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January 7 – As Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 902, a Boeing 727-200 with 151 people on board, prepares to land at Los Angeles, California, after a flight from San Francisco, Allen Sims and Ida Robinson, travelling with their infant son Atiba, pull out a sawed-off shotgun and a pistol, respectively, and hijack the airliner. They demand to be flown to Africa, but agree to be flown to Cuba instead when they are informed the plane lacks the range to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Sims assaults several passengers. The captain negotiates the release of the passengers in Los Angeles, after which the plane carries its crew, the hijackers, and three off-duty flight attendants to Cuba via a refueling stop at Tampa, Florida. Robinson forces a flight attendant to knit a hat for Atiba during the trip. In Cuba, the hijackers return control of the aircraft to the captain.
January 12 – Billy Gene Hurst, Jr., hijacksBraniff Flight 38, a Boeing 727 with 102 other people on board, during a flight from Houston to Dallas. After arrival at Love Field in Dallas, he releases the other 94 passengers but holds all seven crew members hostage, demanding to be flown to South America during a standoff with police. Eventually, the entire crew escapes, and police storm the airliner and arrest him.
January 20 – Two months after the celebrated hijacking of Northwest Orient Flight 305 by a unidentified man who becomes popularly known as "D. B. Cooper", Hughes Airwest Flight 800 becomes the target of a copycat hijacker. After boarding at McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada, 23-year-old Richard Charles La Point claims he has a bomb while the plane is on the taxiway and demands US$50,000 in cash, two parachutes, and a helmet. When his demands are met, La Point releases 51 Reno, Nevada-bound passengers and two flight attendants, after which the DC-9 takes off and flies eastward toward Denver, Colorado, followed by two United States Air ForceF-111 fighters. Without a coat and in cowboy boots, La Point bales out via the plane's lower aft door over the Eastern Plains in northeastern Colorado in mid-afternoon. The parachutes he had been given were high-visibility ones secretly equipped with emergency locater devices, and he sprainsis ankle on landing, making it impossible for him to move; he is apprehended a few hours later, with minor injuries and very cold. The plane, with two pilots and a flight attendant on board, lands safely at Denver's Stapleton International Airport at 2:55 pm MST. Facing potential death penalty charges for air piracy, La Point will be sentenced to 40 years in prison, but will serve less than eight and be released from a halfway house in 1979.
January 29 – Gary B. Trapnell hijacks a Trans World Airlinesairliner during a flight from Los Angeles, to New York City and demands US$306,000, the release from prison of militant Angela Davis, and a conversation with President Richard Nixon. A Federal Bureau of Investigation agent shoots and disarms him, and he is imprisoned. In separate incidents in 1978, his wife Barbara Ann Oswald will die in an attempt to free him using a hijacked helicopter and his daughter Robin Oswald will hijack another airliner in a failed attempt to get him released.
At Tampa International Airport in Tampa, Florida, 14-year-old Edmund McKee pulls a .22-caliber revolver he had stolen from his father on a National Airlines ticket agent processing passengers boarding National Airlines Flight 67 - a Boeing 727 with 24 people aboard making a stop at Tampa before flying on to Palm Beach, Florida - and takes the agent hostage, saying he wants to hijack the plane. He is escorted aboard, and demands that the plane fly him to Sweden. The captain informs him that the airliner lacks the range to cross the Atlantic Ocean, then convinces him to release all of the passengers and, following that, to step outside the plane to continue negotiations. Once McKee exits the plane, security personnel overpower and arrest him.
As a Chalk's International AirlinesGrumman G-73 Mallardamphibian (registration N3010) refuels at Watson Island, Florida, during a flight from Miami, Florida, to Bimini with five passengers and a crew of two aboard, two members of the Black Liberation Army, Joseph Terron Bennett and James William Brewton, hijack it and demand to be flown to Cuba. When a Chalk's mechanic gets a .25-caliber pistol out of his car, intending to shoot out the plane's tires, they shoot and wound him. They then order the pilot to start the engines, but he refuses; they shoot him three times, and he jumps from the plane. A passenger also jumps out of the plane. With four passengers still aboard, Bennett and Brewton force the copilot to fly them to Havana, which - after bumping into a Grumman Goose parked beside it at Walton Island - the Mallard barely reaches with its fuel tank almost empty. Cuban authorities arrest the two hijackers and allow the Mallard and its passengers and copilot to fly back to the United States the next day. Brewton will be killed during an armed robbery in Jamaica in 1975, while Bennett will return to the United States secretly in 1982 and will not be arrested there until December 1983.
