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2001 ( MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2001st year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 1st year of the Anno Domini 3rd millennium, the 1st year of the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2000s decade.
2001 was designated as International Year of Volunteers.
June 5- 9 – Tropical Storm Allison produces 36 inches (900 mm) of rain in Houston, killing 22, damaging the Texas Medical Center, and causing more than US$5 billion of damage overall.
June 6 – U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords of Vermont leaves the Republican Party to caucus as an independent with Democrats, handing majority control of the Senate to the Democratic Party and Majority Leader Tom Daschle.
June 7 – George W. Bush signs the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 in the United States, the first of a series which becomes known as the Bush tax cuts.
June 19 – A missile hits a soccer field in northern Iraq (Tel Afr County), killing 23 and wounding 11. According to U.S. officials, it is an Iraqi missile that malfunctioned. 
June 21 – The world's longest train is run by BHP Iron Ore between Newman and Port Hedland in Western Australia (a distance of 275 km (171 mi)); the train consists of 682 loaded iron ore wagons and 8 GE AC6000CW locomotives, giving a gross weight of almost 100,000 tonnes and moves 82,262 tonnes of ore; the train is 7.353 km (4.569 mi) long. June 23 – The 8.4 southern Peru earthquake shakes coastal Peru with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII ( Severe). A destructive tsunami follows, leaving at least 75 people dead, and 2,687 injured.
September 1 – Nakai, the first captive orca to be born as a result of artificial insemination, is born at SeaWorld San Diego.
Belfast, Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls. For the next 11 weeks, riot police escort the schoolchildren and their parents through hundreds of protesters, amid rioting and heightened violence. The United States, Canada and Israel withdraw from the U.N. Conference on Racism because they feel that the issue of Zionism is overemphasized.
September 4 – Tokyo DisneySea opens to the public as part of the Tokyo Disney Resort in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan.
September 5 – The piece , composed by As Slow as Possible John Cage, begins. It will last 639 years, finishing in the year 2640. 
September 6 – : The United States v. Microsoft Corp. United States Justice Department announces that it no longer seeks to break up software maker Microsoft, and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.
September 11 – Approximately 2,996 victims are killed or fatally injured in the September 11 attacks at the World Trade Center in New York City, The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and in rural Shanksville, Pennsylvania after American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 are hijacked and crash into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers, American Airlines Flight 77 is hijacked and crashes into the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93 is hijacked and crashes into grassland in Shanksville, due to the passengers fighting to regain control of the airplane. The World Trade Center towers collapse as a result of the crashes.
September 12 – Ansett Australia Airlines is placed into administration, the company's fleet is grounded 2 days later on September 14.
September 13 – Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks.
September 17 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.
September 18 – The 2001 anthrax attacks commence as letters containing anthrax spores are mailed from Princeton, New Jersey, to ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, the , and the New York Post . Twenty-two people in total are exposed, with five resulting fatalities. National Enquirer
September 20 – In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a " War on Terror".
September 27 – Zug massacre: In Zug, Switzerland, Friedrich Leibacher shoots 18 citizens, killing 14 and then himself.
October 1 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Srinagar, Kashmir, killing 38.
October 2 – Swissair seeks for bankruptcy protection and grounds its entire fleet, resulting in over 230 flights cancelled and stranding 18,000 people worldwide.
October 4 – Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 crashes over the Black Sea en route from Tel Aviv, Israel, to Novosibirsk, Russia; 78 are killed.
October 7 – War in Afghanistan: In response to the September 11 attacks, the United States invades Afghanistan, with participation from other nations, thus officially beginning the War on Terror.
October 9 – Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
October 15 – NASA's passes within 180 kilometres (110 mi) of Galileo spacecraft Jupiter's moon Io.
October 17 – Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze'evi becomes the first Israeli minister to be assassinated in a terrorist attack.
October 19 – sinks on route to SIEV X Christmas Island, killing 353 people.
October 26 – U.S. President George W. Bush signs the Patriot Act into law.
Soldiers board a
VAG, the public transport operator in Nuremberg, Germany, begins testing a hybrid capabus which uses a diesel-electric drive system with electric double-layer capacitors. 
November 2 – The Glocal Forum, leading international organization in the field of city-to-city cooperation, is established by Ambassador Uri Savir.
November 7 – Sabena, the national airline of Belgium, goes bankrupt.
November 11 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they are traveling in.
November 13 – In the first such act since World War II, U.S. President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts against the United States.
November 14 – War in Afghanistan: Northern Alliance fighters take over the capital Kabul.
November 23 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
November 27 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet. November 30 – Gary Ridgway, a.k.a. The Green River Killer, is arrested outside the truck factory where he had worked in Renton, Washington. His arrest marks the end of one of the longest running homicide investigations in US history.
