All 250 seats in the National Assembly
126 seats needed for a majority
Parliamentary elections were held in Serbia on 28 December 2003 to elect members of the National Assembly. Serbia was one of the two federal units of Serbia and Montenegro, formerly known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Serbia had been in a state of political crisis since the overthrow of the post-communist ruler, Slobodan Milo?evi?, in 2001. The reformers, led by former Yugoslav President Vojislav Ko?tunica, have been unable to gain control of the Serbian presidency because three successive presidential elections have failed to produce the required 50% turnout. The assassination in March 2003 of reformist Prime Minister, Zoran ?in?i? was a major setback.
At these elections the former reformist alliance, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS), had broken up into three parts: Ko?tunica's Democratic Party of Serbia, late Prime Minister ?in?i?'s Democratic Party and the G17 Plus group of liberal economists led by Miroljub Labus.
Opposing them were the nationalist Serbian Radical Party of Vojislav ?e?elj and Milo?evi?'s Socialist Party of Serbia (descended from the former Communist Party). At the time of the election, both ?e?elj and Milo?evi? were in detention at ICTY, Milo?evi? accused of committing war crimes, ?e?elj of inspiring them.
Following the election the three former DOS parties (DSS, DS and G17+) fell two seats short of a parliamentary majority, holding 124 seats between them. After months of coalition talks Ko?tunica, Labus and Dra?kovi?'s parties reach an agreement with the outside support of the Socialist Party in March 2004 which enabled Ko?tunica of the DSS to become prime minister.
|Serbian Radical Party||1,056,256||28.0||82||+59|
|Democratic Party of Serbia||678,031||18.0||53||+8|
|Serbian Renewal Movement-New Serbia||293,082||7.8||22||+14|
|Socialist Party of Serbia||291,341||7.7||22||-15|
|Together for Tolerance
|For National Unity||68,537||1.8||0||-10|
|Socialist People's Party||27,596||0.7||0||0|
|Liberals of Serbia||22,852||0.6||0||-|
|Reformists - of the Social Democratic Party of Vojvodina - of Serbia||19,464||0.5||0||-4|
|Defense and Justice
|Business Potential of Serbia and the Diaspora||14,113||0.4||0||-|
|Labour Party of Serbia||4,666||0.1||0||-|
|Alliance of Serbs of Vojvodina||3,015||0.1||0||-|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
This election resulted in a Gallagher index of 11.96, which measures disproportionality of votes received and seats allocated to each party.