Late March – The commander-in-chief of the Soviet Air Force visits North Vietnam, apparently leading to improved North Vietnamese air defense tactics that will be observed between April and September.
March 31 – In response to the North Vietnamese "Easter Offensive" against South Vietnam which began on March 30, the United States begins a series of deployments code-named "Constant Guard", in which a large number of U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps squadrons return to bases in South Vietnam and Thailand and the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier presence at Yankee Station in the Gulf of Tonkin increases from two on March 30 to six by late spring.
April 11 – Waving a bottle he says contains nitroglycerine and claiming to have a grievance against the United States Government, 56-year-old Major Burton Davenport hijacks Continental Airlines Flight 781 - a Boeing 707 - as it prepares to take off from Portland, Oregon, for a flight to Seattle, Washington. He orders the cabin temperature to be maintained at 70 degrees F (21.1 degrees C) and demands a small plastic bucket half-full of dry, clean sawdust, a dozen hand grenades, and a ransom of US$500,000, to be paid by the United States Treasury and not by Continental Airlines. A stewardess talks him into releasing all the passengers, and Davenport abruptly surrenders to an FBI negotiator about an hour after that.
April 13 – Using an unloaded .22-caliber pistol, 36-year-old Ricardo Chavez Ortiz hijacks Frontier Airlines Flight 91, a Boeing 737-200 flying from Albuquerque, New Mexico, to Phoenix, Arizona, with 31 people on board, and orders it to fly past Phoenix and land at Los Angeles, California. where he plans to make a statement about injustices he had experienced in the United States since immigrating from Mexico. At Los Angeles International Airport, he releases the plane's passengers and, after journalists come aboard the airliner, makes a rambling 34-minute speech while wearing a pilot's hat, complaining about police brutality, racism, and education policy. Then he hands his gun to the plane's pilot, apologizes for the day's inconvenience, and surrenders quietly.
Believing that he is personally responsible for expelling Satan from the Earth and that he must hijack an airliner and receive a ransom as part of that mission, 29-year-old William Herbert Green gives a note saying he has a gun and demanding $500,000 in cash and to fly to the Bahamas and hands it to a flight attendant aboard Delta Air Lines Flight 952 - a Convair CV-880-22-2 flying from Chicago, Illinois, to Miami, Florida, with 92 people on board - telling her to pass it to the captain. After 40 minutes of negotiations between the captain and Green, Green agrees to allow the plane to return to Chicago, where he releases all the passengers. The captain then tells Green that he can either fly to the Bahamas and be imprisoned there, where he knows no one, or surrender right there in Chicago. Green decides to surrender in Chicago.
May 19 – U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy aircraft begin Operation Linebacker, a campaign of airstrikes on North Vietnam targeting the transportation of supplies in support of the North Vietnamese "Easter Offensive" invasion of South Vietnam.
May 23 – About 10 minutes after an Ecuatoriana de AviacionLockheed L-188 Electra takes off from Quito, Ecuador, for a domestic flight to Guayaquil, a passenger identified from the passenger manifest only by his surname, Lomas, hijacks the airliner, claiming he has a bomb. The plane lands at Quito, where Lomas demands US$40,000 and a parachute in exchange for the lives of the other passengers and crew. During the sixth hour of negotiations, a squad of commandos sneaks into the plane through its baggage compartment, ambushes Lomas, and kills him with machine gun fire.
The United States and Soviet Union sign the SALT-1 strategic arms limitation treaty.
Cessna builds its 100,000th aircraft, the first company in the world to achieve this figure.
Two American UH-1B attack helicopters use TOW antitank missiles to destroy 12 North Vietnamese tanks outside Kon Tum, South Vietnam, allowing South Vietnamese forces to counterattack and secure the city.
May 28 – A hijacker commandeers an Olympic Airways Boeing 707 with 135 people aboard making a domestic flight in Greece from Heraklion to Athens, demanding medical treatment and an airline ticket to London. After the airliner arrives at Athens, security forces storm it and arrest the hijacker.
