3. Liga
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3. Liga

3. Liga
3. Liga logo (2019).svg
Founded2008; 12 years ago (2008)
CountryGermany
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid3
Promotion to2. Bundesliga
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s)DFB-Pokal
Current championsVfL Osnabrück (2nd title)
(2018-19)
Most championshipsVfL Osnabrück (2 titles)
2019-20 3. Liga

The 3. Liga[a] is the third division of football in Germany. The league started with the beginning of the 2008-09 season, when it replaced the Regionalliga as the third tier football league in Germany. In the German football league system, it is positioned between the 2. Bundesliga and the semi-professional Regionalliga, which became the fourth division and initially consisted of three groups of 18 clubs playing separately.[1] In Germany, the 3. Liga is the highest division that a football club's reserve team can play in.

History

On 8 September 2006, the German Football Association, the DFB, announced the formation of the 3. Liga. It was originally anticipated that the league's name would be 3. Bundesliga, but the DFB chose 3. Liga instead, as the league will be directly administered by the DFB, not by the German Football League DFL (Deutsche Fußball Liga) who runs both Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga.[2]

The first match of the 3. Liga was played on 25 July 2008 between Rot-Weiß Erfurt and Dynamo Dresden at the Steigerwaldstadion in Erfurt. Dynamo Dresden won the match 1-0, with Halil Savran scoring the only goal in the closing stages of the first half.

Financial situation

From its foundation in 2008 to 2013, the league operated at a financial loss, with a record deficit of EUR20.9 million in 2012-13. The 2013-14 season saw the league make a profit for the first time, of EUR4.9 million. The league earned EUR164.5 million, well behind the two Bundesligas above it, but also well ahead of other professional sports leagues in Germany. The Deutsche Eishockey Liga followed with EUR106.1 million and the Basketball Bundesliga and Handball-Bundesliga were each around the EUR90 million mark.[3] This makes it the third-most economically successful professional league in all German sports.[4]

Clubs

Set-up

The teams which are not reserve teams of Bundesliga teams among the 20 teams in the league compete for promotion to the 2. Bundesliga, while the four bottom teams are relegated to one of the five Regionalligen: Regionalliga Nord, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga West, Regionalliga Südwest, and Regionalliga Bayern. Until 2018, three were relegated. If, however, a reserve team is playing in the 3. Liga and the respective first team is relegated to the 3. Liga, the reserve team will be demoted to the fifth-level Oberliga regardless of its league position, because reserve teams of 3. Liga clubs are ineligible to play in the Regionalliga.

Qualifying for the 3. Liga

At the end of the 2007-08 season, the two best non-reserve teams from each of the two divisions of the Regionalliga were promoted to the 2. Bundesliga. The teams ranked third to tenth in both Regionalliga entered the new 3. Liga, joining the four teams relegated from the 2. Bundesliga to form the new 20-team league. Teams finishing 11th or lower in their Regionalliga remained where they were.

On 18 May 2008, at the end of the 2007-08 2. Bundesliga season, four clubs were relegated from the 2. Bundesliga and became charter members of the 3. Liga: Kickers Offenbach, Erzgebirge Aue, SC Paderborn and FC Carl Zeiss Jena.

On 31 May 2008, at the end of the 2007-08 Regionalliga seasons, clubs placing third through tenth in the Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga Süd also qualified for the new 3. Liga.

From the Regionalliga Nord:

From the Regionalliga Süd:

Promotion and relegation

The winner and runner-up in a given season are automatically promoted to the 2. Bundesliga. The third place team enters a home/away playoff against the 16th placed team of the 2. Bundesliga for the right to enter/stay in the 2. Bundesliga. Teams placing in the bottom four (three prior to 2019) are automatically sent to the Regionalliga.

  • Bold denotes team earned promotion.

League statistics

Up to and including the 2018-19 season the top goal scorers, attendance statistics and records for the league are:

Records

As of 29 May 2019

Placings in the 3. Liga

The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions:[31]

