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1955 ( MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 955th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.
January 3 - José Ramón Guizado becomes president of Panama.
January 5 - The Strömsund Bridge in Sweden is completed, being the first significant cable-stayed bridge of the modern era. 
January 7 - Marian Anderson is the first African-American singer to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.
January 17 - USS , the first Nautilus nuclear-powered submarine, puts to sea for the first time, from Groton, Connecticut.
January 18- 20 - Battle of Yijiangshan Islands: The Chinese Communist People's Liberation Army seizes the islands from the Republic of China (Taiwan).
January 22 - In the United States, The Pentagon announces a plan to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), armed with nuclear weapons.
January 23 - The Sutton Coldfield rail crash kills 17, near Birmingham, England.
January 25 - The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union announces the end of the war between the USSR and Germany, which began during World War II in 1941. January 28 - The United States Congress authorizes President Dwight D. Eisenhower to use force to protect Formosa from the People's Republic of China.
February 9 - Apartheid in South Africa: 60,000 non-white residents of the Sophiatown suburb of Johannesburg are forcibly evicted.
February 10 - The United States Seventh Fleet helps the Republic of China evacuate the Chinese Nationalist army and residents from the Tachen Islands to Taiwan.
February 16 - Nearly 100 die in a fire at a home for the elderly in Yokohama, Japan.
February 19 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established, at a meeting in Bangkok.
February 22 - In Chicago's Democratic primary, Mayor Martin H. Kennelly loses to the head of the Cook County Democratic Party, Richard J. Daley, 364,839 to 264,077. February 24 - The Baghdad Pact (CENTO), originally known as Middle East Treaty Organization (METO), is signed between Iraq and Turkey. 
Claudette Colvin, a 15-year-old African-American girl, refuses to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, to a white woman after the driver demands it. She is carried off the bus backwards, while being kicked, handcuffed and harassed on the way to the police station. She becomes a plaintiff in (1956), which rules bus segregation to be unconstitutional. Browder v. Gayle Serious floods occur in Australia.
WBBJ-TV signs on the air in Jackson, Tennessee, with WDXI as its initial call-letters, to expand American commercial television in mostly rural areas. Elvis Presley makes his television debut on "Louisiana Hayride", carried by KSLA-TV Shreveport in the United States. 
March 7 - The Broadway musical version of , which had opened in Peter Pan 1954 starring Mary Martin, is presented on television for the first time by NBC-TV, with its original cast, as an installment of . It is also the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV, almost exactly as it was performed on stage. This program gains the largest viewership of a TV special up to this time, and it becomes one of the first great TV family musical classics. Producers' Showcase
March 17 - Richard Riot in Montreal: 6,000 people protest the suspension of French Canadian ice hockey star Maurice Richard of the Montreal Canadiens by the National Hockey League, following a violent incident during a match.
March 19 - KXTV signs on the air in Sacramento, California, as the 100th commercial television station in the United States. March 20 - The movie adaptation of Evan Hunter's novel premieres in the United States, featuring the famous single " Blackboard Jungle Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets. Teenagers jump from their seats to dance to the song.
May 5 - West Germany becomes a sovereign country, recognized by important Western countries such as France, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States.
May 6 - The Western European Union Charter becomes effective.
May 7 - Newcastle United F.C. in England win the Football League First Division title for the fourth time; they will not win it again within the following 60 years.
May 11 - Japanese National Railways' ferry after collision with sister ship Shiun Maru sinks Uko Maru, in thick fog off Takamatsu, Shikoku, in the Seto Inland Sea of Japan; 166 passengers (many children) and 2 crew members are killed. This event is influential in plans to construct the Akashi Kaiky? Bridge (built 1986-98).
May 12 - New York's Third Avenue Elevated runs its last train between Chatham Square in Manhattan and East 149th Street in the Bronx, thus ending elevated train service in Manhattan.
May 14 - Warrington win the British Rugby League Championship title for the third time; they will not win it again within the following 60 years.
May 14 - Eight Communist Bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defence treaty in Warsaw, Poland, that is called the Warsaw Pact (it will be dissolved in 1991).