U.S. Air Force F-4E Phantom II pilot Phil "Hands" Handley scores the first and thus far only supersonic gun kill in history while engaging a pair of MiG-19 (NATO reporting name "Farmer") fighters over North Vietnam in support of a rescue operation to save F-4 Phantom II crewman Roger Locher, downed northeast of Hanoi 23 days earlier.
Armed with a .357 Magnumrevolver and carrying a parachute, 22-year-old Robb Heady barges onto United Airlines Flight 239 - a Boeing 727 with six people aboard at Reno, Nevada, preparing for a flight to San Francisco - and demands a $200,000 ransom. United Airlines borrows the money from two casinos, and Heady takes delivery of it on the tarmac while holding two flight attendants at gunpoint with their heads under a blanket, frustrating a U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) sniper who cannot distinguish their heads from Heady's. He then orders the plane to take off, but engine trouble prevents it from doing so. He boards another United Boeing 727, which does take off. As it flies over Nevada's Washoe Lake, Heady parachutes from the rear door, taking $155,000 of the ransom money with him. He drops the money during his descent and suffers injuries on landing. FBI agents arrest him early the next morning when he returns to his car, parked near the lake, which the FBI had staked out because it had a United States Parachute Associationbumper sticker on it.
June 8 – Two passengers, one armed with a gun, enter the cockpit of a Slov-AirLet L-410A Turbolet with 16 people on board during a domestic flight in Czechoslovakia from Mariánské Lázn? to Prague, demanding to be taken to West Germany. They shoot and kill the pilot and threaten to shoot the copilot if he does not change course toward Munich, and the copilot tells them that the airliner lacks the range to reach Munich, but that he would fly into West Germany and land at the nearest large city in West Germany the plane can reach. Meanwhile, eight other passengers involved in the hijacking attack the four uninvolved passengers with bottles, to avoid any resistance from them in case one of them is a plainclothes security officer. After the hijackers see factory signs in German and Western cars on the roads below and are satisfied that the plane has reached West Germany, the copilot lands on a 600-meter (1,968-foot) airstrip at Weiding, West Germany. The hijackers - seven men and three women, one of them with an infant, escape, but they later are apprehended.
June 12 – The "Windsor Incident" occurs when American Airlines Flight 96, a Douglas DC-10-10, suffers an in-flight door failure at 11,750 feet (3,581 m) over Windsor, Ontario, Canada, resulting in cabin depressurization and several minor injuries to passengers. Despite corrective measures to improve the door-locking mechanism, a similar failure aboard another DC-10 will cause the disastrous crash of Turkish Airlines Flight 981.
June 20 – Airline pilots hold a worldwide strike, calling for tighter security
June 21 – French pilot Jean Boulet pilots an Aérospatiale SA-315 Lama to a world-record altitude for helicopters of 40,820 feet (12,415 meters); the record still stands. As he begins to descend, his engine flames out; unable to restart it, he safely autorotates all the way to the ground, thus also setting the record for the longest autorotation in history.
June 23 – Traveling under the name "Robert Wilson" and armed with a submachine gun he smuggled aboard in a trombone case, 28-year-old Martin J. McNally commandeers American Airlines Flight 119 - a Boeing 727 with 101 people on board flying from St. Louis, Missouri, to Tulsa, Oklahoma - as it approaches Tulsa. He orders the airliner to return to St. Louis, demanding US$502,500 and five parachutes. He receives the money after the plane lands at Lambert-St. Louis International Airport in St. Louis. While the plane is on the ground, 30-year-old David J. Hanley becomes enraged by the hijacking while watching events unfold on television in the lounge of a Marriott hotel near the airport, drives his 1971 Cadillac through the airport's fence, and smashes it into the landing gear strut under the airliner's left wing at 80 mph (129 km/hr) at 12:30 a.m. on June 24. McNally demands another Boeing 727, and after it arrives, he walks to it hiding behind hostages to avoid being shot by police snipers. He orders the new plane to take off and fly northeast. At 2:50 a.m. on June 24, he parachutes from the plane at an altitude of 8,000 feet (2,438 meters) near Peru, Indiana, with what ransom money he has left after giving the flight attendants generous tips, but loses the money and his gun during his descent. He later is apprehended by police.
The American 1972 bombing campaign against North Vietnam has destroyed 106 bridges, all of the countrys oil depots, and the pipeline running south to the Demilitarized Zone.
