59 of 60 seats in the Tripura Legislative Assembly
30 seats needed for a majority
A Legislative Assembly election was held on 18 February 2018 in 59 out of 60 constituencies of the Legislative Assembly of Tripura. The counting of votes took place on 3 March 2018. BJP won and formed the government.
The tenure of Tripura Legislative Assembly ends on 6 March 2018. The Left Front led by Manik Sarkar is seeking re-election, having governed Tripura since the 1998 election. Meanwhile, the region in general had been under the political control of the Communist Party for 25 years prior to the election, leading to the region being dubbed a "red holdout".
Their primary challengers came in the form of the Bharatiya Janata Party, which under the leadership of Narendra Modi is the governing party of India on a national level. The BJP is a nationalist, rightist party, whose policies directly oppose those of the Communists. However, the party claimed no seats, and a mere 1.5% of the vote, in the region's previous election. Despite the relatively small size of Tripura, the election took on additional significance on a national level as it was an acid test to gauge the successes of the BJP ahead of next year's general election, and a chance to strip the communists, the party's "primary ideological enemy", of its stronghold.
The Election Commission of India announced that the Legislative Assembly elections in Tripura will be held on 18 February 2018 and the results will be announced on 3 March 2018.
|Date for nominations||24 Jan 2018||Wednesday|
|Last date for filing nominations||31 Jan 2018||Wednesday|
|Date for scrutiny of nominations||1 Feb 2018||Thursday|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidatures||3 Feb 2018||Saturday|
|Date of poll||18 Feb 2018||Sunday|
|Date of counting||3 Mar 2018||Saturday|
|Date before which the election shall be completed||5 Mar 2018||Monday|
The election took place in a single phase on 18 February 2018 with 89.8% voter turnout. The results will be announced on 3 March 2018.
297 candidates registered to contest the election.
|Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)||Left Front||57|
|Communist Party of India (CPI)||Left Front||1|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP)||Left Front||1|
|All India Forward Bloc (AIFB)||Left Front||1|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||UPA||59|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||NDA||51|
|Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT)||NDA||9|
|Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT)||15|
|Tripura People's Party||7|
|All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)||24|
|Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)||5|
|Tipraland State Party||9|
|Communist Party of India (ML) (Liberation)||5|
|North East India Development Party||1|
|Pragatishil Amara Bangali Samaj||1|
|I.P.F.T Tiprahaa (Independent)||1|
The other major force in the election was the Indian National Congress, who had taken 36.5% of the popular vote in the region in 2013. They are also, on a wider scale, the largest force in opposing Modi and the BJP in parliament. As such, Rahul Gandhi, in his capacity as the party's leader, campaigned in the region. They were determined to prevent the BJP from seizing control on the region, as such an outcome would represent the "demise of the Left".
|Polling firm||Date published|
|JanKiBaat-NewsX||27 January 2018||35-45||14-23||-||-|
|CVoter||27 January 2018||24-32||26-34||0-2||-|
|AxisMyIndia||27 January 2018||44-50||9-15||-||0-3|
|Dinraat||27 January 2018||10-19||40-49|
The incumbent Left Front government was defeated after 25 years of office out of which Manik Sarkar served for about 20 years, with the Bharatiya Janata Party and Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura winning a large majority of seats. The Indian National Congress, which was the second largest party in the 2013 election, lost all its seats and most of its vote share.
