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1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1975th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 975th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1970s decade.
It was also declared the
by the International Women's Year United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
January 5 - Tasman Bridge disaster: The Tasman Bridge in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk ore carrier MV , killing 12 people. Lake Illawarra
January 6 - United States television debuts:
January 7 - OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by 10%.
January 10 - * February 9 - The flight of with the crew of Soyuz 17 Georgy Grechko and Aleksei Gubarev) aboard the space station. Salyut 4
January 14 - Heiress Lesley Whittle, 17, is kidnapped from her home in Shropshire, England by Donald Neilson.
January 18 - The United States Atomic Energy Commission is divided between the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, partly in response to the 1973 oil crisis.
January 19 - The 6.8 Kinnaur earthquake affected Himachal Pradesh in India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX ( Violent), killing 47.
January 24 - Jazz pianist Keith Jarrett plays the solo improvisation at the The Köln Concert Cologne Opera, which, recorded live, becomes the best-selling piano recording in history. 
January 26 - Immaculata University defeats the University of Maryland 80-48 in the first nationally televised women's basketball game in the United States.  January 29 - The Weather Underground radical student group bombs the United States Department of State main office in Washington, D.C.
February 1 - The Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation is launched in the Philippines.
February 4 - The Haicheng earthquake, the first successfully predicted earthquake, kills 2,041 and injures 27,538 in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.
February 5 - The Argentine president Isabelita Perón decrees Operativo Independencia, aiming to neutralize or annihilate the "subversive elements" in the province of Tucuman. Isabelita takes advantage to take a self-coup and assume extraordinary powers.
February 6 - A crucial by-election is held in Kankesanthurai, Sri Lanka.
February 21 - Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in prison.
February 23 - In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly 2 months early in the United States.
February 26 - A fleeing Provisional Irish Republican Army member shoots and kills off-duty London police officer Stephen Tibble, 22, as he gives chase.
February 27 - The 2 June Movement kidnaps West German politician Peter Lorenz. He is released on March 4 after most of the kidnappers' demands are met. February 28
March 7 - The body of teenage heiress Lesley Whittle, kidnapped 7 weeks earlier by the " Black Panther", is discovered in Staffordshire, England.
March 9 - Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
March 11 - The leftist military government in Portugal defeats a rightist coup attempt in head of the former president António de Spínola.
March 13 - Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguy?n V?n Thi?u orders the Central Highlands evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the Convoy of Tears).
March 15 - In Brazil, Guanabara State merges into the state of Rio de Janeiro. The state's capital moves from the city of Niterói to the city of Rio de Janeiro.
March 22 - Ding-a-dong by Teach-In (music by Dick Bakker, text by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens) wins the 20th Eurovision Song Contest 1975 for the Netherlands.
March 25 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by his nephew. 
March 27 - The South African government announces that it will consolidate the 113 separate homeland areas into 36.
March 28 - A fire in the maternity wing at Kucic Hospital in Rijeka, former Yugoslavia, kills 25 people.
March 29 - by Blow by Blow Jeff Beck is released. It would become his most successful album in the United States, reaching the top five and selling over one million copies. March 31
Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (39th government, a four-party coalition, so-called First National Front (Turkish: Milliyetçi cephe)). In his final game on the sideline, John Wooden coaches UCLA to its 10th national championship in 12 seasons when the Bruins defeat Kentucky 92-85 in the title game at San Diego.
April 5 - The Soviet manned space mission ( ) ends in failure during its ascent into Soyuz 18a orbit when a critical malfunction occurs in the second and third stages of the booster rocket during staging at an altitude of 192 km, resulting in the cosmonauts and their Soyuz spacecraft having to be ripped free from the vehicle. Both cosmonauts ( Vasily Lazarev and Oleg Makarov) survive.
April 15 - Karen Ann Quinlan, 21, faints after consuming Quaaludes at a party. She becomes a controversial subject in the right to die movement after her parents sue to have her comatose body removed from life-support. She lives off a feeding tube until 1985.
April 17 - The Khmer Republic surrenders, when the Communist Khmer Rouge guerilla forces capture Phnom Penh ending the Cambodian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Cambodian civilians.
