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1960 ( MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1960th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 960th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1960s decade.
It is also known as the "
Year of Africa" because of major events--particularly the independence of seventeen African nations--that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
January 1 - Cameroon gains its independence from French-administered U.N. trusteeship.
January 2 - U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (D-MA) announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
January 6 - The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties.
January 9 - Four groups apply to register as political parties in Iraq.
January 9- 11 - Aswan Dam construction begins in Egypt.
January 10 - British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes the "Wind of Change" speech for the first time, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast (modern-day Ghana).
January 14 - The Reserve Bank and Commonwealth Bank are created in Australia.
January 15 - The first televised anime, , debuts on Three Tales NHK.
January 19 - The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan is signed in Washington, D.C.
January 24 - A major insurrection occurs in Algiers, against French colonial policy.
January 25 - In Washington, D.C., the National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the payola scandal, by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
January 28 - The National Football League announces expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season, and Minneapolis-St. Paul for the 1961 NFL season. January 30 - The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
February 3 - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan makes the Wind of Change speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town (although he had first made the speech, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast -- now Ghana -- on January 10).
February 5 - The first CERN particle accelerator becomes operational in Geneva, Switzerland.
February 10 - A conference about the proposed independence of the Belgian Congo begins in Brussels, Belgium.
February 13 - Gerboise Bleue: France tests its first atomic bomb, in the Sahara Desert of Algeria.
February 18 - The 1960 Winter Olympics begin at the Squaw Valley Ski Resort, in Placer County, California.
February 26 - A New York-bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery at Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board. February 29 - The 5.7 M w Agadir Earthquake shakes coastal Morocco with a maximum perceived intensity of X (, destroying Agadir, and leaving 12,000 dead and another 12,000 injured. Extreme)
The iconic picture of Che Guevara."
April 9 - Gunman David Pratt shoots South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd in Johannesburg, wounding him seriously.
April 12 - Eric Peugeot, the youngest son of the founder of the Peugeot Corporation, is kidnapped in Paris. He is released on April 15, in exchange for $300,000 in ransom.
April 19 - April Revolution: South Korean students hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee, eventually leading him to resign from that office.
April 21 - In Brazil, the country's capital ( Federal District) is relocated from the city of Rio de Janeiro to the new city, Brasília, in the highlands. The actual city of Rio de Janeiro becomes the State of Guanabara. April 27 - Togo gains independence from France, with the French-administered United Nations Trust Territory being terminated.
Francis Gary Powers wearing special pressure suit for stratospheric flying
May 6 - United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of 1960 into law.
May 9 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announces that it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle's Enovid, making it the world's first approved oral contraceptive pill.
May 10 - The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine USS , under the command of Captain Triton Edward L. Beach Jr., completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth (codenamed Operation Sandblast).
May 11 - In Buenos Aires, four Mossad agents abduct fugitive Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann, in order that he can be taken to Israel and put on trial (Eichmann is later convicted and executed).
May 13 - A joint Swiss and Austrian expedition makes the first ascent of the Asian mountain Dhaulagiri, the world's 7th highest mountain.
May 14 - The Kenyan African National Congress Party is founded in Kenya, when 3 political parties join forces.
May 15 - The satellite Sputnik 4 is launched into orbit by the Soviet Union.
May 18 - Real Madrid beats Eintracht Frankfurt 7-3 at Hampden Park, Glasgow, and wins the 1959-60 European Cup in Association football.
May 20 - In Japan, police carry away socialist members of the Diet of Japan. The Diet next approves a mutual security treaty with the United States.
May 22 - The 9.4-9.6 Valdivia earthquake affects Chile with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XII ( Extreme). This megathrust earthquake ruptures from Arauco to Chiloé Archipelago, causing the most powerful earthquake on record and a destructive basin-wide tsunami.
May 23 - Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured.
May 27 - In Turkey, a bloodless military coup d'état removes President Celâl Bayar, and installs General Cemal Gürsel as the head of state. May 30 - Cemal Gürsel forms the new government of Turkey (its 24th government, composed mostly of so-called "technocrats").
July 4 – Following the admission of the State of Hawaii as the 50th state in August 1959, the new (and current) 50-star Flag of the United States is first officially flown over Philadelphia.
July 10 – The Soviet Union national football team defeats the Yugoslavian national football team 2-1 in Paris, to win the first UEFA European Championship.
