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1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1958th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 958th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1950s decade.
February 1 – Egypt and Syria unite, to form the United Arab Republic. 
February 2 – The word Aerospace is coined, from the words Aeroplane (aero) and Spacecraft (space), taking into consideration that the Earth's atmosphere and outerspace is to be one, or a single realm.
February 6 – Seven Manchester United footballers are among the 21 people killed in the Munich air disaster in West Germany, on the return flight from a European Cup game in Yugoslavia. 23 people survive, but 4 of them, including manager Matt Busby and players Johnny Berry and Duncan Edwards, are in serious condition. Busby and Berry will pull through, although Berry will never play again. Edwards dies a fortnight later. 
February 14 – The Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan unite in the Arab Federation, with King Faisal II of Iraq as head of state.
February 17 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare the patron saint of television.
February 20 – A test rocket explodes at Cape Canaveral.
February 21 – A peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
February 24 – In Cuba, Fidel Castro's begins broadcasting from Radio Rebelde Sierra Maestra.
February 25 – Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. February 28 – One of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history occurs at Prestonburg, Kentucky; 27 are killed.
March 2 – A British Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition team, led by Sir Vivian Fuchs, completes the first overland crossing of the Antarctic, using snowcat caterpillar tractors and dogsled teams, in 99 days, via the South Pole.
March 8 – The USS is decommissioned, leaving the United States Navy without an active battleship for the first time since Wisconsin 1896 (she is recommissioned October 22, 1988).
March 11 – A U.S. B-47 bomber accidentally drops an atom bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina. Without a fissile warhead, its conventional explosives destroy a house and injure several people.
March 17 – The Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization ( IMCO) enters into force, founding the IMCO as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
March 17 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
March 24 – The U.S. Army inducts Elvis Presley, transforming The King Of Rock & Roll into U.S. Private #53310761.
March 25 – Canada's Avro Arrow makes its maiden flight.
May 9 – Actor-singer Paul Robeson, whose passport has been reinstated, sings in a sold-out one-man recital at Carnegie Hall. The recital is such a success, that Robeson gives another one at Carnegie Hall a few days later; but, after this, Robeson is seldom seen in public in the United States again. His Carnegie Hall concerts are later released on records and on CD.
May 10 – Interviewed in the Chave d'Ouro café, when asked about his rival António de Oliveira Salazar, Humberto Delgado utters one of the most famous comments in Portuguese political history: "Obviamente, demito-o! (Obviously, I'll sack him!)".
May 12 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3. MGM's opens in New York City, beginning its run in the U.S. after being shown at the Cannes film festival. The last of the great MGM musicals, it will become a huge critical and box office success, and win 9 Academy Awards, including Best Picture. Gigi Gigi is Lerner and Loewe's first musical written especially for film, and is deliberately written in a style evoking the team's , which is still playing on Broadway at the time and cannot yet be filmed. My Fair Lady
May 18 – An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h).
May 20 – Fulgencio Batista's government launches a counteroffensive against Castro's rebels.
May 21 – United Kingdom Postmaster General Ernest Marples announces that from December, Subscriber Trunk Dialling will be introduced in the Bristol area. 
May 22 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the first American elected official to be broadcast on color television.
May 23 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
May 28 – Real Madrid beats A.C. Milan 3-2 at Heysel Stadium, Brussels and wins the 1957-58 European Cup (football). May 30 – The bodies of unidentified United States soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns, in Arlington National Cemetery.
Charles de Gaulle is brought out of retirement at Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, to lead France by decree for 6 months. Iceland extends its fishing limits to 12 miles (22.2 km).
June 2 – In San Simeon, California, Hearst Castle opens to the public for guided tours. 
June 4 – French President Charles de Gaulle visits Algeria.
June 8 – The SS is launched; she will be the largest Edmund Fitzgerald Lake freighter for more than a dozen years.
June 15 – Pizza Hut is founded by Dan and Frank Carney, in Wichita, Kansas.
June 16 – Imre Nagy and other leaders of the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1956 are hanged for treason, following secret trials.
June 20 – The iron barque Omega of Callao, Peru (built in Liverpool, 1887), sinks on passage carrying guano from the Pachacamac Islands for Huacho, the world's last full-rigged ship trading under sail alone. 
June 27 – The Peronist Party becomes legal again in Argentina.
June 29 – Brazil beats Sweden 5-2 in the final game, to win the football World Cup in Sweden. June 30 – The Ifni War ends in Spanish Sahara.
