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1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.
1983 saw both the contested beginning of the Internet and the first mobile  cellular telephone call. 
June June - Throughout the local summer, many
Midwestern American states are affected by a severe drought that causes water shortages.
June 4 - Fugitive tax protester Gordon Kahl, who has been on the run for four months, is killed in a shootout with police in Smithville, Arkansas, along with a local sheriff.
June 5 - Rede Manchete is founded in São Paulo, Brazil. It was defunct in 1999.
June 9 - Britain's Conservative government, led by Margaret Thatcher, is re-elected by a landslide majority. 
June 13 - passes the orbit of Pioneer 10 Neptune, becoming the first man-made object to leave the vicinity of the major planets of the Solar System.
June 16 - Cork Graham is caught off the Vietnamese island of Phú Qu?c looking for treasure buried by Captain Kidd. He is convicted and imprisoned until 1984 for illegal entry.
June 18 - 19 - The team of Vern Schuppan Al Holbert and Hurley Haywood won the 24 Hours of Le Mans
June 19 - Don Bluth's Dragon's Lair is released in arcades.
June 25 - India wins the Cricket World Cup by defeating the West Indies by 43 runs. June 30 - A total loss of coolant occurs at the Embalse Nuclear Power Station, Argentina. It is classified as an "Accident With Local Consequences" - level 4 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.
August 1 - America West Airlines begins operations out of Phoenix, Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada.
August 4 - Thomas Sankara becomes President of Upper Volta.
August 16 - first airs as The Bill . Woodentop
Hurricane Alicia hits the Texas coast, killing 22 and causing over US$3.8 billion ( 2005 dollars) in damage. 5 people are killed and 18 others injured when a road train is deliberately driven into a motel at Ayers Rock, NT (the driver, Douglas Edward Crabbe, is convicted in March 1984).
August 21 - Benigno Aquino Jr., Philippines opposition leader, is assassinated in Manila just as he returns from exile.
August 24 - The Old Philadelphia Arena is destroyed by arson.
August 26 - Heavy rain triggers flooding at Bilbao, Spain, and surrounding areas, killing 44 people and causing millions in damages. August 30 - Guion Bluford becomes the first African-American in space aboard Space Shuttle on the Challenger STS-8 mission.
October 2 - Neil Kinnock is elected leader of the British Labour Party.
October 4 - British entrepreneur Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 mph (1,019.468 km/h), driving Thrust2 at the Black Rock Desert, Nevada.
October 4 - The first Hooters restaurant is opened in Clearwater, Florida.
October 5 - AT&T was founded.
October 7 - A plan to abolish the Greater London Council is announced.
October 9 - The Rangoon bombing kills South Korea's Foreign Minister, Lee Bum Suk, and 21 others. The perpetrators are believed to be North Koreans.
October 12 - Japan's former Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka is found guilty of taking a $2 million bribe from Lockheed, and sentenced to 4 years in jail.
October 16 - Baltimore Orioles beat the Philadelphia Phillies 4 games to 1 to win the World Series baseball championship in the United States.
October 19 - Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, and 40 others are assassinated in a military coup.
October 21 - At the 17th General Conference on Weights and Measures, the metre is defined in terms of the speed of light as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
October 22 - In Bonn, West Germany, people demonstrate for nuclear disarmament.
October 23 - Beirut barracks bombing: Simultaneous suicide truck-bombings destroy both the French Army and United States Marine Corps barracks in Beirut, killing 241 U.S. servicemen, 58 French paratroopers and 6 Lebanese civilians.
October 30 - Argentine general election: The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held. October 31 - The debuts on Match Game-Hollywood Squares Hour NBC.
November 3 - The Reverend Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for the 1984 United States' Democratic Party presidential nomination.
November 5 - Byford Dolphin rig diving bell accident: Off the coast of Norway, 5 divers are killed and 1 severely wounded in an explosive decompression accident.
November 7 - Able Archer 83: Many Soviet officials misinterpret this NATO exercise as a nuclear first strike, causing the last nuclear scare of the Cold War.
November 10 - The anticancer drug etoposide is approved by the FDA, leading to a curative treatment regime in the field of combination chemotherapy of testicular carcinoma.
November 11 - Ronald Reagan becomes the first U.S. president to address the National Diet, Japan's national legislature.
November 13 - The first United States cruise missiles arrive at RAF Greenham Common in England amid protests from peace campaigners.
November 14 - The immunosuppressant cyclosporine is approved by the FDA, leading to a revolution in the field of transplantation.
November 15 - The Turkish part of Cyprus declares independence.
