2012 Serbian parliamentary election All 250 seats in the National Assembly 126 seats needed for a majority Turnout 57.77%
Results by district
Parliamentary elections were held in Serbia on 6 May 2012 to elect members of the National Assembly, and were held simultaneously with provincial, local, and presidential elections.  
2008 election resulted in the formation of a new pro-European government on 7 July 2008, with the necessary parliamentary votes coming from President Boris Tadi?'s For a European Serbia list, and the coalition of the Socialist Party of Serbia, the Party of United Pensioners of Serbia and United Serbia (the SPS-PUPS-JS coalition), plus six out of the seven minorities representatives. The new government elected Mirko Cvetkovi? (endorsed by the Democratic Party) as Prime Minister.
The opposition, the
Serbian Radical Party (SRS), had a split after the elections. The Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) party broke off and is headed by Tomislav Nikoli? and Aleksandar Vu?i?, both of whom were major figures in the SRS before the establishment of the SNS in late 2008. In most opinion polls they and Democratic Party (DS) remain the two most popular parties, in combination gaining at least 60 percent of the total vote when combined. Other parties remain far behind, struggling to even attain double digit popularity figures. 
In early 2011, according to the Democratic Party's strategic marketing polls, the opposition
SNS had higher ratings than the next three most popular parties combined. The opposition attempted to promote early elections to take place in 2011. Major opposition rallies in February 2011 focused on the cited difficult socioeconomic conditions as well as widespread corruption.   The protesters' goal was to hold the elections earlier, in the Fall of 2011.  The protests did not succeed in affecting the date of the elections, which are to be held on 6 May 2012.  At least 50,000 to 70,000 attended the peaceful protests held on streets of Belgrade organised by SNS, the strongest among the country's opposition bloc.  
In fall 2011, posters and billboards endorsing various parties peppered
Belgrade. The election campaigns of many parties are well under way, despite the election date having been set for the first half of 2012.  
There were 18 registered electoral lists for the 2012 parliamentary elections:
(Izbor za bolji ?ivot - Boris Tadi?/ ? - ) Choice For A Better Life - Boris Tadi? A coalition formed around the Democratic Party together with the Social Democratic Party of Serbia, the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina, the Greens of Serbia, the Democratic Alliance of Croats in Vojvodina and the Christian Democratic Party of Serbia. 
(Srpska radikalna stranka - Dr Vojislav ?e?elj/ ? - ) Serbian Radical Party - Vojislav ?e?elj Serbian Radical Party is running alone in this election for the first time after party split, following the last parliamentary election in 2008. Their list is led by party leader Dr Vojislav ?e?elj, who is an anti-communist currently on trial for alleged war crimes and is suspected of being involved in crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 
(Ujedinjeni regioni Srbije - Mla?an Dinki?/ ? - ) United Regions of Serbia - Mla?an Dinki? Coalition formed around the G17 Plus party. Among the members of this coalition are Together for ?umadija, People's Party and several other, mostly regional political parties and movements. Leader of the list is Mla?an Dinki?.
(Preokret - ?edomir Jovanovi?/ - ? ) Turnover - ?edomir Jovanovi? Coalition formed by Liberal Democratic Party, Serbian Renewal Movement, Social Democratic Union, Rich Serbia, Vojvodina's Party, Democratic Party of Sand?ak, Green Ecological Party and The Party of Bulgarians from Serbia. It is also supported by the Association of Free and Independent Trade Unions. Leader of the list is ?edomir Jovanovi?. 
(Pokrenimo Srbiju - Tomislav Nikoli?/ - ?) Let's Get Serbia Moving - Tomislav Nikoli? Coalition formed around the Serbian Progressive Party with New Serbia, Movement of Socialists, Strength of Serbia Movement, Serbian Association of Small and Medium Companies and Entrepreneurs, Association of Refugees in Serbia, People's Peasant Party, Bosniak People's Party, Democratic Party of Macedonians, Roma Party, Vlach Unity Movement and Economic Renewal of Serbia. Leader of the list is Tomislav Nikoli?. 
(Demokratska stranka Srbije - Vojislav Kostunica/ ? - ) Democratic Party of Serbia - Vojislav Ko?tunica The Democratic Party of Serbia competed independently in the election. Leader of the list is Vojislav Ko?tunica. 
(Ivica Da?i? - Socijalisti?ka partija Srbije, Partija ujedinjenih penzionera Srbije, Jedinstvena Srbije/ - ? , ? ? ? , ) Ivica Da?i? - " Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS), United Serbia (US)" Coalition consisting of the Socialist Party of Serbia, Party of United Pensioners of Serbia and United Serbia. The Serbian Veteran Movement was the minor part of the coalition. Leader of the list is Ivica Da?i?. 
(Dveri za ?ivot Srbije/ ) Dveri - For The Life Of Serbia List of independent candidates affiliated with nationalist and Eurosceptic organization Dveri. This is the first time they run for the Parliament. Leader of the list is Branimir Ne?i?. 
