1977 Davis Cup
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1977 Davis Cup
1977 Davis Cup
Details
Duration25 August 1976 - 4 December 1977
Edition66th
Teams55
Champion
Winning Nation Australia
1976
1978

The 1977 Davis Cup was the 66th edition of the Davis Cup, the most important tournament between national teams in men's tennis. 59 teams would enter the competition, 33 in the Europe Zone, 14 in the Americas Zone, and 12 in the Eastern Zone. Algeria made its first appearance in the tournament.

Argentina defeated the United States in the Americas Zone final, Australia defeated New Zealand in the Eastern Zone final, and France and Italy were the winners of the two Europe Zones, defeating Romania and Spain respectively.

In the Inter-Zonal Zone, Australia defeated Argentina and Italy defeated France in the semifinals. Australia then defeated the defending champions Italy in the final to win their 24th title overall and their first since 1973. The final was held at the White City Stadium in Sydney, Australia on 2-4 December.[1][2]

Politics in the Davis Cup

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s the Davis Cup had been affected by a number of protests and defaults by teams showing their opposition to the apartheid policies and white minority rule in South Africa and Rhodesia, and the human rights violations which occurred in Chile under Augusto Pinochet's military junta. Several high profile incidents included Mexico's repeated refusal to play against South Africa in the 1975 and 1976 Americas Zones; widespread protests in Sweden against the Pinochet junta during the 1975 Inter-Zonal semifinal between Sweden and Chile; and South Africa's victory by default at the 1974 tournament when India refused to travel to South Africa for the final.[3][4][5]

This show of political will in a sporting context was not welcomed by some, and for a brief time the United States, the inaugural winner of the cup, announced their decision to withdraw from the competition entirely due to the apparent lenience of the tournament's organisers to prevent defaults by teams. In a show of solidarity, Great Britain and France also announced their intentions to withdraw.[6] In response, the Davis Cup committee made a greater commitment to keep politics out of the competition and disqualified the Soviet Union, which had refused to play against Chile in the 1976 Inter-Zonal semifinals and had already been barred from competing in the Federation Cup for refusing to play against South Africa and Rhodesia, from the tournament. Proposals were also brought forward to bring in an automatic one-year ban for any nation which pulled out of the tournament after the draw had been made, in an effort to prevent teams from defaulting on political grounds.[7] The United States, Great Britain and France all eventually returned and competed in the 1977 tournament.

Americas Zone

Preliminary Rounds

  First Round
8 October-1 November 1976
Qualifying Round
3-14 November 1976
                 
  Brazil  
São Paulo, Brazil
 bye  
    Brazil 4
La Paz, Bolivia (clay)
    Bolivia 0
  Bolivia 4
  Peru 1  
  Argentina  
Buenos Aires, Argentina (clay)
 bye  
    Argentina 4
Montevideo, Uruguay (clay)
    Ecuador 1
  Uruguay 2
  Ecuador 3  
Caracas, Venezuela
  Venezuela 4  
Caracas, Venezuela
  Colombia 0  
    Venezuela 1
    United States 4
 bye
  United States  
Ottawa, Canada (indoor carpet)
  Canada 5  
Ottawa, Canada (indoor carpet)
  Caribbean/West Indies 0  
    Canada 2
    Mexico 3
 bye
  Mexico  

Main Draw

  Quarterfinals
17-19 December 1976
Semifinals
18-20 March; 15-17 April
Final
28 April-1 May
                           
 
    Chile  
   bye     Buenos Aires, Argentina (clay)
      Chile 1  
  São Paulo, Brazil (clay)     Argentina 4  
    Brazil 2
    Argentina 3     Buenos Aires, Argentina (clay)
      Argentina 3
  Tucson, AZ, United States (hard)       United States 2
    United States 4  
    Mexico 1     Newport Beach, CA, United States (hard)
      United States 4
      South Africa 1  
   bye
    South Africa  

Final

Argentina vs. United States


Argentina
3
Buenos Aires Lawn Tennis Club, Buenos Aires, Argentina [8]
28 April-1 May 1977
Clay

United States
2
1 2 3 4 5
1 Argentina
United States
Ricardo Cano
Dick Stockton
3
6
6
4
8
6
6
4
   
2 Argentina
United States
Guillermo Vilas
Brian Gottfried
6
4
6
0
6
2
     
3 Argentina
United States
Lito Álvarez / Ricardo Cano
Fred McNair / Sherwood Stewart
3
6
3
6
3
6
     
4 Argentina
United States
Guillermo Vilas
Dick Stockton
5
7
6
2
6
2
6
2
   
5 Argentina
United States
Ricardo Cano
Brian Gottfried
5
7
5
7
0
6
     

Eastern Zone

Preliminary Rounds

  First Round
1-17 October 1976
Qualifying Round
12-14 November 1976
                 
Manila, Philippines
  Philippines 4  
  Sri Lanka 0  
    Philippines
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Thailand w/o
  Malaysia 1
  Thailand 4  
  South Korea w/o  
Seoul, South Korea
  Pakistan  
    South Korea 2
Tokyo, Japan (hard)
    Japan 3
  Japan 5
  Chinese Taipei 0  