November 16 - A jury in Gretna, Louisiana, US acquits Ginny Foat of the murder of Argentine businessman Moses Chaiyo.
November 17 - The Zapatista Army of National Liberation is founded in Mexico.
November 18 - is released. A Christmas Story
November 19 - An attempted hijacking of Aeroflot Flight 6833 in Soviet Georgia results in several dead and wounded.
November 20 - airs on The Day After ABC.
November 24 - Lynda Mann, 15, is found raped and strangled in the village of Narborough, England ( Colin Pitchfork is sentenced to life imprisonment in 1988).
November 26 - Brink's-Mat robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly GB£26 million are taken from the Brink's-Mat vault at Heathrow Airport. Only a fraction of the gold is ever recovered, and only 2 men are convicted of the crime. November 27 - Colombian Avianca Flight 11 crashes near Barajas Airport in Madrid, Spain, killing 181 of the 192 on board.
January 2 - Kate Bosworth, American actress
January 3 - Precious Lara Quigaman, Filipina model, host and actress
January 6 - Cristina Rosato, Canadian actress
January 10 - Li Nina, Chinese aerial free-style skier
January 11 - Adrian Sutil, German Formula One driver
January 12 - Josh Robbins, American HIV/AIDS activist, blogger, talent agent, writer, and social media marketer
January 14 - Takako Uehara, Japanese singer
January 15 - Aa Jimmy, Indonesian actor (d. 2018)
January 20 - Yasser Elshantaf, Palestinian entrepreneur
January 22 - Shaun Cody, American football player
January 25 - Yasuyuki Konno, Japanese footballer
January 27 - Rebecca Judd, Australian model and television presenter
January 30 - Ella Hooper, Australian singer-songwriter January 31
March 7 - Raquel Alessi, American actress
March 11 - Melissa Rycroft, American television personality and reality television contestant
March 12 - Roxy Shahidi, English actress
March 15 - Florencia Bertotti, Argentine actress, singer and producer
March 19 - Nicole Muirbrook, American actress and model
March 21 - Bruno Langley, British actor
March 22 - Christina Bennett Lind, American actress
March 23 - Mo Farah, British athlete
March 24 - Josh Neer, American mixed martial artist
March 25 - Francisco Javier Gómez Noya, Spanish triathlete
March 27 - Shawntinice Polk, American basketball player (d. 2005)
May 1 - Alain Bernard, French Olympic swimmer 
May 2 - Tina Maze, Slovenian alpine ski racer 
May 5 - Henry Cavill, British actor
May 8 - Matt Willis, English singer-songwriter
May 9 - Ryuhei Matsuda, Japanese actor
May 11 - Holly Valance, Australian actress and singer
May 17 - Channing Frye, American basketball player
May 18 - Vince Young, American football player
May 21 - Leva Bates, American professional wrestler
May 23 - Heidi Range, British singer ( Sugababes)
May 24 - Woo Seung-yeon, South Korean actress and model (d. 2009)
May 25 - Ibrahim Diarra, French rugby union footballer (d. 2019)
May 26 - Scott Disick, American entrepreneur
May 27 - Bobby Convey, American soccer player
May 30 - Jennifer Ellison, British actress May 31
June Dale Steyn, South African cricketer
June 1 - Sylvia Hoeks, Dutch actress
June 3 - Janine Carmen Habeck, German model
June 7 - Indiggo, Romanian-born American twin sisters, singer-songwriters, and reality TV personalities
June 9 - Marina Lizorkina, Russian singer
June 11 - José Reyes, Dominican baseball player
June 13 - Jason Spezza, Canadian hockey player
June 20 - Cherrie Ying, Hong Kong actress
June 29 - Ilya Yashin, Russian activist and politician June 30
September 2 - Tiffany Hines, American television actress and singer
September 8 - Chris Judd, Australian rules footballer
September 9 - Zoe Kazan, American actress and screenwriter
September 11 - Vivian Jepkemoi Cheruiyot, Kenyan long-distance runner
September 12 - Carly Smithson, Irish singer
September 14 - Amy Winehouse, British singer (d. 2011)
September 16 - Kirsty Coventry, Zimbabwean swimmer
A-Lin, Taiwanese singer Yuna Ito, American-Japanese singer and actress
September 22 - Eriko Imai, Japanese singer ( Speed)
Jackie Battle, American football running back
Mateo Chiarino, Uruguayan actor, writer, and director
Anna Drijver, Dutch actress and model
Mirko Vu?ini?, Montenegrin footballer Ramesh Pisharody, Indian film actor, director, stand-up comedian, impressionist, and television presenter
October 7 - Flying Lotus, American musician
October 9 - Spencer Grammer, American actress
October 11 - Bradley James, English actor
October 12 - Annick Obonsawin, Canadian actress and voice actress