Due to his strange behavior while checking in for Hughes Airwest Flight 775, a Douglas DC-9, at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport outside Seattle, Washington, 25-year-old Daniel Bernard Carre is flagged as a possible aircraft hijacker and subjected to a thorough search, but found to be unarmed. He boards the plane, which takes off for a flight to Salt Lake City, Utah, with an intermediate stop at Portland, Oregon, with 42 people aboard. About halfway through the flight, he tells a stewardess that he wants $50,000 and a parachute, claiming he plans to jump out of the plane near Pocatello, Idaho. He does not mention having a weapon, so the captain continues the flight to Portland, where the captain orders the passengers to evacuate the airliner. Carre then surrenders quietly and is committed to a mental institution.
Absent without leave and armed with a pistol, United States Army helicopter crewman Francis Goodell hijacks Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 389, a Boeing 727 flying from Oakland to Sacramento, California, with 58 people on board. He demands a parachute and US$450,000, which he claims he will give to "two organizations involved in the MIdeast crisis." The plane flies to San Diego, California, where Goodell picks up the ransom and releases all the passengers except for a California Highway Patrol officer who volunteers to remain aboard as a hostage. As the plane returns to Oakland, where Goodell has demanded that a helicopter pick him up, his hostage warns him that when he disembarks from the airliner, FBI snipers will shoot him to death. Frightened, Goodell surrenders.
July 11 – With a fatigued and intoxicated pilot at its controls, a Royal Norwegian Air Forcede Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter drifts off course in bad weather and crashes 15 kilometers (9.4 miles) north-northwest of Harstad, Norway, into 800-meter (2,625-foot) Lille Tussin Mountain on the island of Grytøya about 20 meters (66 feet) below its summit, killing all 17 people on board. At the time, it is the deadliest accident in history involving a Twin Otter.
Claiming to have a bomb and brandishing an empty .38-caliber revolver, Marvin Fisher hijacks American Airlines Flight 669 - a Boeing 727 carrying 57 people on a flight from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, to Dallas, Texas - while it is flying over North Texas and forces it to return to Oklahoma City. After it lands at Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City, he demands a ransom of $550,000 and parachutes. He receives $200,000, and releases the 50 passengers, then orders the plane to take off again with its seven crew members aboard as hostages. The airliner circles Oklahoma City for three hours before he gives his revolver to a stewardess and surrenders.
Armed with a sawed-off shotgun, a pistol, and a typewriter case they claim contains a bomb, Michael Stanley Green and Lulseged Tesfa hijack National Airlines Flight 496 - a Boeing 727 - as it flies from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to New York City with 113 people on board, demanding a ransom of US$600,000 and forcing the plane to return to Philadelphia, where they express a desire to flee to Mexico. During eight hours on the ground there, National Airlines gives them all the money it can raise - $500,000 plus $1,600 in Mexican pesos - and the pilot escapes, after which Green and Tesfa release the passengers and transfer to another Boeing 727 with sufficient range to take them to the United States Gulf Coast. The 727 takes off from Philadelphia and flies southwest with only the copilot, flight engineer, four female flight attendants, and the two hijackers aboard. It reaches Texas, passing over Dallas and then flying toward Houston. The hijackers decide rhat rhey want to go to Jamaica instead of Mexico, and by the time the plane is over the Gulf of Mexico it is desperately short of fuel, and it makes an emergency landing at Lake Jackson Dow Airport in Lake Jackson, Texas, blowing out two tires as the airliner brakes hard to avoid going off the end of the short runway. The copilot and flight engineer jump out of the plane, and, after four hours of negotiations during which the hijackers release one flight attendant and demand another plane while threatening to kill the three women still on board, the hijackers release them and surrender to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation on July 13, 22 hours after the hijacking began.
August 31 – A fire breaks out in the baggage compartment of an AeroflotIlyushin Il-18V (registration CCCP-74298) at an altitude of 7,200 meters (23,622 feet) during a domestic flight in the Soviet Union from Alma-Ata to Moscow. Planning to make an emergency landing at Magnitogorsk, the crew begins an emergency descent, but is incapacitated at an altitude of 2,400 meters (7,874 feet). The airliner enters a spin and crashes in a field near Smelovskiy, killing all 101 people on board.
