1978 WTA Tour
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1978 WTA Tour
1978 WTA Tour
Details
Duration14 November 1977 - 18 December 1978
Edition8th
Tournaments47
CategoriesGrand Slam (4)
WTA Championships (3)
Virginia Slims Circuit (11)
Colgate International Series (23)
Non-Tour Events (4)
Achievements (singles)
Most tournament titlesUnited States Martina Navratilova (11)
Most tournament finalsUnited States Martina Navratilova (15)
Prize money leaderUnited States Chris Evert ($454,486)
Points leaderUnited States Martina Navratilova (15.660)
Awards
Player of the yearUnited States Martina Navratilova
Doubles Team of the yearUnited States Billie Jean King
United States Martina Navratilova
Most improved
player of the year
Romania Virginia Ruzici
Newcomer of the yearUnited States Pam Shriver
1977
1979

The 1978 WTA Tour consisted of a number of tennis tournaments for female tennis players. It was composed of the newly streamlined version of the Virginia Slims Circuit (which was now an 11-week tour of the US) and the Colgate Series.[1][2] The tour was administered by the Women's International Professional Tennis Council.

Schedule

This is a calendar of all events which were part of either the Virginia Slims circuit or the Colgate Series in the year 1978, with player progression documented from the quarterfinals stage. Also included are the Grand Slam tournaments, the 1978 Virginia Slims Championships, the 1978 Federation Cup and a number of events not affiliated with either tour.[1]

Key
Grand Slam tournaments
Virginia Slims/Colgate Series championships
Virginia Slims Circuit
Colgate International Series
Non-Tour Events
Team events

November (1977)

December (1977)

January

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
2 Jan Virginia Slims of Washington
Washington, United States
Virginia Slims
$100,000 - Carpet (i) - 32S/16D
Singles - Doubles
United States Martina Navratilova
7-5, 6-4
Netherlands Betty Stöve Australia Dianne Fromholtz
United States JoAnne Russell
South Africa Greer Stevens
United States Kathy May
Romania Virginia Ruzici
United States Nancy Richey
United States Billie Jean King
United States Martina Navratilova
6-3, 7-5
Netherlands Betty Stöve
Australia Wendy Turnbull
9 Jan Virginia Slims of Hollywood
Hollywood, United States
Virginia Slims
$100,000 - Carpet (i) - 32S/16D
Singles - Doubles
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley
6-2, 6-3
Australia Wendy Turnbull Netherlands Betty Stöve
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
United States Tracy Austin
United States Marita Redondo
United States Nancy Richey
United States Kathy Teacher
United States Rosie Casals
Australia Wendy Turnbull
6-2, 6-4
France Françoise Dürr
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
16 Jan Virginia Slims of Houston
Houston, United States
Virginia Slims
$100,000 - Carpet (i) - 32S/16D
Singles - Doubles
United States Martina Navratilova
1-6, 6-2, 6-2
United States Billie Jean King Netherlands Betty Stöve
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
South Africa Yvonne Vermaak
United Kingdom Sue Barker
United States Rosie Casals
Australia Wendy Turnbull
United States Billie Jean King
United States Martina Navratilova
7-6(5-4), 4-6, 7-6(5-4)
South Africa Greer Stevens
United States Mona Guerrant
23 Jan Virginia Slims of Los Angeles
Los Angeles, United States
Virginia Slims
$100,000 - Carpet (i) - 32S/16D
Singles - Doubles
United States Martina Navratilova
6-3, 6-2
United States Rosie Casals South Africa Marise Kruger
South Africa Greer Stevens
South Africa Yvonne Vermaak
United Kingdom Sue Barker
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
United States Tracy Austin
Netherlands Betty Stöve
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
6-3, 6-2
United States Pam Teeguarden
South Africa Greer Stevens
30 Jan Virginia Slims of Chicago
Chicago, United States
Virginia Slims
$100,000 - Carpet (i) - 32S/16D
Singles - Doubles
United States Martina Navratilova
6-7(4-5), 6-2, 6-2
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley Netherlands Betty Stöve
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
Australia Kerry Reid
United Kingdom Sue Barker
Australia Wendy Turnbull
United States Rosie Casals
Netherlands Betty Stöve
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley
6-1, 6-4
United States Rosie Casals
United States JoAnne Russell