May 15 - The Austrian State Treaty, which restores Austria's national sovereignty, is concluded between the 4 occupying powers following World War II (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and France) and Austria, setting it up as a neutral country. May 25 - Joe Brown and George Band are the first to attain the summit of Kangchenjunga in the Himalayas, as part of the British Kangchenjunga expedition led by Charles Evans.
July 7 - The New Zealand Special Air Service is formed.
July 13 - Ruth Ellis is hanged for murder in London, becoming the last woman ever to be executed in the United Kingdom.
July 17 - The Disneyland theme park opens in Anaheim, California, an event broadcast on the American Broadcasting Company television network.
The first nuclear-generated electrical power is sold commercially, partially powering the town of
Arco, Idaho. Illinois Governor
William Stratton signs the Loyalty Oath Act, passed by the state legislature, which mandates all public employees take a loyalty oath to Illinois and the United States, or lose their jobs. The first Geneva Summit meeting between the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France begins. It ends on July 23.
July 22 - In Long Beach, California, U.S.A., Hillevi Rombin of Sweden is crowned Miss Universe.
July 27 - El Al Flight 402 from Vienna (Austria) to Tel Aviv, via Istanbul, is shot down over Bulgaria. All 58 passengers and crewmen aboard the Lockheed Constellation are killed. July 28 - The first Interlingua Congress is held in Tours, France, leading to the foundation of the Union Mundial pro Interlingua.
October 2 - debuts on the Alfred Hitchcock Presents CBS TV network in the United States.
October 3 - debuts on the The Mickey Mouse Club ABC-TV network in the United States.
October 4 - The Reverend Sun Myung Moon is released from prison in Seoul, South Korea.
October 5 - Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in Anaheim, California.
October 11 - 70-mm film for projection is introduced, with the theatrical release of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical film, . Oklahoma!
October 14 - The Organization of Central American States secretariat is inaugurated.
October 20 - Disc jockey Bill Randle of WERE ( Cleveland) is the key presenter of a concert at Brooklyn High School (Ohio), featuring Pat Boone and Bill Haley & His Comets, and opening with Elvis Presley (Elvis's first filmed performance), for a documentary on Randle titled . The Pied Piper of Cleveland
October 27 - The film , starring Rebel Without a Cause James Dean, is released in the United States. October 29 - Soviet battleship explodes at moorings in Novorossiysk Sevastopol Bay, killing 608 (the Soviet Union's worst naval disaster to date).
December 1 - In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refuses to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger, and is arrested, leading to the Montgomery bus boycott.
December 4 - The International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations is founded in Luxembourg.
December 9 - Adnan Menderes of DP forms the new government of Turkey (22nd government).
December 10 - 1955 Australian federal election: Robert Menzies' Liberal/ Country Coalition Government is re-elected with a substantially increased majority, defeating the Labor Party led by H. V. Evatt. This election comes in the immediate aftermath of the devastating split in the Labor Party, which leads to the formation of the Democratic Labor Party. The DLP will preference against Labor, and keep the Coalition in office until 1972.
Tappan Zee Bridge over the Hudson River, in New York State, opens to traffic. Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and Sri Lanka join the United Nations simultaneously, after several years of moratorium on admitting new members that began during the Korean War.
December 20 - Cardiff is declared by the British Government as the capital of Wales.