July 12 – Chin Peng is exiled from Malaysia to Thailand, and the Malayan state of emergency is lifted.
July 13 – U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy is nominated for President of the United States, at the 1960 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles.
July 14 – The United Nations Security Council decides to send troops to Katanga, to oversee the withdrawal of Belgian troops.
July 20 – Ceylon elects Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike as its Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government (she takes office the following day).
July 21 – Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrives at New York City aboard his yacht, Gypsy Moth II, crossing the Atlantic Ocean solo in a new record of just 40 days.
July 25 – The Woolworth Company's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, the location of a sit-in that has sparked demonstrations by Negroes across the Southern United States, serves a meal to its first black customer. July 25– 28 – In Chicago, the 1960 Republican National Convention nominates Vice President Richard Nixon as its candidate for President of the United States, and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., as its candidate to become the new vice-president.
August 1 - Dahomey (modern-day Benin) becomes independent from France.
August 3 - Niger becomes independent from France.
August 5 - Upper Volta (modern-day Burkina Faso) becomes independent from France.
August 9 - The government of Laos is overthrown in a coup.
August 11 - Chad becomes independent from France.
August 12 - Dr. Seuss publishes . Green Eggs and Ham
August 13 - Ubangi-Shari becomes independent from France, as the Central African Republic. It later becomes the Central African Empire.
August 15 - Middle Congo becomes independent from France, as the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
The Mediterranean island of
Cyprus receives its independence from the United Kingdom. Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at an altitude of about 102,800 feet (31,333 meters). Kittinger sets world records for: high-altitude jump; free-fall by falling 16.0 miles (25.7 kilometers) before opening his parachute; first space dive, and fastest speed attained by a human being without mechanical or chemical assistance, about 982 k.p.h (614 m.p.h.). Kittinger survives more or less uninjured. He is also the first man to make a solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in a gas balloon, and the first man fully to witness the spherical curvature of the Earth. ( Felix Baumgartner breaks his space diving record in 2012.)
August 18 - United States president Dwight Eisenhower is briefed on the Congo crisis at a meeting with the U.S. National Security Council, and asks whether the U.S. "can't get rid of this guy" ( Patrice Lumumba). 
Cold War: In Moscow, American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to 10 years in prison for espionage. Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches the satellite Sputnik 5, with the dogs Belka and Strelka (the Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants. This satellite returns to earth the next day and all animals are recovered safely.
August 20 - Senegal breaks away from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
August 25 -- The 1960 Summer Olympic Games begin in Rome. August 29 - Hurricane Donna kills 50 people, in Florida and New England.
The 1960 Ford Customline Fordor Sedan (Australia)
September 2 - The first elections of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration are held. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.
September 6 - William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell, two American cryptologists, announce their defection to the Soviet Union at a press conference in Moscow.
September 8 - In Huntsville, Alabama, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (which had been activated by NASA on July 1).
September 9 - The first regular season game in the American Football League (established as a rival league to the NFL) takes place at Boston's Nickerson Field. The Denver Broncos defeat the Boston Patriots, 13-10.
September 10 - 1960 Summer Olympic Games: Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia wins the gold medal in the marathon, running barefoot in a world time, and becoming the first person from Sub-Saharan Africa to win Olympic gold.
September 21 -- Mexican President Adolfo López Mateos nationalizes the country's electrical system.
September 22 - Mali, the sole remaining member of the "Mali Federation" (following the withdrawal of Senegal one month earlier), declares its full independence as the Republic of Mali.
September 26 - The leading candidates for President of the United States, Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy, participate in the first televised debate. September 30 - aired its first episode on the The Flintstones ABC network.
December - The African and Malagasy Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OAMCE) (Organisation Africain et Malagache de Coopération Économique) is established.
December 4 - The admission of Mauritania to the United Nations is vetoed by the Soviet Union.
December 7 - The United Nations Security Council is called into session by the Soviet Union, in order to consider Soviet demands for the Security Council to seek the immediate release of former Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba.
December 8 - For the first time, Mary Martin's is presented as a stand-alone 2-hour special on Peter Pan NBC, instead of as part of an anthology series. This version, rather than being presented live, is shown on videotape, enabling NBC to repeat it as often as they wish without having to restage it. Although nearly all of the adult actors repeat their original Broadway roles, all of the original children have, ironically, outgrown their roles and are replaced by new actors.
Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria is bloodied by European and Muslim rioters, in Algeria's largest cities. These riots cause 127 deaths. The classic British TV soap opera premieres. Planned as a 13-part drama, it becomes such a success among viewers it will continue past its 10,000th episode in its 60th anniversary year, being shown six times a week. Coronation Street
December 11 - MGM's is rerun on The Wizard of Oz CBS only a year after its previous telecast, thus beginning the tradition of annual telecasts of the film.
December 12 - The Supreme Court of the United States upholds a lower Federal Court ruling that the State of Louisiana's racial segregation laws are unconstitutional, and overturns them.
1960 Ethiopian coup attempt: While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Kebur Zabagna (Imperial Bodyguard) leads a military coup against his rule, proclaiming that the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen Taffari, is the new emperor. The countries of
El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua announce the formation of the Central American Common Market. The U.S. Navy's Commander Leroy Heath (pilot) and Lieutenant Larry Monroe (bombardier/navigator) establish a world flight-altitude record of 91,450 feet (27,874 m), with payload, in an A-5 Vigilante bomber carrying 2,200 lb (1,000 kg), and better the previous world record by over four miles (6 km).
December 17 - Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia overcome the coup that began on December 13, returning the reins to the Emperor upon his return from a trip to Brazil. The Emperor absolves his own son of any guilt.
December 19 - Fire sweeps through the USS , to become the U.S. Navy's largest Constellation aircraft carrier, while she is under construction at the Brooklyn Navy Yard; killing 50 workers and injuring 150.
December 27 - France sets off its third A-bomb test at its nuclear weapons testing range near Reggane, Algeria. December 31 - Last day on which the farthing, a coin first minted in England in the 13th century, is legal tender in the United Kingdom.
World population World population: 3,021,475,000
Latin America: 218,300,000
North America: 204,152,000
January 5 - Peter Oskam, Dutch politician
Natalia Bestemianova, Soviet ice dancer, 1988 Olympic Champion
Kari Jalonen, Finnish ice hockey player
Howie Long, American football player
Nigella Lawson, English journalist, broadcaster, television personality, gourmet, and food writer
Miriam O'Callaghan, Irish media personality Andrea Thompson, American actress
January 8 - Dave Weckl, American jazz drummer
January 9 - Michael Sis, American catholic bishop
January 11 - Mike Turner, U.S. Representative for Ohio's 10th congressional district
January 14 - Virginia Postrel, American political and cultural writer
January 26 - Charlie Gillingham, American keyboardist
January 27 - Philip Rosenthal, American television writer and producer
January 30 - Louis "Cousin Vinny" Agnello, American morality writer January 31
February 1 - Lauren Passarelli, American musician and educator
February 5 - Bonnie Crombie, Canadian politician, former Member of Parliament
Holly Johnson, English artist, musician, and writer
Frederik Ndoci, Albanian singer, songwriter, poet, writer, actor and international Recording artist Peggy Whitson, American biochemistry researcher, and astronaut
February 11 - Russ Freeman, American jazz guitarist
February 12 - Barry Grodenchik, New York City Council member for the 23rd District
February 17 - Thom Adcox-Hernandez, American actor and voice actor
February 24 - Nick Esasky, American baseball player
February 25 - David McGuinty, Canadian member of Parliament
February 26 - Hannes Jaenicke, German actor
March 3 - Nancy Moritz, United States Circuit Judge
March 5 - Freddie Roach, American professional boxing trainer
March 6 - Lisa Brown, American legal executive
March 14 - Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006)
March 15 -- Rosa Beltrán, Mexican writer, lecturer, and academic.