February

March

April

May

June

July

No tournaments this month

August

September

October

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
2 Oct Thunderbird Classic
Phoenix, United States
Colgate Series (AA)
$75,000 - Hard - 32S/16S
Singles - Doubles
United States Martina Navratilova
6-4, 6-2
United States Tracy Austin Australia Kerry Reid
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
United States Anne Smith
United States Anna-Maria Fernandez
United States Ann Kiyomura
United States Jeanne DuVall
United States Tracy Austin
Netherlands Betty Stöve
6-4, 6-7, 6-2
United States Martina Navratilova
United States Anne Smith
9 Oct US Indoors Championships
Minneapolis, United States
Colgate Series (AAAA)
$100,000 - Carpet (i)
Singles - Doubles
United States Chris Evert
6-7, 6-2, 6-4
United Kingdom Virginia Wade Australia Kerry Reid
Australia Wendy Turnbull
United States Barbara Potter
Netherlands Betty Stöve
United States Tracy Austin
Romania Virginia Ruzici
Australia Kerry Reid
Australia Wendy Turnbull
6-3, 6-3
Australia Lesley Hunt
South Africa Ilana Kloss
16 Oct BMW Challenge
Brighton, Great Britain
Colgate Series (AA)
$75,000 - Carpet (i)
Singles - Doubles
Romania Virginia Ruzici
5-7, 6-2, 7-5
Netherlands Betty Stöve United States Chris Evert
Australia Kerry Reid
West Germany Sylvia Hanika
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mima Jau?ovec
Sweden Nina Bohm
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
Netherlands Betty Stöve
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
6-0, 7-6
South Africa Ilana Kloss
United States JoAnne Russell
23 Oct Porsche Tennis Grand Prix
Filderstadt, West Germany
Colgate Series (A)
$35,000 - Carpet (i)
Singles - Doubles
United States Tracy Austin
6-3, 6-3
Netherlands Betty Stöve Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mima Jau?ovec
Romania Virginia Ruzici
Italy Sabina Simmonds
Australia Lesley Hunt
Sweden Nina Bohm
West Germany Heidi Eisterlehner
United States Tracy Austin
Netherlands Betty Stöve
6-3, 6-2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mima Jau?ovec
Romania Virginia Ruzici
30 Oct Rio de La Plata Championships
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Colgate Series (A)
$35,000 - Clay
Singles - Doubles
United States Caroline Stoll
6-3, 6-1
Argentina Emilse Raponi Czechoslovakia Regina Mar?íková
Argentina Ivanna Madruga
Australia Cynthia Doerner
France Françoise Dürr
Netherlands Elly Vessies
Argentina Liliana Giussani
France Françoise Dürr
United States Valerie Ziegenfuss
1-6, 6-4, 6-3
United States Laura DuPont
Czechoslovakia Regina Mar?íková
Wightman Cup
London, United Kingdom
Hard (i)
Team event
 Great Britain
4-3
 United States

November

December

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
11 Dec Emeron Cup
Tokyo, Japan
Non-tour event
$200,000 - Carpet (i) - 4S
United States Chris Evert
7-5, 6-2
United States Martina Navratilova United Kingdom Virginia Wade
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley

Colgate Series

Draw and seeding

Draw
Size
Min. Direct
Acceptances
Min.
Qualifiers
Min.
Wild Cards
Seeds
16 13 2 1 4
32 26 4 1[a] 8
48 42 4 2 8
64 52 8 4 16
96 82 8 6 16
128 112 8 8 16

Wild cards for the tournament had to be given to either local players or players who had won Wimbledon, the US Open, the Virginia Slims or Colgate Series championships or were previous winners of the tournament. All tournaments used a seeded draw with the number of seeds depending on the draw size.

Points system

The tournaments of the Colgate Series were divided into four groups - AAAA, AAA, AA and A - based on prize money. Points were allocated based on these groups and the finishing position of a player in a tournament.[3] The points allocation - with doubles points listed in brackets - was:

Group AAAA
Prize money at least $150,000
  • Champion: 160 (32)
  • Runner-up: 120 (24)
  • Semifinalist: 80 (16)
  • Quarterfinalist: 40 (8)
  • Round of 16: 20 (4)
  • Round of 32: 15 (3)
  • Round of 64: 10
Group AAA
Prize money at least $100,000
  • Champion: 120 (24)
  • Runner-up: 90 (18)
  • Semifinalist: 60 (12)
  • Quarterfinalist: 30 (6)
  • Round of 16: 15 (3)
  • Round of 32: 10 (2)


Group AA
Prize money at least $75,000
  • Champion: 80 (16)
  • Runner-up: 60 (12)
  • Semifinalist: 40 (8)
  • Quarterfinalist: 20 (4)
  • Round of 16: 10 (2)
  • Round of 32: 5


Group A
Prize money at least $35,000
  • Champion: 40 (8)
  • Runner-up: 30 (6)
  • Semifinalist: 20 (4)
  • Quarterfinalist: 10 (2)
  • Round of 16: 5