October October –
GoldStar, as predecessor for LG Electronics, founded in South Korea.
October 2 – Guinea declares itself independent from France.
October 9 – Pope Pius XII dies.
October 10 – The private detective drama series, , premieres on 77 Sunset Strip ABC.
October 11 – , the second and most successful of the 3 project Pioneer 1 Able space probes, becomes the first spacecraft launched by the newly formed NASA.
October 13 – Penny Coelen is crowned as Miss World 1958 during the 8th Miss World Pageant, the first South African to win the title.
October 16 – The long-running BBC Television children's programme is first broadcast. Blue Peter 
October 17 – , the first television show recorded on color videotape, is broadcast on An Evening with Fred Astaire NBC in the United States.
October 18 – The first video game, "Tennis for Two," invented by William Higinbotham, is introduced at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Visitors' Day Exhibit in the United States.
October 19 – The Great Chinese Famine begins.
October 21 – The Life Peerages Act entitles women to sit in the British House of Lords for the first time. The Baronesses Swanborough ( Stella Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading) and Wootton ( Barbara Wootton, Baroness Wootton of Abinger) are the first to take their seats.
October 23 – The Nobel Committee announces Russian novelist Boris Pasternak as the winner of the 1958 Prize for Literature.
October 26 – A Pan American World Airways Boeing 707 makes its first transatlantic flight. October 28 – Pope John XXIII succeeds Pope Pius XII, as the 261st pope.
December 9 – The right-wing John Birch Society is founded in the United States by Robert W. Welch Jr., a retired candy manufacturer.
December 14 – The becomes the first ever to reach the Southern 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition Pole of Inaccessibility.
December 15 – Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes of Bell Laboratories publish a paper in setting out the principles of the Physical Review Letters optical laser.
December 19 – A message from U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower is broadcast from the SCORE satellite.
December 21 – General Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France with 78.5% of the votes.
December 24 – 1958 BOAC Bristol Britannia crash: A BOAC Bristol Britannia (312 G-AOVD) crashes near Winkton, England during a test flight.
December 25 – Tchaikovsky's ballet (the The Nutcracker George Balanchine version) is shown on prime-time television in color for the first time, as an episode of the CBS anthology series . Playhouse 90
December 28 – In American football, the Baltimore Colts beat the New York Giants 23-17 to win the NFL Championship Game, the first to go into sudden death overtime and "The Greatest Game Ever Played". 
December 29 – Rebel troops under Che Guevara begin to invade Santa Clara, Cuba. Fulgencio Batista resigns two days later, on the night of the 31st.
December 30 – The Guatemalan Air Force fires on Mexican fishing boats which had strayed into Guatemalan territory, triggering the Mexico-Guatemala conflict. December 31 – Tallies reveal that, for the first time, the total of passengers carried by air this year exceeds the total carried by sea in transatlantic service.
January 2 – Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
January 4 – Matt Frewer, Canadian-American actor ( Max Headroom)
January 5 – Junko Yagami, Japanese singer and songwriter
January 6 – Shlomo Glickstein, Israeli tennis player 
January 7 – Yasmin Ahmad, Malaysian film director, writer and scriptwriter (d. 2009)
January 8 – Betsy DeVos, American businesswoman and politician, 11th Secretary of Education
January 15 – Boris Tadi?, Serbian president
January 21 – Hussein Saeed Mohammed, Iraqi football player
January 24 – Jools Holland, British musician
January 28 – Maitê Proença, Brazilian actress January 31 – Mamoon al-Farkh, Syrian actor and theatre director (d. 2020)
March 1 – Nik Kershaw, English singer
March 3 – Miranda Richardson, English actress
March 4 – Patricia Heaton, American actress
March 5 – Andy Gibb, English singer, songwriter, performer, and teen idol (d. 1988)
March 7 – Rik Mayall, English comedian and actor (d. 2014) 
March 8 – Gary Numan, British singer
March 20 – Holly Hunter, American actress
March 21 – Gary Oldman, English actor and filmmaker
March 24 – Roland Koch, German politician
March 27 – Jessica Soho, Philippine television celebrity and reporter
March 30 – Lucy Turnbull, Lord Mayor of Sydney, wife of Malcolm Turnbull March 31
April 3 – Alec Baldwin, American actor
April 7 – Shinobu Adachi, Japanese voice actress
April 9 – Nadey Hakim, British-Lebanese surgeon and sculptor 
April 10 – Yefim Bronfman, Russian-born pianist
