2005 Polish Presidential Election
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2005 Polish Presidential Election
2005 Polish presidential election

← 2000 9 October 2005 (first round)
23 October 2005 (second round)
2010 →
Turnout49.6% (first round)
51.0% (second round)
  Lech Kaczy?ski.jpg Donald Tusk at the EPP Summit 13 December 2007.jpg
Nominee Lech Kaczy?ski Donald Tusk
Party PiS PO
Popular vote 8,257,468 7,022,319
Percentage 54.0% 46.0%

Präsidentschaftswahl Polen 2005 Runde 2.svg
Results of the second round

Herb Polski.svg

politics and government of
Poland

European Union EU Member State


Flag of Poland.svg Poland portal
Flag of Europe.svg EU portal

The 2005 Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. The outgoing President of Poland, Aleksander Kwa?niewski, had served two five-year terms and was unable to stand for a third term. Lech Kaczy?ski defeated Donald Tusk to become President of Poland.

Background

Two center-right candidates, Donald Tusk, chairman of the Civic Platform (PO) and Deputy Marshal of the Sejm, and Lech Kaczy?ski, honorary chairman of Law and Justice (PiS) and mayor of Warsaw, led the poll in the first round, as was widely expected. As neither received 50 percent of the vote, a second round was held on 23 October. In this round, Kaczy?ski defeated Tusk, polling 54.04 percent of the vote.

Although both leading candidates came from the center-right, and their two parties had planned to form a coalition government following the legislative elections on 25 September, there were important differences between Tusk and Kaczy?ski. Tusk wants to enforce a separation of church and state, favors rapid European integration and supports a free-market economy. Kaczy?ski is very socially conservative, a soft Eurosceptic, and supports state interventionism. Such differences led to the failure of PiS-PO coalition talks in late October.

W?odzimierz Cimoszewicz, the candidate of the Alliance of the Democratic Left, which was the governing party before the legislative election withdrew from the race on September 14. At the time he withdrew he was third in the polls, still having the most chances to get to the second round (besides Kaczy?ski and Tusk).

Other candidates, who withdrew from the elections, but initially have signed to, were Zbigniew Religa and Maciej Giertych. Daniel Tomasz Podrzycki, who have also signed, died in an accident before the elections.

Ten people had registered themselves in election procedure, but failed to gather 100,000 support signatures: Arnold Buzdygan, Stanis?aw Ceberek, Gabriel Janowski, Jan Antoni Kie?b, Waldemar Janusz Kossakowski, Marian Romuald Rembelski, Zbigniew Roli?ski, S?awomir Salomon, Maria Szyszkowska, Boles?aw Tejkowski.

The figure of Józef Tusk, grandfather of current Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk, was in the center of the "Wehrmacht affair" over his brief period of service after being drafted into the German army during the late stages of World War II, which was the biggest controversy of the election.[1][2][3]

First Round Candidates

  • Physician Jan Pyszko (Polish League), 75

Withdrawn

Dead

Second Round Candidates

Opinion polls

Polling Firm Date of polling Others/Undecided
Kaczy?ski
PiS
Tusk
PO
Lepper
SRP
Borowski
SDPL
Kalinowski
PSL
Korwin-Mikke
UPR
Bochniarz
PD
Religa
Centrum
Cimoszewicz
SLD
Giertych
LPR
Election Results 9 October 2005 0.7 33.1 36.3 15.1 10.3 1.8 1.4 1.3 - - -
PGB 30 September 2005 0 31 35 17 11 2 1 1 - - 2
Rzeczpospolita 17 September 2005 2 29 51 7 7 2 - - 2
PBS 15 September 2005 2 22 49 9 8 3 2 2 - - 3
Polityka 13 September 2005 8 22 43 10 - 17
Ipsos 9 August 2005 2 24 24 12 5 3 2 0 7 19 2
OBOP 8 August 2005 4 21 23 9 5 2 7 26 3
PBS 8 August 2005 8 20 19 14 3 9 23 4
PGB 13 July 2005 4 22 11 15 6 3 1 9 23 6
OBOP 11 July 2005 4.3 19 12 11 2.4 1.9 12 35 2.4
CBOS 8 July 2005 4 20 9 12 5 3 13 31 3
Gazeta Wyborcza 6 July 2005 6 18 12 10 5 3 14 29 3
CBOS 10 June 2005 8 25 11 12 14 3 23 4
CBOS 17 May 2005 10 22 13 14 10 15 14 2
PBS 13 May 2005 19 27 14 9 16 15
PGB 2 May 2005 22 23 13 13 10 9 10
Pentor 25 April 2005 9 21 9 13 9 22 15 2
PBS 22 April 2005 6 26 11 11 12 16 14 4
PGB 20 April 2005 12 24 13 13 14 7 8 9

Results

Voters turnout in the first round was quite low with only 49.6 percent of all eligible voters casting their votes.

Results of the first round
e o d Summary of 9 and 23 October 2005 Polish Presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Lech Kaczy?ski - Law and Justice 4,947,927 33.1 8,257,468 54.04
Donald Tusk - Civic Platform 5,429,666 36.3 7,022,319 45.96
Andrzej Lepper - Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland 2,259,094 15.1  
Marek Borowski - Social Democracy of Poland 1,544,642 10.3
Jaros?aw Kalinowski - Polish People's Party 269,316 1.8
Janusz Korwin-Mikke - Real Politics Union 214,116 1.4
Henryka Bochniarz - Democratic Party 188,598 1.3
Liwiusz Ilasz - Independent 31,691 0.2
Stanis?aw Tymi?ski - All-Polish Citizens Coalition 23,545 0.2
Leszek Bubel - Polish National Party 18,828 0.1
Jan Pyszko - Organization of the Polish Nation - Polish League 10,371 0.1
Adam S?omka - The Polish Confederation-Freedom and the Work 8,895 0.1
Total 15,046,350 100.00 15,279,787 100.00
Total valid votes 15,046,350 15,279,787
Total invalid votes 155,233 159,897
Total votes cast 15,435,020 15,439,684
Turnout 49.7% 50.99%
Source: National Electoral Commission


References

  1. ^ (in Polish) Barbara Szczepu?a , Józef Tusk i inni, Dziennik Ba?tycki, 2006-08-04
  2. ^ "Europe | Profile: Donald Tusk". BBC News. 2007-10-22. Retrieved .
  3. ^ (in Polish) Raport o dziadku z Wehrmachtu, Wprost, 2006-08-17

External links


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