September 9 – A U.S. Air Force F-4D Phantom II crewed by Captain John A. Madden, Jr., pilot, and Captain Charles B. DeBellevue, weapon systems officer, shoots down two MiG-19s (NATO reporting name "Farmer") over North Vietnam. They are Maddens first two kills and DeBelleuves fifth and sixth. DeBellevues six kills will make him the highest-scoring American ace of the Vietnam War.
September 15 – Just after a Scandinavian Airlines SystemDouglas DC-9-32 (registration LN-RLO) with 90 people on board takes off from Goteborg, Sweden, for a domestic flight to Stockholm, three men belonging to the Croatian Ustasja Movementhijack it and force it to divert to Bulltofta Airport outside Malmö, Sweden. They demand 500,000 Swedish krona in cash and the release of seven Croatians imprisoned in Sweden since 1971 for committing terrorist acts. During the evening of September 15, the hijackers permit six passengers to leave the plane for medical reasons. During the predawn hours of September 16, authorities bring the seven Croatian prisoners to the airport; one of them refuses to join the hijackers, but the other six board the airliner and the hijackers release 30 passengers in exchange. A few hours later, a police car delivers the ransom money to the hijackers, and they release the rest of the passengers and force the plane to fly to Madrid, Spain, carrying its crew of four and the nine Croatians. The Croatians request political asylum in Spain, but Spanish authorities arrest them.
Aeroflot Flight 217, an Ilyushin Il-62 (registration CCCP-86671), crashes in a forest 11 kilometers (6.9 miles) north of Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport while on approach for a landing there. The crash kills all 174 people on board. It is the second-worst accident involving an Il-62 and it replaces an Ilyushin Il-18V crash 12 days earlier as the deadliest aviation accident in the history of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic at the time.
Carrying the Old Christians Clubrugby union team from Montevideo, Uruguay, to play a match in Santiago, Chile, a Uruguayan Air ForceFairchild FH-227 operating as Flight 571 with 45 people on board, crashes in the Andes in Argentina at an altitude of 3,600 m (11,800 ft). Twelve of those aboard die in the crash, five the next morning, and one more after eight days. An avalanche sweeps over the wreckage on October 29, killing eight more people, and another three die in November and December; survivors resort to eating dead passengers to stay alive. On December 12, passengers Nando Parrado and Roberto Canessa make a 10-day hike to find help, reaching safety on December 22 and finally informing authorities of the survivors. The other 14 survivors finally are rescued on December 22 and 23.
A Soviet Air ForceAntonov An-12BP (NATO reporting name "Cub") transporting military personnel with 20 people on board collides in poor visibility while on approach to Tula in the Soviet Union's Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic with another Soviet Air Force An-12BP on a training flight with seven people on board. Both aircraft crash, killing everyone on board both planes. The air surveillance radar at Tula is out of service at the time of the collision.
October 24 – As a peace gesture, the United States begins a seven-day halt on the bombing of North Vietnamese targets north of the 20th Parallel, but continues airstrikes at near-record levels against North Vietnamese supply lines south of the line.
Four days after killing an Arlington County, Virginia, police officer and a bank manager during a bank robbery, Charles A. Tuller, his teenage sons Bryce and Jonathan, and teenager William White Graham kill an Eastern Airlines ticket agent in Houston, hijack Eastern Airlines Flight 486 – a Boeing 727 with 13 passengers and a crew of seven aboard – there, and order it to be flown to Havana, Cuba. During the four-hour flight, which includes a refueling stop at New Orleans, Charles Tuller repeatedly harangues the 13 passengers aboard during the flight, saying he is a "white middle-class revolutionary" and that Cuba is "the only place that a person could enjoy the benefits of freedom", and threatening some of them with guns. The three Tullers will return to the United States in June 1975, calling life in Cuba "a living hell", and be arrested. Graham will return in the late 1970s and be arrested in 1993.
November 6 – Armed with a .38-caliber revolver and claiming to have two bombs, 47-year-old Tatsuji Nakaoka, wearing a mask and traveling under the pseudonym "Kozo Hotta," hijacks a Japan Air LinesBoeing 727 with 126 people on board shortly after it takes off from Tokyo's Haneda Airport for a domestic flight to Fukuoka, Japan. He forces the airliner to return to Haneda Airport, and demands $2 million in U.S. currency and that a Douglas DC-8 be provided to fly him to Cuba, stipulating that the DC-8 stop at Vancouver and in Mexico along the way. After receiving the ransom money, Nakaoka takes eight hostages and boards the DC-8, where several police officers hiding in the main cabin immediately overpower and arrest him.