October 13 - Katia Winter, Swedish actress
October 20 - Alona Tal, Israeli television actress
Ashley Banjo, Canadian actor
Hrvoje ?usti?, Croatian footballer (d. 2008)
Brent Hayden, Canadian swimmer
Marie Marguerite, Duchess of Anjou, Venezuelan heiress and wife of Louis Alphonse of Bourbon, Duke of Anjou
Charlotte Sullivan, Canadian actress
Amber Rose, American model and actress
Ninet Tayeb, Israeli singer Aaron Tveit, American actor
October 25 - Princess Y?ko of Mikasa, member of the Japanese Imperial Family
October 29 - Johnny Lewis, American actor (d. 2012) October 30
November 3 - Julie Marie Berman, American actress
November 4 - Tyler Everett, American football player
November 5 - Alexa Chung, English television presenter and model
November 7 - Adam DeVine, American actor, voice actor, comedian, screenwriter, producer, and singer
November 9 - Meseret Defar, Ethiopian long-distance runner
November 10 - Miranda Lambert, American country singer
November 12 - Kate Bell, Australian actress
November 14 - Chelsea Wolfe, American singer-songwriter and musician
November 18 - Jon Johansen, Norwegian computer programmer
November 20 - Future, American rapper, singer, and songwriter
November 21 - The Bella Twins, ( Brie & Nikki), American professional wrestlers
November 26 - Emiri Kat?, Japanese voice actress and singer
November 28 - Courtney Rush, Canadian professional wrestler November 29
January 7 - Fred Church, American actor (b. 1889)
January 8 - Gerhard Barkhorn, German World War II fighter ace (b. 1919)
January 10 - Roy DeMeo, American Mafia hitman (b. 1942)
January 12 - Nikolai Podgorny, Soviet politician, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1965 to 1977 (b. 1903)
January 13 - David M. Shoup, American general (b. 1904)
January 17 - Doodles Weaver, American comedian (b. 1911)
January 18 - Arturo Umberto Illia, Argentine politician and physician, 34th President of Argentina (b. 1900)
January 20 - Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
January 21 - Howard Clark, Canadian Anglican primate (b. 1903)
January 22 - Walter Citrine, 1st Baron Citrine, British trade unionist (b. 1887)
January 26 - Bear Bryant, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
January 29 - Stuart H. Ingersoll, American admiral (b. 1898)
March 3 - Hergé, Belgian comics creator (b. 1907)
March 6 - Donald Maclean, British spy (b. 1913)
March 7 - Igor Markevitch, Ukrainian conductor (b. 1912)
March 11 - Will Glickman, American playwright (b. 1910)
March 14 - Maurice Ronet, French film actor and director (b. 1927)
March 16 - Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television broadcaster and entertainer (b. 1903)
March 17 - Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
March 20 - Maria Babanova, Soviet and Russian actress (b. 1900)
March 22 - Blanton Collier, American football coach (b. 1906)
March 25 - Bob Waterfield, American football player ( Los Angeles Rams) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1920)
March 26 - Anthony Blunt, British spy and art historian (b. 1907)
March 31 - Stephen Murray, British actor (b. 1912)
May 5 - John Williams, British actor (b. 1903)
May 8 - John Fante, American writer (b. 1909)
May 13 - Allauddin, Pakistan actor (b. 1923)
May 15 - James Van Der Zee, American photographer (b. 1886)
May 18 - Frank Aiken, Irish politician, former Tánaiste and Foreign Minister of Ireland (b. 1898)
May 19 - Jean Rey, 2nd President of the European Commission (b. 1902)
May 21 - Kenneth Clark, British art historian (b. 1903)
May 23 - John Seward Johnson I, American art collector (b. 1895)
May 25 - Sid Daniels, British merchant marine worker, last surviving crewmember of the RMS (b. Titanic 1895)
May 29 - Arv?ds Pel?e, Latvian historian, Soviet politician and functionary (b. 1899) May 31 - Jack Dempsey, American heavyweight champion boxer (b. 1895)
June 4 - Gordon Kahl, American tax protester and cop-killer (b. 1920)
June 6 - Mahmoud el-Meliguy, Egyptian actor and screenwriter (b. 1910)
June 8 - Mi?ko Kranjec, Slovenian writer (b. 1908)
June 10 - Larry Hooper, American singer (b. 1917)
June 11 - George Douglas, American actor (b. 1903)
June 12 - Norma Shearer, Canadian-born American actress (b. 1902)
June 23 - Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Cuban politician, 21st President of Cuba (suicide) (b. 1919)
June 24 - Charles Phelps Taft II, American politician, son of President William Howard Taft (b. 1897)