April 18 - The Khmer Rouge begins a forcible mass evacuation of the city and starts the genocide.
April 19 - Nico Diederichs becomes the 4th State President of South Africa. 
April 20 - Taman Mini Indonesia Indah opens to public in Jakarta, Indonesia.
April 24 - Six Red Army Faction terrorists take over the West German embassy in Stockholm, take 11 hostages and demand the release of the group's jailed members; shortly after, they are captured by Swedish police (See West German Embassy siege).
April 25 - Vietnam War: As North Vietnamese Army forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost 10 years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
April 29 - Vietnam War:
April 30 - The Vietnam War ends with the Fall of Saigon: The Vietnam War concludes as Communist forces from North Vietnam take Saigon, resulting in mass evacuation of the remaining American troops and South Vietnam civilians. As the capital is taken, South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally and is replaced with the temporary Provisional Government.
June 6 - The Georgetown Agreement, formally creating the ACP Group, is signed.
June 9 - The Order of Australia is awarded for the first time.
June 10 - In Washington, D.C., the Rockefeller Commission issues its report on CIA abuses, recommending a joint congressional oversight committee on intelligence.
After a referendum and seven years of military rule, modern day
Greece is established as the Hellas Republic. In Uganda, British author and adventurer Denis Hills is sentenced to death by firing squad for referring to Idi Amin as a 'village tyrant'.
June 19 - Richard Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan is found guilty of the murder of nanny Sandra Rivett. in absentia
June 20 - is released in theaters and becomes a popular summer hit, setting the standard for Hollywood blockbusters for years to come. Jaws
June 26 - Two FBI agents and one AIM member die in a shootout, at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.
December 2 - In Laos, the communist party of the Pathet Lao takes over Vientiane and defeats the Kingdom of Laos, forcing King Sisavang Vatthana to abdicate and creating the Lao People's Democratic Republic. This ends the Laotian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Laotian civilians, but effectively begins the ongoing Insurgency in Laos with the Pathet Lao fighting the Hmong people, Royalist-in-exile and the Right-wings.
December 3 - Wreck of HMHS (sunk by mine 1916) is found in the Britannic Kea Channel by Jacques Cousteau.
December 7 - Indonesian invasion of East Timor: Indonesia invades East Timor; the occupation continues until 1999, when U.N. peacekeepers take over control until 2002.
December 8 - New York City is approved for bailout of 2.3 billion each year through to 1978 - 6.9 billion total.
December 18 - The Lutz family moves into 112 Ocean Avenue, Amityville, Long Island, New York, in the United States, only to flee from the house after 28 days, which will go on to inspire the story of The Amityville Horror.
December 21 - Six people, including Carlos the Jackal, kidnap delegates of an OPEC conference in Vienna.
December 25 - The heavy metal band Iron Maiden is formed by Steve Harris in London. December 29 - A bomb explosion at LaGuardia Airport in New York City kills 11 people.