November 10-12 – Seeking revenge against the City of Detroit, Michigan, for alleged police brutality and an arrest for sexual assault, Louis Moore and Henry Jackson join with Melvin Cale in hijackingSouthern Airways Flight 49, a Douglas DC-9 with 33 people aboard, during a flight from Birmingham to Montgomery, Alabama. Armed with guns and hand grenades, they demand 10 parachutes, 10 bulletproof vests, and a US$10 million ransom, and order the airliner to fly to Detroit to pick it up. Fog prevents a landing there, and the plane diverts to Cleveland, Ohio, while the hijackers consume the plane's liquor supply. They then order the plane to fly on to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, where Southern Airways offers them US$500,000. Moore rejects this and orders the plane to take off again and fly to Knoxville, Tennessee, but before arrival there orders the plane to circle the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, threatening to crash the plane into the nuclear reactor there unless his demands are not met. Southern Airways collects 150 pounds (68 kg) of cash totaling $2 million, and gives it to the hijackers when the airliner lands at Chattanooga, Tennessee, hoping the hijackers will be too impressed by the physical amount of cash to realize it is less than they demanded. The ruse works, and the jubilant hijackers hand out cash to the passengers and crew, but then order the plane to fly to Havana, Cuba, where authorities refuse to allow the hijackers to disembark. The airliner takes off again, stops at Key West, Florida, and then lands at a United States Air Force base near Orlando, Florida, where Federal Bureau of Investigation agents damage its landing gear with gunfire. It again flies to Havana, arriving there on November 12, and Cuban authorities arrest and jail the hijackers and impound the ransom for return to Southern Airways. The hijacking prompts a change of heart among airlines and transportation authorities in the United States, who previously had viewed hijacking as a relatively benign interference in their business which rarely resulted in harm to anyone and not worth the inconvenience and expense of preventing it, and leads to the requirement to screen all passengers boarding airliners in the United States beginning in January 1973.
November 15 – The first attempted aircraft hijacking in Australia takes place when Miloslav Hrabinec attempts to hijack Ansett Airlines Flight 232, a Fokker F27 Friendship with 31 other people on board, as it is descending to land at Alice Springs. He demands a parachute and to be flown 1,000 miles (1,610 km) into the desert. After landing at Alice Springs, he releases 22 passengers, then threatens to begin shooting the rest of the people on board if not given a light plane, a pilot, and a parachute. After he leaves the Fokker to approach the light plane with a flight attendant as a hostage, he wounds a policeman, is brought under fire by police, and then shoots himself to death.
November 22 – While U.S. Air Force B-52 Stratofortresses fly their heaviest raids of the Vietnam War at the time during the day, a North Vietnamese surface-to-air missile hits a B-52 over North Vietnam near Vinh; its crew manages to fly it to Thailand before ejecting. It is the first time in history that a B-52 has been lost to enemy action.
December 14 – Twenty-one-year-old Larry Stanford pulls a .22-caliber rifle out of his coat while boarding Quebecair Flight 321 - a BAC One-Eleven scheduled to make a domestic flight in Canada from Wabush, Newfoundland, to Montreal, Quebec, with a scheduled stop at Quebec City, Quebec - and brandishes it at passengers. After 20 minutes, he orders the pilot to take off and fly directly to Montreal without stopping at Quebec City. At Montreal, he releases all 52 passengers and a stewardess, then demands that the plane fly to Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. After 15 minutes on the ground at Ottawa, he orders it to fly back to Montreal, where he meets with his father and a psychiatrist aboard the plane, then surrenders peacefully.
December 18-25 – Frustrated with a lack of progress in peace talks with North Vietnamese negotiators, the United States conducts Operation Linebacker II. Sometimes called "The December Raids" and "The Christmas Bombing", it involves intense American bombing of North Vietnam, including heavy operations by U.S. Air Force B-52 Stratofortresses and the laying of naval mines in North Vietnamese harbors including Haiphong. On the first day, 86 B-52s based at Guam strike Hanoi.