April 12 – Ginka Zagorcheva, Bulgarian athlete
April 15 – Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer and musician
April 24 – Susan Tsvangirai, Spouse of the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (d. 2009)
April 25 – Luis Guillermo Solís, President of Costa Rica 
April 26 – Giancarlo Esposito, Italian-American actor April 29 – Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress 
June 1 – Nambaryn Enkhbayar, Mongolian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Mongolia
June 2 – Lex Luger, former American professional wrestler
June 3 – Margot Käßmann, Lutheran theologian, German bishop
June 5 – Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, Comoroan businessman and politician, President of Comoros
June 7 – Prince, African-American musician (d. 2016)
June 8 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, African-American comedian, actor, and director
June 15 – Wade Boggs, American baseball player
June 17 – Jello Biafra, American punk musician and activist (Dead Kennedys)
June 18 – Peter Altmaier, German jurist and politician, Federal Minister for Special Affairs of Germany
June 19 – Sergei Makarov, Russian ice-hockey player and coach
June 20 – Teiy? Ichiry?sai, Japanese voice actress
June 24 – Tom Lister Jr., American actor and professional wrestler (d. 2020) 
June 25 – Serik Akhmetov, 8th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
June 27 – Magnus Lindberg, Finnish composer
June 28 – Félix Gray, French singer and songwriter
July 1 – Tom Magee, Canadian world champion powerlifter and strongman competitor
July 3 – Didier Mouron, Swiss artist
July 6 – Jennifer Saunders, British comedian and actress
July 7 – Michala Petri, Danish recorder player
July 12 – Valery Kipelov, Russian music artist and composer
July 13 – Arun Pandian, Indian film actor, director, producer and politician
July 14 – Jujie Luan, Chinese-Canadian fencer
July 17 - Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong second wave filmmaker
July 18 - Malou de Guzman, Filipino stage, television and film actress
July 20 – Bala Garba Jahumpa, Gambian politician
July 22 – Tatsunori Hara, Japanese professional-baseball coach and player
July 26 – Jesús Barrero, Mexican actor and voice actor (d. 2016)
July 30 – Kate Bush, English musician July 31 – Mark Cuban, American entrepreneur and basketball team owner
August 2 – Sh? Hayami, Japanese voice actor and singer
August 3 – Lambert Wilson, French actor
August 5 – Andriy Fedetskyi, Ukrainian football player (d. 2018)
August 10 – Rami Hamdallah, Palestine politician
August 13 – Lizzie Grey, American musician (d. 2019)
August 17 – Belinda Carlisle, American singer
August 19 – Brendan Nelson, Australian politician
August 24 – Steve Guttenberg, American actor
August 25 – Tim Burton, American film director
August 27 – Normand Brathwaite, African-Canadian comedian and television and radio host
August 31 – Julie Brown, American actress
September 2 – Zdravko Krivokapi?, Montenegrin politician, Prime Minister of Montenegro
September 6 – Jeff Foxworthy, American comedian, actor and author 
September 11 – Julia Nickson-Soul, Singapore actress
September 13 – Pawe? Przytocki, Polish conductor
September 15 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (d. 2005)
September 16 – Jennifer Tilly, Canadian/American actress
September 17 – Janez Jan?a, 2-Time Prime Minister of Slovenia
September 18 – Rachid Taha, Algerian singer and activist (d. 2018)
September 19 – Lita Ford, British musician
September 21 – Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
Eduardo Cunha, Brazilian politician, former President of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil Tom Buhrow, German journalist and intendant of the WDR
October 3 – Chen Yanyin, Chinese sculptor
October 5 – Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist and science communicator
October 8 – Ursula von der Leyen, German politician, President of the European Commission
October 9 – Michael Paré, American actor
October 10 – Tanya Tucker, American singer
October 13 – Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi journalist (d. 2018)
October 14 – Peter Kloeppel, German television journalist
October 15 – Masako Katsuki, Japanese voice actress
October 17 – Alan Jackson, American country singer and songwriter
October 23 – Hiroyuki Kinoshita, Japanese actor and voice actor
October 25 – Kornelia Ender, German swimmer 
October 26 – Pascale Ogier, French actress (d. 1984)
October 27 – Simon Le Bon, English rock singer
October 28 – Raúl Pellegrin, Chilean revolutionary, leader of Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (d. 1988)
October 31 - Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
November unknown date –
Geng Yanbo, Chinese politician
November 5 – Robert Patrick, American actor