March 17 - Ruth Langsford, English television presenter
March 25 - Brenda Strong, American actress
Bill Corbett, American writer Bill Johnson, 1st American Olympic Gold Medalist US Ski Team in 1984 Downhill March 31
May 6 - John Flansburgh, American singer-songwriter, half of alternative rock duo They Might Be Giants
May 7 - Adam Bernstein, American music video/television director
May 9 - Tony Gwynn, American baseball player (d. 2014)
May 11 - Mark Burgess, English singer, bass player and songwriter
May 12 - Felicia C. Adams, American attorney, Northern District of Mississippi
May 13 - Michael Savage, Irish-Canadian politician, Member of Parliament
May 21 - Mohanlal, Indian actor
May 23 - Linden Ashby, American actor
May 26 - Rob Murphy, American baseball player
May 28 - Scott Rigell, American politician, Virginia U.S. Representative
June 9 - Steve Paikin, Canadian journalist
June 10 - Nandamuri Balakrishna, Indian actor
June 11 - Mehmet Oz, Turkish-American cardiothoracic surgeon and television personality
June 12 - Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
June 13 - Jacques Rougeau, Canadian professional wrestler
June 14 - Peter Mitchell, Australian newsreader
June 15 - Michèle Laroque, French actress
June 16 - Peter Sterling, Australian rugby league player
June 17 - Thomas Haden Church, American actor and film director
June 19 - Laurent Gamelon, French actor
June 20 - Julie Cooper, British politician, Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom
June 23 - Per Morberg, Swedish actor, chef and news presenter
June 26 - Mauro Carlesse, Brazilian politician, Governor of Tocantins
June 29 - Ivans Ribakovs, Latvian politician June 30
Thilo Martinho, German composer and singer-songwriter
Mal Meninga, Australian rugby league player and coach
Duncan Roy, English film director and producer, script writer, art director and television personality Eleanor Scott, British archaeologist and politician
July 12 - Sully Díaz, Puerto Rican actress and singer
July 20 - Jonathon Morris, English actor and television presenter
July 27 - Conway Savage, Australian rock musician (d. 2018)
Jonathan Gold, American food critic (d. 2018) Harald Lesch, German physicist, astronomer, natural philosopher, author, television presenter, professor of physics
July 30 - Richard Linklater, American director July 31
August 6 - Dale Ellis, American basketball player
August 8 - Ulrich Maly, German politician and Mayor of Nuremberg
August 9 - Roger Marshall, American politician, Kansas's 1st congressional district
August 11 - J. F. Lawton, American screenwriter
August 12 - Laurent Fignon, French road bicycle racer (d. 2010)
August 14 - Sarah Brightman, English soprano singer and actress
August 15 - Judy Holt, British television actress
August 17 - Sean Penn, American actor and film director
August 18 - Stuart Matthewman, English songwriter
August 19 - Morten Andersen, American football player
August 20 - Elizabeth Alda, American actress
August 21 - Charles Dausabea, Solomon Islands politician (d. 2019)
August 22 - Regina Taylor, American actress
August 23 - Chris Potter, Canadian actor and musician
August 25 - Marciano Cantero, Argentine singer and musician
August 27 - Gary Cohn, American business leader, 11th Director of the National Economic Council
August 31 - Chris Whitley, American blues/rock singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
September 1 - Joseph Williams, American singer and film score composer
September 5 - Karita Mattila, Finnish soprano
September 8 - Stefano Casiraghi, Italian speedboat racer, socialite, and businessman (d. 1990)
September 11 - Annie Gosfield, American composer
September 15 - Jimmy Bridges, American actor
September 19 - Yolanda Saldívar, American murderer of tejano singer Selena
September 21 - David James Elliott, Canadian-American actor
September 22 - Scott Baio, American actor
September 26 - Andre Harrell, American record executive, record producer, songwriter and rapper (d. 2020)
September 27 - David Gasman, American voice actor, translator, and voice director ( , Rayman ) Code Lyoko
September 28 - Jennifer Rush, American singer
September 29 - Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician September 30 - Blanche Lincoln, American politician
November 1 - Tim Cook, American businessman and current CEO of Apple, Inc
November 2 - Anu Malik, Indian music director and singer
November 4 - Sini?a Glava?evi?, Croatian reporter (d. 1991)
November 5 - Tilda Swinton, British actress
November 10 - Neil Gaiman, English author
November 13 - Neil Flynn, American actor
November 15 - Susanne Lothar, German actress (d. 2012)
November 20 - Marc Labrèche, Canadian actor and television host
November 24 - Amanda Wyss, American actress