December 22 - American cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio discovers the correct number of human chromosomes, forty-six. December 31
World population World population: 2,755,823,000
South America: 190,797,000
North America: 186,884,000
January 4 – Mark Hollis, English musician (d. 2019) 
January 5 - Mamata Banerjee, Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal
January 6 – Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor
January 7 – Belinda Meuldijk, Dutch actress
January 8 – Mike Reno, Canadian musician
January 12 - Kerry-Lynne Findlay, Canadian politician
January 16 - Mary Karr, American poet
January 17 - Steve Earle, American musician
January 20 - Wyatt Knight, American actor (d. 2011)
January 21 - Jeff Koons, American artist 
January 22 - Sonja Morgenstern, German figure skater
January 25 - Olivier Assayas, French film director
January 30 – Mychal Thompson, Bahamian basketball player
February 1 – Hans Werner Olm, German television and film comedian
February 2 – Leszek Engelking, Polish poet, writer and translator
Mike Horner, American pornographic film actor
Kirsty Wark, Scottish television presenter
February 4 – Joseph D. Kernan, American military officer, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence
February 5 - Melanie Johnson, British politician
February 7 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor (d. 2017)
February 9 – Charles Shaughnessy, English actor
February 13 – Hank Risan, American scientist
February 16 – Bradley Byrne, American business attorney and politician, Alabama
February 17 – Mo Yan, Chinese writer
February 18 – Cheetah Chrome, American musician
February 20 - Mack Wilberg, American composer
February 21 - Kelsey Grammer, American actor and comedian
February 22 - David Axelrod, American political analyst
February 25 – Leann Hunley, American television actress
February 27 – Grady Booch, American software engineer February 28 – Gilbert Gottfried, American actor and comedian
March 2 - Shoko Asahara, Japanese cult leader ( Aum Shinrikyo) (d. 2018)
March 3 - Kent Derricott, Canadian TV personality in Japan
March 4 - Dominique Pinon, French actor
March 8 - Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981)
March 11 - Nina Hagen, German pop singer
March 12 - Richard Martini, American film director
March 14 - Stephen R. Bissette, American comics artist
March 17 - Gary Sinise, American actor, producer and director
Moses Malone, American basketball player (d. 2015) Susan Schwab, American politician, who served under President George W. Bush as United States Trade Representative
March 25 - Wendy Larry, American head coach of the Old Dominion University Lady Monarchs women's basketball team
March 26 - Danny Arndt, Canadian ice hockey player
March 27 - Mariano Rajoy, Prime Minister of Spain
March 28 - Reba McEntire, American country singer and actress
April 1 - Ockie Oosthuizen, South African rugby union player (d. 2019)
April 3 - Mick Mars, American rock guitarist ( Mötley Crüe)
April 5 - Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
April 6 - Michael Rooker, American actor
April 9 - Kate Heyhoe, American food writer
April 10 - Philip J. Hanlon, American mathematician and computer science, 18th President of Dartmouth College
April 11 - Kevin Brady, American politician, Texas's 8th congressional district
April 12 - Fred Ryan, Chief Executive Officer of The Washington Post
April 14 - Don Roos, American screenwriter
April 18 - Bobby Castillo, American baseball player (d. 2014)
April 20 - Rotimi Fani-Kayode, Nigerian-born British photographer (d. 1989)
Karon O. Bowdre, United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama.
John Nunn, English chess player and mathematician Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor
April 26 - Chen Daoming, Chinese actor
James Risen, American Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter and author
Eric Schmidt, American software engineer and businessman, CEO of Google (2001-2011) Jing Yidan, Chinese former television host
April 30 - Zlatko Top?i?, Bosnian writer and screenwriter
June 1 - Chiyonofuji Mitsugu, Japanese sumo wrestler (58th Yokozuna grand champion) (d. 2016)
June 2 - Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian
June 3 - Daniel Filmus, Argentine politician, member of the Chamber of Deputies of Argentina
June 4 - Mary Testa, American film actress
June 5 - Fernando Borrego Linares, Cuban singer and songwriter (aka Polo Montañez)
June 11 - Yuriy Sedykh, Ukrainian hammer thrower
June 12 - William Langewiesche, American author
June 13 - John E. Jones III, American justice
