcelo Rezende, Brazilian journalist and television presenter (d. 2017)
November 14 - Jacob ter Veldhuis, Dutch composer
November 18 - Justin Raimondo, American political activist (d. 2019)
November 20 - Rodger Bumpass, American voice actor known for his role as Squidward Tentacles on SpongeBob SquarePants
November 21 - Thomas Roth, German television news anchor and presenter
November 23 - David Rappaport, English actor (d. 1990)
November 24 - Chet Edwards, American politician
November 26 - Cicciolina, Hungarian-Italian actress and politician
November 27 - Teri DeSario, American singer-songwriter
November 30 - Christian Bernard, French-born mystic
December 2 - Adrian Devine, American baseball pitcher
December 6 - Tomson Highway, Canadian writer
December 10 - Doug Allder, English footballer
December 11 - Peter T. Daniels, American writing systems scholar
December 17 - Ken Hitchcock, Canadian hockey coach
December 18 - Bobby Jones, American basketball player
December 19 - Karl F. Lopker, American business executive (d. 2018)
December 20 - Peter May, Scottish novelist and television dramatist
December 27 - Ernesto Zedillo, 54th President of Mexico (1994-2000) 
December 29 - Georges Thurston, Canadian singer (d. 2007) December 31 - Tom Hamilton, American musician
January 2 - Harald Bohr, Danish mathematician and footballer (b. 1887) 
January 3 - Georgios Drossinis, Greek author, poet, scholar and editor (b. 1859)
January 6 - Maila Talvio, Finnish writer, nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1871)
January 10 - Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
January 16 - Tsunejir? Ishii, Japanese admiral (b. 1887)
January 17 - Franziskus Hennemann, South African Titular bishop and reverend (b. 1882)
January 21 - Yuriko Miyamoto, Japanese novelist (b. 1899)
January 23 - Robert J. Blackham, British general and author (b. 1868)
January 27 - Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish military leader and statesman, 6th President of Finland (b. 1867)
January 29 - Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (b. 1880) January 30 - Ferdinand Porsche, German auto engineer (b. 1875)
March 1 - Maria Dickin, British social reformer (b. 1870)
March 7 - Prince Rangsit Prayurasakdi (b. 1885)
March 8 - Charles Coleman, American actor (b. 1885)
March 10 - Kij?r? Shidehara, Japanese diplomat, 31st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1872)
March 11 - János Zsupánek, Prekmurje Slovene poet and writer (b. 1861)
March 12 - Alfred Hugenberg, German businessman and politician (b. 1865)
March 14 - Val Lewton, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1904)
March 16 - Janusz J?drzejewicz, Polish politician and educator, 24th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1885)
March 17 - Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria (b. 1888)
March 19 - Dmytro Doroshenko, Soviet political figure (b. 1882)
March 20 - Alfredo Baquerizo, 19th President of Ecuador (b. 1859)
March 21 - Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
March 24 - José Enrique Varela, Spanish military officer (b. 1871)
March 31 - Ralph Forbes, American actor (b. 1896)
April 2 - Mikhail Vladimirsky, Soviet politician (b. 1874)
April 3 - Henrik Visnapuu, Soviet poet and dramatist (b. 1890)
April 5 - Cng , Vietnamese revolutionary leader (b. 1882)
April 6 - Robert Broom, British paleontologist (b. 1866)
April 14 - Ernest Bevin, British labour leader, politician and statesman (b. 1884)
April 16 - Adolph Bolm, Russian-American dancer and choreographer (b. 1881)
April 18 - Óscar Carmona, 96th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (b. 1869)
April 19 - Frank Hopkins, American professional horseman, soldier (b. 1865)
April 20 - Ivanoe Bonomi, Italian politician and statesman, 25th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
April 21 - Lambertus Johannes Toxopeus, Dutch lepidopterist (b. 1894)
April 22 - Horace Donisthorpe, British myrmecologist (b. 1870)
April 23 - Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
April 25 - Shyam, Hindi actor (b. 1920)
April 26 - Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (b. 1886) April 29 - Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian philosopher (b. 1889)
May 1 - Clement Sheptytsky, Soviet Orthodox priest, martyr and blessed (b. 1869)
May 3 - Homero Manzi, Argentine Tango lyricist and author (b. 1907)
May 6 - Henri Carton de Wiart, 23rd Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1869)
May 7 - Warner Baxter, American actor (b. 1889)
May 8 - Pat Hartigan, American actor and director (b. 1881)
May 10 - Nikola Mushanov, 23rd Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1872)