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||999,093||43.0%||36||36|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)||992,575||42.7%||16||33|
|Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT)||173,603||7.5%||8||8|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||41,325||1.8%||0||10|
|Communist Party of India (CPI)||19,352||0.8%||0||1|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP)||17,568||0.8%||0|
|Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT)||16,255||0.7%||0|
|All India Forward Bloc (AIFB)||13,115||0.6%||0|
|All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)||6,989||0.3%||0|
|Other parties and coalitions||0|
|None of the Above (NOTA)|
|2||Mohanpur||Ratan Lal Nath||BJP|
|4||Barjala||Dilip Kumar Das||BJP|
|6||Agartala||Sudip Roy Barman||BJP|
|8||Town Bordowali||Asish Kumar Saha||BJP|
|9||Banamalipur||Biplab Kumar Deb||BJP|
|11||Mandai Bazar||Dhirendra Debbarma||IPFT|
|12||Takarjala||Narendra Chandra Debbarma||IPFT|
|13||Pratapgarh||Rebati Mohan Das||BJP|
|15||Kamalasagar||Narayan Chandra Choudhury||CPI (M)|
|16||Bishalgarh||Bhanu Lal Saha||CPI (M)|
|17||Golaghati||Birendra Kishore Debbarma||BJP|
|19||Charilam||Jishnu Deb Burman||BJP|
|20||Boxanagar||Sahid Choudhury||CPI (M)|
|21||Nalchar||Subhash Chandra Das||BJP|
|22||Sonamura||Shyamal Chakraborty||CPI (M)|
|23||Dhanpur||Manik Sarkar||CPI (M)|
|25||Khowai||Nirmal Biswas||CPI (M)|
|26||Asharambari||Mevar Kumar Jamatia||IPFT|
|27||Kalyanpur-Pramodnagar||Pinaki Das Choudhuri||BJP|
|31||Radhakishorpur||Pranajit Singha Roy||BJP|
|32||Matabari||Biplab Kumar Ghosh||BJP|
|33||Kakraban-Shalgara||Ratan Bhowmik||CPI (M)|
|34||Rajnagar||Sudhan Das||CPI (M)|
|35||Belonia||Arun Chandra Bhowmik||BJP|
|37||Hrishyamukh||Badal Choudhury||CPI (M)|
|38||Jolaibari||Jashabir Tripura||CPI (M)|
|39||Manu||Prabhat Choudhury||CPI (M)|
|41||Ampinagar||Sindhu Chandra Jamatia||IPFT|
|43||Karbook||Burbu Mohan Tripura||BJP|
|44||Raima Valley||Dhananjay Tripura||IPFT|
|45||Kamalpur||Manoj Kanti Deb||BJP|
|52||Chandipur||Tapan Chakraborty||CPI (M)|
|53||Kailashahar||Mabaswar Ali||CPI (M)|
|54||Kadamtala-Kurti||Islam Uddin||CPI (M)|
|55||Bagbassa||Bijita Nath||CPI (M)|
|56||Dharmanagar||Biswa Bandhu Sen||BJP|
|57||Jubarajnagar||Ramendra Chandra Debnath||CPI (M)|
|58||Panisagar||Binoy Bhushan Das||BJP|
|60||Kanchanpur||Prem Kumar Reang||IPFT|
The BJP chose Biplab Kumar Deb to be the next Chief Minister. He said: "I am ready to take the responsibility. I will not run away from taking the responsibility. I have already been given a bigger responsibility, the party's state presidentship, which I have been fulfilling to the best of my ability. People responded favourably to our call 'Chalo Paltai' (let's change)." He claimed that having the same party in the central government and at the state level "helps in faster development." He further called for restraint in post-electoral violence: "We do not believe in the politics of vengeance and hatred, so we appeal to the people to maintain peace and calm." In addition he asserted that "the word development does not exist in the dictionary of the CPI-M. Our government will provide good governance and time-bound implementation of all developmental works."
Former Chief Minister of Kerala and senior CPI(M) leader V. S. Achuthanandan called for the party's leadership to ally with "secular forces" to defeat the Sangh Parivar: "The country is facing serious challenges. The Congress, which had ruled for decades in the post-independence period, has become weaker now. He supported party General Secretary Sitaram Yechury's call for an "understanding" with the INC as "a tactical move with secular forces was necessary." The party's provincial minister claimed that the BJP had "misused" money and power at the central government in winning the election and that the "challenge to the democracy and the national integrity." Another CPI figure M. V. Jayarajan, private secretary to Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, claimed that the INC voters and leaders were moving towards the BJP and that the result should "not be viewed lightly and all the patriots in the country have the responsibility to check and isolate any effort of the communal forces gaining strength in the country.Politburo member M. A. Baby said that while the result was "unexpected", he did "respect the verdict of the people." He added: "However, there is a decline of 6-7 per cent vote share of the Left front. It's a concern...how the erosion has taken place and why this happened will be dispassionately examined by the party in Tripura and the national leadership."
It was suggested that in order to defeat the BJP, other opposition parties would have to unite.
Polling for the seat of Charilam was postponed to 12 March 2018 after the death of Communist Party of India (Marxist) candidate Ramendra Narayan Debbarma. The CPI(M) withdrew their candidate for the bypoll claiming that there was an increase in violence. This claim was refuted by BJP National Secretary Ram Madhav, who termed it as "bogus", and an attempt by the CPI(M) to hide their defeat.
|BJP||Jishnu Deb Burman||26,580||90.81|
|CPI (M)||Palash Debbarma||1030||3.51|
|INPT||Uma Shankar Debbarma||685||2.34|
|BJP gain from CPI (M)||Swing|