1973 Israeli Legislative Election
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1973 Israeli Legislative Election
1973 Israeli legislative election
Israel
← 1969 31 December 1973 1977 →
Turnout78.6%

Legislative elections were held in Israel on 31 December 1973. Voter turnout was 78.6%.[1] The election was postponed for two months because of the Yom Kippur War.

Parliament factions

The table below lists the parliamentary factions represented in the 7th Knesset.

Name Ideology Symbol Leader 1969 result Seats at 1972
dissolution
Votes (%) Seats
Alignment Social Democracy
Labor Zionism
Golda Meir 46.2%
Gahal National conservatism
National liberalism
Menachem Begin 21.7%
Mafdal Religious Zionism ? Yosef Burg 9.7%
Agudat Yisrael Religious conservatism ? Yehuda Meir Abramowicz 3.2%
Independent Liberals Liberalism Moshe Kol 3.2%
National List Social liberalism Yigal Hurvitz 3.1%
Rakah Communism
Socialism
? Meir Vilner 2.8%
Progress and Development Arab satellite list Seif el-Din el-Zoubi 2.1%
Poalei Agudat Yisrael Religious conservatism ? Kalman Kahana 1.9%
Arab List for Bedouin and Villagers Arab satellite list Hamad Abu Rabia 1.4%
Meri Socialism ? Uri Avnery 1.2%
Free Centre Liberalism ? Shmuel Tamir 1.2%
Maki Communism ? Moshe Sneh 1.1%

Results

1973 Knesset.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/-
Alignment 621,183 39.6 51 -5
Likud 473,309 30.2 39 +7
National Religious Party 130,349 8.3 10 -2
Religious Torah Front 60,012 3.8 5 -1
Independent Liberals 56,560 3.6 4 0
Rakah 53,353 3.4 4 +1
Ratz 35,023 2.2 3 New
Progress and Development 22,604 1.4 2 0
Moked 22,147 1.4 1 0
Arab List for Bedouin and Villagers 16,408 1.0 1 New
Black Panthers 13,332 0.9 0 New
Kach 12,811 0.8 0 New
Meri 10,469 0.7 0 -1
Movement for Social Equality 10,202 0.7 0 New
Cooperation and Brotherhood 9,949 0.6 0 -2
Blue White Panthers 5,945 0.4 0 New
Brotherhood Movement 4,433 0.3 0 New
Israeli Arab List 3,269 0.2 0 New
Yemenite List 3,195 0.2 0 New
Socialist Revolution List 1,201 0.1 0 New
Popular Movement 1,101 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 34,243 - - -
Total 1,601,098 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

Aftermath

Golda Meir of the Alignment formed the sixteenth government on 10 March 1974, including the National Religious Party and the Independent Liberals in her coalition, with 22 ministers. Meir resigned on 11 April 1974 after the Agranat Commission had published its interim report on the Yom Kippur War.

The Alignment's Yitzhak Rabin formed the seventeenth government on 3 June 1974, including Ratz, the Independent Liberals, Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers. The new government had 19 ministers. The National Religious Party joined the coalition on 30 October and Ratz left on the 6 November, by which time there were 21 ministers.

The government resigned on 22 December 1976, after ministers of the National Religious Party were sacked because the party had abstained from voting on a motion of no confidence, which had been brought by Agudat Yisrael over a breach of the Sabbath on an Israeli Air Force base.

During the Knesset term there were several defections from parties; In 1975 Aryeh Eliav left the Alignment and merged with Ratz to form Ya'ad - Civil Rights Movement. The new party broke up the following year when Eliav and Marcia Freedman left to set up the Independent Socialist Faction, whilst Shulamit Aloni and Boaz Moav returned to Ratz. In 1975 Benjamin Halevi left Likud to sit as an independent, whilst Shmuel Tamir and Akiva Nof left Likud to form the Free Centre the following year.[2] In 1977 Hillel Seidel defected from the Independent Liberals to Likud, whilst Mordechai Ben-Porat broke away from the Alignment and sat as an independent.[2]

In February 1974 Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers merged into the Alignment (with which they were already associated), but both later broke away and then formed the United Arab List in 1977. In the build-up to the 1977 elections the Religious Torah Front broke up into Agudat Yisrael (three seats) and Poalei Agudat Yisrael in March 1977. On 10 April Mapam broke away from the Alignment, but rejoined it two days later.[2]

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p125 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ a b c Mergers and Splits Among Parliamentary Groups Knesset

External links


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