Main Draw

  Quarterfinals
2-12 December 1976
Semifinals
21-23 January
Final
11-13 February
                           
 
    New Zealand  
   bye     Auckland, New Zealand (grass)
      New Zealand 5  
  Jakarta, Indonesia     Indonesia 0  
    Indonesia 5
    Thailand 0     Auckland, New Zealand (grass)
      New Zealand 0
  New Delhi, India       Australia 4
    Japan 2  
    India 3     Perth, Australia (grass)
      India 0
      Australia 5  
   bye
    Australia  

Final

New Zealand vs. Australia


New Zealand
0
Stanley Street, Auckland, New Zealand [9]
11-13 February 1977
Grass

Australia
4
1 2 3 4 5
1 New Zealand
Australia
Onny Parun
Mark Edmondson
3
6
5
7
7
5
4
6
   
2 New Zealand
Australia
Brian Fairlie
John Alexander
3
6
2
6
3
6
     
3 New Zealand
Australia
Brian Fairlie / Onny Parun
John Alexander / Phil Dent
1
6
6
3
6
4
1
6
4
6
 
4 New Zealand
Australia
Onny Parun
John Alexander
11
9
6
4
4
6
3
6
4
6
 
5 New Zealand
Australia
Chris Lewis
Mark Edmondson
4
6
6
4
4
6
    not
completed

Europe Zone

Zone A

Pre-Qualifying Rounds

  First Round
Qualifying Round
25-27 August 1976
                 
 
    Iran  
   bye     Tehran, Iran (clay)
      Iran 5
      Algeria 0
    Algeria w/o
    Morocco  

Preliminary Rounds

  First Round
17-26 September 1976
Qualifying Round
19-21 March; 22 April-1 May
                 
Pozna?, Poland (clay)
  Norway 0  
Warsaw, Poland
  Poland 5  
    Poland 3
    West Germany 1
 bye
  West Germany  
Biel, Switzerland
   Switzerland 3  
Zürich, Switzerland
  Rhodesia 2  
     Switzerland 2
    France 3
 bye
  France  
  Romania  
Bucharest, Romania (clay)
 bye  
    Romania 5
Brussels, Belgium
    Belgium 0
  Bulgaria 2
  Belgium 3  
  Czechoslovakia  
Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
 bye  
    Czechoslovakia 5
Dublin, Ireland
    Ireland 0
  Iran 2
  Ireland 3  

Main Draw

  Quarterfinals
6-8 May
Semifinals
9-11 June
Final
23-25 July
                           
 
    Soviet Union  
   bye    
      Soviet Union  
  Warsaw, Poland     France w/o  
    Poland 0
    France 5     Paris, France (clay)
      France 3
  Bucharest, Romania (clay)       Romania 2
    Romania 3  
    Czechoslovakia 1     Bucharest, Romania (clay)
      Romania 4
      Great Britain 1  
   bye
    Great Britain  

Final

France vs. Romania


France
3
Stade Roland Garros, Paris, France [10]
23-25 July 1977
Clay

Romania
2
1 2 3 4 5
1 France
Romania
François Jauffret
Ilie N?stase
3
6
0
6
6
4
6
3
6
1
 
2 France
Romania
Patrick Proisy
Dumitru H?r?d?u
6
2
6
4
8
6
     
3 France
Romania
Patrice Dominguez / François Jauffret
Ilie N?stase / Ion ?iriac
3
6
4
6
6
3
5
7
   
4 France
Romania
François Jauffret
Dumitru H?r?d?u
6
1
6
4
6
4
     
5 France
Romania
Patrick Proisy
Ilie N?stase
4
6
6
4
6
8
1
6
   

Zone B

Pre-Qualifying Rounds

  First Round
Qualifying Round
28 August-19 September 1976
                 
  Israel  
Tel Aviv, Israel (hard)
 bye  
    Israel 5
    Turkey 0
  Kenya
  Turkey w/o  
  Luxembourg  
Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxembourg
 bye  
    Luxembourg 0
    Finland 5
 bye
  Finland  

Preliminary Rounds

  First Round
24-26 September 1976
Qualifying Round
1-24 April
                 
Scheveningen, Netherlands (clay)
  Netherlands 5  
Scheveningen, Netherlands (clay)
  Israel 0  
    Netherlands 0
    Yugoslavia 5
 bye
  Yugoslavia  
Athens, Greece (clay)
  Greece 3  
Athens, Greece
  Denmark 1  
    Greece 0
    Spain 5
 bye
  Spain  
  Sweden  
Uppsala, Sweden (indoor hard)
 bye  
    Sweden 5
Lisbon, Portugal (clay)
    Monaco 0
  Portugal 1
  Monaco 4  
Vienna, Austria
  Austria 5  
Vienna, Austria
  Finland 0  
    Austria 5
    Egypt 0
 bye
  Egypt  