January 1 – Angourie Rice, Australian actress 
January 3 – Deni Avdija, Israeli basketball player 
January 9 – Rodrygo Goes, Brazilian footballer 
January 15 – Alexandra Agiurgiuculese, Romanian-Italian rhythmic gymnast 
February 7 – R. J. Hampton, American basketball player
February 13 – Kaapo Kakko, Finnish ice hockey player 
February 15 – Haley Tju, American actress 
February 19 – David Mazouz, American actor 
February 21 – Isabella Acres, American actress 
February 24 – Ramona Marquez, British actress  February 27 - Largie Ramazani, Belgian footballer
May 8 – Jordyn Huitema, Canadian soccer player 
May 14 – Jack Hughes, American ice hockey player 
May 17 – AJ Mitchell, American singer-songwriter and musician 
May 22 – Emma Chamberlain, American YouTuber 
May 23 – Matt Lintz, American actor
May 24 – Darren Espanto, Filipino singer and performer
May 31 – Iga ?wi?tek, Polish tennis player 
June 1 – Ed Oxenbould, Australian actor 
June 4 – Takefusa Kubo, Japanese footballer
June 12 – Théo Maledon, French basketball player 
June 18 – Gabriel Martinelli, Brazilian footballer June 21
September 3 – Kaia Gerber, American model and actress
September 15 – Emma Fuhrmann, American actress
September 25 – Cade Cunningham, American basketball player
October 5 – Dalila Bela, Canadian actress
October 11 – Alexis Lafrenière, Canadian ice hockey player
October 12 – Raymond Ochoa, American actor and voice actor
October 13 – Caleb McLaughlin, American actor
October 14 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress
October 17 – Jake Beale, Canadian actor
October 19 – Art Parkinson, Irish actor
October 20 – Paige Bueckers, American basketball player
October 25 – Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant, daughter and Heiress Apparent of Philippe, King of the Belgians October 29 – Beckham Putra, Indonesian footballer
February 9 - Herbert A. Simon, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
February 10 - Lewis Arquette, American film actor, writer and producer (b. 1935)
February 13 - Ugo Fano, Italian-American physicist (b. 1912)
February 19 - Stanley Kramer, American film director (b. 1913)
February 20 - Rosemary DeCamp, American actress (b. 1910)
February 22 - John Fahey, American guitarist and composer (b. 1939)
February 24 - Claude Shannon, American mathematician (b. 1916) February 25 - Sir Don Bradman, Australian cricketer (b. 1908)
March 4 - Jean René Bazaine, French painter (b. 1904)
March 9 - Richard Stone, American composer (b. 1953)
March 10 - Michael Woodruff, British surgeon and organ transplantation pioneer (b. 1911) 
March 12 - Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)
March 15 - Ann Sothern, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
March 18 - John Phillips, American singer-songwriter (b. 1935)
March 20 - Ilie Verde?, 51st Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1925)
March 22 - William Hanna, American animator and businessman (b. 1910)
March 23 - David McTaggart, Canadian-born environmental campaigner (b. 1932)
March 29 - John Lewis, American jazz pianist and composer (b. 1920) March 31 - Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
June 2 - Imogene Coca, American actress (b. 1908)
June 3 - Anthony Quinn, Mexican-American actor (b. 1915)
June 7 - Víctor Paz Estenssoro , 45th President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
June 11 - Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (b. 1968)
June 15 - Henri Alekan, French cinematographer (b. 1909)
June 17 - Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)
June 22 - Luis Carniglia, Argentine footballer and manager (b. 1917)
June 23 - Corinne Calvet, French actress (b. 1925)
June 28 - Mortimer J. Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
June 29 - Maximos V Hakim, Egyptian patriarch (b. 1908) June 30
July 1 - Nikolay Basov, Soviet physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
July 10 - Álvaro Magaña, 38th President of El Salvador (b. 1925)
July 11 - Herman Brood, Dutch musician (b. 1946)
July 17 - Katharine Graham, American publisher (b. 1917)
July 21 - Sivaji Ganesan, Indian actor (b. 1928)
July 22 - Maria Gorokhovskaya, Soviet gymnast (b. 1921)
July 24 - Hiroshi Tsuburaya, Japanese actor (b. 1964)
July 26 - Josef Klaus, 16th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1910)
July 28 - Ahmed Sofa, Bengali writer (b. 1943)
July 29 - Edward Gierek, Polish politician (b. 1913) July 31
September 9 - Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan military commander (b. 1953)
September 11 - 2,996 people (2,977 victims and 19 hijackers) who died in the September 11 attacks (see 2001 in the United States)
September 12 - Victor Wong, Chinese-American character actor (b. 1927)
September 13 - Charles Régnier, German actor, director, radio actor, and translator (b. 1914)
September 14 - Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1916)
September 20 - Marcos Pérez Jiménez, 51st President of Venezuela (b. 1914)
September 22 - Isaac Stern, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1920) September 29
November November -
Justin Rakotoniaina, 3rd Prime Minister of Madagascar (b. 1933)
November 1 - Juan Bosch, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1909)
November 3 - Sir Ernst Gombrich, Austrian-born art historian (b. 1909)
November 6 - Anthony Shaffer, English novelist and playwright (b. 1926)
November 9 - Giovanni Leone, 37th Prime Minister of Italy and 6th President of Italy (b. 1908)
November 10 - Ken Kesey, American author (b. 1935)
November 12 - Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, American-born Hindu guru (b. 1927)
November 22 - Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman (b. 1918)
November 24 - Melanie Thornton, American singer (b. 1967)
November 25 - Gohar Shahi, Pakistani spiritual leader (b. 1941) November 29
December 5 - Sir Peter Blake, New Zealand yachtsman (b. 1948)
December 8 - Betty Holberton, American computer scientist (b. 1917)
December 10 - Ashok Kumar, Indian actor (b. 1911)
December 12 - Josef Bican, Czech-Austrian footballer (b. 1913)
December 16 - Stuart Adamson, Scottish singer and guitarist (b. 1958)
December 18 - Kira Ivanova, Soviet-Russian figure skater (b. 1963)
December 20 - Léopold Sédar Senghor, first president of Senegal (b. 1906)
December 23 - Jelle Zijlstra, Dutch politician and economist, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1918)
December 26 - Sir Nigel Hawthorne, British actor (b. 1929) December 31 - Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
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