June 25 - Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (b. 1916) June 30 - Mary Livingstone, American radio and voice actress (b. 1908)
July 1 - Buckminster Fuller, American architect (b. 1895)
July 2 - László Budai, Hungarian footballer (b. 1928)
July 5 - Harry James, American musician and band leader (b. 1916)
July 7 - Herman Kahn, American futurist (b. 1922)
July 9 - Keith Wickenden, British politician (b. 1932)
July 11 - Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)
July 12 - Chris Wood, British rock musician, lead singer and guitarist of the Traffic (b. 1944)
July 14 - Jack MacBryan, English cricketer (b. 1892)
July 15 - Eddie Foy, Jr., American actor (b. 1905)
July 17 - Roosevelt Sykes, American blues musician (b. 1906)
July 19 - Erik Ode, German actor (b. 1910)
July 20 - Frank Reynolds, American journalist (b. 1923)
July 23 - Georges Auric, French composer (b. 1899)
July 25 - Jerome Moross, American composer (b. 1913)
August 2 - James Jamerson, American musician (b. 1936)
August 3 - Carolyn Jones, American actress (b. 1930)
August 4 - Jobriath, American rock musician and actor (b. 1946)
August 7 - David Ford, American actor (b. 1925)
August 10 - José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo, Portuguese military officer and political figure, 104th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1917)
August 11 - Mamie Phipps Clark, American psychologist (b. 1917)
August 12 - Theodor Burchadi, German admiral (b. 1892)
August 13 - Bob Bailey, American actor (b. 1913)
August 17 - Ira Gershwin, American lyricist (b. 1896)
August 18 - Sir Nikolaus Pevsner, German-born British art historian (b. 1902)
August 21 - Benigno Aquino Jr., Filipino politician (b. 1932)
August 26 - Nazir Ahmed Khan, Pakistan-born Indian actor, director and producer (b. 1904)
August 27 - Harry A. deButts, American railroad executive
August 29 - Simon Oakland, American actor (b. 1915)
September 1 - Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson, American politician (suffered an aortic aneurysm after giving a news conference condemning the shooting down of KAL 007) (b. 1912)
September 2 - Feri Cansel, Turkish-Cypriot actress (b. 1944)
September 8 - Ibrahim Abboud, 4th Prime Minister and 1st President of Sudan (b. 1900)
September 9 - Leo Lemay, American-born Solomonian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1909)
September 12 - Sabin Carr, American Olympic athlete (b. 1904)
September 14 - Robert Leahy Fair, American lieutenant general (b. 1923)
September 17 - Humberto Sousa Medeiros, Portuguese-born American Roman Catholic clergyman (b. 1915)
September 18 - María Esther Podestá, Argentine actress (b. 1896)
September 19 - Bruno Pittermann, Austrian Social Democratic politician, 19th Vice-Chancellor of Austria (b. 1905)
September 21 - Xavier Zubiri, Spanish philosopher (b. 1898)
September 25 - King Leopold III of Belgium (b. 1901)
September 26 - Tino Rossi, French singer (b. 1907)
September 29 - Alan Moorehead, Australian-born English war correspondent and historian (b. 1910) September 30 - William Elliott, American actor (b. 1934)
October 4 - Andrés Córdova, acting President of Ecuador, Leader of the World War II (b. 1892)
October 5 - Earl Tupper, American businessman (b. 1907)
October 6 - Terence Cooke, American Roman Catholic cardinal, archbishop and servant of God (b. 1921)
October 12 - Prince Nayef bin Abdullah (b. 1914)
October 13 - Ajitesh Bandopadhyay Indian actor, playwright and director (b. 1933)
October 15 - Pat O'Brien, American actor (b. 1899)
October 16 - George Liberace, American musician and television performer (b. 1911)
October 17 - Raymond Aron, French philosopher, sociologist and political scientist. (b. 1905)
October 18 - Willie Jones, baseball player (b. 1925)
October 20 - Peter Dudley, British actor (b. 1935)
October 21 - Joseph P. Lordi, American government official (b. 1919)
October 31 - George S. Halas, American football player and coach; member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1895)
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The New Book of Knowledge
"Finale Of M*A*S*H Draws Record Number Of Viewers". The New York Times. March 3, 1983.
"You Can Now See the First Ever 3D Printer--Invented by Chuck Hull--In the National Inventors Hall of Fame". 3DPrint.com.
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Nathan Yau. "Target Store Openings Since the First in 1962 - Data Now Available". FlowingData.
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