(Vajdasági Magyar Szövetség/Savez vojvo?anskih Ma?ara - I?tvan Pastor/ - ) Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians - István Pásztor M Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians is first national minority list on this election. Leader of the list is son of party president István Pásztor, Bálint Pásztor. 
(Reformisti?ka stranka - Prof. dr Milan Vi?nji?/? ? - ?. ) Reformist Party - Milan Vi?nji? Reformist Party is local party from Ni?. Leader of the list and also a candidate for Mayor of Ni? is Prof. Dr Milan Vi?nji?. 
(Stranka demokratske akcije Sand?aka - dr Sulejman Ugljanin/? ? - ?) Party of Democratic Action of Sand?ak - Sulejman Ugljanin M The Party of Democratic Action of Sand?ak is a Bosniak national minority list on this election. Leader of the list is Sulejman Ugljanin. 
Movement of Workers and Peasants (Pokret radnika i seljaka/ ? ? ) The list of independent candidates affiliated with Citizen's Group Movement of Workers and Peasants. The list was led by  Zoran Dragi?i?.
Social Democratic Alliance - Neboj?a Lekovi? (Socijaldemokratski savez - Neboj?a Lekovi?/ - ? ?) The Social Democratic Alliance party ran independently. List leader is party president Neboj?a Lekovi?. 
(Sve zajedno - Emir Elfi?/ ? - ? ) All Together - BDU, CAH, DUC, DFVH, Slovak Party - Emir Elfi? M All Together is a coalition of five minority parties - Bosniak Democratic Union, Civil Alliance of Hungarians, Democratic Union of Croats, Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians and the Slovak Party. Leader of the list is president of Bosniak Democratic Union, Emir Elfi?. 
( Albanian Coalition of Pre?evo Valley Koalicioni i Shqiptarëve të lugines së Preshevës/Koalicija Albanaca Pre?evske doline/ ) M 
(? ? - ) Montenegrin Party - Nenad Stevovi? M 
(Komunisti?ka partija - Josip Broz/ ? - ?po?) Communist Party - Josip Broz  None of The Above (Nijedan on ponu?enih odgovora/? ) M 
M -- national minority list - the minimum threshold for these lists is 0.4% of the vote, compared to 5% for the others.
Center for Free Elections and Democracy (CeSID) was amongst the electoral observers. CeSID was also an election monitor.  
About 6.7 million people were eligible to vote in the elections. The
OSCE undertook the organisation of voting for the roughly 109,000 Serb voters in Kosovo. Voting stations were open from 7:00 to 20:00  with no incidents reported across the country. Voter turnout by 18:00 was 46.34% in Belgrade, 48.37% in central Serbia and 47.89% in Vojvodina.  Voter turnout in Kosovo was 32%.  
Summary of the 6 May 2012 National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia election results
Let's Get Serbia Moving - Tomislav Nikoli?
Choice for a Better Life - Boris Tadi?
Ivica Da?i? - Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS), United Serbia (US)
Democratic Party of Serbia - Vojislav Ko?tunica
Turnover - ?edomir Jovanovi?
United Regions of Serbia - Mla?an Dinki?
Serbian Radical Party - Dr Vojislav ?e?elj
Dveri for the Life of Serbia
Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians - István Pásztor
Movement of Workers and Peasants
Communist Party - Josip Broz
Party of Democratic Action of Sand?ak - Dr Sulejman Ugljanin
All Together - BDU, CAH, DUC, DFVH and Slovak Party - Emir Elfi?
None of the Above
Social Democratic Alliance - Neboj?a Lekovi?
Albanian Coalition from Pre?evo Valley
Reformist Party - Prof Dr Milan Vi?nji?
Montenegrin Party - Nenad Stevovi?
Total turnout (57.77%, -3.56% or 3,911,136 out of 6,770,013)
This election resulted in a
Gallagher index of 12.85, which measures disproportionality of votes received and seats allocated to each party.
Involvement of the United States
In April 2012,
Rudy Giuliani lobbied for Aleksandar Vu?i? in his candidacy for mayor of Belgrade. The US Embassy to Serbia released a statement saying that Giuliani's appearance did not represent the United States endorsing any candidate in Serbia's parliamentary upcoming election.   Dragan ?ilas, the incumbent mayor, responded to Giuliani's appearance, saying "Giuliani should not speak about Belgrade's future as a man who supported the bombing of Serbia." 
On July 3, 2012, the United States' Deputy Assistant Secretary of State,
Philip Reeker, conducted undisclosed discussions with Mla?an Dinki? of the URS party in his first day there. When a journalist from  B92 asked him what his mission in Serbia was, he replied that he was visiting "because Belgrade is a beautiful city". Subsequently, URS joined the ruling coalition in the Serbian parliament.  At the time,  published a series of stories from anonymous diplomatic sources, correctly predicting a coalition with URS and SNS, asserting that Reeker's meetings in Belgrade were intended to ensure that the new ruling coalition involve parties which guarantee the continuation of the Blic Belgrade-Pristina negotiations. Additionally,  Blic reported that Vu?i? was against SPS members leading both the BIA and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and asserted that the United States was in agreement with Vu?i? in disapproval of SPS controlling both state agencies. 
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