Tito Rojas, Puerto Rican salsa singer and songwriter (d. 2020)
Kim Lankford, American actress, businesswoman and horse wrangler Paul O'Grady (also known as "Lily Savage"), English talk show host and comedian
June 16 - Laurie Metcalf, American actress
June 18 - Sandy Allen, American, world's tallest woman (d. 2008)
June 20 - Tor Nørretranders, Danish author
June 22 - Choi Kyoung-hwan, South Korean politician; Prime Minister of South Korea
June 24 - Nobuhiro Kiyotaki, Japanese economist and professor
June 25 - Víctor Manuel Vucetich, Mexican footballer and manager
June 27 - Isabelle Adjani, French actress June 30 - Egils Levits, President of Latvia
July 4 - Víctor Reymundo Nájera, Mexican politician
July 13 - Yoshitaka Tamba, Japanese actor
July 14 - Ramon Jimenez Jr., Filipino attorney
July 19 - Karen Cheryl, French singer, actress, radio and television presenter
July 20 - Edgar Zambrano, Venezuelan lawyer and politician 
July 25 - Iman, Somalian model
July 27 - Allan Border, Australian cricketer July 31 - Jakie Quartz, French singer
August 1 - Paul Shrubb, English professional footballer, coach and scout (d. 2020)
August 8 - Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter
August 9 - Doug Williams, American football quarterback
August 10 - Mel Tiangco, Filipina television anchor, journalist and humanitarian
August 13 - Daryl, American magician (d. 2017)
August 14 - Gillian Taylforth, English television actress
August 17 - Richard Hilton, American businessman
August 20 - Agnes Chan, Hong Kong-born TV personality in Japan
August 23 - David Learner, British actor, Stephen M.Papuzek
August 24 - Mike Huckabee, American politician, Governor and 2008 Presidential candidate
August 25 - John McGeoch, Scottish musician (d. 2004)
August 31 - Edwin Moses, American athlete
September 6 - Raymond Benson, American author
September 7 - Efim Zelmanov, Russian mathematician
September 12 - Peter Scolari, American actor and comedian
September 13 - Dan Ghica-Radu, Romanian general
September 18 - Bob Papenbrook, American voice actor (d. 2006)
September 19 - Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer and musician (d. 2006)
September 21 - Richard Hieb, American astronaut
September 24 - Shinbo Nomura, Japanese manga artist
September 28 - Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
October 1 - P. B. Abdul Razak, Indian politician (d. 2018)
October 2 - Philip Oakey, English synth-pop singer-songwriter ( The Human League)
October 3 - Tommy Wiseau, American film director and actor, known for the 2003 "dark comedy" The Room
October 4 - Dane Sorensen, New Zealand rugby league player
Clinton Bennett, British scholar of religions, specialist in the study of Islam Yo-Yo Ma, French-born Chinese American cellist
October 12 - Pat DiNizio, American singer-songwriter ( The Smithereens) (d. 2017)
October 13 - Sergei Shepelev, Russian ice hockey player
October 17 - Tyrone Mitchell, American murderer (d. 1984)
October 30 - Jeremy Black, British historian October 31 - Eduardo V. Manalo, 3rd Executive Minister ( Tagapamahalang Pangkalahatan) of the (Church of Christ) Iglesia ni Cristo
November 1 - Joe Arroyo, Colombian salsa and tropical music singer (d. 2011)
November 2 - Chris Burnett, American saxophone player, composer, veteran of US military jazz bands and band leader
November 6 - Maria Shriver, American television journalist, host; former First Lady of California
November 9 - Karen Dotrice, Guernsey-born child actress
November 10 - Roland Emmerich, German film director
November 11 - Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan
November 13 - Whoopi Goldberg, African-American actress and comedian
November 19 - Dianne de Leeuw, Dutch figure skater
November 20 - Ray Ozzie, American computer programmer
November 22 - George Alagiah, Ceylonese-born British newsreader, journalist and television news presenter
November 25 - Bruno Tonioli, film, music video and theater choreographer
November 26 -
November 27 - Bill Nye, American science presenter and public television host
November 28 - Alessandro Altobelli, Italian football player
November 29 - Howie Mandel, Canadian actor and game show host November 30
December 4 - Maurizio Bianchi, Italian musician
December 7 - Priscilla Barnes, American actress
December 12 - Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek politician and businesswoman
December 13 - Manohar Parrikar, Indian politician (d. 2019)
December 14 - Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (d. 1991)
December 16 - Xander Berkeley, American actor
December 17 - Brad Davis, American basketball player
December 21 - Jane Kaczmarek, American actress
