2015 Polish Referendum
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2015 Polish Referendum
Herb Polski.svg

politics and government of

European Union EU Member State

A three-part referendum was held in Poland on 6 September 2015.[1] Voters were asked whether they approved of introducing single-member constituencies for Sejm elections, maintaining state financing of political parties and introducing a presumption in favour of the taxpayer in disputes over the tax law.[2]

The voter turnout of 7.80 percent was well below the 50-percent threshold required for the referendum results to be legally binding.[3]


The referendums were ordered by President Bronis?aw Komorowski, who had promised to hold a referendum on the electoral system after the first round of the presidential elections,[4] Although he had been leading in the polls, Komorowski received fewer votes (33.77%) than his main opponent Andrzej Duda (34.76%) in the first round. However third-placed candidate Pawe? Kukiz's received 20.8% of the vote, campaigning on introducing single-member constituencies for Sejm elections.[5] A day after the May elections, Komorowski made an instantaneous decision to hold the referendum. Justifying his initiative, he explained that he saw high support for Kukiz as a signal that voters wanted changes.


The referendum asked voters the following three yes-or-no questions:

  1. Are you in favour of introducing single-member constituencies in elections to the Sejm of the Republic of Poland?[a]
  2. Are you in favour of maintaining the current method of financing of political parties from the national budget?[b]
  3. Are you in favour of introducing a general rule of resolving doubts regarding the interpretation of taxation law in favour of the tax-payer?[c][2]


Question For Against Invalid/
Total Registered
Votes % Votes %
Single-member constituencies 1,829,995 78.75 493,935 21.25 60,850 2,384,780 30,565,826 7.80
Financing of political parties 404,515 17.37 1,923,994 82.63 56,271
Tax law interpretation 2,194,689 94.51 127,395 5.49 62,696
Source: PKW


  1. ^ In Polish: Czy jest Pani/Pan za wprowadzeniem jednomandatowych okr?gów wyborczych w wyborach do Sejmu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej?
  2. ^ In Polish: Czy jest Pani/Pan za utrzymaniem dotychczasowego sposobu finansowania partii politycznych z bud?etu pa?stwa?
  3. ^ In Polish: Czy jest Pani/Pan za wprowadzeniem zasady ogólnej rozstrzygania w?tpliwo?ci co do wyk?adni przepisów prawa podatkowego na korzy podatnika?


  1. ^ Referendum set for 6 September Radio Poland, 18 June 2015
  2. ^ a b Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 17 czerwca 2015 r. o zarz?dzeniu ogólnokrajowego referendum[Decision of the President of the Republic of Poland of 17 June 2015 ordering a nationwide referendum], Dz. U. z 2015 r. poz. 852 (2015-06-17)
  3. ^ Obwieszczenie Pa?stwowej Komisji Wyborczej z dnia 7 wrze?nia 2015 r. o wynikach g?osowania i wyniku referendum przeprowadzonego w dniu 6 wrze?nia 2015 r. (Announcement of the National Electoral Commission of 7 September 2015 on the results of the vote and the result of the referendum held on 6 September 2015)
  4. ^ Poland president will back referendum to change political system to be like Westminster The Telegraph, 10 May 2015
  5. ^ Hartli?ski, Maciej (2015). "The 2015 Referendum in Poland" (PDF). East European Quarterly.

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