January 8 - Chris Simmons, British actor
January 10 - Jake Delhomme, American football player
January 14 - Ricardo López, Uruguayan-American pest control worker (d. 1996)
January 15 - Mary Pierce, French tennis player
January 16 - Anthony Taberna, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator
January 21 - Zach Helm, American writer, director, and producer
January 22 - Balthazar Getty, American actor
January 23 - Tito Ortiz, American mixed martial arts fighter
January 24 - Paul Marazzi, English singer
January 30 - Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer January 31 - Preity Zinta, Indian actress and entrepreneur
February 1 - Big Boi, American rapper
February 4 - Natalie Imbruglia, Australian actress and singer
February 6 - Tomoko Kawase, Japanese singer
February 8 - Shane Shamrock, American professional wrestler (d. 1998)
February 9 - Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
February 10 - Hiroki Kuroda, Japanese baseball pitcher
February 11 - Jacque Vaughn, American basketball player
February 14 - Malik Zidi, French actor
February 16 - Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer
February 19 - Mohamed Aly, Egyptian reformist and writer
February 20 - Brian Littrell, American pop singer
February 21 - Mark Ross, American rock singer and entrepreneur
February 22 - Drew Barrymore, American actress and film producer
April 8 - Anouk, Dutch singer-songwriter and producer
April 10 - David Harbour, American actor
April 15 - Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)
April 17 - Lee Hyun-il, South Korean badminton player
April 21 - Danyon Loader, New Zealand swimmer
April 23 - Olga Kern, Russian pianist
April 26 - Joey Jordison, American metal drummer
April 25 - Chris Lilley, Australian actor, comedian, and writer
April 27 - Kazuyoshi Funaki, Japanese ski jumper
April 29 - Eric Koston, American skateboarder April 30
May 1 - Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)
May 7 - Jason Tunks, Canadian discus thrower
May 9 - Chris Diamantopoulos, Canadian actor
May 12 - Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2015)
May 13 - Itatí Cantoral, Mexican actress
May 16 - Tony Kakko, Finnish singer
May 17 - Jonti Picking, British animator, voice actor and internet personality
May 23 - Michiel van den Bos, Dutch composer
May 28 - Charmaine Sheh, Hong Kong actress
May 31 - Toni Nieminen, Finnish ski jumper
July 1 - Sufjan Stevens, American musician
July 3 - Ryan McPartlin, American actor
July 12 - Race Owen, American actor
July 13 - Diego Spotorno, Ecuadorian actor and TV host
July 14 - Flore Zoé, Dutch photographer
July 16 - Edoardo Gabbriellini, Italian actor, screenwriter, and director
July 21 - Fredrik Johansson, Swedish musician
July 22 - Kenshin Kawakami, Japanese baseball pitcher
July 23 - Suriya, Indian actor
July 29 - Terrence Wilkins, American football player July 30
August 3 - Yoyo Mung, Hong Kong actress
August 9 - Mahesh Babu, Indian actor
August 11 - Roger Craig Smith, American voice actor
August 12 - Casey Affleck, American actor and film director
August 13 - Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani fast bowler
August 15 - Kara Wolters, American basketball player
August 16 - Taika Waititi, New Zealand filmmaker, actor, and comedian
August 18 - Kaitlin Olson, American actress
August 24 - Hayato Sakurai, Japanese martial artist
August 25 - Raymond Wong Ho-yin, Hong Kong actor
August 27 - Björn Gelotte, Swedish musician
August 31 - Sara Ramirez, American Actress
September 2 - Czech neo-burlesque impresario
September 3 - Redfoo, American disc jockey
September 4 - Mark Ronson, English DJ, record producer, and singer
September 7 - Renato Sobral, Brazilian martial artist
September 9 - Michael Bublé, Canadian musician
September 10 - R. Luke DuBois, American composer and artist
September 11 - Brad Fischetti, American musician
September 13 - Peter Ho, American-Taiwanese singer and actor
September 23 - Kim Dong-moon, South Korean badminton player
September 27 - Sam Lee, Hong Kong actor
September 28 - Ana Brnabi?, Prime Minister of Serbia September 30
Marion Cotillard, French actress, singer, songwriter, and musician
Ta-Nehisi Coates, American author and journalist
Christopher Jackson, American actor, musician, and composer
Georges-Alain Jones, French singer Glenn Fredly, Indonesian R&B singer and songwriter
October 1 - Bimba Bosé, Spanish model, actress and singer (d. 2017)
October 3 - Alanna Ubach, American actress and singer
October 9 - Joe McFadden, British actor
October 9 - Sean Ono Lennon, American musician, songwriter, producer and multi-instrumentalist
October 10 - Ihsahn, Norwegian musician
October 15 - Michél Mazingu-Dinzey, German-Congolese footballer
October 20 - Natalie Gregory, American child actress