December 27 - Barbara Olson, American television commentator (d. 2001)
December 28 - Liu Xiaobo, Chinese literary critic and human rights activist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 2017) December 31 - Jim Tracy, American baseball player and manager
January 1 - Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Indian scientist (b. 1894)
January 2 - José Antonio Remón Cantera, 19th President of Panama (assassinated) (b. 1908)
January 6 - Yevgeny Tarle, Soviet historian (b. 1874)
January 11 - Rodolfo Graziani, Italian general (b. 1882)
January 21 - Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880)
January 22 - Jonni Myyrä, Finnish-American athlete (b. 1892)
January 24 - Ira Hayes, U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (b. 1923)
January 29 - Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1903) January 31 - John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
March 3 - Katharine Drexel, American Roman Catholic foundress and saint (b. 1858)
March 8 - William C. deMille, American screenwriter and director (b. 1878)
March 9 - Matthew Henson, American explorer (b. 1866)
March 11 - Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1881) 
March 12 - Charlie Parker, American saxophonist (b. 1920)
March 16 - Nicolas de Staël, Russian painter (b. 1914)
March 19 - Mihály Károlyi, 1st President of Hungary and 20th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1875)
March 23 - Arthur Bernardes, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875) March 24 - John W. Davis, American politician, diplomat, and lawyer (b. 1873)
November 1 - Dale Carnegie, American writer and lecturer (b. 1888)
November 4 - Cy Young, American baseball player ( Cleveland Spiders) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1867)
November 5 - Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
November 7 - Tom Powers, American actor (b. 1890)
November 12 - Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer and architect (b. 1878)
November 14 - Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (b. 1896)
November 15 - Lloyd Bacon, American actor and director (b. 1889)
November 17 - Helmuth Weidling, German general (b. 1891)
November 22 - Shemp Howard, American actor and comedian ( The Three Stooges) (b. 1895) November 27 - Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (b. 1892)
December 5 - Jir? Minami, Japanese general and Governor-General of Korea (1936-1942) (b. 1874)
December 6 - Honus Wagner, American baseball player ( Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1874)
December 8 - Hermann Weyl, German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher (b. 1885)
December 13 - António Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1874)
December 15 - Otto Braun, German politician, former Minister President of the Free State of Prussia (b. 1872)
December 21 - Garegin Nzhdeh, Armenian statesman (b. 1886) December 24 - Nana Bryant, American actress (b. 1888)
"Strömsund Bridge (1955)". Structurae . Retrieved 2010.
United States. National Archives and Records Administration; Robert B. Matchette (1995). . National Archives and Records Administration. p. 579. Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States: Record groups 171-515 ISBN . 978-0-16-048312-7
^ Although audio recordings exist, there is no known video footage of this appearance.
"Name of Technical Sergeant Richard B. Fitzgibbon to be added to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial". Department of Defense (DoD). Archived from the original on October 20, 2013.
Marsh, James; Roberts, Chris; Benjamin, Toby (2015) [1st pub. 2012]. Spirit of Talk Talk (expanded paperback ed.). London: Rocket 88. p. 31. ISBN . 978-1-906615-95-6
Editors of Chase's (September 30, 2018). . Rowman & Littlefield. p. 95. Chase's Calendar of Events 2019: The Ultimate Go-to Guide for Special Days, Weeks and Months ISBN . 978-1-64143-264-1 CS1 maint: extra text: authors list ( link)
B. Turner (January 12, 2017). . Springer. p. 468. The Statesman's Yearbook 2008: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World ISBN . 978-1-349-74024-6
"Biography by Stephen Thomas Erlewine". AllMusic . Retrieved 2009.
"5 de enero, el día que la Asamblea Nacional tuvo dos presidentes". Efecto Cocuyo. January 6, 2020 . Retrieved 2020.
"BBC - History - Alexander Fleming". bbc.co.uk . Retrieved 2017.
"Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor: Biografía y Gobierno" [Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor: Biography and Government] (in Spanish). lifeder.com . Retrieved 2019.
"Manuel Ávila Camacho" (in Spanish). Biografias y Vidas . Retrieved 2019.