November 7 – Dmitry Kozak, Russian politician and deputy Prime Minister of Russia
November 8 – Jeff Speakman, American actor and martial artist
November 10 - Vicky Rosti, Finnish singer, former Eurovision contestant
November 14 – Sergio Goyri, Mexican actor
November 17 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, American actress and singer
November 18 – Daniel Brailovsky, Argentine-born Israeli footballer and manager 
November 25 – Alice Cohen, American singer and fine artist
November 27 – Tetsuya Komuro, Japanese music producer and songwriter November 30 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
December 2 – Mina Asami, Japanese actress
December 6 – Nick Park, English filmmaker and animator
December 11 – Nikki Sixx, American rock musician
December 14 – François Zocchetto, French politician
December 15 – Alfredo Ormando, Italian writer (d. 1998)
December 16 – Katie Leigh, American voice actress
December 18 – Julia Wolfe, American composer
December 26 – Mieko Harada, Japanese actress
December 29 – Lakhdar Belloumi, Algerian football player December 31 – Bebe Neuwirth, American actress
January 1 – Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
January 3 – Cafer Tayyar E?ilmez, Turkish general (b. 1877)
January 4 – Archie Alexander, American designer and governor (b. 1888)
January 8 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
January 9 – Karl Reinhardt, German philologist. (b. 1886)
January 11 – Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
January 13 – Jesse L. Lasky, American film producer (b. 1880)
January 16 – Aubrey Mather, English actor (b. 1885)
January 19 – Cândido Rondon, Brazilian military officer (b. 1865)
January 20 – Ataúlfo Argenta, Spanish conductor and pianist (b. 1913)
January 27 – Prince Oskar of Prussia (b. 1888) January 30
February 1 – Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
February 7 – Walter Kingsford, English actor (b. 1882)
February 10 – Aleksander Klumberg, Estonian decathlete (b. 1899)
February 11 – Ernest Jones, Welsh neurologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1879)
February 14 – Prince Heinrich of Bavaria (b. 1922)
February 16 – Situ Qiao, Chinese painter (b. 1902)
February 17 – Marguerite Snow, American actress (b. 1889)
February 20 – Thurston Hall, American actor (b. 1882)
February 21 – Duncan Edwards English footballer (b. 1936), injury in the Munich air disaster
February 27 – Harry Cohn, American film producer (b. 1891)
June 8 – Nicola da Gesturi, Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1882)
June 9 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
June 13 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
June 14 – Ibrahim Hashem, Jordanian lawyer and politician, 3-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1888)
June 20 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
June 26 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1876)
June 27 – Vytautas Augustauskas, Soviet educator (b. 1904) June 28 – Alfred Noyes, English poet (b. 1880)
July 2 – Martha Boswell, American singer (b. 1905)
July 3 – Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe, English politician, 4th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1867)
July 5 – Patriarch Vikentije II (b. 1890)
July 9 – James H. Flatley, American naval aviator and admiral (b. 1906)
July 14 (killed during coup d'état):
July 15 – Nuri al-Said, Iraqi politician, 7th Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1888)
July 18 – Henri Farman, pioneer French aviator and aircraft company founder (b. 1874)
July 20 – Franklin Pangborn, American actor (b. 1889)
July 24 – Mabel Ballin, American actress (b. 1887)
July 25 – Harry Warner, American studio executive (b. 1881)
July 26 – Iven Carl Kincheloe Jr., American Korean War fighter ace and test pilot (b. 1928)
July 27 – Claire Lee Chennault, American aviator and general, leader of the Flying Tigers (b. 1893) July 30 – William A. Glassford, American admiral (b. 1886)
August 2 – Michele Navarra, Italian Sicilian Mafia boss (b. 1905)
August 3 – Peter Collins, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1931)
August 4 – Mario Zanin, Italian Roman Catholic prelate and monsignor (b. 1890)
August 8 – Barbara Bennett, American actress (b. 1906)
August 9 – Felipe Boero, Argentine composer (b. 1884)
August 12 – Augustus Owsley Stanley, American politician, Governor of Kentucky (b. 1867)
August 18 – Bonar Colleano, American actor (b. 1924)
August 22 – Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
August 26 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
August 27 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901) August 29 – Marjorie Flack, American artist, illustrator and writer (b. 1897)
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