October 24 - Melissa Hutchison, American voice actress
October 25 - Zadie Smith, English writer
October 30 - Ian D'Sa, Canadian guitarist October 31 - Director X, Canadian music video director
November 3 - Marta Domínguez, Spanish athlete
November 7 - Marcus Luttrell, American U.S. Navy Seal
November 10 - Markko Märtin, Estonian race car driver
November 12 - Jason Lezak, American swimmer
November 14 - Faye Tozer, English singer
November 15 - Hiromi Ominami, Japanese long-distance runner
November 19 - Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress
November 26 - DJ Khaled, American DJ, record executive, songwriter, record producer and media personality
November 27 - Bad Azz, American rapper (d. 2019)
November 28 - Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer November 30
December 1 - David Hornsby, American actor
December 2 - Malinda Williams, American actress
December 3 - Csaba Czébely, Hungarian drummer
December 6 - Ashin, Taiwanese singer
December 8 - Kevin Harvick, American race car driver
December 11 - Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist
December 20 - Bartosz Bosacki, Polish footballer
December 23 - Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
December 29 - Shawn Hatosy, American actor
December 31 - Mikko Sirén, Finnish drummer
January 4 - Ole Rømer Aagaard Sandberg, Norwegian military officer and farmer (b. 1888)
January 7 - Harry Gunnison Brown, American economist teaching at Yale in 20th century (b. 1880)
January 8 - Louis P. Lochner, American political activist, journalist, and author (b. 1887)
January 9 - Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)
January 14 - Georgi Traykov, former head of State of Bulgaria as Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly (b. 1898)
January 16 - Band? Mitsugor? VIII, Japanese actor (b. 1906)
January 17 - Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, 19th President of Colombia (b. 1900)
January 18 - Evelyn Greeley, American silent film actress (b. 1888)
January 19 - Thomas Hart Benton, American artist (b. 1889)
January 23 - Prince Karl Franz of Prussia (b. 1916)
January 28 - Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
February 3 - Umm Kulthum, Egyptian actress and singer (b. 1904)
February 4 - Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)
February 5 - George Rowe, American actor (b. 1894)
February 10 - Dave Alexander, American musician (b. 1947)
February 16 - Morgan Taylor, American Olympic athlete (b. 1903)
February 18 - Chivu Stoica, Romanian Communist politician, 48th Prime Minister of Romania and head of State (b. 1908)
February 19 - Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)
February 24 - Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1895) February 25 - Elijah Muhammad, American Nation of Islam leader (b. 1897)
March 3 - Therese Giehse, German actress (b. 1898)
March 10 - Arthur W. Hummel Sr., American Christian missionary to China (b. 1884)
March 11 - Margarita Fischer, German silent film actress (b. 1886)
March 13 - Ivo Andri?, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
March 14 - Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
March 15 - Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (b. 1906)
March 20 - Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, (b. 1908)
March 21 - Joe Medwick, American baseball player ( St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1911)
March 27 - Sir Arthur Bliss, British composer and Master of the Queen's Music (b. 1891) March 30 - Boots Adams, American business magnate, president of Phillips Petroleum Company (b. 1899)
May 4 - Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)
May 6 - Mary Stocks, Baroness Stocks, British writer (b. 1891)
May 8 - Avery Brundage, American administrator, 5th President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)
May 13 - Richard Hollingshead, American inventor of the drive-in theatre (b. 1900)
May 20 - Dame Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor and artist (b. 1903)
May 24 - Guy La Chambre, French politician (b. 1898)
May 25 - Count Dante, American martial artist (b. 1939)
May 28 - Ezzard Charles, American boxer, former World Heavyweight Champion (b. 1921) May 30
June 4 - Evelyn Brent, American actress (b. 1899)
June 9 - Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer, British aristocrat (b. 1898)
June 11 - Apollo Granforte, Italian opera singer (b. 1886)
June 12 - Rafael Arévalo Martínez, Guatemalan writer (b. 1884)
June 13 - José María Guido, 33rd President of Argentina (b. 1910)
June 15 - William Austin, English actor (b. 1884)
June 18 - Hugo Bergmann, German and Israeli Jewish philosopher (b. 1883)
June 23 - William Hansen, American actor (b. 1911)
June 29 - Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