Club 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Union Berlin 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B
Fortuna Düsseldorf 2 2B 2B 2B B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B B
SV Sandhausen 8 14 12 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
1. FC Heidenheim 6 9 4 5 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
RB Leipzig 2 2B 2B B B B B
Darmstadt 981 14 18 3 2B B B 2B 2B 2B
Arminia Bielefeld B 2B 2B 13 2 2B 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
Dynamo Dresden 9 12 3 2B 2B 2B 6 1 2B 2B 2B 2B
Erzgebirge Aue 12 2 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2 2B 2B 2B 2B
Holstein Kiel 19 16 3 14 2 2B 2B 2B
Jahn Regensburg 15 16 8 3 2B 11 20 3 2B 2B 2B
SC Paderborn 3 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B 2B 18 2 2B B
VfL Osnabrück 2B 1 2B 7 3 5 11 5 6 17 1 2B
Karlsruher SC B 2B 2B 2B 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 3 2 2B
Wehen Wiesbaden 2B 15 4 16 7 4 9 16 7 4 3 2B
FC Ingolstadt 2B 3 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B B 2B 2B x
1. FC Magdeburg 4 4 1 2B x
MSV Duisburg 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 7 2 2B 1 2B 2B x
Hallescher FC 10 9 10 13 13 13 4 x
Würzburger Kickers 3 2B 5 5 x
Hansa Rostock 2B 2B 2 2B 12 13 17 10 15 6 6 x
FSV Zwickau 5 15 7 x
Preußen Münster 12 4 6 8 9 9 10 8 x
1. FC Kaiserslautern 2B 2B B B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 9 x
SpVgg Unterhaching 4 11 14 15 9 17 19 9 10 x
KFC Uerdingen 11 x
TSV 1860 Munich 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 12 x
SV Meppen 7 13 x
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 16 5 15 18 11 14 x
Sonnenhof Großaspach 15 7 10 14 15 x
Eintracht Braunschweig 13 4 1 2B 2B B 2B 2B 2B 2B 16 x
Chemnitzer FC 9 6 12 5 6 8 19 x
Bayern Munich II 5 8 19 x
FC Viktoria Köln x
SV Waldhof Mannheim x
Energie Cottbus B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 7 19 17
Sportfreunde Lotte 12 16 18
Fortuna Köln 14 11 16 8 19
VfR Aalen 19 16 2 2B 2B 2B 15 11 12 20
Werder Bremen II 17 13 18 20 17 17 18
Rot-Weiß Erfurt 10 9 5 5 13 10 12 8 14 20
Mainz 05 II 16 12 19
FSV Frankfurt 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 20
Stuttgarter Kickers 20 17 8 4 18
VfB Stuttgart II 11 10 10 11 14 15 13 20
Borussia Dortmund II 18 16 14 18
SV Elversberg 18
Wacker Burghausen 18 17 17 6 8 19
1. FC Saarbrücken 6 10 11 20
Kickers Offenbach1 7 7 7 8 15
SV Babelsberg 03 13 17 19
Alemannia Aachen 2B 2B 2B 2B 20
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 2B 2B 2B 19
TuS Koblenz3 2B 2B 11
Rot Weiss Ahlen4 2B 2B 20
Wuppertaler SV 14 20
Kickers Emden5 6

Notes

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
1 League champions
# League place
Blank not in 3. Liga, Bundesliga or 2. Bundesliga
  • 1 Kickers Offenbach were refused a 3. Liga licence at the end of the 2012-13 season and relegated to the Regionalliga. SV Darmstadt 98, placed 18th originally, were instead placed in 17th position and were not relegated.[32]
  • 2 TSV 1860 Munich were unable to obtain a 3. Liga licence at the end of the 2016-17 season and relegated to the Regionalliga. SC Paderborn 07, placed 18th originally and who submitted a 3. Liga licence application, remained in the league for the 2017-18 season.[33][34]
  • 3 TuS Koblenz withdrew from the league after the 2011-12 season; Bremen II, placed 18th originally, were instead placed in 17th position and were not relegated.
  • 4 RW Ahlen did not receive a licence for the 2011-12 season, originally finishing 17th after 2010-11. The club was placed in 20th position and relegated. Burghausen, placed 18th originally, were instead placed in 17th position and were not relegated. Ahlen did not request a licence in the Regionalliga and started the new season in the Oberliga.
  • 5 Kickers Emden withdrew from the league after the 2008-09 season; Burghausen, placed 18th originally, were instead placed in 17th position and were not relegated. Emden became insolvent in 2012.

Promotion rounds

To the 2. Bundesliga

At the end of the regular season the third placed team in the 3. Liga play the 16th placed team in the 2. Bundesliga over two matches. The overall winner plays in the 2. Bundesliga in the following season, and the loser in the 3. Liga.

