1989
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1989

1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita2742
Armenian calendar1438
?
Assyrian calendar6739
Bahá'í calendar145-146
Balinese saka calendar1910-1911
Bengali calendar1396
Berber calendar2939
British Regnal year37 Eliz. 2 - 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2533
Burmese calendar1351
Byzantine calendar7497-7498
Chinese calendar? (Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    -- to --
(Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar1705-1706
Discordian calendar3155
Ethiopian calendar1981-1982
Hebrew calendar5749-5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2045-2046
 - Shaka Samvat1910-1911
 - Kali Yuga5089-5090
Holocene calendar11989
Igbo calendar989-990
Iranian calendar1367-1368
Islamic calendar1409-1410
Japanese calendarSh?wa 64 / Heisei 1
(?)
Javanese calendar1921-1922
Juche calendar78
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4322
Minguo calendarROC 78
78?
Nanakshahi calendar521
Thai solar calendar2532
Tibetan calendar?
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
    -- to --
?
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time599616000 - 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989. While revolutions against communist governments in Eastern Europe mainly succeeded, the year also saw the suppression by the Chinese government of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential election in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 that ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year,[1][2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989.[3]

Events

January

February

Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan

March

Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters

April

May

June

July

August

Baltic Way in Estonia

September

October

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

Emperor Hirohito

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

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Further reading

  • Ash, Timothy Garton. The Magic Lantern: The Revolution of '89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin, and Prague (1999) excerpt
  • Kenney, Padraic, ed. 1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End: A Brief History with Documents (2009)
  • Sebestyen, Victor. Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire (2010) excerpt

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

1989
 



 



 
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