November 29 - Cathy Moriarty, American actress November 30
December 1 - Carol Alt, American model and actress
December 4 - Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete
December 6 - Marco Antonio Adame, governor of Morelos, Mexico 2006-2012
December 17 - Tarako, Japanese voice actress
December 22 - Jean-Michel Basquiat, American musician and graffiti painter (d. 1988)
December 24 - Fei Xiang, Chinese American singer
December 26 - Temuera Morrison, New Zealand actor
December 29 - Dave Pelzer, American author
December 30 - Heather Wilson, American soldier and politician; Secretary of the Air Force December 31
January 3 - Victor Sjöström, Swedish actor (b. 1879)
January 5 - Donald Knight, English cricketer (b. 1894)
January 7 - Dorothea Chambers, English tennis champion (b. 1878)
January 9 - Elsie J. Oxenham, English children's novelist (b. 1880)
January 10 - Arthur S. Carpender, American admiral (b. 1884)
January 11 - Isabel Emslie Hutton, Scottish nurse in Serbia during World War I and psychiatrist (b. 1887)
January 12 - Nevil Shute, English-born novelist (b. 1899)
January 17 - Andrew Kennaway Henderson, New Zealand illustrator, cartoonist and pacifist (b. 1879)
January 19 - Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (b. 1890)
January 27 - Osvaldo Aranha, Brazilian politician (b. 1894)
January 28 - Zora Neale Hurston, American folklorist, anthropologist, and author (b. 1891) January 30 - J. C. Kumarappa, Indian economist (b. 1892)
May 1 - Charles Holden, British architect (b. 1875)
May 2 - Caryl Chessman, American criminal (b. 1921)
May 3 - Masa Niemi, Finnish actor (b. 1914)
May 11 - John D. Rockefeller Jr., American philanthropist (b. 1874)
May 12 - Prince Aly Khan, Pakistani United Nations ambassador (b. 1911)
May 14 - Lucrezia Bori, Spanish opera singer (b. 1887)
May 22 - ?brahim Çall?, Turkish painter (b. 1882)
May 24 - Avraham Arnon, Israeli educator and a recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1887)
May 25 - Rafael Gómez Ortega, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1882)
May 30 - Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890) May 31 - Walther Funk, German Nazi politician (b. 1890)
June 13 - Ken McArthur, South African athlete (b. 1881)
June 14 - Ana Pauker, Romanian communist politician (b. 1893)
June 17 - Arthur Rosson, English film director (b. 1886)
June 18 - Shalva Aleksi-Meskhishvili, Georgian politician (b. 1884)
June 19 - Chris Bristow, English race car driver (b. 1937)
June 20 - William E. Fairbairn, English soldier, police officer and hand-to-hand combat expert (b. 1885)
June 27 - Lottie Dod, English tennis player; Wimbledon women's champion, 1887-88, 1891-93 (b. 1871) June 28
July 2 - Margherita Bagni, Italian actress (b. 1902)
July 6 - Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
July 12 - Francis Xavier Gsell, Australian Roman Catholic bishop and missionary (b. 1872)
July 14 - Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie, French physicist (b. 1875)
July 24 - Hans Albers, German actor and singer (b. 1891)
July 26 - Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director (b. 1893)
July 27 - Georgi Kyoseivanov, 27th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1884)
July 28 - Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan novelist (b. 1900) July 29 - Hasan Saka, 7th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1885)
November 7 - A. P. Carter, American singer and songwriter (b. 1891)
November 9 - Ernst Wilhelm Bohle, German Nazi general (b. 1903)
November 12 - Lord Buckley, American monologist (b. 1906)
November 19 - Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
November 20 - Ya'akov Cohen, Israeli poet (b. 1881)
November 23 - Allen Hobbs, 32nd Governor of American Samoa (b. 1889)
November 24 - Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, sister of Tsar Nicholas II (b. 1882)
November 25 - Patria (b. 1924), Minerva (b. 1926), and Maria Teresa Mirabal (b. 1935), three Dominican revolutionaries (and their driver, Rufino de la Cruz)
November 26 - Helen Hellwig, American tennis player (b. 1874)
November 29 - Sir Andrew Russell, New Zealand Army general (b. 1868)
Brand Che: Revolutionary as Marketer's Dream by Michiko Kakutani, , April 20, 2009 The New York Times
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"Warragamba Dam - Sydney Catchment Authority". October 3, 2013. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013.
Mansoor, Menahem (1972). . NCR Microcard Editions. Political and Diplomatic History of the Arab World, 1900-1967: 1960-64
"John Hemming". politics.co.uk.
"David Thirdkill Stats". Basketball-Reference.com.
"MyParliament - Biography for Margaret Ferrier". May 24, 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-05-24.
"John Allen Muhammad". Biography.