2008-09[35]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
SC Paderborn (3L) 2-0 VfL Osnabrück (2B) 1-0 1-0
2009-10[36]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
FC Ingolstadt (3L) 3-0 Hansa Rostock (2B) 1-0 2-0
2010-11[37]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Dynamo Dresden (3L) 4-2 VfL Osnabrück (2B) 1-1 3-1 (a.e.t.)
2011-12[38]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Jahn Regensburg (3L) 3-3 (a) Karlsruher SC (2B) 1-1 2-2
2012-13[39]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
VfL Osnabrück (3L) 1-2 Dynamo Dresden (2B) 1-0 0-2
2013-14[40]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Darmstadt 98 (3L) 5-5 (a) Arminia Bielefeld (2B) 1-3 4-2 (a.e.t.)
2014-15[41]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Holstein Kiel (3L) 1-2 1860 Munich (2B) 0-0 1-2
2015-16[42]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Würzburger Kickers (3L) 4-1 MSV Duisburg (2B) 2-0 2-1
2016-17[43]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Jahn Regensburg (3L) 3-1 1860 Munich (2B) 1-1 2-0
2017-18[44]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Karlsruher SC (3L) 1-3 Erzgebirge Aue (2B) 0-0 1-3
2018-19[45]
Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Wehen Wiesbaden (3L) 4-4 (a) FC Ingolstadt (2B) 1-2 3-2

To the 3. Liga

From the 2012-13 to 2017-18 seasons, the champions of the five Regionalligas and the runners-up of the Regionalliga Südwest entered an end-of-the season play-off to determine the three teams promoted to the 3. Liga. From the 2018-19 season, three out of those five champions take direct promotion, leaving the remaining two to contest the play-off for the fourth promotion.

Key

  • Winner in bold.
Symbol Key
(2B) 2. Bundesliga -- 16th placed team
(3L) 3. Liga -- 3rd placed team
(B) Regionalliga Bayern
(N) Regionalliga Nord
(NO) Regionalliga Nordost
(S1) Regionalliga Südwest -- Champions
(S2) Regionalliga Südwest -- Runners-up
(W) Regionalliga West

Notes

  1. ^ It is fully written as Dritte Liga and is more explicitly called 3. Fußball-Liga.

References

  1. ^ "3. Liga: Germany's Newest Professional League". pitchinvasion.net. 20 July 2008. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "3. Liga Qualifikation Modus" (PDF) (in German). Deutscher Fußball Bund. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ "3. Liga erstmals in der Gewinnzone" [Third League in the Winning Zone for the First Time]. weltfussball.de (in German). 1 December 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "Helmut Sandrock: "Die 3. Liga ist europaweit führend"" [Helmut Sandrock: "The 3rd Liga is the European leader"] (in German). German Football Association. 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "3. Liga 2008/2009 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ "3. Liga 2009/2010 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "3. Liga 2010/2011 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "3. Liga 2011/2012 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "3. Liga 2012/2013 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "3. Liga 2013/2014 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "3. Liga 2014/2015 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "3. Liga 2015/2016 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "3. Liga 2016/2017 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "3. Liga 2017/2018 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "3. Liga 2018/2019 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ "3. Liga 2008/2009 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ "3. Liga 2009/2010 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ "3. Liga 2010/2011 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  19. ^ "3. Liga 2011/2012 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  20. ^ "3. Liga 2012/2013 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  21. ^ "3. Liga 2013/2014 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  22. ^ "3. Liga 2014/2015 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2015.
  23. ^ "3. Liga 2015/2016 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ "3. Liga 2016/2017 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "3. Liga 2017/2018 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "3. Liga 2018/2019 .:. Torschützenliste" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "3. Liga .:. Statistik .:. Die höchsten Siege" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ "3. Liga .:. Statistik .:. Die torreichsten Spiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ "3. Liga .:. Rekordspieler" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "3. Liga .:. Ewige Torjäger" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2018.
  31. ^ "3. Liga - Spieltag / Tabele". kicker.de (in German). Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ "Ruhl: "Ein bitterer Tag für den OFC"". kicker.de (in German). 3 June 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  33. ^ "TSV 1860 München erhält keine Zulassung für die 3. Liga" [TSV 1860 Munich does not receive approval for the 3. Liga]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ "Teilnehmerfeld der 3. Liga für Saison 2017/2018 komplett". DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  35. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2008/2009" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  36. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2009/2010" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  37. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2010/2011" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  38. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2011/2012" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  39. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2012/2013" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  40. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2013/2014" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  41. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2014/2015" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2014.
  42. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2015/2016" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 2016.
  43. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2016/2017". Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 2017.
  44. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2017/2018". Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 2018.
  45. ^ "Relegation 2. Bundesliga 2018/2019". Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 2019.

External links


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