Points standings and bonus pool

No. Player Name Points
Singles
Bonus
Singles
Points
Doubles
Bonus
Doubles
Total
Bonus
1  Chris Evert (USA) 740 $100,000 - - $100,000
2  Virginia Wade (GBR) 635 $65,000 100 $7,500 $72,500
3  Kerry Reid (AUS) 560 $45,000 201 $22,000 $67,000
4  Martina Navratilova (USA) 540 $35,000 146 $13,000 $48,000
5  Virginia Ruzici (ROU) 470 $30,000 92 $6,000 $36,000
6  Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS) 450 $25,000 75 $3,800 $28,800
7  Betty Stöve (NED) 445 $22,500 142 $11,500 $34,000
8  Wendy Turnbull (AUS) 430 $20,000 168 $16,000 $36,000
9  Regina Mar?íková (TCH) 370 $19,000 55 $2,500 $21,500
10  Tracy Austin (USA) 310 $17,000 - - $17,000

The total bonus pool for the Colgate Series was $675,000, an increase of $75,000 compared to the previous year, and was divided over singles ($540,000) and doubles ($135,000). The 35 highest points ranking singles players and the top 20 in doubles qualified to receive a share of the bonus pool. The distribution ranged from $100,000 for the first placed singles player to $3,000 for the 35th placed player. The first placed doubles player received $22,000 bonus while the 20th placed player received $2,000. In order to be eligible for a share of the respective bonus pools players had to a) participate in a minimum of seven singles or three doubles tournaments and b) accept invitation for the series championships if qualified based on merit. Players who ended on equal points were ranked in order of the number of tournaments played.[3][4]

Virginia Slims Circuit

Points standings and prize money

Combined prize money for singles and doubles events. The points, named 'Silver Ginny Points', were allocated as follows:

  • Winner: 210
  • Runner-up: 150
  • Third: 110
  • Semifinalist: 100
  • Quarterfinalist: 65
  • Round of 16: 30
  • Round of 32: 8

WTA Tour

Year-end rankings

Below are the 1978 WTA year-end rankings (December 10, 1978) in both singles and doubles competition:

Singles Year-end Ranking[5]
No. Player Name T M Points 1977 Change
1  Martina Navratilova (USA) 18 87 15.660 3 Increase 2
2  Chris Evert (USA) 10 56 15.192 1 Decrease 1
3  Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS) 11 48 11.688 NR NR
4  Virginia Wade (GBR) 22 92 9.879 4 Steady
5  Billie Jean King (USA) 10 35 9.183 2 Decrease 3
6  Tracy Austin (USA) 14 64 8.531 12 Increase 6
7  Wendy Turnbull (AUS) 22 79 8.171 9 Increase 2
8  Betty Stöve (NED) 21 72 7.336 7 Decrease 1
9  Kerry Reid (AUS) 21 79 7.111 10 Increase 1
10  Dianne Fromholtz (AUS) 14 39 7.032 8 Decrease 2
11  Rosie Casals (USA) 14 38 6.295 6 Decrease 5
12  Virginia Ruzici (ROU) 28 90 6.095 16 Increase 4
13  Pam Shriver (USA) 12 45 5.967 NR NR
14  Regina Mar?íková (TCH) 32 91 5.559 20 Increase 6
15  Kathy May (USA) 16 38 4.706 21 Increase 6
16  Marita Redondo (USA) 17 46 4.649 NR NR
17  Greer Stevens (RSA) 7 15 4.628 13 Decrease 4
18  Marise Kruger (RSA) 17 31 4.559 25 Increase 7
19  Mima Jau?ovec (YUG) 20 48 4.527 11 Decrease 8
20  Anne Smith (USA) 8 28 4.161 NR NR

Prize money leaders

No. Player Name Prize money
1  Chris Evert (USA) $454,486
2  Martina Navratilova (USA) $450,757
3  Virginia Wade (GBR) $300,027
4  Kerry Reid (AUS) $208,766
5  Wendy Turnbull (AUS) $189,583
6  Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS) $180,844
7  Betty Stöve (NED) $177,243
8  Virginia Ruzici (ROU) $151,379
9  Billie Jean King (USA) $149,492
10  Regina Mar?íková (TCH) $88,840

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Two wild cards for tournaments organized outside the United States.

References

  1. ^ a b "WTA Tour Finals" (PDF). www.wtatennis.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-01. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "About the WTA". www.wtatennis.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b John Barrett, ed. (1978). World of Tennis 1978 : a BP yearbook. London: Macdonald and Janes. pp. 139, 142-143. ISBN 9780354090391.
  4. ^ John Dolan (2011). Women's Tennis 1968-84: the Ultimate Guide. Remous. p. 511.
  5. ^ "Womens International Computer Rankings" (PDF). Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 10 December 1978.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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