|Turnout||49.6% (first round)|
51.0% (second round)
Results of the second round
The 2005 Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. The outgoing President of Poland, Aleksander Kwa?niewski, had served two five-year terms and was unable to stand for a third term. Lech Kaczy?ski defeated Donald Tusk to become President of Poland.
Two center-right candidates, Donald Tusk, chairman of the Civic Platform (PO) and Deputy Marshal of the Sejm, and Lech Kaczy?ski, honorary chairman of Law and Justice (PiS) and mayor of Warsaw, led the poll in the first round, as was widely expected. As neither received 50 percent of the vote, a second round was held on 23 October. In this round, Kaczy?ski defeated Tusk, polling 54.04 percent of the vote.
Although both leading candidates came from the center-right, and their two parties had planned to form a coalition government following the legislative elections on 25 September, there were important differences between Tusk and Kaczy?ski. Tusk wants to enforce a separation of church and state, favors rapid European integration and supports a free-market economy. Kaczy?ski is very socially conservative, a soft Eurosceptic, and supports state interventionism. Such differences led to the failure of PiS-PO coalition talks in late October.
W?odzimierz Cimoszewicz, the candidate of the Alliance of the Democratic Left, which was the governing party before the legislative election withdrew from the race on September 14. At the time he withdrew he was third in the polls, still having the most chances to get to the second round (besides Kaczy?ski and Tusk).
Other candidates, who withdrew from the elections, but initially have signed to, were Zbigniew Religa and Maciej Giertych. Daniel Tomasz Podrzycki, who have also signed, died in an accident before the elections.
Ten people had registered themselves in election procedure, but failed to gather 100,000 support signatures: Arnold Buzdygan, Stanis?aw Ceberek, Gabriel Janowski, Jan Antoni Kie?b, Waldemar Janusz Kossakowski, Marian Romuald Rembelski, Zbigniew Roli?ski, S?awomir Salomon, Maria Szyszkowska, Boles?aw Tejkowski.
The figure of Józef Tusk, grandfather of current Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk, was in the center of the "Wehrmacht affair" over his brief period of service after being drafted into the German army during the late stages of World War II, which was the biggest controversy of the election.
Former Minister of Industry and Trade Henryka Bochniarz (Independent), 57
Former Member of the Sejm Leszek Bubel (Polish National Party), 48
Businessman Stanis?aw Tymi?ski (Independent), 57
|Lech Kaczy?ski||Donald Tusk|
|Law and Justice||Civic Platform|
|Mayor of Warsaw
|Deputy Marshal of the Sejm|
|Polling Firm||Date of polling||Others/Undecided|
|Election Results||9 October 2005||0.7||33.1||36.3||15.1||10.3||1.8||1.4||1.3||-||-||-|
|PGB||30 September 2005||0||31||35||17||11||2||1||1||-||-||2|
|Rzeczpospolita||17 September 2005||2||29||51||7||7||2||-||-||2|
|PBS||15 September 2005||2||22||49||9||8||3||2||2||-||-||3|
|Polityka||13 September 2005||8||22||43||10||-||17|
|Ipsos||9 August 2005||2||24||24||12||5||3||2||0||7||19||2|
|OBOP||8 August 2005||4||21||23||9||5||2||7||26||3|
|PBS||8 August 2005||8||20||19||14||3||9||23||4|
|PGB||13 July 2005||4||22||11||15||6||3||1||9||23||6|
|OBOP||11 July 2005||4.3||19||12||11||2.4||1.9||12||35||2.4|
|CBOS||8 July 2005||4||20||9||12||5||3||13||31||3|
|Gazeta Wyborcza||6 July 2005||6||18||12||10||5||3||14||29||3|
|CBOS||10 June 2005||8||25||11||12||14||3||23||4|
|CBOS||17 May 2005||10||22||13||14||10||15||14||2|
|PBS||13 May 2005||19||27||14||9||16||15|
|PGB||2 May 2005||22||23||13||13||10||9||10|
|Pentor||25 April 2005||9||21||9||13||9||22||15||2|
|PBS||22 April 2005||6||26||11||11||12||16||14||4|
|PGB||20 April 2005||12||24||13||13||14||7||8||9|
Voters turnout in the first round was quite low with only 49.6 percent of all eligible voters casting their votes.
|Candidates and nominating parties||Votes 1st round||%||Votes 2nd round||%|
|Lech Kaczy?ski - Law and Justice||4,947,927||33.1||8,257,468||54.04|
|Donald Tusk - Civic Platform||5,429,666||36.3||7,022,319||45.96|
|Andrzej Lepper - Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland||2,259,094||15.1|
|Marek Borowski - Social Democracy of Poland||1,544,642||10.3|
|Jaros?aw Kalinowski - Polish People's Party||269,316||1.8|
|Janusz Korwin-Mikke - Real Politics Union||214,116||1.4|
|Henryka Bochniarz - Democratic Party||188,598||1.3|
|Liwiusz Ilasz - Independent||31,691||0.2|
|Stanis?aw Tymi?ski - All-Polish Citizens Coalition||23,545||0.2|
|Leszek Bubel - Polish National Party||18,828||0.1|
|Jan Pyszko - Organization of the Polish Nation - Polish League||10,371||0.1|
|Adam S?omka - The Polish Confederation-Freedom and the Work||8,895||0.1|
|Total valid votes||15,046,350||15,279,787|
|Total invalid votes||155,233||159,897|
|Total votes cast||15,435,020||15,439,684|
|Source: National Electoral Commission|