July 2 - James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
July 4 - Luigi Carlo Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1893)
July 6 - Olive Pink, Australian botanical illustrator and anthropologist (b. 1884)
July 10 - Achille Van Acker, 33rd Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1898)
July 12 - Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari, Pakistan broadcaster (b. 1904)
July 15 - Charles Weidman, American choreographer and dancer (b. 1901)
July 18 - Vaughn Bod?, American artist and psychedelic cartoonist (b. 1941)
July 21 - Billy West, American actor (b. 1892)
July 23 - Emlen Tunnell, American football player and coach (b. 1924) July 27 - Anne Spencer, American poet (b. 1882)
August 9 - Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)
Helen Bailey, eight-year-old schoolgirl who was killed near her home in Birmingham, England Robert Barton, Irish politician and last surviving signatory of the Anglo-Irish Treaty (b. 1881)
August 14 - Charles Pollard Olivier, American astronomer (b. 1884)
August 15 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, 2nd Prime Minister of Bangladesh and 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (assassinated) (b. 1920)
August 16 - Vladimir Kuts, Soviet runner (b. 1927)
August 17 - Sig Arno, German actor (b. 1895)
August 25 - Joseph Kane, American film director and producer (b. 1894)
August 26 - Cullen Landis, American actor (b. 1896)
August 27 - Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1892)
August 28 - Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
August 31 - Pierre Blaise, French actor (b. 1952)
September 2 - Mabel Vernon, American suffragist and pacifist (b. 1883)
September 5 - Alice Catherine Evans, American microbiologist (b. 1881)
September 11 - Ivan Afanasenko, Soviet red army general (b. 1923)
September 13 - Mudicondan Venkatarama Iyer, Indian musician (b. 1897)
September 15 - Pavel Sukhoi, Soviet aerospace engineer, twice Hero of Socialist Labour (b. 1895)
September 16 - Irene Hayes, American Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)
September 19 - Pamela Brown, English actress (b. 1917)
September 20 - Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
September 23 - Ian Hunter, British actor (b. 1900)
September 24 - Earle Cabell, American politician (b. 1906)
September 26 - C. H. Waddington, British biologist, paleontologist, geneticist and philosopher (b. 1905)
September 29 - Casey Stengel, American baseball player ( Brooklyn Dodgers) and manager ( New York Yankees, New York Mets) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1890)
December 2 - Hugh B. Brown, American attorney, educator, author (b. 1883)
December 4 - Hannah Arendt, German political theorist (b. 1906)
December 9 - William A. Wellman, American film director (b. 1896)
December 10 - Andrew "Boy" Charlton, Australian Olympic swimmer (b. 1907)
December 11 - Lee Wiley, American jazz singer (b. 1908)
December 14 - Arthur Treacher, English actor (b. 1894)
December 15 - Shigeyoshi Inoue, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
December 17 - Noble Sissle, American jazz composer (b. 1889)
December 18 - Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and evolutionary biologist (b. 1900)
December 19 - René Maheu, French professor and administrator, 6th Director-General of UNESCO (b. 1905)
December 20 - William Lundigan, American actor (b. 1914)
December 21 - Rowland V. Lee, American film director (b. 1891)
December 27 - Clara Sipprell, Canadian photographer (b. 1885) December 30 - Elene Akhvlediani, Soviet painter (b. 1901)
"Keith Jarrett - Biography". . Archived from All About Jazz the original on March 18, 2011 . Retrieved 2011.
"Women Cagers Make TV Debut", Ocala (FL) Star-Banner", January 27, 1975, p. 2B
"1975: Tories choose first woman leader". BBC News. February 11, 1975.
"BBC ON THIS DAY". news.bbc.co.uk.
Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Heads of State: 1961-1994 (Accessed on April 14, 2017)
^ a b
Jeffery, Anthea (2009). People's War - New Light on the Struggle for South Africa (1st ed.). Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp. 11-12, 14-15. ISBN . 978-1-86842-357-6
, August 15, 1968, pp. 494-501; The Watchtower Awake!, May 22, 1969, p. 15; The Watchtower, March 15, 1980, p. 17, para. 5-6.
"1975: London Hilton bombed". BBC News. September 5, 1975 . Retrieved 2013.
^ Malan, Magnus (2006).
My lewe saam met die SA Weermag (1st ed.). Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-86919-113-9.
^ Image caption of U.S.
Centers for Disease Control Public Health Image LibraryC image number 7762.
^ Françoise Bouchet-Saulnier, et al.,
The Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law (Rowman & Littlefield, 2007) p.435.
"Lorenzen Wright". ESPN.com.