May 16 - François Hussenot, French engineer (b. 1912)
May 18 - Gaspar Agüero Barreras, Cuban composer, pianist and composer (b. 1873)
May 20 - Marguerite Merington, English-American author (b. 1857)
May 23 - Antonio Gandusio, Italian actor (b. 1875)
May 24 - Thomas N. Heffron, American silent film director (b. 1872)
May 27 - Sir Thomas Blamey, Australian field marshal (b. 1884)
June 4 - Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-born conductor (b. 1874)
June 9 - Mayo Methot, American actress (b. 1904)
June 11 - Takuma Nishimura, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1899)
June 13 - Ben Chifley, Australian politician, 16th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
June 16 - Pyotr Pavlenko, Soviet writer and screenwriter (b. 1899)
June 21 - Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer, discovered two moons of Jupiter ( Himalia and Elara) (b. 1867)
June 25 - Ferdinand Budicki, Croatian pioneer (b. 1871)
June 27 - David Warfield, American stage actor (b. 1866)
June 28 - Maria Pia Mastena, Italian Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (b. 1881) June 29 - Juan Rivero Torres, Bolivian engineer and statesman (b. 1897)
August 3 - Bee Ho Gray, American Wild West star, silent film actor and vaudeville performer (b. 1885)
August 6 - Anthony Brancato, American criminal (b. 1914)
August 14 - William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (b. 1863)
August 15 - Artur Schnabel, Austrian-born Jewish classical pianist (b. 1882)
August 16 - Louis Jouvet, French actor and director (b. 1887)
August 19 - W?adys?aw Wróblewski, Polish politician, scientist, diplomat and lawyer, provisional Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1875)
August 21 - Constant Lambert, British composer (b. 1905)
August 23 - María Cadilla, Puerto Rican writer, educator and activist (b. 1884)
August 26 - Bill Barilko, Canadian hockey player (b. 1927)
August 28 - Robert Walker, American actor (b. 1918) August 31 - Paul Demel, Czech actor (b. 1903)
September 2 - Antoine Bibesco, Romanian aristocrat, lawyer, diplomat and writer (b. 1878)
September 5 - Mário Eloy, Portuguese painter (b. 1900)
September 10 - Giuseppe Mulè, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1885)
September 15 - Jacinto Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1895)
September 26 - Ioan Dim?ncescu, Romania army officer (b. 1898)
September 27 - Augusto de Vasconcelos, Portuguese surgeon, politician and diplomat, 57th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1867) September 29 - Thomas Cahill, American soccer coach (b. 1864)
December 1 - Felix Petyrek, Austrian composer (b. 1892)
December 4 - Pedro Salinas, Spanish poet (b. 1891)
December 5 - Shoeless Joe Jackson, American baseball player ( Chicago White Sox) (b. 1889)
December 10 - Algernon Blackwood, British writer (b. 1869)
December 12 - Bill Patton, American actor (b. 1894)
December 15 - Eric Drummond, 7th Earl of Perth, British diplomat, 1st Secretary-General of the League of Nations (b. 1876)
December 20 - Anton Durcovici, Austro-Hungarian born Romanian Roman Catholic bishop and blessed (b. 1888)
December 23 - Enrique Santos Discépolo, Argentine tango and milonga musician and composer (b. 1901)
December 24 - Raffaele Rossetti, Italian engineer and military naval officer (b. 1881) December 31 - Maxim Litvinov, Russian revolutionary and Soviet diplomat (b. 1876)
"Groundnuts Plan Modified". (51895). London. January 10, 1951. p. 6. The Times
"This Day in Tech History Wired, February 4, 2010". Wired.com. February 4, 1951 . Retrieved 2013.
"50th anniversary of the UNIVAC I". CNN. June 14, 2001 . Retrieved 2010.
"1951: Churchill wins general election". . October 26, 1951. BBC News Archived from the original on October 29, 2010 . Retrieved 2010.
"BBC ON THIS DAY - 2". news.bbc.co.uk.
"Columbia Founds War-Peace Study" (PDF). . December 10, 1951. The New York Times
"Key Dates for the Marshall Plan". For European Recovery: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marshall Plan. Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress. July 11, 2005. Archived from the original on October 13, 2009 . Retrieved 2009.
^ a b "Year by Year 1951".
History Channel International.
Ed Yong, Special to CNN (March 25, 2014). "Scientists race to eliminate malaria as 'wonder drug' loses its powers". CNN.
"7 Devastating Infectious Diseases". LiveScience.com.
"Dead at 68: Christie Blatchford was a tenacious voice for victims, a thorn to the smug | National Post". February 12, 2020.
"Ernesto Zedillo" (in Spanish). Busca Biografias . Retrieved 2019.
^ Jagdish Mehra, Helmut Rechenberg (2000).
The Historical Development of Quantum Theory