Main Draw

  Quarterfinals
6-8 May
Semifinals
15-25 July
Final
29 July-1 August
                           
 
    Hungary  
   bye     Budapest, Hungary
      Hungary 2  
  Belgrade, Yugoslavia     Spain 3  
    Yugoslavia 1
    Spain 4     Barcelona, Spain
      Spain 2
  Stockholm, Sweden (indoor carpet)       Italy 3
    Sweden 5  
    Austria 0     Båstad, Sweden (clay)
      Sweden 1
      Italy 4  
   bye
    Italy  

Final

Spain vs. Italy


Spain
2
Barcelona, Spain [11]
29 July-1 August 1977

Italy
3
1 2 3 4 5
1 Spain
Italy
José Higueras
Corrado Barazzutti
6
4
6
4
6
3
     
2 Spain
Italy
Manuel Orantes
Adriano Panatta
4
6
6
3
3
6
1
6
   
3 Spain
Italy
José Higueras / Antonio Muñoz
Paolo Bertolucci / Adriano Panatta
4
6
5
7
4
6
     
4 Spain
Italy
Manuel Orantes
Corrado Barazzutti
5
7
5
7
1
6
     
5 Spain
Italy
Javier Soler
Adriano Panatta
6
1
6
0
       

Inter-Zonal Zone

Draw

  Semifinals
14-16 September
Final
2-4 December
                 
  Buenos Aires, Argentina (clay)
  AME   Argentina 2  
  EAS   Australia 3     Sydney, Australia (grass)
    EAS   Australia 3
  Rome, Italy (clay)   EUR-A   Italy 1
  EUR-B   Italy 4
  EUR-A   France 1  

Semifinals

Argentina vs. Australia


Argentina
2
Buenos Aires Lawn Tennis Club, Buenos Aires, Argentina [12]
14-16 September 1977
Clay

Australia
3
1 2 3 4 5
1 Argentina
Australia
Guillermo Vilas
Phil Dent
6
2
4
6
7
5
6
3
   
2 Argentina
Australia
Ricardo Cano
John Alexander
4
6
0
6
0
6
     
3 Argentina
Australia
Ricardo Cano / Guillermo Vilas
John Newcombe / Phil Dent
2
6
6
4
7
9
6
4
2
6
 
4 Argentina
Australia
Ricardo Cano
Phil Dent
4
6
4
6
3
6
     
5 Argentina
Australia
Guillermo Vilas
John Alexander
6
4
7
5
4
6
6
2
   

Italy vs. France


Italy
4
Foro Italico, Rome, Italy [13]
14-16 September 1977
Clay

France
1
1 2 3 4 5
1 Italy
France
Adriano Panatta
Patrice Dominguez
6
4
4
6
6
4
3
6
6
3
 
2 Italy
France
Corrado Barazzutti
François Jauffret
6
4
2
6
2
6
6
2
6
1
 
3 Italy
France
Paolo Bertolucci / Adriano Panatta
Patrice Dominguez / François Jauffret
6
1
3
6
9
7
6
1
   
4 Italy
France
Adriano Panatta
François Jauffret
6
2
6
1
       
5 Italy
France
Corrado Barazzutti
Patrice Dominguez
2
6
6
0
6
8
     

Final

Australia vs. Italy


Australia
3
White City Stadium, Sydney, Australia [2]
2-4 December 1977
Grass

Italy
1
1 2 3 4 5
1 Australia
Italy
Tony Roche
Adriano Panatta
6
3
6
4
6
4
     
2 Australia
Italy
John Alexander
Corrado Barazzutti
6
2
8
6
4
6
6
2
   
3 Australia
Italy
John Alexander / Phil Dent
Paolo Bertolucci / Adriano Panatta
4
6
4
6
5
7
     
4 Australia
Italy
John Alexander
Adriano Panatta
6
4
4
6
2
6
8
6
11
9
 
5 Australia
Italy
Tony Roche
Corrado Barazzutti
12
12
        not
completed

References

  1. ^ Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 495-496, 499. ISBN 978-0942257700.
  2. ^ a b "Australia v Italy". daviscup.com.
  3. ^ "Mexicans Shun Davis Cup Foe". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. 8 March 1975. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Anno 75 (1976), Årskalender utgiven av Förlagshuset Norden AB, Malmö, och Svenska Dagbladet, Stockholm, pp. 35, 36.
  5. ^ Seminara, Dave (2009-11-28). "The Year the Davis Cup Felt Empty". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "U.S. Pulls Out of Davis Cup In Protest". Star-News. United Press International. 2 July 1976. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ "Soviets Barred from Davis Cup". The Daily Sentinel. United Press International. 8 November 1976. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "Argentina v United States". daviscup.com.
  9. ^ "Argentina v Australia". daviscup.com.
  10. ^ "France v Romania". daviscup.com.
  11. ^ "Spain v Italy". daviscup.com.
  12. ^ "Argentina v Australia". daviscup.com.
  13. ^ "Italy v France". daviscup.com.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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